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CAMPUS SPECIAL EVENT MANAGEMENT: MHA NASPA Law Conference 2011

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Margolis Healy special event presentation at 2011 NASPA Law Conference in Arlington, VA for Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education

Margolis Healy special event presentation at 2011 NASPA Law Conference in Arlington, VA for Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education

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  • 1. Security Issues atStudent Special Events Gary J. Margolis, Ed.D.
  • 2. AGENDA• Introductions• A Conversation…• Fights, Stabbings and Shootings• The Research• 5 Steps• Recommendations
  • 3. Tweet Tweet@margolishealy #NASPALaw
  • 4. Student Special Events• Several high profile violent incidents at special events• Celebratory riots at athletic events• Disruptive attendees• Disputes about entry @ closed events• Fights, shootings, & stabbing during & after events
  • 5. Campus Violence Landscape• High-risk drinking• Gender/Sexual Violence• Criminal intrusions• Event based violence• Rampage shooters• Terrorist threat
  • 6. Fights, Stabbings & Shootings• Often associated with large student parties – UConn Spring weekend ‣ A 20-year-old University of Connecticut student died Saturday of head injuries from a fight outside a restaurant during Spring Weekend – JMU block party ‣ “Some got in fights when other partiers accidentally bumped into them, she said. People with blood streaming down their faces and arms rushed past her.”
  • 7. Fights, Stabbings & Shootings• UConn football player killed: – “The University of Connecticut is mourning the loss of football player Cornerback Jasper Howard, a starter for the Huskies, was killed Sunday morning in a stabbing that took place on campus (after an on-campus party).” http://ncaafootball.fanhouse.com/2009/10/18/ connecticut-cornerback-jasper-howard-killed-in-on- campus-stabbin/
  • 8. Fights, Stabbings & Shootings• Duquesne University – September 2006 – 5 students shot following an on-campus party• Delaware State University – September 2007 – Two students shot during on campus; Shalita Middleton later died from her injuries• Villanova University – November 2007 – Shots fired following a dance on campus• Florida Atlantic University – April 2008 – Shots fired at an on-campus Spring party
  • 9. Fights, Stabbings & Shootings• Texas Southern – July 2009 – 6 shot during on-campus event• Langston University - August 2009 – 3 non-students shot following on-campus party• University of Connecticut – October 2009 – Football player Jasper Howard killed following on-campus party• Diablo Valley College – March 2010 – Shooting following a Rugby match
  • 10. Risk at Campus Events• Potential Lethal Mix – Students and non-students – Alcohol and other drugs – Egos – Security
  • 11. The Research• Time of the incidents are in the early morning hours;• Each has a triggering event: argument, fights, anger, vengeance, jealousy, domestic related;• Suspects are consistently male;• Not clear if they all occur at non-school sponsored events, but they all have a link to student access to university space;• Weapon of choice is a firearm;
  • 12. Ensuring Incident-Free Events1. Coordination2. Pre-event planning3. Event Protocols4. Post-Event Protocols5. After-Action Review
  • 13. 1. COORDINATION• Close coordination in & out• The Inside Team - Student Affairs, Greek Life, Student Organization Advisors, Student Center, Public Safety, Risk Management• External Constituents - Local police, public works, EMS, fire, etc.
  • 14. 1. COORDINATIONPolicy - Thresholds (types, size, triggers, liability) - Venues (academic, admin, res hall, multipurpose) - Alcohol/No-Alcohol - Guests (private/public) - Access - Security (type, staffing, costs)
  • 15. 2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING• Conduct pre-event orientations• Conduct pre-event review of assignments• Training• Identify/mitigate hazards• Review schedule of event activities
  • 16. 2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING• Review venue/event diagram• Review event specific policies and procedures• Review event specific alcohol policies and procedures• Review specific event ticketing and credentialing policies
  • 17. 3. EVENT PROTOCOLS• Adjust to crowd demographics• Anticipate crowd activities and behavior• Maintain the usability of means of egress• Make guests aware of their responsibilities• Observe crowd for potential problems
  • 18. 3. EVENT PROTOCOLS• Monitor flow of crowd during duration of event• Recognize potential crowd crush• React/report potential crowd problems• Identify changing crowd behavior and demeanor
  • 19. 4. POST-EVENT PROTOCOLS• Danger Zone• Ensure adequate staffing and coverage both inside/outside the event - Ensure crowd completely disperses and maintain presence - Patrol other gathering spaces on campus - Coordinate with local police
  • 20. 5. AFTER ACTION REVIEW• Helpful to conduct “hot-wash” for most major events• Must conduct after-action review for events where incident occurs - Who, what, where, how, why? - What will we do differently next time• Use other incidents as tabletop exercises for your planning group
  • 21. OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS• Event management system (software) - accessible by all campus event planners• Assign primary responsibility for special event risk assessment and approval to one office or person (e.g., public safety or risk management)• Risk Assessment Committee (multidisciplinary) to systematically assess risks of campus events• Develop formal approval process and related forms• Training program for student security, public safety/ police, and guest services
  • 22. OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS• Consider using a professional crowd management vendor• Unified radio equipment and use of metal detectors and wands• Identify policies and procedures specific to late night events (e.g., location staffing; guest admittance, occupancy, hours, etc).• Tailgating policy (e.g., time, location, permission, organization)
  • 23. Legal Duties for Special EventsWhile the precise contours of this duty will vary from stateto state, institutions of higher education generally have alegal duty to:Act reasonably to provide a campus environment that isreasonably safe from foreseeable general criminal activity bystudents, employees, or third parties
  • 24. Widely-Adopted PracticesEvent security and crime prevention-relatedpractices/policies can become standards of carewhen widely adopted
  • 25. Summary• Student Special Events are Potentially Lethal• Proper risk assessment & coordination can mitigate potential dangers and liability
  • 26. Ensuring Incident-Free Events• Coordination• Pre-event planning• Event Protocols• Post-Event Protocols• After-Action Review
  • 27. Contact Informationwww.margolishealy.com