Sequencing Events: Arranging Events as to Time Order
Sequencing Events: Arranging Events as to Time OrderI. Learning Objective Use a story grammar to show sequence of episodes in a story.II. Subject Matter Topic: Sequencing Episodes in a Story Using Story Grammar References: PELC Reading 5.5.1 p24 Materials: chart, pictures, Powerpoint Value Focus: HumilityIII. Procedure A. Pre-Reading Activities 1. Unlocking of Difficulties frightened – scared trembling – shaking burst – pop up Teacher may use the words in sentences and deduce their meaning by contextual clues, acting it out or through pictures: Example: There’s a strong typhoon, so everyone is frightened. Maria is shaking, she is nervous. The balloon burst. 2. Motivation Describe a frog that you’ve seen. 3. Motive Question Describe Father Frog in the story.
B. Development of Lesson 1. Presentation (Recall Standards for Oral Reading) Call a pupil to read the story. (Note to the teacher: To make the reading more interesting, prepare a series of pictures that would show the events in the story. Proud Father Frog One morning, Baby Frog was taking a hop in the pond when he saw something very big. It was a carabao but he thought it was a giant frog. How frightened Baby Frog was! And when the carabao mooed, Baby Frog ran home trembling with fear. “Oh, Father”, he cried I saw a very big frog in the pond. Father Frog said, He can’t be bigger than I. I’m the biggest frog in this place.” But he’s very much bigger than you are, Father.” Father Frog blew himself out until his stomach was round as a ball. “Look at me now, is he bigger than I?” “Very much bigger, Father, said Baby Frog. But he’s very much bigger than you Father,” said the Little Frog. Again, Father Frog puffed himself out some more. He can’t be bigger than I now. No frog can be bigger than I am.” Proud Father Frog didn’t like the answer. He took a deep breath. Then he blew himself out until his stomach burst. 2. Analysis and Discussion Describe Father Frog in the Story. (Present events through the train shown awhile ago. It maybe drawn on the board so teacher will write the answer of the pupils regarding events of the story.) Ask: 1. What happened first? What did the Baby Frog think about the carabao? 2. What happened next? If you were Baby Frog would you also fear something that is bigger than you? Why? What do you think must be on his mind when he saw the carabao? 3. What happened next in the third paragraph? What can you say about Father Frog? Why? 4. Finally, for the last train, what happened in the story?
The Story Train would look like this:First Soon, thenFinally later next3. Practice Exercise Number the following sentences to show how wood is taken from the forest. _____ Then, their branches and leaves are cut-off. _____ First, trees are cut down. _____ They are now logs. _____ These logs are cut-up into large pieces of wood called lumber for building houses. _____ Next, the logs are taken in the logging trucks to nearby sawmills. _____ These are placed in lumber yards where people can buy them.4. Generalization How do we arrange events as to time order? What are the cue words or sequence signals used. REMEMBER Time sequence refers to the order in which events happened. Cue words or sequence signals such as first,, soon, then, next, later, afterwards and finally will help us determine the order of events.
C. Post Activity 1. Application 1. Based on the same story, “Proud Father Frog”, rearrange the following events in the proper sequence. a. Farther Frog said, “I am the biggest frog in this place.” b. Baby Frog went for a hop in the pond and saw a carabao. c. Father Frog blew himself up until his stomach was like a ball. d. The carabao mooed and frightened Baby Frog. e. Father Frog puffed himself out until he burst. f. Baby Frog told Father about what he saw and head at the pond. 2. Another Suggested Activity Read each story. Write a sentence to answer each question. As Mark poured orange juice into a glass, he spilled some of it. He wiped up the spill, then he drank the juice. 1. What did Mark do at the same time that he poured the orange juice? ______________________________________________________ 2. What was the last thing that Mark did? ______________________________________________________ His father helped Ben while he painted the picture. After Ben painted the picture of a dragon, he left it to dry. He framed his picture and hang it on the wall. 3. What did Ben’s father do while he painted the picture? ___________________________________________ 4. What was the second thing Ben did? ___________________________________________ 5. What did Ben do before he put his picture up? ___________________________________________
3. Enrichment Activities Read the paragraph. Then write the events in the order in which they happened. Linda and Lorna decided to clean their messy room. First, they straightened up their bookshelves and closets. As they sorted through a stack of old magazines, they threw some of them away. Next, the two girls packed many of their old toys and games into large box. They carried the box next door for the neighbor’s children. After Linda and Lorna returned home, they dusted their room until it looked like news. 1 5 _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ 2 6 _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ 3 7 _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ 4 8 _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ Do your sentences match the order of the events in the paragraph? Option # 2 1. Make a list of five things you did before going to school. 2. List down the activities in the order in which you did them. 3. Write a paragraph telling about these activities. 4. Use time order signals in your paragraph.
Option # 3Directions: Read the selection and arrange the given sentences in theircorrect sequence. 1. The Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs Once upon a time, there was a man who owned a goose. The goose laid a golden egg each day. The man grew richer each day, but he wasn’t contented. He wanted to have more golden eggs. “’ll kill the goose and I’ll get all the golden eggs. Then I shall be very rich,” he said. So he killed the goose. But when he cut it open, he did not find any golden egg. It was just like any other goose. a. The man grew rich. b. The goose was killed. c. The goose laid golden eggs. d. The goose was just any other goose. e. When he cut it open, there was no golden egg. 1) a,b,c,d,e 2) e,c,b,a,d 3) c,a,b,e,d 4) b,c,d,a,e 2. Once upon a time, there was a girl named Yellow Bell. Her hair was as yellow as a Yellow Bell flower. And she always wore a yellow dress. Yellow Bell had a fairy Godmother. One day, her fairy godmother said, “I will take you to Fairy land”. The fairy waved her magic wand and Yellow Bell flew to Fairy land. And there she lives until this day. a. Yellow Bell wore a yellow dress. b. She has a fairy godmother. c. Yellow Bell had a yellow hair. d. Yellow Bell now lives in Fairyland. e. The fairy waved her magic wand. 1) c,d,a,b,c 2) a,c,d,e,b 3) c,a,b,e,d 4) e,b,c,a,d
3. Pedro was fishing in his small banca. Just then he felt a pull on his line. He had caught a golden fish. “Let me go and I’ll make you rich,” said the fish. Pedro let the fish go. He becomes rich. a. becoming rich b. catching a golden fish c. catching talking fish d. letting fish go e. feeling apull in the line 1) e,b,d,c,a 2) e,d,c,b,a 3) a,e,b,c,d 4) a,b,e,d,c4. It was Nina’s birthday. Her mother gave her a red dress. Heraunt Lina gave her a pair of red socks and red shoes. Nina put on hersocks, shoes and dress. She went to her grandmother. I have a redumbrella for you. “Thank You grandmother,” said Nina. “Now I’m alittle Girl in Red”. a. Thank you for the red umbrella. b. I like this red dress, Mother. c. These red socks are pretty Aunt Lina d. It’s my birthday. e. I’m now the little girl in red.1) a,b,c,d,e 2) a,d,c,b,e 3) e,d,c,b,a 4) d,b,c,a,e 5. Borrowing Ben Have you ever heard of “Borrowing Ben?” who borrows and borrows everything he can? One day, he borrowed pens and books and toys. He borrowed from girls, he borrowed my kit, my ball, my bat. And then, he borrowed my jacket and my boots. He borrowed all things, both big and small. But he never returned anything at all. a. borrowed books and toys b. borrowed a ball and a bat c. borrowed socks and shoes d. borrowed jacket and boots e. borrowed a shirt and a hat1) a,b,c,e,d 2) a,b,d,c,e 3) b,c,a,d,e 4) d,a,e,b,c
Option # 4 Draw the pictures below in your notebook. Number them to show how each animal changes as it grows. Arrange the sentence using word signals to show sequence in time order. 1. The Life Cycle of a mosquito: 2. The life cycle of a Butterfly 3. The life Cycle of a Bird 4. The Life Cycle of a Frog Note: Other variation of this activity: Divide the class into four groups. Give them the series of pictures and have them arrange the events using time order.4. Values Integration What do you think is the lesson we have learned from the action of the Father Frog? Do you like his attitude about the news related to him by his son Baby Frog? Why? Is it nice to be so proud? Why? Do you like a proud playmate?
IV. Evaluation Direction: Arrange the following events in the correct time order. Write on your paper the events as they should happen. A 1. The fire was near the school. 2. Klang! Klang! Klang! Wailed the fire trucks from the poblacion. 3. As people threw cans of cans of water, the fire sent out big flames. 4. Fire! Fire! Cried the children. 5. it was fifteen minutes before the afternoon sessions begins. B 1. There came the deafening noise of breaking lumber, falling steel and crumbling stone. 2. The brooks flooded the grassy banks and the Bued River looked like a sea. 3. The bridge! The bridge! Shouted the people. The long bridge at the riverbed had fallen. 4. The men stood by the high bank watching the rising flood. 5. It rained heavily the whole night. 6. The people watched helplessly as the long bridge floated down the river.V. Assignment Rearrange these sentences to form a good story. Number them from 1-10. _____ Long ago, people had no watches or clocks. How do you think they tell time? The y watched the sun. _____ The shepherds knew it was noon when the sun was right over their heads. _____ Shepherds spent their days on the hillside watching their sheep. When they saw the sun rise in the east, they knew it was time to take their sheep to the grassy hillside. _____ When the sun began to sink low in the west, the shepherds knew it was time to go home. _____ Then they sat under a tree and ate their lunch of bread and cheese. _____ Their sheep must go to bed slowly, they went down the hillsides to their homes.