Slávka  Mačáková ETP Slovakia Innovative tools  to lifting disadvantaged  (Roma) families out of poverty
Roma Situation <ul><li>Ethnic group came from India during middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>10 M Roma in Europe – largest eth...
Situation  of Roma <ul><li>Live in ghettos or poor public housing – without hope  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One room shacks fr...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Our 12 Years of Experience <ul><li>Since 2000 - gained trust & experience with Roma </li></ul><ul><li>Provid ing services ...
 
 
 
ETP Network of Community Centers
Housing Situation <ul><li>250,000 poor Roma live in shacks or  poor  public housing </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 families in u...
 
 
 
 
Imagine….. <ul><li>Construction of new homes for and with  poor (Roma)  people </li></ul><ul><li>Acqui ring  of work skill...
Imagine….. <ul><li>Comprehensive programs: </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Heal...
What is ne eded ? <ul><li>Immediate p olitical will and support </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming of best practices </li></u...
 
 
 
 
 
 
ETP “Build  Your  Flat” Model <ul><li>Key elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most motivated families selected for program </li...
ETP Housing Pilot 2009-2010 <ul><li>Pilot “Build  Your   Flat ” program of 20 homes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secures long te...
Advantages of innovative models <ul><li>Less burden on public sector (finance and responsibility) </li></ul><ul><li>Compet...
Immediate Opportunity? <ul><li>Government has authorized 7M € to build  „ new  rental  housing  primarily  for  marginaliz...
Results of our “Build Your Flat” <ul><li>Unemployed (“unemployable”) earn wages while learning vocational and personal ski...
 
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Slávka Mačáková: Innovative tools for lifting disadvantaged (Roma) families out of poverty

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Prezentácia Slávky Mačákovej z ETP Slovensko na workshope Európska platforma na boj proti chudobe, ktorý sa uskutočnil 10. októbra 2011 v Európskom informačnom centre v Bratislave. Organizátormi boli Inštitút pre dobre spravovanú spoločnosť a Zastúpenie EK na Slovensku.

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  • Slávka Mačáková: Innovative tools for lifting disadvantaged (Roma) families out of poverty

    1. 1. Slávka Mačáková ETP Slovakia Innovative tools to lifting disadvantaged (Roma) families out of poverty
    2. 2. Roma Situation <ul><li>Ethnic group came from India during middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>10 M Roma in Europe – largest ethnic minority </li></ul><ul><li>Live in ghettos – life without hope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90-100% unemployment rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One room shacks from scavenged materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discriminated against for jobs and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low life expectancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse, school drop out & early pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject to racist violence and crime </li></ul><ul><li>250,000 Roma in Slovakia living in poverty </li></ul>
    3. 3. Situation of Roma <ul><li>Live in ghettos or poor public housing – without hope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One room shacks from scavenged materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90-100% unemployment rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discriminated against for jobs and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low life expectancy - 15 years less than majority population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse, school drop out & early pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 2% of Roma are high school or university graduates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 of Roma have given up on finding a job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconditional benefits - welfare benefits vs. minimum income </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject to racist violence and crime, negative attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 – 250,000 – 15,000 families in urgent need of relocation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of political will - i neffective measures – o ne size does not fit all </li></ul>
    4. 12. Our 12 Years of Experience <ul><li>Since 2000 - gained trust & experience with Roma </li></ul><ul><li>Provid ing services to 20+ communities 2 0 ,000 + clients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family support services: social, health & legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trainings : young mo m s, pre-school, self improvement , vocational … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2000 job opportunities created </li></ul><ul><li>600 homes reconstructed, 20 new homes built </li></ul><ul><li>Participating in preparation of polic ies and strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social field work, Community centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially excluced communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Roma integration strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction of houses for marginalized Roma </li></ul></ul>
    5. 16. ETP Network of Community Centers
    6. 17. Housing Situation <ul><li>250,000 poor Roma live in shacks or poor public housing </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 families in urgent need of relocation </li></ul><ul><li>Building public housing for Roma is a failed model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public housing is ruined by tenants in a few years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforces Roma stereotypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roma still on social benefits, without skills, jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roma have NO HOPE </li></ul></ul>
    7. 22. Imagine….. <ul><li>Construction of new homes for and with poor (Roma) people </li></ul><ul><li>Acqui ring of work skills and habits </li></ul><ul><li>Aspirations/ambitions/achievements /self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Improved health </li></ul><ul><li>Human, social capitals and economic assets built </li></ul><ul><li>Improved financial skills and ability to manage households </li></ul>
    8. 23. Imagine….. <ul><li>Comprehensive programs: </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Social Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Motivational Financial Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring/tutoring </li></ul>
    9. 24. What is ne eded ? <ul><li>Immediate p olitical will and support </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming of best practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community centers offering comprehensive services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cradle to grave (focus on children) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditional cash transfer programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentoring and tutoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term programs (15+) </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Quick actions </li></ul>
    10. 31. ETP “Build Your Flat” Model <ul><li>Key elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most motivated families selected for program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained in work habits, job skills & financial literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People work for contractor to build homes & gain job skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory contributions to monthly savings plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings matched by Open Society Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding extended by micro loans from Habitat For Humanity </li></ul></ul>MVRR SR MINISTERSTVO VÝSTAVBY A REGIONÁLNEHO ROZVOJA SLOVENSKEJ REPUBLIKY OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATION
    11. 32. ETP Housing Pilot 2009-2010 <ul><li>Pilot “Build Your Flat ” program of 20 homes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secures long term jobs > exit social benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieves home ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes role model for community </li></ul></ul>
    12. 33. Advantages of innovative models <ul><li>Less burden on public sector (finance and responsibility) </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive environment –improvement of quality of services </li></ul><ul><li>Higher effectiveness of financial funds used (55/16) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher efficiency by focusing on specific target groups and their needs and their real financial opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of ownership and better care for family and a house </li></ul><ul><li>Social work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counselling with financial management and literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistance with basic home care and family care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquiring basic hygienic skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved participation on „public issues“ </li></ul>
    13. 34. Immediate Opportunity? <ul><li>Government has authorized 7M € to build „ new rental housing primarily for marginalized Roma communities, but other groups in similar socio-economic situation will not be a priori excluded“. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A complex intractable issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New ecosystem - accelerating social progress </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic collaboration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration of all actors and sponsors at all levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment to continuous monitoring and measurement of impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting program based on lesson learned and changing conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporating collective knowledge and experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resiliency and stay focused long enough until the problem is transformed … (sustainability) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsolete and fragmented systems should be disrupted </li></ul></ul>
    14. 35. Results of our “Build Your Flat” <ul><li>Unemployed (“unemployable”) earn wages while learning vocational and personal skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show that each person who exits social support saves public expenses 3 4 ,000 € . </li></ul><ul><li>P eople live in simple, decent and affordable homes . </li></ul><ul><li>School drop-out rate is dramatically reduced for children who live in stable home. </li></ul><ul><li>We are breaking the cycle of generational poverty. </li></ul>

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