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Conditionals

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  1. http://www.xtec.es/~ogodoy/sac/rephrasing/conditionals.htm)Types 0, 1, 2 & 3 MAIN IF-CLAUSE MEANING CLAUSE General conditions General laws; things Simple present Simple present ("Zero" Conditional) that are always true WILL + V Possible conditions (also CAN, MAY, Probable future Simple present (1st Conditional) MUST & result imperatives) Hypothetical WOULD + V Imaginary situation conditions Simple past (also COULD / in the present or (2nd Conmditional) MIGHT) future Impossible WOULD HAVE + pp conditions Imaginary situation Past Perfect (also COULD / in the past (3rd Conditional) MIGHT) UNLESS can be used with the meaning "IF ... NOT" in general and possible conditions only.Other structures  As long as, providing (or provided that) and on condition: these expressions mean only if and can be used with the same verb forms as conditional sentences: In Spain you can drive a car as long as you are 18  Inversion of subject and verb: this structure is very common in formal English in conditional sentences with should and the past perfect. When inversion is used, we omit if: Had I known about the transport strike, I would have taken my car. Should you meet Sheila, tell her the meeting has been postponed.

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