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English the subject


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English the subject

English the subject

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  • 1. The Subject<br />Recognize a subject of a sentence when you see one.<br />The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the HYPERLINK "" verb. Ask the question, "Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?" and the answer to that question is the subject.<br /> For instance, in the sentence <br />"The computers in the Learning Center must be replaced," the verb is "must be replaced." What must be replaced? The computers. So the subject is "computers." <br />In a sentence, every verb must have a subject. If the verb expresses action—like sneeze, jump, bark, or study—the subject is who or what does the verb. Take a look at this example:<br />During his biology lab, Tommy danced on the table.<br />Danced is an action verb. Tommy is who did the dancing. Look at the next example:<br />The speeding hotrod crashed into a telephone pole.<br />Crashed is the action verb. The hotrod is what did the crashing.<br />Not all verbs are action verbs. Some verbs are linking. These are verbs like am, is, are, was, were, seem, and become, among others. Linking verbs connect the subject to something that is said about the subject. Take a look at this example:<br />Ron's bathroom is a disaster.<br />Bathroom is the subject. Is connects the subject to something that is said about it, that the bathroom is a disaster. Here is another example:<br />The bathroom tiles are fuzzy with mold.<br />The word tiles is the subject. Are connects tiles to something said about them, that they are fuzzy with mold.<br />Generally, but not always, the subject of a linking verb will come before the linking verb.<br />Know the difference between a complete subject and a simple subject.<br />The complete subject is who or what is doing the verb plus all of the modifiers [descriptive words] that go with it. Read the sentence below:<br />The big, hungry, green Martian grabbed a student from the back row.<br />Who did the grabbing? The Martian, of course. But this Martian wasn't petite, satisfied, and blue. No, this one was big, hungry, and green. The complete subject, then, is the huge, hairy, hungry, green Martian.<br />The simple subject, on the other hand, is the who or what that is doing the verb without any description. Take a look at this example:<br />The bright copper coin sparkled on the sidewalk.<br />What did the sparkling? Obviously, the bright copper coin. The, bright and copper, however, are just description that distinguishes this coin from one that is, let's say, tarnished and silver. The simple subject is only the word coin.<br />Remember that the subject is never part of a prepositional phrase.<br />The subject of a verb will never be part of a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition [in, on, at, between, among, etc.] and ends with a noun, pronoun, or gerund. Look at these examples of prepositional phrases:<br />in the dirty bathtub<br />on the bumpy road<br />at home<br />between us<br />among the empty pizza boxes<br />without crying<br />Sometimes a prepositional phrase appears to be either the subject itself or part of the subject. Read the example that follows:<br />Neither of these boys wants to try a piece of pineapple pizza.<br />In this sentence, the boys seem to be the ones who do not want the pizza, but because they are part of a prepositional phrase, of these boys, they are not the subject. Neither is the actual subject. Take a look at another example:<br />My dog, along with her seven puppies, has chewed all of the stuffing out of the sofa cushions.<br />Here, both my dog and her seven puppies are chewing on the sofa, but because the puppies are part of the prepositional phrase along with her seven puppies, the only word that counts as the subject is dog.<br />Remember this additional point:<br />Generally, but not always, the subject comes before the verb, as in all of the examples above. There are, however, exceptions, like this one:<br />In a small house adjacent to our backyard lives a family with ten noisy children.<br />Lives is the action verb in this sentence, but it is not the house or the backyard that is doing the living. Instead, it is the family with ten noisy children. Family, then, is the subject of this sentence, even though it comes after the verb. Take a look at another example:<br />Around the peach trees are several buzzing bumblebees.<br />Are is the linking verb in this sentence. The word trees, however, is not the subject because trees is within the prepositional phrase around the peach trees. The subject in this sentence, bumblebees, follows the verb rather than coming before it.<br />ucation<br />» Subject-Verb Agreement<br />» How to Find the Subject in a Sentence<br />Top 5 To Try <br />How to Fix a Sentence Fragment<br />How to Structure a Sentence<br />How to Write a Complete Sentence<br />How to Use Appositives in a Sentence<br />How to Identify Clauses and Sentence Structure<br />Ads by Google<br /><br />Related Topics<br />Subject And Verb Agreement<br />Subjectivity<br />Subjects And Verbs<br />How to Find the Subject in a Sentence<br />By speedteacher, eHow Member <br />I want to do this! What's This? <br />Find the Subject in a Sentence<br />How to Find the Subject in a Sentence <br />User-Submitted Article<br />If you never took English grammar in school or have forgotten it, you may have trouble finding the subject in a sentence. This skill is important to help you correct mistakes in writing and will also help you learn other languages. Just follow these steps.<br />Difficulty: Moderate<br />Instructions<br />1<br />First of all you must locate the verb. The verb is the form of "to be" or the action word. In the sentence, "He is happy," the verb is "is." In the sentence, "Jane walked to the bank," the verb is "walked." Some verbs have more than one word. In the sentence "Tom is studying at home," the verb is "is studying."<br />2<br />Once you have located the verb, find the subject. The subject of a sentence is the "doer" of the being or action. In a statement, it comes before the verb. In "He is happy," the subject is "He." In "Jane walked to the bank," the subject is "Jane." In "Tom is studying at home," the subject is "Tom."<br />3<br />When you are looking for the subject, notice that it is usually a noun or a pronoun. "He" is a pronoun, while "Jane" and "Tom" are nouns. In "The book is on the table," the subject is "book," a noun. But the subject can also be a gerund (verb with "ing") or a phrase. "Seeing is believing" has "Seeing" as the subject. "Running away is not an option" has "Running away" as the subject.<br />4<br />Find the subject when it has two words connected by "and." Look at this example: "The book and pencil are in my box." Here "The book and pencil" is the subject. We call this a compound subject. It is possible to have a list longer than two items. "The book, notebook, and pencil are in my box." The subject is "The book, notebook, and pencil."<br />5<br />Find the subject in a question. In a question, the subject sometimes comes after the verb or after part of the verb (the helping verb). Look at this example: "Where are you going?" In this sentence, "you" comes after the verb "are" and before "going." "You" is the subject. "You" is also the subject in "Where are you?"<br />6<br />Find the subject when it is a question word such as "who" or "what." In these examples, questions are asked specifically about the subject. For example, look at "Who is ready?" Here the subject is also the question word, "Who". There is no helping verb, and the subject comes before the verb. Another example is "What is wrong?" Here the subject "what" precedes the verb "is."<br />7<br />The last type of sentence is the imperative or command. "Go away!" This type of sentences has no spoken or written subject. The implied subject is "you," which can be either singular or plural. We say the subject "you" is understood. These are some of the basic types of sentences. Practice with some other examples, and soon you will be able to find the subjects in your own writing.<br />English Grammar<br />Correct All Grammar Errors And Enhance Your English. Try Now!<br />Pronoun<br />Search Pronoun worksheets and 75k other reviewed worksheets.<br />Telephone<br />10 Questions To Ask Before Choosing Any Language Service Provider<br />Browse<br />Look up Word Definitions in Seconds Plus Word of the Day -Download Now!<br />Read more: How to Find the Subject in a Sentence |<br /> <br />NGLISH SENTENCE STRUCTURE LESSON PLAN<br /> MaterialsSentence Structure Lesson - Use the printable lesson for your lesson plan, or use student version as lesson supplement.Sentence Structure Worksheets - Printable teaching worksheet exercises. ProcedureA sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.Are these sentences? 1. "Ashley walks to the park."2. "She takes a friend with her."3. "Climb a tree."Both (1) and (2) are sentences, but (3) is not a sentence. Why? It does not express a complete thought. We wonder: who climbs a tree? Why?-By adding some words to (3) we can make a complete sentence:"Ashley and her friend climb a tree."Every sentence has a subject and a predicate. The subject usually contains the main subject or noun, and the predicate tells what the subject is doing, which contains the verb of the sentence.SubjectPredicateAshleywalks to the parkShetakes a friend with herAshley and her friendclimb a treeTeachers: have the students write their own sentences on the board, and then identify the subject and predicate in each sentence.Rules for writing sentences:1. Every sentence must begin with a capital letter.2. Every sentence must end with a punctuation mark. You use different marks for different kinds of sentences. Punctuation Marks:A period (.) ends a sentence that tells something, or makes a statement. A questions mark (?) ends a sentence that asks a question. An exclamation point (!) ends a sentence that shows excitement.Types of SentencesThere are three kinds of sentences that we say and write every day. 1. Declarative: a type of sentence that declares or makes a statement.Example - "Tom goes to school." 2. Interrogative: a sentence that asks a question.Example - "Did Tom go to school?"3. Imperative: a sentence that makes a request or gives a command.Example - "Hurry Tom! Go to school now!" Example sentences:(Teachers: complete the following sentences with the students. Identify the type and show them how to underline the subject with one line, and the predicate with two lines.)"Did Juan finish his chores?" (Interrogative sentence)(Subject: Did Juan/ Predicate: finish his chores)"Sam and Adam played football." (Declarative sentence)(Subject: Sam and Adam/ Predicate: played football)"Charlie, stop that now!" (Imperative sentence)(Subject: Charlie/ Predicate: stop that now) English GrammarSentence Construction HYPERLINK "" l "Build" Building a Sentence HYPERLINK "" l "Sentence" What makes a complete sentence? HYPERLINK "" l "Simple" Simple Sentences HYPERLINK "" l "Compound" Compound Sentences HYPERLINK "" l "Complex" Complex Sentences HYPERLINK "" l "Anatomy" The anatomy of a sentence HYPERLINK "" l "Verbs" Verbs HYPERLINK "" l "Subjects" Subjects HYPERLINK "" l "Predicates" Predicates HYPERLINK "" l "Advanced" More Advanced Terminology HYPERLINK "" l "Object" Objects HYPERLINK "" l "Tran/Intran" Transitive/Intransitive HYPERLINK "" l "Adverbial" Adverbials HYPERLINK "" l "Complement" ComplementsBuilding a sentence A sentence is a group of words which starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!). A sentence contains or implies a predicate and a subject. Sentences contain HYPERLINK "" t "newwin" clauses. HYPERLINK "" l "Simple" Simple sentences have one clause. HYPERLINK "" l "Compound" Compound sentences and HYPERLINK "" l "Complex" complex sentences have two or more clauses.Sentences can contain HYPERLINK "" l "Subjects" subjects and HYPERLINK "" l "Object" objects.The subject in a sentence is generally the person or thing carrying out an action. The object in a sentence is involved in an action but does not carry it out, the object comes after the verb.For example:The boy climbed a tree.If you want to say more about the subject (the boy) or the object (the tree), you can add an HYPERLINK "" adjective.For example:The young boy climbed a tall tree.If you want to say more about how he climbed the tree you can use an adverb.For example:The young boy quickly climbed a tall tree.The sentence becomes more interesting as it gives the reader or listener more information.There are more things you can add to enrich your sentence.Parts of a sentenceDescriptionAdjectiveDescribes things or people.AdverbAlters the meaning of the verb slightlyArticlea, an - indefinite articlesthe - definite articlesConjunctionJoins words or sentences togetherInterjectionA short word showing emotion or feelingNounNames thingsPrepositionRelates one thing to anotherPronounused instead of a noun to avoid repetitionProper noun (subject)The actual names of people or places etc.VerbAction or doing wordFor example:What makes a complete sentence? If it helps you, think about a sentence as if it were a skeleton, the skeleton contains various bones and these bones are put together to form different parts of the body. So are sentences formed by words, the words are the bones and they are put together in different ways to form sentences. Simple SentencesA simple sentence contains a single subject and predicate. It describes only one thing, idea or question, and has only one verb - it contains only an HYPERLINK "" t "newwin" independent (main) clause. Any independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. It has a subject and a verb and expresses a HYPERLINK "" complete thought. For example:Jill reads.Even the addition of adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases to a simple sentence does not change it into a complex sentence.For example:The brown dog with the red collar always barks loudly.Even if you join several nouns with a conjunction, or several verbs with a conjunction, it remains a simple sentence. For example:The dog barked and growled loudly. Compound SentencesCompound sentences are made up of two or more simple sentences combined using a conjunction such as and, or or but. They are made up of more than one independent clause joined together with a co-ordinating conjunction. For example:"The sun was setting in the west and the moon was just rising."Each clause can stand alone as a sentence.For example: "The sun was setting in the west. The moon was just rising." Every clause is like a sentence with a subject and a verb. A coordinating conjunction goes in the middle of the sentence, it is the word that joins the two clauses together, the most common are (and, or, but) For example:I walked to the shops, but my husband drove.I might HYPERLINK "" watch the film, or I might visit my friends.My friend enjoyed the film, but she didn't like the actor. Complex SentencesComplex sentences describe more than one thing or idea and have more than one verb in them. They are made up of more than one clause, an independent clause (that can stand by itself) and a dependent (subordinate) clause (which cannot stand by itself).For example:"My mother likes dogs that don't bark."Dependent clauses can be HYPERLINK "" nominal, HYPERLINK "" adverbial or HYPERLINK "" adjectival.The anatomy of a sentenceThe VerbThe verb is the fundamental part of the sentence. The rest of the sentence, with the exception of the subject, depends very much on the verb. It is important to have a good knowledge of the forms used after each verb (verb patterns), for example: to tell [someone] TO DO [something] Here we can see that the verb to tell is followed immediately by a person (the indirect object, explained later), an infinitive with 'to', and, possibly, an object for the verb you substitute for DO. Verbs also show a state of being. Such verbs, called BE VERBS or LINKING VERBS, include words such as: am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being, became, seem, appear, and sometimes verbs of the senses like tastes, feels, looks, hears, and smells. For example:"Beer and wine are my favourite drinks." The verb "are" is a linking (be) verb. Fortunately, there are only a limited number of different verb patterns. Verbs can descibe the HYPERLINK "" l "Actions" action (something the subject actually does) or HYPERLINK "" l "State" state (something that is true of the subject) of the subject.For example: ACTION: I play football twice a week.STATE: I've got a car. Some verbs can represent both actions and states, depending on the context. For example work:ACTION: David's working in the bank.STATE: David works in a bank. Finding the VerbWhen you analyze a sentence, first identify the verb. The verb names and asserts the action or state of the sentence. For example:"Working at the computer all day made David's head ache."The main verb of the sentence is "made", not working.Verbs identify our activity or state. For example:eat, sleep, run, jump, study, think, digest, shout, walk ....The SubjectThe subject is the person or thing the sentence is 'about'. Often (but not always) it will be the first part of the sentence. The subject will usually be a noun phrase (a noun and the words, such as adjectives, that modify it) followed by a verb.Finding the SubjectOnce you determine the verb, ask a wh...? question of the verb. This will locate the subject(s). For example: David works hard. Who "works hard"?=David does=the subject.Beer and wine are my favourite drinks. What "are my favourite drinks"? Beer and wine are=the subjects. The subject(s) of a sentence will answer the questions, "who or what." The PredicateOnce you have identified the subject, the remainder of the sentence tells us what the subject does or did. This part of the sentence is the predicate of the sentence.The predicate always includes the verb and the words which come after the verb. For example: Michael Schumaker drove the race car. "Michael Schumaker" is the subject; "drove the race car" is the predicate.More Advanced TerminologyThe ObjectSome verbs have an object (always a noun or pronoun). The object is the person or thing affected by the action described in the verb.Objects come in two types, direct and indirect. The direct object refers to a person or thing affected by the action of the verb.For example:"He opened the door. "- here the door is the direct object as it is the thing being affected by the verb to open.The indirect object refers to a person or thing who receives the direct object.For example:" I gave him the book." - here him (he)is the indirect object as he is the beneficiary of the action.Transitive / Intransitive verbsVerbs which don't have an object are called intransitive. Some verbs can only be intransitive (disagree). In addition they cannot be used in the HYPERLINK "" Passive Voice e.g. smile, fall, come, go.For example:  David disagreed. - intransitive. Verbs that have an object are called transitive verbs e.g. eat, drive, give. For example:David gave her a present.Some verbs can be transitive or intransitive e.g. singFor example:Xavier Nadu sings. - intransitive.Xavier Nadu sings pop songs. - transitive.AdverbialsAn 'adverbial' or 'adverbial phrase' is a word or expression in the sentence that does the same job as an adverb; that is, it tells you something about how the action in the verb was done. For example:I sometimes have trouble with adverbs.He spoke very quietly.I've read that book three times. She's gone to the bank. The first tells us the frequency of the action (sometimes), the second how he carried out the action (quietly), and the third how many times the action has happened (three). The fourth is a little different, as in this case the adverbial (gone to the bank) is more or less demanded by the verb (has).To remember the form of such verbs use your notebooks to write down the different forms.For example:to go [somewhere]to put [something][somewhere] This information is also useful when deciding the order of adverbials in a sentence. Unlike the previous parts of the sentence, a sentence can contain an indefinite number of adverbials, although in practice it's a good idea to keep them few in number.ComplementA complement is used with verbs like be, seem, look etc. Complements give more information about the subject or, in some structures, about the object. There are various definitions of 'complement', which range from the very general (anything in the predicate except the verb, including the direct object and adverbs) to the much more restrictive one used here.A complement is the part of the sentence that gives you more information about the subject (a subject complement) or the object (an object complement) of the sentence. The complement to be used, if any, is dependent on the verb used in the sentence. Subject complements normally follow certain verbs. For example:He is Spanish. She became an engineer.That man looks like John.Object complements follow the direct object of the verb-For example.They painted the house red.She called him an idiot! I saw her standing there. The complement often consists of an adjective or noun phrase, but can also be a participle phrase, as in the last example. It is often not very clear whether a phrase is a complement or an adverbial.<br />