STOCKHOLMVenice of the Northor, as Swedes sometimes call it,Fat City
City of bridges• Stockholm was founded in 1252 and became the capitalin 1436.• Stockholm is situated on an important trade route.– Trade between the inland lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea.– Trade from the north to the south.• ”Gamla Stan” was a natural passage for the trade andbecame the founding point.• ”Stock” means ”log” and ”holm” means ”island”.• Today the municipality of Stockholm has a population of900.000 and the metropolitan area about 1.400.000.• Because of its’ geography, Stockholm’s differentneighbourhoods are quite different in theircharacteristics.
Södermalm (”South Island”)• Used to be a poorer part of Stockholm.• Partly farmland into the 20th century• Nowadays a ”hip” part of town with a lot of media celebrities, alternativeand youth culture• Rich night life and many small shops and restaurants
Östermalm (”East Island”)• Became integrated in the city during the mid 19th century• Exclusive part of town with expensive apartments, restaurants andshops.• Many tourist sights, such as Djurgården, The Royal Theatre and TheMuseum of History
Norrmalm (”North Island”)• Was almost completely destroyed and rebuilt during the 1950s –1970s during a modernization process.• Modern architecture and a lot of office buildings.• The Central Station and the City Centre are located here.• Big apartment stores and ”tourist traps” dominate commerce.
Kungsholmen (”King’s Island”)• Basically farmland and forest until the 18th century• Not completely urbanized until the beginning of the 20th century• Many parks and small shops.• The City Hall is the main attraction, as well as the long and beautifulwater front.