The First Contacts●In the Middle Ages relationship between theBaltic tribes and Swedish tribes was diverse.●In 853 AD Swedish Vikings attacked Apuolecastle but didn’t occupy it. Isolated Vikingsparticipated in the Crusade against the Balticpagans.●During that time bilateral trade was active.●It is thought, that for the first time the Vikingsarrived in Lithuania in 1323. They were officiallyinvited by Lithuanians.
Most Vikings reached Curonian, Samogitian,Skalvian and Prussian tribes.Vikings used to have wars with them.
Lithuanian - Swedish Union●In 1562, Kotryna Jogailaitė and Jonas the 3rdVasa married in Vilnius.●This marriage allowed Sweden to join theactivities of Polonian LithuanianCommonwealth (PLC) to protect their mutualinterests in the Eastern Europe and intrude intoPLC internal problems.●This marriage united several important kinshipsin the Western Europe: Jogailaičiai –Gediminaičiai and Vasas.
The Rule of Vasas in PLC inthe 16th-17th centuries●Vasas tried to get power in Sweden, so PLCwas involved to fight against Russia, Prussiaand other countries.●Wars were no success neither for PLC norSweden. At that time Russia became powerfulon the East Baltic coast.●Wars led to unrests in PLC, so the Grand Duchyof Lithuania made Kėdainiai Union with Swedenin 1655 to cancel union with Poland.
Lithuanian – Swedish relationshipbefore World War II●During World War I, while Lithuania was trying todeclare its independence, the branch of fund to supportthe War Victims in Sweden was active. It coordinatedthe activities of Lithuanian immigrants.●In 1921 Sweden acknowledged Lithuania as country dejure. The most active Lithuanian diplomat in Šwedenwas Ignas Šeinius.●At Vytautas Magnus University in 1932 the Swedishlanguage course was started; in 1931 in Stockholm theBaltic Institute was opened, in 1936 the Lithuanianlanguage course at Stockholm university was tought.
Lithuanian – Swedish relations sinceWorld War II till the end of 20th century●Sweden did not acknowledge Lithuania’s occupation in1940.●In 1943 in Sweden the Baltic committee was created,with goal to require that the USSR re-established theindependence of the Baltic states.●In 1989 in Gotland Island the 36th European -Lithuanian study week was called. During it Lithuanianemigrants approved of the re-establishment ofLithuania’s independence.●In 1989 the Baltic countries were visited by the Ministerof Foreign Affairs of Sweden Sten Andersson .●Since 1990 Lithuanian and Swedish collaboration wasvery active.
Lithuanian – Swedish relationship atthe meeting point of 20th-21st centuries●In 1991 Lithuanian Information Office in Stockholm wasopened to refresh relationship between the countries.●After Sweden was admitted to the EU, it sought theBaltic countries participation in the EU.●Year 2000 was declared the Baltic Countries Year bySweden.●Year 2011 was again declared the Baltic Countries Yearby Sweden.●Since 2004 Lithuanian – Swedish relationship is basedon mutual goal to find the solution to the problem ofenergetical security.
On July 6, 2009 the King of Sweden Karl the 16thGustav and Queen Silvia participated in the eventsto commemorate Lithuania’s name.
Swedish officials visits to Lithuania●On March 15, 2011 Sweden’s PrimeMinister Fredrik Reinfeldt met PresidentDalia Grybauskaite and Prime MinisterAndrius Kubilius.
On July 16, 2009 President DaliaGrybauskaite visited Stockholm.
On August 15, 2011 Prime Minister ofLithuania Andrius Kubilius visited Sweden.