PIXELATING
REALITY
Dr. Gigi Johnson
@gigijohnson
@maremel
How Smartphones
Shift NOW
…and HERE
#sxsw #NotHereNow
LIFE AT THE
LOUVRE
Pixelating Reality
Decoding/
Recoding
NOT PRIVACY
QUESTION (HERE)
PUBLIC SPACE
ENGAGEMENT
AND INTERACTION
SMARTPHONE
AND US
Flickr/Steppschuh cc 2.0
Mobile:
A Remote
Control for
Our Life
MOBILE: EXTENSION OF SELF OR BRAIN
Memory
extender
Supplement
or substitute
Flickr/Steve Rainwater cc 2.0
YOUR EXPERIENCES?
Me
Device
Location/Context
CONTEXT AND
MENTAL TIME TRAVEL
Near Future
Near Past
Evidence for
unseen Others
•not present/HERE but
Near FUTURE
Sensory
engagement with
device content
•Not present but HERE
...
“Recently, photography has
become almost as widely
practiced an amusement as sex
and dancing…”
-- Susan Sontag, 1977
Not N...
BROWNIE CAMERA: 1900
Cosmopolitan Magazine
June 1900
MOBILE
IDEATION:
1999
Mobile communications device
with a camera
Abstract
The invention pertains to a
mobile communication...
2003: WORRIED ABOUT PRINTING
Digital Camera Ownership
20% of US Households
45% of US Internet HH
82% of digital camera use...
2011-2013: SHIFT TO MOBILE CAMERAS
• 2007: 100 million peak in digital cameras
• 2012: 98 million
• 2013: 30% drop to 63 m...
WE SHARE...A LOT
•Facebook: 250 billion photos
• 350 million uploads a day
•Flickr: 8 billion photos
•Instagram: 16 billio...
SOCIAL ROLES OF PERSONAL PHOTOS
Remembering
&Recall
Communication
& Identity
Self-
Presentation
Family Life
Negotiation
Sh...
EXPERIENCE AS EVIDENCE
Overheard at the Los Angeles Disney Concert Hall
when the usher asked the patron to not take a
pict...
•Saving without Context?
•Tagging passively with
dates and geotags?
Saving Now for Later?
SELFIES AS MULTICULTURAL SOCIAL
NORMS
Dec. 2013, Mandela Funeral, Getty Images, NY Daily News
March 2014, twitter.com/theellenshow pic.twitter.com/C9U5NOtGap
PHIL’S PHOTO
• Have phone extension cord
HOW DO YOU SEE
LOCATIONS
EMBRACING OR ENGAGING
WITH
MOBILE PHOTOGRAPHY?
SOCIAL CONSUMPTION BEFORE
....VS. NOW PUBLIC & FRAGMENTED
Flickr/kballard cc 2.0
FoMO
FEAR OF MISSING OUT
…making the wrong
decision on how to use our
time...
Source: Wikimedia/Czar
HOW DO YOU SEE PERSONAL
SCREENS USED IN SOCIAL SETTINGS?
CONCERTS
"See, you can't even sing
because you're too busy taping!"
Beyonce told a fan in July.
"I'm right in your face baby, You
g...
HOLLYWOOD BOWL
PUBLIC SPACES
WORKING
EVERYWHERE
TRADITIONAL
EDUCATION
Flickr/Accretion Disc cc 2.0
FAMILY AND FRIENDS
HOW DO WE DESIGN FOR LIVE
SPACES?
Implied Other
Twitterwalls –
awkward, pschophantic
Virtual attendance
Signage – providin...
PERSONAL
INTENTIONALITY
Norms &
Negotiations
Long-Term
Social
Impact
Cultural
Impact
Context
Me
Device
Collaboration
Location/Context
RETHINK CONTEXT:
• RETHINK ROLES
• RETHINK FLOWS
• DESIGN FOR
COLLABORATO...
CAN WE FOLD TIME?
•Bring our past contexts and stories
• History Pin
• History Harvest
• Findery
•Leave our current storie...
HOW CAN WE RETHINK
ROLES AND CONTEXT?
INVITE NEW
CONVERSATIONS
FOR FURTHER CONVERSATION(S)
Gigi Johnson, EdD
Maremel Institute
@maremel
@gigijohnson
http://maremel.com
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW
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Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW

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This presentation is being shared as a Core Conversation at 2014 SXSW Interactive: http://schedule.sxsw.com/2014/events/event_IAP24245. Many of us carry smartphones wherever we go. Increasingly, we are leaning on them as active and passive gathering devices of data and images. Google Glass and other recording devices bring the question further front and center—how is our recording and perpetually digitally checking in affecting our everyday lives? How are those check-ins and recordings shifting our being "present" in our shared Now and Here? Are we increasingly taking the opportunity to be digitally Elsewhere and not Present? How can we design locations and events to engage with a smartphone-embracing public?

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  • Bill Sanders
  • Chronesthesia (Tulving) or subjective timeReconnecting over devices?Bringing the experience to others?Separating from those they are with Live?
  • How are we Present if we are always checking in to other information and places? Are we shifting our energies to auto-documenting our activities through pictures and other actions to the detriment of the activity and connections that we are experiencing live?Photos outbound having a priority to live interactionSensory interruptions in local/socialFocus – closing off sensory input
  • Snapchat, Instagram, FlickrHow are we blowing up time and space through digital images and messages, blowing it up and turning it into shiftable bits of data so we are making different decisions with its Time and Place?
  • …which means that, like every mass art form, photography is not practiced by people as art. It is mainly a social rite, a defense against anxiety, and a tool of power.”
  • 400 billion pictures globally 2013 - IDC
  • Instagram.com source: http://instagram.com/press/Facebook:Mashable, September 2013Flickr: Yahoo event, May 2013Tumblr: Yahoo event
  • Role of photography in personal livesRemembering - Stuhlmiller, 1996Identity – Barthes 1981Sontag 1973
  • Establishment of being digitally important -- whose camera is most important? Your camera is MORE important than MY live experience. Van Dijck 2008 – we are creating collaborative memories….
  • Source: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/president-obama-poses-funeral-selfie-article-1.1543188President Obama with Denmark's Prime Minister HelleThorning-Schmidt and Britain's David Cameron
  • Behavior previously tethered to desk and time at desk – moved to living room and to everywhere
  • StudyAnxietyForced comparisons of my life vs yoursSherry Turkle, Alone TogetherAlready a study in Computers in Human Behavior, Przybylski et al. 2013
  • Virtuix Omni with Oculus Rift
  • Victoria and Albert Museum
  • Decrease in workplace spaceDisbursed working
  • Implied OtherTwitterwalls – awkwards, pschophanticVirtual attendanceSignage – providing context, implied metadata
  • Story of University Negotiations
  • Knowledge Flows vs. Knowledge Stores
  • Pixelating Reality: How Smartphones Shift Now @SXSW

    1. PIXELATING REALITY Dr. Gigi Johnson @gigijohnson @maremel How Smartphones Shift NOW …and HERE #sxsw #NotHereNow
    2. LIFE AT THE LOUVRE
    3. Pixelating Reality
    4. Decoding/ Recoding
    5. NOT PRIVACY QUESTION (HERE) PUBLIC SPACE ENGAGEMENT AND INTERACTION
    6. SMARTPHONE AND US
    7. Flickr/Steppschuh cc 2.0 Mobile: A Remote Control for Our Life
    8. MOBILE: EXTENSION OF SELF OR BRAIN Memory extender Supplement or substitute Flickr/Steve Rainwater cc 2.0
    9. YOUR EXPERIENCES?
    10. Me Device Location/Context CONTEXT AND MENTAL TIME TRAVEL Near Future Near Past
    11. Evidence for unseen Others •not present/HERE but Near FUTURE Sensory engagement with device content •Not present but HERE from near PAST •ElseWHERE and ElseWHEN 2 FACTORS: PHOTOGRAPHY AS PERFORMANCE & SENSORY CO-ATTENTION/PRESENCE
    12. “Recently, photography has become almost as widely practiced an amusement as sex and dancing…” -- Susan Sontag, 1977 Not New…
    13. BROWNIE CAMERA: 1900 Cosmopolitan Magazine June 1900
    14. MOBILE IDEATION: 1999 Mobile communications device with a camera Abstract The invention pertains to a mobile communications device with a camera, comprising a microphone (5), loudspeaker, display, keyp
    15. 2003: WORRIED ABOUT PRINTING Digital Camera Ownership 20% of US Households 45% of US Internet HH 82% of digital camera users print photos at home (InfoTrends Research Group)
    16. 2011-2013: SHIFT TO MOBILE CAMERAS • 2007: 100 million peak in digital cameras • 2012: 98 million • 2013: 30% drop to 63 million • 2014: 20% drop forecast • (Source: CIPA) 2013: est. 32% increase in smartphone sales (source: IDC)
    17. WE SHARE...A LOT •Facebook: 250 billion photos • 350 million uploads a day •Flickr: 8 billion photos •Instagram: 16 billion photos •Tumblr: 50 billion posts
    18. SOCIAL ROLES OF PERSONAL PHOTOS Remembering &Recall Communication & Identity Self- Presentation Family Life Negotiation Sharing Experiences vs. Objects Reconnect (a la postcards) Identity Formation
    19. EXPERIENCE AS EVIDENCE Overheard at the Los Angeles Disney Concert Hall when the usher asked the patron to not take a picture: “How can I show people that I am here if I don’t have a picture?”
    20. •Saving without Context? •Tagging passively with dates and geotags? Saving Now for Later?
    21. SELFIES AS MULTICULTURAL SOCIAL NORMS Dec. 2013, Mandela Funeral, Getty Images, NY Daily News
    22. March 2014, twitter.com/theellenshow pic.twitter.com/C9U5NOtGap
    23. PHIL’S PHOTO • Have phone extension cord
    24. HOW DO YOU SEE LOCATIONS EMBRACING OR ENGAGING WITH MOBILE PHOTOGRAPHY?
    25. SOCIAL CONSUMPTION BEFORE ....VS. NOW PUBLIC & FRAGMENTED Flickr/kballard cc 2.0
    26. FoMO FEAR OF MISSING OUT …making the wrong decision on how to use our time...
    27. Source: Wikimedia/Czar
    28. HOW DO YOU SEE PERSONAL SCREENS USED IN SOCIAL SETTINGS?
    29. CONCERTS
    30. "See, you can't even sing because you're too busy taping!" Beyonce told a fan in July. "I'm right in your face baby, You gotta seize this moment baby! Put that damn camera down!“ -- USA Today, 2013
    31. HOLLYWOOD BOWL
    32. PUBLIC SPACES
    33. WORKING EVERYWHERE
    34. TRADITIONAL EDUCATION Flickr/Accretion Disc cc 2.0
    35. FAMILY AND FRIENDS
    36. HOW DO WE DESIGN FOR LIVE SPACES? Implied Other Twitterwalls – awkward, pschophantic Virtual attendance Signage – providing context, implied metadata
    37. PERSONAL INTENTIONALITY Norms & Negotiations Long-Term Social Impact Cultural Impact
    38. Context Me Device Collaboration Location/Context RETHINK CONTEXT: • RETHINK ROLES • RETHINK FLOWS • DESIGN FOR COLLABORATORS
    39. CAN WE FOLD TIME? •Bring our past contexts and stories • History Pin • History Harvest • Findery •Leave our current stories for future collaborators
    40. HOW CAN WE RETHINK ROLES AND CONTEXT?
    41. INVITE NEW CONVERSATIONS
    42. FOR FURTHER CONVERSATION(S) Gigi Johnson, EdD Maremel Institute @maremel @gigijohnson http://maremel.com

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