What are living and nonliving made of?  <ul><li>Like living things, nonliving things have  properties  that you can see, s...
Living Things VS. Non-living Things <ul><li>Biology : is the study of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Most things in the world are...
Characteristics of Living Things <ul><li>All  living things are made of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>*** Cells are the basic u...
Living Things obtain and use energy <ul><li>Autotrophs : organisms that can make their own food. ex. plants </li></ul><ul>...
Living things reproduce <ul><li>Sexual reproduction:  involved cell from two different parents (egg and sperm).  </li></ul...
<ul><li>Living things  respond to their environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things  grow and develop  as a result of cel...
Self Check <ul><li>1. Into what two groups are most things in the world divided? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Give three examples ...
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Living And Nonliving Things

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Living And Nonliving Things

  1. 1. What are living and nonliving made of? <ul><li>Like living things, nonliving things have properties that you can see, such as color, hardness, or softness. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things and nonliving things are made of small particles called atoms . </li></ul><ul><li>Atom made up everything that takes up space. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Living Things VS. Non-living Things <ul><li>Biology : is the study of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Most things in the world are divided into living and nonliving things. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. of living things: trees, grass, animals </li></ul><ul><li>ex. of nonliving things: air, cloud etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of Living Things <ul><li>All living things are made of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>*** Cells are the basic unit of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular organisms are composed of one cell. Prokaryotes are the simplest form of life. No nucleus and organelles ex. Bacteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Multicellular organisms are composed of many cells. Eukaryotes are the most complex form of life. They have nucleus and organelles. ex. animals and plants. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Living Things obtain and use energy <ul><li>Autotrophs : organisms that can make their own food. ex. plants </li></ul><ul><li>Photosynthesis is process through </li></ul><ul><li>which plants obtain their energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs: are organisms that can not make their own food. ex. animals </li></ul><ul><li>Herbivore :Plant eater </li></ul><ul><li>Carnivore : flesh eater </li></ul>
  5. 5. Living things reproduce <ul><li>Sexual reproduction: involved cell from two different parents (egg and sperm). </li></ul><ul><li>It is the only way that gene (DNA) is passed on from parents to offspring. </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual reproduction: a process by a which a single parent reproduces by itself. It involved one parent. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Living things respond to their environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things grow and develop as a result of cell division and cell enlargement. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things maintain a stable internal balance = Homeostasis . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Self Check <ul><li>1. Into what two groups are most things in the world divided? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Give three examples of nonliving things? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Give three examples of living things? </li></ul><ul><li>4. List some properties of living things? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What is an organism? </li></ul>

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