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  • 1. Select six words which are not connected with weather conditions . typhoid draught hail gale sleet tornado typhoon slump harpoon flooding cholera blizzard hurricane hazard fog drought
  • 2. Select six words which are not connected with weather conditions . typhoid draught hail gale sleet tornado typhoon slump harpoon flooding cholera blizzard hurricane hazard fog drought
  • 3. Typhoon <ul><li>A weather phenomenum in the Eastern Pacific that is precisely equivalent to a hurricane. </li></ul>
  • 4. Tornado <ul><li>A violently rotating column of air, pendant from a cumulonimbus cloud, and nearly always observable as a funnel cloud. </li></ul>
  • 5. Sleet <ul><li>Rain which freezes before reaching the ground. </li></ul>
  • 6. Hurricane <ul><li>Wind scale for quite strong wind, stronger than a storm. </li></ul>
  • 7. Flood <ul><li>Overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water. </li></ul>
  • 8. Hail <ul><li>Balls or pieces of ice falling as precipitation from a thunderstorm </li></ul>
  • 9. Fog <ul><li>A thick cloud that forms near the ground; the obscurity of such a cloud. </li></ul>
  • 10. Gale <ul><li>A very strong wind, more than a breeze, less than a storm. </li></ul>
  • 11. Blizzard <ul><li>A severe snowstorm, especially with strong winds and greatly reduced visibility. </li></ul>
  • 12. Drought /draʊt/ <ul><li>A period of below average rain fall, longer and more severe than a dry spell </li></ul>
  • 13. Which sets of adjectives a-h go with the nouns 1-8? 1 rain a harsh/mild/tropical 2 sea b severe/violent/electrical 3 wind c dry/humid/intense 4 climate d light/heavy/torrential 5 heat e thick/dense 6 fog f bright/dazzling/warm 7 sunshine g calm/choppy/rough/smooth 8 storm h gentle/light/strong/icy/biting
  • 14. Which sets of adjectives a-h go with the nouns 1-8? <ul><li>1 rain d light/heavy/torrential </li></ul><ul><li>sea g calm/choppy/rough/smooth </li></ul><ul><li>wind h gentle/light/strong/icy/biting </li></ul><ul><li>climate a harsh/mild/tropical </li></ul><ul><li>heat c dry/humid/intense </li></ul><ul><li>fog e thick/dense </li></ul><ul><li>sunshine f bright/dazzling/warm </li></ul><ul><li>storm b severe/violent/electrical </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>NATURAL DISASTERS </li></ul>
  • 16. Discuss these questions with a partner <ul><li>avalanche flood </li></ul><ul><li>landslide forest fire </li></ul><ul><li>hurricane tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>earthquake tornado </li></ul><ul><li>volcano drought </li></ul><ul><li>Have any of these natural disasters ever happened in your country? When? How serious were they? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you heard of any news stories about them happening anywhere else in the world? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you say some are more unavoidable? Which are more the result of human actions? </li></ul>
  • 17. The effects of disasters <ul><li>flash </li></ul><ul><li>recede </li></ul><ul><li>stranded </li></ul><ul><li>submerged </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, did all the flooding last year affect you? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yes, it was awful. It was (1) ……. flooding, so the river went up 15 feet overnight. By the time we woke up, the ground was totally (2) ……... and everything was ruined. We were (3) ……. upstairs and we just had to sit tight and wait for the waters to (4) ……. . </li></ul><ul><li>A: Really? That must’ve been awful. </li></ul>
  • 18. The effects of disasters <ul><li>Flash </li></ul><ul><li>repentina </li></ul><ul><li>Recede </li></ul><ul><li>retirar </li></ul><ul><li>Stranded </li></ul><ul><li>aislados </li></ul><ul><li>Submerged </li></ul><ul><li>sumergida </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, did all the flooding last year affect you? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yes, it was awful. It was (1) flash flooding, so the river went up 15 feet overnight. By the time we woke up, the ground was totally (2) submerged and everything was ruined. We were (3) stranded upstairs and we just had to sit tight and wait for the waters to (4) recede . </li></ul><ul><li>A: Really? That must’ve been awful. </li></ul>
  • 19. The effects of disasters <ul><li>control </li></ul><ul><li>deliberately </li></ul><ul><li>evacuated </li></ul><ul><li>flames </li></ul><ul><li>ground </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, were your parents affected by all the forest fires? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yeah, they were. Their village was (1) …… and they had to go and stay with my uncle for a few days until the firefighters got everything under (2)…… . The next village along from them was pretty much burnt to the (3) ……, though. Everything just went up in (4) …… . My mum was telling me they now think it might all have been started (5) …….. . </li></ul><ul><li>A: Really? What kind of person would do that? </li></ul>
  • 20. The effects of disasters <ul><li>control </li></ul><ul><li>deliberately </li></ul><ul><li>evacuated </li></ul><ul><li>flames </li></ul><ul><li>ground </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, were your parents affected by all the forest fires? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yeah, they were. Their village was (1) evacuated and they had to go and stay with my uncle for a few days until the firefighters got everything under (2) control . The next village along from them was pretty much burnt to the (3) ground , though. Everything just went up in (4) flames . My mum was telling me they now think it might all have been started (5) deliberately . </li></ul><ul><li>A: Really? What kind of person would do that? </li></ul>
  • 21. The effects of disasters <ul><li>almighty </li></ul><ul><li>fleeing </li></ul><ul><li>sheer </li></ul><ul><li>terrifying </li></ul><ul><li>eruption </li></ul><ul><li>lit up </li></ul><ul><li>terrified </li></ul><ul><li>tremors </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, was the area you were staying in affected by the volcano? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yeah, totally! It was (1) ……., it really was. Apparently, they’d been feeling (2) …….. for a few weeks and then the night before the (3) ….., all these strange lights (4) ……. the night sky. Then at around 5 in the morning, there was an (5) ……. bang – like a huge explosion – and all these enormous clouds of ash and smoke started pouring out. People started (6) ….. their homes to escape lava. There was just (7) …. panic everywhere! </li></ul><ul><li>A: God! You must’ve been absolutely (8) …….! </li></ul>
  • 22. The effects of disasters <ul><li>almighty </li></ul><ul><li>fleeing </li></ul><ul><li>sheer </li></ul><ul><li>terrifying </li></ul><ul><li>eruption </li></ul><ul><li>lit up </li></ul><ul><li>terrified </li></ul><ul><li>tremors </li></ul><ul><li>A: So, was the area you were staying in affected by the volcano? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yeah, totally! It was (1) terrifying , it really was. Apparently, they’d been feeling (2) tremors for a few weeks and then the night before the (3) eruption , all these strange lights (4) lit up the night sky. Then at around 5 in the morning, there was an (5) almighty bang – like a huge explosion – and all these enormous clouds of ash and smoke started pouring out. People started (6) fleeing their homes to escape lava. There was just (7) sheer panic everywhere! </li></ul><ul><li>A: God! You must’ve been absolutely (8) terrified ! </li></ul>
  • 23. Talk about the pictures.

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