WORKTEXT IN ENGLISH IINAME: _____________________________ YEAR & SEC: ________________ DATE: ________________I. EXPLORE: Let’s recall your knowledge about the different elements of narratives. Answer the crosswordpuzzle below. Across Clues 5. internal and external traits example: ugly, beautiful, tall short 6. most exciting part in the story 9. struggle between forces, man vs man, man vs society 10. introduction to the story, we learn about the characters and the setting Down Clues 1. resolution, the outcome of the problem 2. the idea or lesson of the story 3. the story ends and what things happen at the end 4. main character problem is presented 7. weather condition, social conditions, time, and place 8. all the events that make the storyII. READING TASK and cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength. This caused him to sendThe story that you are going to read is entitled out a cruel proclamation. The entire province was“THE STORY OF THE AGED MOTHER “ given strict orders to immediately put to death all aged people. Those were barbarous days, and theWhat do you think does the title suggest? custom of abandoning old people to die was not_________________________________________ common. The poor farmer loved his aged mother_________________________________________ with tender reverence, and the order filled his heart_________________________________________ with sorrow. But no one ever thought a second time_________________________________________ about obeying the mandate of the governor, so_________________________________________ with many deep hopeless sighs, the youth prepared for what at that time was considered the kindest mode of death.THE STORY OF THE AGED MOTHERA Japanese Folktale by MATSUO BASHO Just at sundown, when his day’s work was ended, he took a quantity of unwhitened rice which is Long, long ago principal food for poor, cooked and dried it, and there lived at the tying it in a square cloth, swung and bundle around foot of the his neck along with a gourd filled with cool, sweet mountain a poor water. Then he lifted his helpless old mother to his farmer and his back and stated on his painful journey up the aged, widowed mountain. The road was long and steep; the mother. They narrowed road was crossed and recrossed by owned a bit of land many paths made by the hunters and woodcutters. which supplied In some place, they mingled in a confused puzzled, them with food, but he gave no heed. One path or another, it and their humble mattered not. On he went, climbing blindly upward were peaceful and – ever upward towards the high bare summit of happy. what is known as Obatsuyama, the mountain of the “abandoning of aged”. Shinano was governed by a The eyes of the old mother were not so dim but thatdespotic leader who though a warrior, had a great they noted the reckless hastening from one path to
another, and her loving heart grew anxious. Her closet for food, which was covered and hidden fromson did not know the mountain’s many paths and view. There the son his mother, supplying her withhis return might be one of danger, so she stretched everything needful and continually watching andforth her hand and snapping the twigs from brushes fearing. Time passed, and he was beginning to feelas they passed, she quietly dropped a handful safe when again the governor sent forth heraldsevery few steps of the way so that they climbed, the bearing an unreasonable order, seemingly as anarrow path behind them was dotted at frequently boast of his power. His demand was that hisintervals with tiny piles of twigs. At last the summit subject should present him with a rope of ashes.was reached. Weary and heart sick, the youth The entire province trembled with dread. The ordergently released his burden and silently prepared a must be obeyed yet who in all Shinano could makeplace of comfort as his last duty to the loved one. a rope of ashes?Gathering fallen pine needle, he made a softcushion and tenderly lifting his old mother therein, One night, in great distress, the son whispered thehe wrapped her padded coat more closely about news to his hidden mother. “Wait!” she said. “I willthe stooping shoulders and with tearful eyes and an think. I will think” On the second day she told himaching heart said farewell. what to do. “Make rope twisted straw,” she said. “Then stretch it upon a row of flat stones and burn itThe trembling mother’s voice was full of unselfish there on the windless night.” He called the peoplelove as she gave her last injunction. “Let not thine together and did as she said and when the blazeeyes be blinded, my son.” She said. “The mountain and died, behold upon the stones with every twistroad is full of dangers. LOOK carefully and follow and fiber showing perfectly. Lay a rope ofthe path which holds the piles of twigs. They will whitehead ashes.guide you to the familiar way farther down”. Theson’s surprised eyes looked back over the path, The governor was pleased at the wit of the youththen at the poor old, shriveled hands all scratched and praised greatly, but he demanded to knowand soiled by their work of love. His heart smote where he had obtained his wisdom. “Alas! Alas!”him and bowing to the grounds, he cried aloud: “oh, cried the farmer, “the truth must be told!” and withHonorable mother, thy kindness thrusts my heart! I deep bows he related his story. The governorwill not leave thee. Together we will follow the path listened and then meditated in silence. Finally heof twigs, and together we will die!” lifted his head. “Shinano needs more than strength of youth,” he said gravely. “Ah, that I should haveOnce more he shouldered his burden (how light it forgotten the well-known saying, “with the crown ofseemed no) and hastened down the path, through snow, there cometh a wisdom!” That very hour thethe shadows and the moonlight, to the little hut in cruel law was abolished, and custom drifted into asthe valley. Beneath the kitchen floor was a walled far a past that only legends remains.VOCABULARY: Match the words in column A with their correct meaning in column B. 1. barbarous days a. think deeply 2. despoticleader b. mental pain and suffering 3. high bare summit c. brutal, cruel 4. agourd filled with cool, sweet water. d. bottle made from calabash fruit 5. in great distress e. top of the mountain 6. meditated in silence f. tyrannical and undemocraticCOMPREHENSION QUESTIONS. (Pair work). Answer the questions with a partner. 1. Who are the characters of the story? Who is the protagonist? Who is the antagonist? 2. Where is the setting of the story? 3. What was the cruel proclamation of the governor? 4. Why did the leader issue the proclamation? 5. How does the poor farmer or youth feel about the proclamation? 6. How did he carry out the order? What did he do with his mother? 7. How does the mother feel about her son?
8. How did the mountain of Obatsuyama, which is one of the settings of the story, contribute to the solution of the problem? 9. What is the conflict of the story? 10. How would you describe the governor? Why? 11. How would you describe the mother? Why? 12. How would you describe the farmer? Why? 13. What is the theme of the story? 14. How did the story end? 15. If you were the farmer, what are you going to do with your old mother if the president of the Philippines wants old mothers to die alone in the mountain? 16. How would you compare the mother with your own mother? In what ways they are similar? In what ways they are different?Complete the story map below.