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ESS: SOLAR SYSTEM
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  • 1. THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
    • Axis : An imaginary line around which the earth spins.
    • Rotation : The spinning of earth on its axis. Earth rotates every 24 hours = 1 day it causes night and day.
    • Revolution : The movements of earth around the sun. It takes earth a year 365 1/4 days to revolve around the sun. It causes changes in seasons.
  • 2. EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM
    • Solar system: consists of the sun and all the objects that travel around it.
    • Sun: the center of our solar system.
    • It is a star.
    • Comet:
    • Asteroid:
    • Satellite: anything that orbits another object.
    • Moon: the body that has a primary orbit around a planet
  • 3. INNER PLANETS Relatively small, made of rock and iron
    • Mercury : closet planet to the sun.
    • Look Red because it contains iron oxide.
    • Venus : Second inner planet. The hottest planet.
    • Earth : Third inner planet. The only planet that has living things.
    • Mars : Fourth inner planet. It is desert with rusty, sand.
  • 4. OUTER PLANETS Giant planets made of liquid & gas except
    • Jupiter : Fifth planet from the sun. The largest planet.
    • Saturn : Sixth planet from the sun. The second largest planet surround by beautiful rings.
    • Uranus : Seventh planet from the sun.
    • Neptune : Eighth planet from the sun.
    • Pluto : The smallest and the coldest
  • 5. THE PHASES OF THE MOON The moon is earth’s closest neighbor in space.
    • Full moon:
    • First quarter:
    • New moon
    • Eclipse:
    • Lunar eclipse:
    • Solar eclipse: