Engel Vs Vitale


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Engel Vs Vitale

  1. 1. Engel vs. vitale 1962 Yao Adantor
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Historical background <ul><li>After World War II, the United States experienced another period of intense concern about the spread of communism . </li></ul><ul><li>In this context, some States enacted a variety of programs to encourage patriotism, moral character, and other values of good citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>They also began challenging separation of church and state issues in hopes of providing students with strong moral and spiritual stamina . </li></ul>
  4. 4. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.gonsales.tv/uploaded_images/Comunism-
  5. 5. So what really happened? <ul><li>In 1951 the New York State Board of Regents (the State board of education) approved a 22-word “nondenominational prayer. </li></ul><ul><li>The Regents believed that the prayer could be a useful tool for the development of character and good citizenship among the students of the State of New York. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Continue……. <ul><li>A group of parents in a public school located in New Hyde Park district 9, New York opposed the opening prayer of a school day . </li></ul>
  7. 7. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http:// www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/engel.jpg&imgrefurl
  8. 8. Arguments by the plaintiff <ul><li>1)The prayer violates the doctrine of separation of church and state. </li></ul><ul><li>2)The prayer was technically voluntary but didn’t seem like it.( Peer Pressure ) </li></ul><ul><li>3)Reflects religious abuse (book of prayer) of the 16 th and 17 th century that drove the puritans to a new land. </li></ul><ul><li>4)Teachers are being paid by taxpayers therefore by abiding to this laws they are violating the 1 st amendment. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Defense use by the Hyde Park school board <ul><li>1)The prayer was not a religious instruction but it was religious in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Prayers are rich important American spiritual heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>3) 29 out of 4500 students excused themselves from the prayer showing the prayer was well received. </li></ul><ul><li>4) A 30 second prayer is hardly enough time to make a great deal to anyone. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Continue.. <ul><li>5) The prayer does not point out to a particular religion ..the word are accepted universally. </li></ul><ul><li>6) It was a moral attempt to counteract juvenile delinquency . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ruling <ul><li>Monday, June 25, 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Decision: 6 votes for Engel, 1 vote (s) against Legal Provision: Establishment of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Full Opinion by Justice Hugo L. Black </li></ul>
  12. 12. The effect of Angel vs. Vitale <ul><li>After the ban of the prayer SAT scores dropped by 98 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The murder rate has tripled in the U.S since the decision. </li></ul><ul><li>4 out 5 Americans want spoken prayers in school. </li></ul><ul><li>Violent crimes and drug use shot up. </li></ul><ul><li>Private school in which prayer are allowed produced better students. </li></ul>
  13. 13. I'm the judge now <ul><li>In such a particular case I will rule in favor of the plaintiff for several reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The prayer technically violates the first amendment of separation of church and state. </li></ul><ul><li>Saying the school prayer even though 30 second ,its like a subliminal message to corrupt others religion. </li></ul><ul><li>It will start from prayers and then escalade to churches before school. </li></ul>
  14. 14. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.st
  15. 15. i do not feel obliged to believe that same God who endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect had intended for us to forgo their use. [Galileo Galilee]
  16. 17. In conclusion <ul><li>“ The separation of church and state is vital to a nation’s good health in the matter of unbiased judgment. therefore our good sense must guide our spirit to justice and prosperity” </li></ul><ul><li>- Yao Adantor </li></ul>
  17. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>Hass, Carol. Engel v. Vitale . New Jersey: ENSLOW PUBLISHERS, INC, 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Engel v. vitale Ask the Editors. Infoplease. © 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease. 03 Mar. 2009 <http://www.infoplease.com/askeds/3-26-99askeds.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>The Oyez Project, Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962), available at: < http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1961/1961_468/ > </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><ul><ul><li>Give me all 5’s </li></ul></ul></ul>