Jainism’s Founder <ul><li>Mahavira </li></ul><ul><li>Lived between 599 and 527 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Born into Kshatriya c...
Mahavira’s Heroic Journey <ul><li>Divine Birth: Dreams of mother </li></ul><ul><li>Call to Adventure: death of parents </l...
Worldview of Jainism <ul><li>Dualist: world is comprised of two substances soul (jiva) and matter (ajiva) </li></ul><ul><l...
KARMA <ul><li>Physical matter that builds up on the jiva (soul) as a result of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, do as...
JINA <ul><li>A person who has conquered rebirth </li></ul><ul><li>MAHAVIRA (“great hero”) was a JINA </li></ul>
TIRTHANKARA <ul><li>A spiritual leader who has found the crossing to the farther shore </li></ul><ul><li>Forged a bridge b...
Development of Sects (app. 80 BCE) <ul><li>Svetambaras </li></ul><ul><li>“ White-clad” </li></ul><ul><li>Northern India </...
Svetambaras and Digambaras <ul><li>Two sects disagree   about the number of dreams </li></ul><ul><li>SVETAMBARAS tell of a...
Trishala’s Dreams <ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>Mahavira’s mother, Trishala has prophetic dreams. </li></ul><ul><li>These d...
Subjects of Trishala’s Dreams <ul><li>ACCORDING TO THE SVETAMBARAS: </li></ul><ul><li>A white elephant </li></ul><ul><li>A...
AGAMAS <ul><li>The collection of JAIN scriptures </li></ul><ul><li>The Agama are subdivided into three categories:  </li><...
AGAMAS <ul><li>PURVA (no longer exist) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>ANGA (11 of 12 survive) contain the basic tea...
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Jainism

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  • Jainism

    1. 1. Jainism’s Founder <ul><li>Mahavira </li></ul><ul><li>Lived between 599 and 527 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Born into Kshatriya caste </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy, but joined ascetics at age of 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme ascetic </li></ul><ul><li>Achieved moksha </li></ul>
    2. 2. Mahavira’s Heroic Journey <ul><li>Divine Birth: Dreams of mother </li></ul><ul><li>Call to Adventure: death of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Tests and Trials: Samgamaka </li></ul><ul><li>Boon: teachings of Jainism, dualist worldview </li></ul>
    3. 3. Worldview of Jainism <ul><li>Dualist: world is comprised of two substances soul (jiva) and matter (ajiva) </li></ul><ul><li>Persons are souls encased in matter: The “I” is the soul </li></ul><ul><li>Goal of Jainism: liberation of the soul from matter </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh (matter) is evil: torment it – become an extreme ascetic </li></ul>
    4. 4. KARMA <ul><li>Physical matter that builds up on the jiva (soul) as a result of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, do as little as possible to escape karma and be freed from rebirth </li></ul>
    5. 5. JINA <ul><li>A person who has conquered rebirth </li></ul><ul><li>MAHAVIRA (“great hero”) was a JINA </li></ul>
    6. 6. TIRTHANKARA <ul><li>A spiritual leader who has found the crossing to the farther shore </li></ul><ul><li>Forged a bridge between this world and Nirvana (cessation of consciousness) </li></ul><ul><li>Mahavira was the 24 th Tirthankara </li></ul>
    7. 7. Development of Sects (app. 80 BCE) <ul><li>Svetambaras </li></ul><ul><li>“ White-clad” </li></ul><ul><li>Northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Nudity unnecessary </li></ul><ul><li>Allow women </li></ul><ul><li>Digambaras </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sky-clad” </li></ul><ul><li>Southern India </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly nude monks </li></ul><ul><li>Women are prohibited </li></ul>
    8. 8. Svetambaras and Digambaras <ul><li>Two sects disagree about the number of dreams </li></ul><ul><li>SVETAMBARAS tell of an embryo transfer </li></ul><ul><li>DIGAMBARAS deny that Mahavira became a householder </li></ul><ul><li>MAHAVIRA continued to teach, according to SVETAMBARA account. </li></ul><ul><li>The DIGAMBARAS claim that a Brahmin came to him seeking an interpretation of Jain teachings and in the presence of Mahavira, the teaching became clear. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Trishala’s Dreams <ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>Mahavira’s mother, Trishala has prophetic dreams. </li></ul><ul><li>These dreams indicate that mahavira would be either a monarch or a saint. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Subjects of Trishala’s Dreams <ul><li>ACCORDING TO THE SVETAMBARAS: </li></ul><ul><li>A white elephant </li></ul><ul><li>A white bull </li></ul><ul><li>A lion </li></ul><ul><li>Sri, the goddess of beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Garlands of mandara flowers </li></ul><ul><li>The full moon </li></ul><ul><li>The rising sun </li></ul><ul><li>A beautiful flag </li></ul><ul><li>A vase of precious metal </li></ul><ul><li>A lake of lotuses </li></ul><ul><li>An ocean of milk </li></ul><ul><li>A beautiful house in the heavens </li></ul><ul><li>A pile of jewels </li></ul><ul><li>A fire </li></ul><ul><li>DIGAMBARAS ADD: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A throne </li></ul><ul><li>Two fish in a lake </li></ul>
    11. 11. AGAMAS <ul><li>The collection of JAIN scriptures </li></ul><ul><li>The Agama are subdivided into three categories: </li></ul>
    12. 12. AGAMAS <ul><li>PURVA (no longer exist) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>ANGA (11 of 12 survive) contain the basic teachings of Mahavira; Rules of conduct for monks and nuns, explanation of the law of karma </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>ACARANGA states that anyone who does not refrain from injuring animals and who does not teach others not to harm animals continues to sin. A sage is one who knows that injuring animals is a sin </li></ul>

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