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    Module English DepEd Module English DepEd Document Transcript

    • English I Quarter 4 ESSAYModule 2 REFLECTIVE ESSAY BASED ON OBSERVATIONS AND EXPERIENCES IN LIFE EXPLORE Your Understanding In this part of the module, you are to demonstrate understanding that a reflective essay presents, expresses, and reveals the writer’s personal feelings, thoughts, views and insights. You will also answer a diagnostic test to find out if you are familiar with any concepts related to Philippine reflective and personal essays and to check your readiness and competence on the prerequisite skills to the tasks at hand. At the end of this module, you are expected to write a reflective essay which will be graded based on criteria presented at the latter part of the module. As you do the following tasks, you will be guided by the essential question, ”How are preferences, feelings, and insights communicated in a reflective essay?Welcome to module 2! Before we start any discussion, we have to determine if you have background knowledge about the topic. Should we start exploring them? Let’s do a diagnostic test then! 1
    • Activity 1: What lies beneath the Ink? Below are questions you have to answer. Each question represents a concept or ideawhich is about to be discussed in this module. Don’t leave any item unanswered! From “ Once More Ermita” by Vicitacion dela Torre 1. Before the International Monetary Fund (IMF) conference, which “sprouted” other five-star hotels, Manila Hilton was the place to be seen at. 2. Noted journalist Carmen Guerrero Nakpil, who is a native of Ermita, points out that Ermita was then a Tagalog village peopled by free, energetic and handsome Malays who drank whine, wore gold bangles and treated each other and the Spanish newcomers with exquisite courtesy. 3. Those, whose beliefs in religion, in life, in just anything are unorthodox air their views in Ermita’s Coffee Shops,1-9 For items 1 -9, do the following: 1. Underline the antecedent used in the statement. 2. Circle the relative pronoun ; and 3. Underline the relative clause twice.1-3 Before the International Monetary Fund (IMF) conference, which “sprouted” otherfive-star hotels, Manila Hilton was the place to be seen at.4-6 Noted journalist Carmen Guerrero Nakpil, who is a native of Ermita, points out thatErmita was then a Tagalog village peopled by free, energetic and handsome Malays whodrank whine, wore gold bangles and treated each other and the Spanish newcomers withexquisite courtesy.7-9 Those, whose beliefs in religion, in life, in just anything are unorthodox air their viewsin Ermita’s Coffee Shops,10. A type of essay which aims to reflect on a personal event or experience of the author iscalled a__________________.A. persuasive essay B. Reflective essay C. narrative essay D. Character Sketch 2
    • Processing points This activity will not be recorded, however, your score is important to diagnosewhether you have background knowledge of the topic.Do you wish to go further? Of course you do, let’s go!Activity 2: Reflective Circles What is a reflective essay? Try to dissect the idea using the Venn diagram below: · 3
    • Activity 3: Photo Reflection Below are interesting pictures that have to do with activities (both academic and leisure)in school. Fill out the table below:Write what you remember the most about the pictures. Fill out the table below:What is the picture all about? What does the picture remind you of?Activity 4: Transpo Below are comments about transportation vehicles. Write the transport talked about.(motor vehicle, plane, boat, train, tricycle, etc.) Put a plus mark (+), if the remark made is apositive one or put a minus sign (-) if it is a negative one or a statement of disapproval.a. My goodness! The noise it makes before it takes off is deafening because it has to gatherspeed so it can get off the ground.b. Ill take this ride anytime. It is big. It does not rock with the waves. Besides that, it is verycomfortable just like a floating hotel.c. Those smoke belching vehicles should be banned from the streets. They pollute the air.Moreover they endanger our health.d. That power steering device makes driving very comfortable because the driver does not haveto shift gears anymore. The machine helps him do it. 4
    • e. This is the fastest and cheapest way to travel. Its fast for it has its own tracks to run on,hence it does not get caught up in traffic.f. They tie up traffic; not only that, they are also very noisy. They should be allowed only on theside streets.g. Isnt it dangerous to go out to sea in that craft since it has only one outrigger? Wont it capsizein rough seas because it is not balanced?Activity 5: CHOO –CHOO train!Read the following questions. Copy your answers in your notebook.1. What is the modern-day train model?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________2. How does it differ from the other means of land travel?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3. What advantages does a train have over other land transports?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4. What are some of the disadvantages?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5. What comes into your mind when you hear the word train? Write your answers in the graphicorganizer below. 5
    • Activity 6: The Question is - Fill out the chart below. Important question about reflective essay Next important Third important Least important question question questionProcessing point Why is it your most important question?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6
    • Activity 7: Check My Question! You have selected the most important question in Activity 6, now it is time to make an evaluation of your chosen question using the checklist below: Write your question here: ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Start evaluating your chosen question here: Characteristics of Essential Question Expressed Not Expressed 1. It has no simple “right” answer. 2. It could be argued. 3. It provokes critical thinking. 4. It raises other important questions. 5. It is related to life.Processing points Are all the characteristics expressed in your chosen question? If so, then yourquestion is an essential question! If not, try selecting another question and repeat the process enumerated in thisactivity. The correct answer is “How are preferences, feelings, and insights communicated in areflective essay? Do we have the same answer? Very good! Let’s explore further and answer this question in the activity that follows. 7
    • Activity 8: My Tentative Responses Now it’s time to examine what comes in your mind if the question is posted for you toanswer. Answer the question below using the diagram.Tentative answer 1:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Tentative answer 2:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Tentative answer 3:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Processing Points All your answers are accepted as of this moment. We need to study the succeedingtopics carefully to find out whether your tentative answers are valid or not.Activity 9: Full Clue! What are your expectations in this topic? Are you curious to know what output isexpected of you to accomplish at the end of this topic? Based on the clues presented, draw a circle on the output you are to accomplish inthis module. . Clues: • a colorful poster Written output • a meaningful reaction paper • a music video Daily account of experiences • reflective essay reflectionProcessing points Good! The product you are expected to carry out is a meaningful reflective essay. 8
    • You will be graded based on the following criteria: Focus/Content ·Unity ·Coherence ·Clarity ·Mechanics ·Language Are you enjoying the activities so far? Are you excited to learn more? I am so glad to hear that! But before we go further, let me remind you to bear inmind the ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How are preferences, feelings, and insights communicated in a reflective essay? Bear in mind that this question will be your guide in FIRMING UP yourunderstanding of Philippine essays. Think of all your tentative answers to this question and have them validated asyou go on with the next phase. Good luck! 9
    • FIRM UP Your Understanding This part of the module will enable you to illustrate or crystallize your knowledge of reflective essay that presents, expresses and reveals the writer’s personal feelings, thoughts, views and insights. This also highlights grammar lessons on forms and functions of relative clauses. You will have all these things contained in the varied activities you are to accomplish. You will be engaged in meaningful and challenging activities that will enrich what you have learned. Let’s start the discussion!Lesson 1: The Reflective Essays Reflective essay is a type of essay aimed to reflect personal event orexperience of the author. The main condition is that it has to be a certain personalexperience on which the author expresses his very own perception about life. Thisexperience or event is revealed in the essay in order to demonstrate its importance forunderstanding social relations and the essence of people.Structure of a Reflective EssayHere is a probable scheme of a reflective essay: • The aim of the opening paragraph is to get the reader involved in the author’s expression of ideas including interesting details and personal experiences. The style must be very vivid and must appeal to the reader. • The middle part reveals a good variety of the author’s ideas on the topic. • The concluding sentences summarize the main ideas and experiences highlighted in the essay. The author makes a reflection of his general perception of the given topic. The introductory paragraph is used for describing the background of your topic,your role in it, and the reasons for choosing it. It is also important to mention your aimand goals for developing the reflective essay writing. 10
    • In the supporting paragraphs you will explain the process of working on thereflective essay from its initial research to the final stages. Be sure to pay attention toboth the weak and strong points; positive and negative experiences and any associatedfeelings. To conclude your reflective essay efficiently, answer these questions: • Did you achieve your goals? • What would you like to change if you had another chance? • What useful expertise have you obtained from the task? • How could it be improved?Activity 10: Vocabulary in a Flash Below are phrases you will encounter while reading the essay “The World in aTrain “ by Francisco Icasiano. What do you mean by ... a. small world____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ b. abstraction called humanity___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ c. without regard to hygiene___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ d. hard-fought battle___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ e. fashion so distasteful___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ f. complete indifference___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 11
    • The World in a Train Francisco Icasiano One Sunday I entrained for Baliwag, a town in Bulacan which can well afford tohold two fiestas a year without a qualm. I took the train partly because I am prejudiced in favor of the government ownedrailroad, partly because I am allowed comparative comfort in a coach, and finallybecause trains sometimes leave and arrive according to schedule. In the coach I found a little world, a section of the abstraction called humanitywhom we are supposed to love and live for. I had previously arranged to divide the idlehour or so between cultivating my neglected Christianity and smoothing out the roughedges of my nature with the aid of grateful sights without – the rolling wheels, the flyinghuts and trees and light-green palay seedlings and carabaos along the way. Inertia, Isuppose, and the sort of reality we moderns know make falling in love with myimmediate neighbors often a matter of severe strain and effort to me. Let me give a sketchy picture of the little world whose company Mang Kikoshared in moments which soon passed away affecting most of us. First, there came to my notice three husky individuals who dusted their seatsfuriously with their handkerchiefs without regard to hygiene or the brotherhood of men. Itgave me no little annoyance that on such a quiet morning the unpleasant aspects inother peoples ways should claim my attention. Then there was a harmless-looking middle-aged man in green camisa de chinowith rolled sleeves who must have entered asleep. When I noticed him he was alreadysnuggly entrenched in a corner seat, with his slippered feet comfortably planted on theopposite seat, all the while his head danced and dangled with the motion of the train. Icould not, for the love of me, imagine how he would look if he were awake. A child of six in the next seat must have shared with me in speculating about thedreams of this sleeping man in green. Was he dreaming of the Second World War orthe price of eggs? Had he any worries about the permanent dominion status or the finaloutcome of the struggles of the masses, or was it merely the arrangement of the scaleson a fighting roasters legs that brought that frown on his face? But the party that most engaged my attention was a family of eight composed ofa short but efficient father, four very young children, mother, grandmother, and anotherwoman who must have been the efficient fathers sister. They distributed themselves onfour benches – you know the kind of seats facing each other so that half the passengerstravel backward. The more I looked at the short but young and efficient father theshorter his parts looked to me. His movements were fast and short, too. He removed hiscoat, folded it carefully and slung it on the back of his seat. Then he pulled out his wallet 12
    • from the hip pocket and counted his money while his wife and the rest of his groupwatched the ritual without a word. Then the short, young, and efficient father stood up and pulled out two bananaleaf bundles from a bamboo basket and spread out both bundles on one bench and logluncheon was ready at ten oclock. With the efficient father leading the charge, thechildren (except the baby in his grandmothers arms) began to dig away with littleencouragement and aid from the elders. In a short while the skirmish was over, theenemy – shrimps, omelet, rice and tomato sauce – were routed out, save for a fewshrimps and some rice left for the grandmother to handle in her own style later. Then came the water-fetching ritual. The father, with a glass in hand, led themarch to the train faucet, followed by three children whose faces still showed the marksof a hard-fought-battle. In passing between me and a person, then engaged in a casualconversation with me, the short but efficient father made a courteous gesture which isstill good to see in these democratic days; he bent from the hips and, dropping bothhands, made an opening in the air between my collocutor and me – a gesture which inunspoiled places means "Excuse Me." In one of the stations where the train stopped, a bent old woman in black boardedthe train. As it moved away, the old woman went about the coach, begging holdingevery prospective Samaritan by the arm, and stretching forth her gnarled hand in thefamiliar fashion so distasteful to me at that time. There is something in begging whichdestroys some fiber in most men. "Every time you drop a penny into a beggars palmyou help degrade a man and make it more difficult for him to rise with dignity. . ." There was something in his beggars eye which seemed to demand. "Now do yourduty." And I did. Willy-nilly I dropped a coin and thereby filled my life with repulsion. Isthis Christianity? "Blessed are the poor . . ." But with what speed did that bent oldwoman cross the platform into the next coach! While thus engaged in unwholesome thought, I felt myself jerked as the train made acurve to the right. The toddler of the family of eight lost his balance and caught the shortbut efficient father off-guard. In an instant all his efficiency was employed in collectingthe shrieking toddler from under his seat. The child had, in no time, developed twoelongated bumps on the head, upon which was applied a moist piece of cloth. Therewere no reproaches, no words spoken. The discipline in the family was remarkable, orwas it because they considered the head as a minor anatomical appendage and wastherefore nor worth the fuss? Occasionally, when the childs crying rose above the din of the locomotive and theclinkety-clank of the wheels on the rails, the father would jog about a bit withoutblushing, look at the bumps on his childs head, shake his own, and move his lipssaying, "Tsk, Tsk”. And nothing more. 13
    • Fairly tired of assuming the minor responsibilities of my neighbors in this little worldin motion, I looked into the distant horizon where the blue Cordilleras merged into theblue of the sky. There I rested my thoughts upon the billowing silver and grey of theclouds, lightly remarking upon their being a trial to us, although they may not know it.We each would mind our own business and suffer in silence for the littlest mistakes ofothers; laughing at their ways if we happened to be in a position to suspend our emotionand view the whole scene as a god would; or, we could weep for other men if we arethe mood to shed copious tears over the whole tragic aspect of a world thrown out ofjoint. It is strange how human sympathy operates. We assume an attitude of completeindifference to utter strangers whom we have seen but not met. We claim that they arethe hardest to fall in love with in the normal exercise of Christian charity. Then a littlechild falls from a seat, or a beggar stretches forth a gnarled hand, or three husky mendust their seats; and we are, despite our pretensions, affected. Why not? If even asleeping man who does nothing touches our life!Activity11: Understanding the Text Answer the following questions: 1. Why did the writer prefer to take the train in his journey to Bulacan? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 2. Describe the different scenes that he saw in the coach? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. What did he learn about the people from those scenes? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 4. How did he feel about them? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 14
    • 5. What was the aim of the writer in observing the people around him? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 6. Which paragraphs describe these items? a. the situation ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ b. the writers objective ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ c. what he did to attain his goal ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 7. What did the writer find out about himself in his reactions to the people he observed? ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________8. Would a person be able to see all of these in a ride on the light railway train in the city? Why? What have you gained with developments in railway travel? What have we lost? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 15
    • Activity 12: Details Galore Recall the details in the essay read then complete the grid below to show the scenesthat the writer saw in the train, his reaction towards them, and what he learned from them.Scene Nos. Persons What they did Author’s Lessons Reaction Learned1234567Activity 13: Discovery Path The essay provided an opportunity for both the author and its readers to reflectabout themselves. Complete the grid that follows: 16
    • Things the author discovered about Things you are beginning about himself yourselfLesson 2: Relative Clause A clause is a group of words with its own subject and verb or predicate. A relative clause is a subordinate clause that begins with a relative pronoun(e.g. who, which, where) or the word that. You can use it to modify a noun or pronoun(i.e. to identify or give more information about it). Words like who, that and when are called relative pronouns when they areused to introduce relative clauses. You use: • who for people, which for things, and that for both people and things. • whom as the object of a relative clause (in more formal English), though it is increasingly common to replace it with who. • whose to indicate possession, as a determiner before nouns. For Example: • Students who can develop independent learning skills often achieve good academic results. • There is a new book that investigates the controversy over political reforms in Hong Kong. • A university is a place where people pursue advanced knowledge in specific academic disciplines. 17
    • • The lecture theatre which the inauguration ceremony will be held is now being cleaned. The underlined words are called antecedents, the italicized words are yourrelative pronouns and the clause that followed formed the relative clause.Activity 14: I Can Relate Read the following sentences and answer the questions below.1. I entrained for Baliwag, a town in Bulacan which can well afford to hold two fiestas ayear without a qualm.2.Let me give a sketchy picture of the little world whose company Mang Kiko sharedinmomentswhich soon passed away affecting most of us.3.The father was followed by three children whose faces still showed the marks of ahard-fought-battle.4.In one of the stations where the train stopped, a bent old woman in black boarded thetrainProcessing points Do you know how the underlined words are called? Why did you say so?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What word introduces the clause?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ How do you call the introductory word in each clause?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ How about the shaded words? How do you call them?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 18
    • Processing points What UNDERSTANDING can you draw out of the activities you have accomplished, the learning you have gained and the realities about life represented by reflective essay you have read?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ That’s fantastic! How about making your UNDERSTANDING more ESSENTIAL? Rearrange thephrases in the box to reveal the hidden sentence. Personal preferences, feelings and insights and vivid account of one’s experiences. in a reflective essay by direct observations are effectively and meaningfully communicatedWrite the Essential Understanding here:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ That’s impressive!You have completed the FIRM UP phase! I’m sure the next phase will be a lot more funand exciting! 19
    • DEEPEN Your Understanding Welcome to the Deepen Phase! In this phase, you are provided with thought-provoking questions that will make you reflect, revisit, rethink, and revise your earlier assumptions about Philippine Essays. You are also expected to deal with authentic situations to highlight the grammar structure of the essays discussed herein. The differentiated instruction will address your uniqueness, strengths and weaknesses and will reinforce what you have learned. At the end of the phase, you will be engaged in meaningful self –evaluation of learning through a short summative test. Are you ready to deepen your understanding further? What are you waiting for? Start at once! Always bear the ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDING in mind as you answer thesucceeding activities. Good luck!Activity 15: Rise or Set? Look for an enticing topic for essay writing activity. Complete the items underSUNRISE by writing experiences derived from positive or encouraging encounters.Complete the items under SUNSET by writing discouraging experiences that helpedthem reflect on certain things. 20
    • SUNRISE SUNSET OR(Positive encounters) (Negative encounters) 21
    • Activity 16: The Rough Draft Choose a topic for your reflective essay. Write the details of this topic using theoutline below:Title: ______________________Introduction: Thesis Statement:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Details:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Body: Main Topic 1:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting Details:____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Main Topic 1:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting Details:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 22
    • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Main Topic 3:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting Details:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Conclusion:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 17: Domino String Sometimes events are linked by time. This means that a subsequent eventrequires a preceding event to happen. Decide on the kind of event the following willreflect about. A. What are the stages, steps, phases or events?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ B. How do the stages, steps, phases or event take place?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 23
    • C.What happens if an event does not take place?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ D.What is the final outcome?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 18 DIALECTRICAL JOURNAL Prepare a dialectrical journal. Be reminded that the things you appreciate the mostabout the lesson must be reflected in the journal entry. A Dialectrical Journal is a type of double-entry-note-taking which you can use inreading literature. This organizer develops critical reading and reflective questioning.Realizations about reflective Phase of the lesson Why is the reflectionessay significant to me?Activity 19: Reflection Time Line Imagine that you are on your way home from your friend’s party. Write yourreflection in each of the object you will see along the road on your way to your home. It’s 4:00 pm, on your way home from a friend’s party you saw a staringat you. (Reason:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________).He just had a fight with a big fat which left a long painful scratch at his 24
    • back. (Reason:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________).Not too far from where the dog and the cat is a which seemed untouched(Reason:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________)and a with missing pages beside it. (Reason:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________).About two you spotted a sad young (Reason:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________).Reflection:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 20: Quota on Quote “Reflection is a flower of the mind, giving out wholesome fragrance; but revelry isthe same flower, when rank and running to seed.”Explain this quotation in your ownwords.__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 25
    • __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Processing points What realities about life have you realized from the activities in this phase?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Do you see any connection between your life and how these activities leading to writing of meaningful reflective essay?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Remember your Essential Understanding: Free and effective communication of reflections and insights about personal views, thoughts, feelings, attitudes, judgments and observations can lead to meaningful journal entries. Congratulations for completing the DEEPEN phase! But to ensure your understanding, please try answering the test below:SUMMATIVE TESTPart I Directions: Copy the following sentences in your notebook. Underline theantecedent once, encircle the relative pronoun and underline the relative clausetwice. 1. The patron saint of Antipolo is known as the Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage, which church is located right at the heart of the city. 26
    • 2. Our national hero is Jose P. Rizal, whose “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo” were hailed the best novels of all times.3. Nick Joaquin, who wrote “A Portrait of An Artist as Filipinos” is known by the pen name Quijano de Manila.4. Ermita is a place where one can go to bare his soul (no matter how putrid or pure).5. It is quite a place that hankers to be left alone. Part II Directions: Write the letter of the correct answer in your activity notebook.6. It is a type of essay based on everyday accounts of observation or experience. A. Narrative C. Character Sketch B. Personal D. Reflective7. It comprises the last paragraph of an essay that puts an end to the text. A. Introduction C. Body B. Conclusion D. Recommendation8. It is the part of an essay that details all supporting information about the topic. A. Introduction C. Body B. Conclusion D. Recommendation9. It is the first paragraph of an essay that usually provides the background of the topic. A. Introduction C. Body B. Conclusion D. Recommendation10. It is a kind of clause formed by using words as that, who, where, whose, whom, which or when. A. Subordinate clause C. relative clause B. Participial phrase D. appositive 27
    • Processing points Congratulations! You have made it to the last phase. TRANSFER Your Understanding Welcome to the Transfer Phase! This part of the module will allow you to make independent applications of the various processes (autobiographical collections, portfolio, production, writing of dialog journals, making a specialized journal which focuses on a specific activity) they have learned. This will enable you to write a reflective / personal essay using varied and complex assessment procedures and most importantly, see the connections between tasks in this module and the real world. Are you ready to transfer your understanding?Activity 21: Pre-Writing @Thoughts Abound (page 106) Scan your thoughts. Write ten possible topics for reflective journal writing. Bereminded that the topics may be interdisciplinary (science-based, technically-inclinedetc.) Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ 28
    • Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________ Discipline __________ Topic ___________________________Activity 22: Outlining @ Ideas and Details Topic: ___________________________________________________________ Introduction Options:Introduction statement 1: ____________________________________________Introduction statement 2: ____________________________________________Introduction statement 3: ____________________________________________ 29
    • Body Options:Main Idea 1: ___________________________________________________________Main Idea 2: ___________________________________________________________Main Idea 3: ___________________________________________________________ Conclusion Options:Concluding statement 1: __________________________________________________Concluding statement 2: __________________________________________________Concluding statement 3: __________________________________________________Activity 23: Drafting @ Writing the Draft Write your reflective statement using the topic in your outline. Be reminded of theprinciples, structure and elements of a meaningful reflective essay you have learned inthe previous module.Activity 24: Revising @ Erase, Erase, Erase Reread your essay. Try to check your essay using the rubrics below: All parts of an essay are included. The title has an impact by itself. The introduction is interesting enough to hook the readers. Clearly expressed ideas/details in the body of the essay Carefully chosen words Logically arranged statements Sustains interest Brief but interesting concluding statement 30
    • Activity 25: Roof reading @ No Spoofs, All Proofs Share your essay with any family member or a classmate in the same program.Ask them to spot errors in punctuation, spelling, capitalization and paragraphing.Activity 26: Publishing @ Ready, Set, Read! Rewrite your essay and submit it to your teacher.Resources:Books, Internet, Multimedia materials, Computer, DVD, CD, Graphic Organizer,pictures, drawings, art materials, film clips, e-journals, Philippine Drama booksAcknowledgement: 1. Dr. Nilda Sunga for the indicators used to evaluate an essential question which appeared in activity 5 of explore phase. 2. Mr. Larry T. Diaz for providing the graphics/visuals in this module. 31
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