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Wood carving grade5






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Wood carving grade5 Presentation Transcript

  • 2. Why Wood carving?
    • One of the means to create tactile texture
    • It is a process where patterns are cut out of wood using different tools
  • 3. Basic Woodcarving Toolset
    • the carving knife : a specialized knife used to pare, cut, and smooth wood.
    • the gouge : a tool with a curved cutting edge used in a variety of forms and sizes for carving hollows, rounds and sweeping curves.
    • the coping saw , a small saw that is used to cut off chunks of wood at once.
    • the chisel , large and small, whose straight cutting edge is used for lines and cleaning up flat surfaces.
    • the V-tool used for parting, and in certain classes of flat work for emphasizing lines.
    • the veiner : a specialized deep gouge with a U shaped cutting edge.
    • sharpening equipment, such as various stones and a strop, necessary for maintaining edges.
  • 4. Woodcarving Tools                                                                                                                         A selection of woodcarving hand tools: 3 fishtail gouges, a v-parting tool, 4 straight gouges, 3 spoon gouges, and a carvers mallet
  • 5. Woodcarving Tools
  • 6. Tools and the marks they make
  • 7. How to get started?
    • Select wood that is appropriate size and shape
    • For bigger art pieces more than one piece of wood can be used
    • Softer wood is easier to carve, but will also damage easier
    • Once the sculptor has selected their wood, he or she begins a general shaping process using gouges of various sizes.
    • The gouge is a curved blade that can remove large portions of wood smoothly.
  • 8. Carving Process
    • For harder woods, the sculptor may use a chisel and mallet, similar to a stone carver. Smaller sculptures may require the wood carver to use a knife, and larger pieces might require the use of a saw.
    • No matter what wood is selected or tool used, the wood sculptor must always carve either across or with the grain of the wood, never against the grain.
    • Once the general shape is made, the carver may use a variety of chisels for creating details. For example, a “veiner” or 'fluter' can be used to make deep gouges into the surface, or a “v-tool” for making fine lines or decorative cuts.
  • 9. Carving Process
    • Once the finer details have been added, the wood carver finishes the surface. The method chosen depends on the required quality of surface finish.
    • The texture left by shallow gouges gives 'life' to the carving's surface and many carvers prefere this 'tooled' finish.
    • If a completely smooth surface is required general smoothing can be done with tools such as “rasps,” which are flat-bladed tools with a surface of pointed teeth.
  • 10. Carving Process
    • “ Rifflers” are similar to rasps, but smaller, usually double ended, and of various shapes for working in folds or crevasses.
    • The finer polishing is done with abrasive paper. Large grained paper with a rougher surface is used first, with the sculptor then using finer grained paper that can make the surface of the sculpture slick to the touch.
  • 11. Carving Process
    • After the carving and finishing is completed, the artist may seal & color the wood with a variety of natural oils, such as walnut or linseed oil which protects the wood from dirt and moisture.
    • Oil also imparts a sheen to the wood which, by reflecting light, helps the observer 'read' the form.
    • Carvers seldom use gloss varnish as it creates too shiny a surface, which reflects so much light it can confuse the form; carvers refer to this as 'the toffee apple effect'. Objects made of wood are frequently finished with a layer of wax, which protects the wood and gives a soft lustrous sheen. A wax finish is comparatively fragile though and only suitable for indoor carvings.
  • 12. Examples of wood carvings
  • 13.  
  • 14. Patterns created through carving
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. Videos and games
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7Zrz0r2Nz4&feature=related
    • http://www.y8-games.net/games/Wood_Carving_Mickey
  • 18. Now what will you do?
    • Design and carve a monogram using a variety of tools to create interesting textures (visual and tactile).
    • What is a monogram?
    • A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol . Monograms are often made by combining the initials of an individual or a company, used as recognizable symbols or logos.
  • 19. Examples of monograms
  • 20. Examples of monograms
  • 21. Examples of monograms
  • 22. Examples of monograms
  • 23. Monogram in wood using inlaying
  • 24. Design Phase-Hints and tips
    • Start by playing around with your initials to see what fun designs you can come up with.
    • Make sure that one can still see your initials in your anagram.
    • Ask the teacher for help and guidance.
    • Work neat. A mark will be rewarded for neatness.
    • Once your design is completed you can move onto the making phase.
  • 25. The making phase- How to guide
    • Bring a variety of materials to class that can be used as tools to add in texture. Things like the back of a nail, your compass etc. (Ask your Dad he will have great ideas!)
    • Draw your monogram design onto the piece of wood.
    • Start carving and pressing in the texture using the different tools.
    • Once all the texture has been carved in call the teacher.
  • 26. The making phase- Finishing touches
    • Decide on how you want to finish you monogram.
    • Varnish
    • Black paint so that the carved bits stand out
    • Colour on the lettering
    • Let you imagination guide you!