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Relative clauses

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  • 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
  • 2. RELATIVE CLAUSES
    • Mary is the girl.
    • She loves going to the cinema.
    • Mary is the girl who/that loves going to the cinema.
  • 3. CHARACTERISTICS.
    • Mary is the girl who loves going to the cinema.
    • Used to join information which is repeated.
    • Introduction of relative pronoun: who; which; that; where; when; whose, why…
    • Some elements could be omitted.
  • 4. RELATIVE PRONOUNS.
    • Depending on the antecedent (the name they make reference to).
    • Ex: That is the boy . The boy broke the window yesterday.
    • R.C: That is the boy who broke the window yesterday.
    • ( Who makes reference to the boy).
  • 5. RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
    • Who: To refer to people.
      • Ex: She is the woman who brought the cake.
    • Which: To refer to animals/things.
    • Ex: MTC is a company which offers concerts around the world.
    • That: People/ objects
    • Ex: This is the dog that bit my cousin last summer.
    • Ex: The teacher who arrives on time.
  • 6. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
    • Whose: To express possession (cuyo/a): whose+ noun
    • Ex: The woman whose mobile phone was ringing.
    • When: To express time.
    • Ex: The day when the volcano erupted.
    • Where: To express place
    • Ex: The bank where my friends keep all their money.
  • 7. OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
    • WHY: To express reason (por lo que)
    • Ex: The reason why she came back home…
    • WHOM: For people (after preposition)
    • Ex: The flight attendant is the person to whom you have to talk. (Formal language)
    • or: The flight attendant is the person (who) you have to talk to. (Informal language)
  • 8. DEFINE THESE WORDS
    • An engineer: design roads and bridges
    • A cook: prepare food
    • A postman: deliver letters
    • A footballer: play matches and kick a ball
    • A waiter: serve customers in a restaurant
    • A journalist: write news stories for newspapers
  • 9. DEFINE THESE WORDS
    • An engineer is a person who designs roads and bridges.
    • A cook is someone who prepares food.
    • A postman is a person that delivers letters.
    • A footballer is someone who plays matches and kicks a ball.
    • A waiter is a person who serves customers in a restaurant.
    • A journalist is a person that writes news stories for newspapers
  • 10. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
    • 1.What was the film? You were watching it.
    • 2.That is the car. I saw it earlier.
    • 3.Are they the books? We read them last year.
    • 4.He is the student. He was my classmate.
    • 5.Is that the woman? Her sister is my teacher.
    • 6.This is the place. Everyone plays chess here.
    • 7.We bought a computer. The computer doesn’t work properly.
    • 8.My brother studies at your school. The school is next to the hospital.
  • 11. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
    • 1.What was the film which you were watching?
    • 2.That is the car which I saw earlier.
    • 3.Are they the books which we read yesterday?
    • 4.He is the student who was my classmate.
    • 5.Is that the woman whose sister was my teacher?
    • 6.This is the place where everyone plays chess.
    • 7. We bought a computer which doesn’t work properly.
    • 8. My brother studies at your school which is next to the hospital.

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