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Relative clauses
 

Relative clauses

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    Relative clauses Relative clauses Presentation Transcript

    • RELATIVE CLAUSES
    • RELATIVE CLAUSES
      • Mary is the girl.
      • She loves going to the cinema.
      • Mary is the girl who/that loves going to the cinema.
    • CHARACTERISTICS.
      • Mary is the girl who loves going to the cinema.
      • Used to join information which is repeated.
      • Introduction of relative pronoun: who; which; that; where; when; whose, why…
      • Some elements could be omitted.
    • RELATIVE PRONOUNS.
      • Depending on the antecedent (the name they make reference to).
      • Ex: That is the boy . The boy broke the window yesterday.
      • R.C: That is the boy who broke the window yesterday.
      • ( Who makes reference to the boy).
    • RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
      • Who: To refer to people.
        • Ex: She is the woman who brought the cake.
      • Which: To refer to animals/things.
      • Ex: MTC is a company which offers concerts around the world.
      • That: People/ objects
      • Ex: This is the dog that bit my cousin last summer.
      • Ex: The teacher who arrives on time.
    • OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
      • Whose: To express possession (cuyo/a): whose+ noun
      • Ex: The woman whose mobile phone was ringing.
      • When: To express time.
      • Ex: The day when the volcano erupted.
      • Where: To express place
      • Ex: The bank where my friends keep all their money.
    • OTHER RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
      • WHY: To express reason (por lo que)
      • Ex: The reason why she came back home…
      • WHOM: For people (after preposition)
      • Ex: The flight attendant is the person to whom you have to talk. (Formal language)
      • or: The flight attendant is the person (who) you have to talk to. (Informal language)
    • DEFINE THESE WORDS
      • An engineer: design roads and bridges
      • A cook: prepare food
      • A postman: deliver letters
      • A footballer: play matches and kick a ball
      • A waiter: serve customers in a restaurant
      • A journalist: write news stories for newspapers
    • DEFINE THESE WORDS
      • An engineer is a person who designs roads and bridges.
      • A cook is someone who prepares food.
      • A postman is a person that delivers letters.
      • A footballer is someone who plays matches and kicks a ball.
      • A waiter is a person who serves customers in a restaurant.
      • A journalist is a person that writes news stories for newspapers
    • COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
      • 1.What was the film? You were watching it.
      • 2.That is the car. I saw it earlier.
      • 3.Are they the books? We read them last year.
      • 4.He is the student. He was my classmate.
      • 5.Is that the woman? Her sister is my teacher.
      • 6.This is the place. Everyone plays chess here.
      • 7.We bought a computer. The computer doesn’t work properly.
      • 8.My brother studies at your school. The school is next to the hospital.
    • COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
      • 1.What was the film which you were watching?
      • 2.That is the car which I saw earlier.
      • 3.Are they the books which we read yesterday?
      • 4.He is the student who was my classmate.
      • 5.Is that the woman whose sister was my teacher?
      • 6.This is the place where everyone plays chess.
      • 7. We bought a computer which doesn’t work properly.
      • 8. My brother studies at your school which is next to the hospital.