Mongol War Tactics, Weapons,
and Conquest (Kids Edition)
BY: MARCOS ZHANG
The Military Force
There was once a khagan, or ruler, whose name was
Chinggis Khan. After his harsh living as a boy and his
election to be leader, he brought organization,
discipline and unity to the military of warriors.
One of the reasons why Chinggis Khan began his
conquests was because of his beliefs. He believed
that Tenggeri, the sky god of their shamanistic
beliefs, gave him a mission to unite as many lands as
The Military Force (Continued)
The Mongol warriors were put into units, or Tumens,
of 10,000. During a battle, the Mongols had
messengers and party scouts, who helped the
soldiers fight. The most important goal to the
Mongols was to survive and win.
Mongol Warriors Training for Battle
As soon as they are born, they are trained to hunt
and fight. They were trained so well, that they didn’t
need to shout orders during battle, and used their
hunting skills to fight.
Chinggis Khan made sure that soldiers would not lie
to him. If they did, they were not allowed to feel
alive. Soldiers should be trusted to be good.
The Mongols had very useful weapons. A lot of the
times, they were mounted on horses and used
weapons such as arrows, small and composite bows,
The small bow was a very important weapon for the
Mongols. They could throw them as far as 350 yards
while on a horse.
The warriors believed that retreat was not
embarrassing. This can be a reason why they
practiced the dog fight, or a fake panic to trick the
War Tactics (Continued)
They would also use a technique called falling stars,
in which they would have small units on every side of
the enemy at the same time.
Why are War Tactics important?
The war tactics helped many other boys learn how to
fight. They made war tactics that other big kids like
Napoleon would use.
Mongol Conquests: Russia
With their weapons and skill, army men led by Batu
(Chinggis Khan’s grandson) were the only ones ever
to defeat Russia in the winter. After these invasions
in 1236 and 1240, they took down cities that were
against them and added new land to their empire.
Conquest of Europe
After defeating Russia, they were excited to get closer
to Europe! They defeated the kingdom of Hungary
and were ready to roll! But then, the khagan Ogedei
died, and the conquest by Batu would never go on.
Conquest of China
When they reached China, Kubilai Khan, another
grandson of Chinggis, renamed his empire the Yuan
dynasty in 1271. Kubilai loved the Chinese and
opened new trade for them, although he did not
restore the civil service examinations.
The Mongols allowed other people to keep their way
of living after they were taken over as long as they
paid tribute. Religion and culture could be to kept.
Why are the Conquests important?
The conquests were important because they helped
connect many lands from Asia to Europe. The
Mongols had the 2nd largest empire in history.
The Mongols ruled a large empire for about 150
years. With their strong grip of power, they lived
happily ever after in the history textbooks of World
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4. "What was the Mongols' Influence on China?."http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/. N.p.. Web. 24 Nov