Taking Orienteering Photographs 3 June 2007 Martin Flynn
Orienteering is ... <ul><li>“ Isn't that hillwalking with a map?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You mean a treasure hunt?” </li></ul...
<ul><li>&quot;... you have a load of pyjama clad, woolly hat wearing bespectacled balding competitors milling around in no...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition  – There should be a clear subject to the photo.  Usually one per...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing  – Subject should fill the fra...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foc...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change  can add to the illusion of movement </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li>...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximises your...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery   is secondary t...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><l...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><l...
General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><l...
Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>Finding Subjects .  The small number of competitors, long start interval and lack of ...
Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>A sense of O   I photo of a runner is just that!  Try to show that he is an Orienteer...
Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>Movement   Orienteering involves a lot of standing & walking so it is difficult to im...
Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>At the Control   Usually better to snap somebody as he leaves a control </li></ul>
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Don't take the same photo over and over again </li></ul><ul><li>Don't photo the same ...
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Upward/Downward Shots   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orienteers look down most of the time s...
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Multiple subjects  –  rare, should be distinct small number, use focus.  Give a sense...
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Candid shots  – blurred foreground can add atmosphere </li></ul>
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Kids, Seniors and Families  – Usually take photos of “elites” as they tend to be more...
Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Oddities </li></ul>
Positioning Yourself <ul><li>Need to find a location with lots of traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Controls are a good choice </l...
Using Your Photos
Practical Considerations <ul><li>Arrive early </li></ul><ul><li>Run before Photo </li></ul><ul><li>Need to invest some tim...
Light – Know Your Enemy <ul><li>There is almost never enough light </li></ul><ul><li>Camera calculates aperture and exposu...
Night - O <ul><li>Unbelievably difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Need a Flash & Tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of practice </li><...
Night-O  Basic Flash
Night-O  Second Curtain Sync <ul><li>Works best with shall torches </li></ul>
Equipment 1 <ul><li>No zoom so you have to be really really close.  </li></ul><ul><li>Slow, so hard to get the photo you w...
Equipment 2 <ul><li>Excellent zoom.  </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent lens.  </li></ul><ul><li>Shutter speed/Aperture configura...
Equipment 3 <ul><li>Very fast.  </li></ul><ul><li>Very flexible.  </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangable lenses.  </li></ul><ul>...
Equipment 4 <ul><li>Neat, easy to have with you all the time.  </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough zoom.  </li></ul><ul><li>Not a...
Of Beards and Sweatbands <ul><li>O is not well understood by the general public.  Photos are an opportunity to influence t...
Summary <ul><li>Do give O photography a go </li></ul><ul><li>Do get in close and fill the Frame </li></ul><ul><li>Do try t...
<ul><li>&quot;Navigating at speed over rough terrain&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ A dynamic sport, perfect for everyone from ...
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Taking Orienteering Photos By Martin Flynn

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Slides from the presentation entitled "Taking Orienteering Photographs", given by Martin Flynn of Ajax Orienteering Club at the 2007 Shamrock O'Ringen, Kilcrohane, West Cork, June 2007

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  • Brill - I love that picture. As an A-level Arts student and beginning orienteer (started this year), this would make a great project! Nice advice and fantastic pictures! Thanks.
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Taking Orienteering Photos By Martin Flynn

  1. 1. Taking Orienteering Photographs 3 June 2007 Martin Flynn
  2. 2. Orienteering is ... <ul><li>“ Isn't that hillwalking with a map?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You mean a treasure hunt?” </li></ul><ul><li>- These are common perceptions of Orienteering. Our photographs should aim to change them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>&quot;... you have a load of pyjama clad, woolly hat wearing bespectacled balding competitors milling around in no coherent pattern. Secondly they all start at different times, run / walk / wander around different courses in different directions, usually in atrocious conditions ... &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>- John Shiels </li></ul>Orienteering is ...
  4. 4. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition – There should be a clear subject to the photo. Usually one person or a distinct group. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>This is a very badly composed photo. There is no clear subject, everybody is very small and everybody has their backs to the camera. Nothing interesting is happening.
  5. 5. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing – Subject should fill the frame – either get very close or use zoom. Don't chop too much </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus – A blurred photo is almost useless. Make sure that the focus is for the subject, not the background. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake. This is caused by slow shutter speed. When panning this can be good (advanced technique). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure – The camera can be fooled in very bright light. Low light gives very poor contrast and leads to a lack of impact. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side – Never take a photo from behind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Rules of Photography Still Apply <ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blur – movement & shake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast & Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Front or Side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth of Field – A Wide aperture means that more of the photo is out-of-focus. This can add impact to the subject. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change can add to the illusion of movement </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>Most of these techniques are to add the “illusion” of movement.
  13. 13. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximises your chance of getting a good shot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually best if leading arm is away from you. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>
  14. 14. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery is secondary to the competitor </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fill the frame with the subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>
  15. 15. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need short exposure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can prefocus but need to know how much to zoom. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>
  16. 16. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Track with subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow shutter speed blurs the background and gives better illusion of motion – difficult to get right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>
  17. 17. General Sports Photography <ul><li>Direction Change </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot </li></ul><ul><li>Scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Oncoming competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Splashes </li></ul>
  18. 18. Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>Finding Subjects . The small number of competitors, long start interval and lack of fixed route means it is difficult to actually find any subjects. Best places are Start, Controls, Finish and some obvious track junctions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>A sense of O I photo of a runner is just that! Try to show that he is an Orienteer. Try to get a Control, terrain, map (preferably being read on the move) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>Movement Orienteering involves a lot of standing & walking so it is difficult to imply movement. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Orienteering Specific Issues <ul><li>At the Control Usually better to snap somebody as he leaves a control </li></ul>
  22. 22. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Don't take the same photo over and over again </li></ul><ul><li>Don't photo the same person over and over again </li></ul><ul><li>Use several locations (3 – 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Over time you will learn who is likely to give a good photo and who will be bad </li></ul>
  23. 23. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Upward/Downward Shots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orienteers look down most of the time so upward shots are best to see their faces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasionally, downward shots can be good. They can give a candid sense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have a small (or no) zoom, get in close and try for upward shots </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Multiple subjects – rare, should be distinct small number, use focus. Give a sense of a race. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups – almost always somebody with his back to you. Needs to be a distinct group of people, not part of a bigger crowd. </li></ul><ul><li>Officials </li></ul>
  25. 25. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Candid shots – blurred foreground can add atmosphere </li></ul>
  26. 26. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Kids, Seniors and Families – Usually take photos of “elites” as they tend to be more dynamic. Others can give good shots and add balance. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Variety Is The Spice Of Life <ul><li>Oddities </li></ul>
  28. 28. Positioning Yourself <ul><li>Need to find a location with lots of traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Controls are a good choice </li></ul><ul><li>You should not give away the control. At easy controls, you can be visible but at tricky controls, you should try to be discrete. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to be able to see competitors entering or exiting the control. Can you find a spot where you can get more than one type of shot? </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the sun is not in your face </li></ul><ul><li>The location should not be too dark. On a dark day, pick a location in the open. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you an see competitors faces </li></ul>
  29. 29. Using Your Photos
  30. 30. Practical Considerations <ul><li>Arrive early </li></ul><ul><li>Run before Photo </li></ul><ul><li>Need to invest some time. Try to allocate an hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Food & drink </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with organisers </li></ul><ul><li>Map with controls </li></ul><ul><li>Move from start towards finish </li></ul><ul><li>Use busy controls </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate geography at location </li></ul><ul><li>Physical difficuties – fatigue, rough terrain, climb, distance ... </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying gear </li></ul>
  31. 31. Light – Know Your Enemy <ul><li>There is almost never enough light </li></ul><ul><li>Camera calculates aperture and exposure time to try to give the best photograph. </li></ul><ul><li>Good cameras allow manual settings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO – Higher is better but can affect quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shutter Speed – Longer gives more light but causes blur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aperture – Wider gives more light but narrows DoF, may decrease quality and may not be available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zoom makes matters worse – Increases shake, decreases light and may decrease aperture </li></ul><ul><li>Stopping Down. Good cameras allow you to accept less light. This will result in a darker photo but it will be sharper. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Night - O <ul><li>Unbelievably difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Need a Flash & Tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Prefocus </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative </li></ul><ul><li>People hate flashes. Beware scaring people </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom is useless. Need to get closer than usual </li></ul><ul><li>Two methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Flash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Curtain Synch </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Night-O Basic Flash
  34. 34. Night-O Second Curtain Sync <ul><li>Works best with shall torches </li></ul>
  35. 35. Equipment 1 <ul><li>No zoom so you have to be really really close. </li></ul><ul><li>Slow, so hard to get the photo you want. </li></ul><ul><li>Low resolution limited output quality and didn't allow any software zoom. </li></ul><ul><li>You must get up close and take upward shots. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to get sharp photos </li></ul><ul><li>1999 </li></ul><ul><li>1.3M Fuji MX-1500 </li></ul><ul><li>compact </li></ul><ul><li>No Zoom </li></ul>
  36. 36. Equipment 2 <ul><li>Excellent zoom. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent lens. </li></ul><ul><li>Shutter speed/Aperture configurable. </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Slow. </li></ul><ul><li>Multishot Limited. </li></ul><ul><li>Bulky. </li></ul><ul><li>2004 </li></ul><ul><li>3M Fuji S5000 </li></ul><ul><li>SLR-like </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom Lens 38-380mm (10x zoom) </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 64 - 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>F3.2 - 8 </li></ul>
  37. 37. Equipment 3 <ul><li>Very fast. </li></ul><ul><li>Very flexible. </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangable lenses. </li></ul><ul><li>High resolution & image quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent Multishot. </li></ul><ul><li>Image Stabilizer reduces handshake. </li></ul><ul><li>Harder to use properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Even more bulky. </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to beat the lens on the S5000. </li></ul><ul><li>2005 </li></ul><ul><li>8M Canon EOS350D SLR </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 100-1600 </li></ul><ul><li>F4-5.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Main Lens 70-300mm (2-9x zoom) </li></ul><ul><li>Image Stabilizer </li></ul>
  38. 38. Equipment 4 <ul><li>Neat, easy to have with you all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough zoom. </li></ul><ul><li>Not as flexible as the S5000 or EOS. </li></ul><ul><li>2006 </li></ul><ul><li>5M Canon IXUS 50 </li></ul><ul><li>compact </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom Lens 50-150mm 3x zoom </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 50-400 </li></ul><ul><li>F2.8-4.9 </li></ul>
  39. 39. Of Beards and Sweatbands <ul><li>O is not well understood by the general public. Photos are an opportunity to influence the perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to give the illusion of movement </li></ul><ul><li>Orienteers are not very photogenic at the best of times </li></ul><ul><li>O-gear (pyjamas) is a big turn-off to non-orienteers </li></ul><ul><li>Coats & hats make O look like hillwalking </li></ul><ul><li>Beards, spectacles and sweatbands give a bad impression </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling & looking at the camera ruins a photo </li></ul><ul><li>Kids & families make good photos but kids can be problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Older competitors show the breadth of the sport but tend not to be as dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Students & beginners in tracksuits or jeans don't look great </li></ul>The above are meant as discussion points. They are meant to start a debate on the image of Orienteering and how we can improve it, especially using our photographs.
  40. 40. Summary <ul><li>Do give O photography a go </li></ul><ul><li>Do get in close and fill the Frame </li></ul><ul><li>Do try to get the O into the photo (map or control ...) </li></ul><ul><li>Do Not photograph people from behind </li></ul><ul><li>Do consider the uses of you photographs and how they portray O </li></ul><ul><li>Do mix it up </li></ul><ul><li>Do use Continuous Mode/Multi Shot </li></ul><ul><li>Do publish your photos on Flickr (or other) </li></ul><ul><li>Do Persevere </li></ul><ul><li>Do consider a Fuji S5600/S5700 </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>&quot;Navigating at speed over rough terrain&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ A dynamic sport, perfect for everyone from 9 to 90” </li></ul><ul><li>- Our Photographs (I Hope) </li></ul>Orienteering is ...

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