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VA Campus Safety Forum - Clery & IBRS - What The Numbers Tell Us

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  • 1. What the Clery Numbers Tell Us & Upcoming Changes Virginia Campus Safety Forum March 20, 2012 Steven J. Healy MHA Managing Partner
  • 2. Agenda • What‘s Required • What They Tell Us • Enhancing Reporting • Campus SaVE Act© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 2
  • 3. What‘s Required • The Clery Act requires institutions to disclose 3 general categories of crime statistics:  Criminal Offenses—Criminal Homicide, including: a) Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter, and b) Negligent Manslaughter; Sex Offenses; Robbery; Aggravated Assault; Burglary; Motor Vehicle Theft; and Arson.  Sex Offenses include Forcible and Non-forcible incidents  Hate Crimes—Any of the above-mentioned offenses, and any incidents of Larceny-Theft, Simple Assault, Intimidation, or Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property that were motivated by bias;  Arrests and Referrals for Disciplinary Action for Weapons: Carrying, Possessing, Etc., Drug Abuse Violations and Liquor Law Violations.© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 3
  • 4. Mechanics ―A crime is reported when it is brought to the attention of a campus security authority or the local police by a victim, witness, other third party, or even the offender.‖• An institution must disclose crime reports regardless of whether any of the individuals involved in either the crime itself, or in the reporting of the crime, are associated with the institution.© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 4
  • 5. How Disclosed? How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 5
  • 6. What Do the Numbers Tell Us? Absolutely Nothing! Or, maybe a little, depending on how you use them© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 6
  • 7. What The Numbers Tell Us• Campuses are generally very safe places• Crime is relatively flat, at least over the past 3 years• Urban campuses have unique challenges• Community Colleges have very few crimes (reported)• Campuses experience the same challenges as general society with respect to sexual assault reporting© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 7
  • 8. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 8
  • 9. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 9
  • 10. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 10
  • 11. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 11
  • 12. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 12
  • 13. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 13
  • 14. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 14
  • 15. What The Numbers Tell Us How Disclosed?© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 15
  • 16. Challenges• For the consumer, stats are not easily accessible  They reside in a cumbersome database that doesn‘t provide easy-to-read comparisons or analysis  Many of the stats that matter most to campus community members aren‘t collected  Crime happens off-campus  Crime is often under- or unreported  Sexual Assault underreporting is significant (<5%)  Other factors impact collection and disclosure© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 16
  • 17. Factors • Institutional policies • Geographical settings • Varying knowledge and skill level • Relationships inside the institution • Relationships with supporting agencies© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 17
  • 18. CCP Survey Results• BJA/MHA Campus Crime Prevention Grant (www.campuscrimeprevention.org)• Philadelphia CCP survey and focus groups:  Participants ranked the most prevalent crimes on campus: theft, alcohol, burglary, drug abuse violations, vandalism, and sexual assault.• They highlighted sexual assault, intimate partner violence, robbery and theft as their most significant concerns© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 18
  • 19. CCP Survey Results • Charlotte CCP survey respondents highlighted bike theft and drugs as the most prevalent crimes at their institutions. • Similar to the Philadelphia respondents, those in Charlotte also indicated that addressing sexual assault should be the top priority.© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 19
  • 20. What You Can Do • Ensure CSAs acknowledge, understand, and meet their reporting obligations (training); • Collect stats from all CSAs (process) • Enhance knowledge about collection and disclosure requirements© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 20
  • 21. How to Enhance Reporting • Provide multiple ways for people to report • Get the word out • Forge relationships with likely first responders and advocates • Review your processes for the most complex crimes • Train CPS, student affairs, others on initial intake© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 21
  • 22. Campus SaVE Act • The Campus SaVE Act (Sexual Violence Elimination Act (S. 834/HR 2016))  Seeks to address the sexual and gender violence  Will, in general, require institutions to report and do more regarding gender and sexual violence • Changes the Clery Act in several significant ways  Transparency  Accountability  Education (Primary Prevention)  Collaboration • http://www.opencongress.org/bill/112-s834/text© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 22
  • 23. Primary Prevention • What is Primary Prevention (from SaVE): ―Programming and strategies intended to stop dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking before it occurs through the changing of social norms and other approaches‖© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 23
  • 24. Transparency • Adds ―domestic & dating violence‖ (IPV) and stalking incidents to reportable crimes: • ―Statistics concerning the occurrence on campus, in or on noncampus building or property, and on public property during the most most recent calendar year, and during the 2 preceding calendar year for which data are available –  (iii) of domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking incidents that were reported to campus police authorities or local police agencies© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 24
  • 25. Transparency • Distribute a statement of policy re:  Such institution‘s programs to prevent domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and,  The procedures that such institution will follow once an incident of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault , or stalking has been reported which shall include –  ….© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 25
  • 26. Education and Prevention Programming • The term ‗awareness program‘ means any program designed to alert students at an institution of higher education to the prevalence of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, including… • The term ‗bystander intervention‘ means safe and positive option that may be carried out by an individual to prevent harm or intervene when there is a risk o domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault or stalking against a person other than such individual • …© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 26
  • 27. Accountability • Prompt and equitable investigation and resolution for all complaints • Trained campus officials conduct proceedings using a preponderance of the evidence standard • Both parties may be accompanied by a supporter during proceeding • Both parties will receive written outcomes of all disciplinary hearing at the same time© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 27
  • 28. Collaboration • Requires collaboration between US Departments of Justice, Education, and Health & Human Services  Collect and disseminate best & promising practices for preventing and responding to sexual and gender violence© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 28
  • 29. Conclusion • Clery crime data can be useful, if you use it • Making it useful (and accurate) requires collaboration • The Campus SaVE Act will impose significant new data collection, policy disclosure, and procedural obligations© Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC 29

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