Grade 9 English Module British American Literature Quarter 2

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Grade 9 English Module British American Literature Quarter 2

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Grade 9 English Module British American Literature Quarter 2

  1. 1. This instructional material was collaboratively developed and re- viewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and/or universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakehold- ers to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at action@deped.gov.ph. We value your feedback and recommendations. Department of Education Republic of the Philippines A Journey through Anglo-American Literature English 9 Learner’s Material
  2. 2. Development Team of the Learner’s Material Authors: Liza R. Almonte, Lerma L. Flandez, Nedia Lagustan, Henone de Paz- Langutan, Dream Rose O. Malayo, Liberty A. Mangaluz, Elenita R. Miranda, Lito A. Palomar, Adelia Chua-Soliaban, and Grace Annette B. Soriano Consultants: Marla C. Papango and Edison A. Fermin, PhD Reviewers: Ruth A. Alido, Elizabeth V. Meneses, Rebecca Sagot, and Maricar T. Caberos Language Editor: Ma. Antoinette C. Montealegre, PhD Book Designer: Annie Lumbao, Visual Communication Depertment, UP College of Fine Arts Management Team: Dir. Jocelyn DR. Andaya, Jose D. Tuguinayo Jr., PhD, Melinda P. Rivera, PhD, Ricardo G. Ador Dionisio, and Peter Tentoco III A Journey through Anglo-American Literature – Grade 9 English - Learner’s Material First Edition, 2014 ISBN: 978-971-9601-77-7 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand names, trade- marks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright holders. DepEd is represented by the Filipinas Copyright Licensing Society (FILCOLS), Inc. in seeking permission to use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, PhD Department of Education-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd-IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Building, DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City, Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634-1054 o 634-1072 E-mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com Printed in the Philippines by Vibal Group, Inc.
  3. 3. MODULE 2 – Valuing Others and Their Circumstances ��117 Lesson 1: Finding Other’s Greatness��������������������������������������������������������� 117 YOUR JOURNEY �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR OBJECTIVES ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR INITIAL TASKS��������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 1: Methinks �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 2: Connecting Lives������������������������������������������������������������������������119 YOUR TEXT Auld Lang Syne (Robert Burns); I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great (Stephen Spender) Task 3: Finding Similarities and Differences���������������������������������������� 123 Task 4: Greatness Delivered������������������������������������������������������������������ 124 Task 5: Greatness Revisited������������������������������������������������������������������� 124 Task 6: Uncovering Greatness��������������������������������������������������������������� 125 Task 7: Controlled Practice�������������������������������������������������������������������� 126 Task 9: A Golden Door��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 105 Task 10: What’s It…?������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 105 Task 11: Vocabulary Game��������������������������������������������������������������������� 107 Task 12: SGDW��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 107 Task 13: On Using Ellipsis ���������������������������������������������������������������������109 YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 14: The BIG FOUR�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 111 YOUR FINAL TASKS Task 15: Connect �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������113 Task 16: A Working Script ����������������������������������������������������������������������113 Task 17: The Fair Plan�����������������������������������������������������������������������������114 Task 18: Rehearse, Rehearse, Rehearse! ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������115 MODULE 2 – Valuing Others and Their Circumstances ��117 Lesson 1: Finding Other’s Greatness��������������������������������������������������������� 117 YOUR JOURNEY �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR OBJECTIVES ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR INITIAL TASKS��������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 1: Methinks �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 2: Connecting Lives������������������������������������������������������������������������119 YOUR TEXT Auld Lang Syne (Robert Burns); I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great (Stephen Spender) Task 3: Finding Similarities and Differences���������������������������������������� 123 Task 4: Greatness Delivered������������������������������������������������������������������ 124 Task 5: Greatness Revisited������������������������������������������������������������������� 124 Task 6: Uncovering Greatness��������������������������������������������������������������� 125 Task 7: Controlled Practice�������������������������������������������������������������������� 126 viii ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������115 MODULE 2 – Valuing Others and Their Circumstances ��117 Lesson 1: Finding Other’s Greatness��������������������������������������������������������� 117 YOUR JOURNEY �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR OBJECTIVES ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 YOUR INITIAL TASKS��������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 1: Methinks �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������119 Task 2: Connecting Lives������������������������������������������������������������������������119 YOUR TEXT Auld Lang Syne (Robert Burns); I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great (Stephen Spender) Task 3: Finding Similarities and Differences���������������������������������������� 123 Task 4: Greatness Delivered������������������������������������������������������������������ 124 Task 5: Greatness Revisited������������������������������������������������������������������� 124 Task 6: Uncovering Greatness��������������������������������������������������������������� 125 Task 7: Controlled Practice�������������������������������������������������������������������� 126 TABLE OF CONTENTS Task 8: Greatness Recounted���������������������������������������������������������������� 127 Task 9: Writeshop ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 128 Task 10: Three-minute Pause���������������������������������������������������������������� 130 YOUR FINAL TASK Task 11: The Search for Greatness����������������������������������������������������������131 MY TREASURE������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 132 Task 12: My Final Thoughts������������������������������������������������������������������� 132
  4. 4. Lesson 2: Observing Other’s Circumstances�������������������������������������������� 133 YOUR JOURNEY ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 133 YOUR OBJECTIVES ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 133 YOUR INITIAL TASKS������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 134 Task 1: Social Lens ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 134 Task 2: Casual Conversations���������������������������������������������������������������� 134 YOUR TEXT The Man with the Hoe (Edwin Markham); Sonnet 29 (George Santayana) Task 3: Spot the Difference�������������������������������������������������������������������� 138 Task 4: Music to My Ears����������������������������������������������������������������������� 138 YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 5: How Did You Do It? ������������������������������������������������������������������ 139 Task 6: Controlled Practice���������������������������������������������������������������������141 Task 7: Writeshop ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 142 YOUR FINAL TASK Task 8: Six Words, One Story���������������������������������������������������������������� 142 MY TREASURE������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 143 Task 9: My Revised Thoughts���������������������������������������������������������������� 143 Lesson 3: Feeling for Others ����������������������������������������������������������������������144 YOUR JOURNEY ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 144 YOUR OBJECTIVES ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 144 YOUR INITIAL TASKS������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 145 Task 1: Scrutinize and Speculate ����������������������������������������������������������� 145 Task 2: Possible Sentences �������������������������������������������������������������������� 145 Task 3: Piece by Piece ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 146
  5. 5. YOUR TEXT The Lottery (Shirley Jackson) Task 4: Make a Mind Movie ������������������������������������������������������������������ 148 Task 5: Share Your Mind Movies�����������������������������������������������������������157 Task 6: Picking Out Optical Illusions���������������������������������������������������� 158 YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 7: Prose in Process������������������������������������������������������������������������� 158 Task 8: Browsing Through Journals������������������������������������������������������161 Task 9: Tipping the Scale���������������������������������������������������������������������� 162 Task 10: Conversing in Verse����������������������������������������������������������������� 162 Task 11: Comparing and Contrasting Poetry and Prose����������������������� 164 Task 12: Qualifying Matters������������������������������������������������������������������� 165 Task 13: Fill In the Gap �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 165 Task 14: Producing Gliding Vowels������������������������������������������������������� 165 Task 15: Drill It On��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 167 YOUR FINAL TASKS Task 16: Creating Catchy Chronicles����������������������������������������������������� 167 Task 17: Sum It Up!�������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 168 MY TREASURE������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 168 Task 18: Revisiting the Possible Sentences�������������������������������������������168 Lesson 4: Supporting Others’ Advocacies������������������������������������������������169 YOUR JOURNEY ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 169 YOUR OBJECTIVES ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 169 YOUR INITIAL TASKS������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 170 Task 1: Worth Contemplating���������������������������������������������������������������� 170 Task 2: The First Word �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 170 Task 3: Learn Jargon ������������������������������������������������������������������������������171 Task 4: Observe Breaks���������������������������������������������������������������������������171
  6. 6. YOUR TEXT Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Her Passion for Justice (Lee D. Baker) Task 5: Crafting a Timeline�������������������������������������������������������������������� 176 YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 6: Single It Out������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 176 Task 7: Texts or Figures? ����������������������������������������������������������������������� 176 Task 8: Learn Grammar������������������������������������������������������������������������� 178 Task 9: Lend a Hand������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 178 Task 10: Learn Grammar����������������������������������������������������������������������� 179 YOUR FINAL TASK Task 11: Express It in Prose ������������������������������������������������������������������� 182 MY TREASURE������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 183 Task 12: Shaping Up Review������������������������������������������������������������������ 183 Lesson 5: Seeking Justice for Others��������������������������������������������������������184 YOUR JOURNEY ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 184 YOUR OBJECTIVES ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 184 YOUR INITIAL TASKS������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 185 Task 1: Black Out!����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 185 Task 2: Imagine�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 185 YOUR TEXT I Have a Dream (Martin Luther King Jr.) Task 3: Four Pictures, One Idea ������������������������������������������������������������ 186 Task 4: Dream Catcher��������������������������������������������������������������������������190 Task 5: Device Delivered�����������������������������������������������������������������������190 Task 6: In His Shoes��������������������������������������������������������������������������������191 Task 7: Conditioning Conditionals�������������������������������������������������������� 192
  7. 7. YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 8: Parts and Parcel ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 193 Task 9: Merciful Portia �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 194 Task 10: A Poet’s Poem, a Fan’s Prose �������������������������������������������������� 194 Task 11: Lights On ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 194 Task 12: Numb on Numbers������������������������������������������������������������������ 195 YOUR FINAL TASK Task 13: A Glimpse from the Past���������������������������������������������������������� 196 Task 14: Signs and Symbols������������������������������������������������������������������� 196 MY TREASURE........................................................................................ 196 Lesson 6: Overcoming Indifference�����������������������������������������������������������199 YOUR JOURNEY ..................................................................................... 199 YOUR OBJECTIVES................................................................................. 199 YOUR INITIAL TASKS ............................................................................ 199 Task 1: Unlikely Raffle���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 199 Task 2: Time Pod����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 200 Task 3: Hands Do the Talking �������������������������������������������������������������� 200 YOUR TEXT By the Railway Side (Alice Maynell) Task 4: Vocabulary Development����������������������������������������������������������201 Task 5: Drain in a Train �������������������������������������������������������������������������202 Task 6: In Line with the Text�����������������������������������������������������������������204 Task 7: What a Feeling���������������������������������������������������������������������������205 Task 8: What If?�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������206 Task 9: If Only ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������206 Task 10: “If” Salad����������������������������������������������������������������������������������207
  8. 8. YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 11: Much Ado About What to Do ������������������������������������������������� 208 Task 12: Vogue Vignette�������������������������������������������������������������������������209 Task 13: Nosy News��������������������������������������������������������������������������������210 Task 14: Mix and Match������������������������������������������������������������������������� 212 Task 15: Case Closed ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 212 Task 16: A President in a Day ���������������������������������������������������������������� 213 Task 17: Vignette Vigilance�������������������������������������������������������������������� 214 Task 18: Enduring Understanding�������������������������������������������������������� 214 YOUR FINAL TASK Task 19: Symbols of Prosodic Features ������������������������������������������������ 214 MY TREASURE������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 215 Lesson 7: Working with Others ���������������������������������������������������������������� 216 YOUR JOURNEY .....................................................................................216 YOUR OBJECTIVES.................................................................................216 YOUR INITIAL TASKS ............................................................................ 217 Task 1: Bundle of Joy ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 217 Task 2: A Matter of Perspective������������������������������������������������������������� 217 Task 3: Kindness Begets Kindness�������������������������������������������������������� 218 YOUR TEXT “Thank You Ma’am” (Langston Hughes) Task 4: Word Climb ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 219 Task 5: One with the Text ����������������������������������������������������������������������223 Task 6: Group Thought��������������������������������������������������������������������������223 Task 7: Of Choices and Bases�����������������������������������������������������������������224 Task 8: Sto-Reteller��������������������������������������������������������������������������������225
  9. 9. YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 9: Cross Over ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������225 Task 10: Conditional Logic ��������������������������������������������������������������������225 Task 11: Hippity-Hoppity-Toe���������������������������������������������������������������226 Task 12: Elementals �������������������������������������������������������������������������������228 Task 13: Post It!��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������228 Task 14: Working in Context �����������������������������������������������������������������229 YOUR FINAL TASKS Task 15: A Piece to Read ������������������������������������������������������������������������230 Task 16: Grand Performance����������������������������������������������������������������� 231 MY TREASURE�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������232
  10. 10. xxvii INTRODUCTION This learner’s material is specially designed to provide you roads to cooperative, col- laborative, and independent learning of the target themes, concepts, and competencies that will develop your 21st century real life-based skills. It is anchored on the general principles, goals, and objectives of the K-12 Basic Education Program for junior high school that centers on making you to a functionally literate individual. This learner’s material provides a variety of texts, particularly Anglo-American literary pieces that are both relevant and meaningful to your life. It offers opportunities for you to engage in varied, interesting, challenging, and meaningful tasks to further develop and improve your listening, viewing, reading, speaking, writing, vocabulary, literary, and grammar skills. The integration of literature and language skills will help deepen under- standing of how you can enrich and enhance your life through valuing the self, other people’s lives, and the world. There are four modules in this learning material. Each module builds around a par- ticular text for you to explore meaningfully through engaging yourself in a variety of integrated, challenging, and interesting tasks. Module 1. Enhancing the Self Module 2. Valuing Others and Their Circumstances Module 3. Connecting to the World Module 4. Unchanging Values in a Changing World Each module consists of several lessons wherein each lesson is comprised of the following parts: 1. Your Journey – provides an overview of what you should understand in the lesson. This includes clear directions and the purpose of the lesson. 2. Your Objectives – states the expectations in line with what you should know, understand, and be able to do, produce, or perform to show there is transfer of learning. 3. Your Initial Tasks – diagnoses and activates your prior knowledge and prepares you for higher level tasks. 4. Your Text – presents the main reading or literary text and the activities/ tasks that will lead you to acquire knowledge, make sense,of and construct meaning out of the information and experiences contained therein.
  11. 11. xxviii 5. Your Discovery Tasks – includes activities that will expand, enrich, en- hance, and broaden your understanding of the target concepts and skills. 6. Your Final Task – presents the real life-based product or performance task as final output for the lesson that serves as evidence of understanding or transfer of learning of the target concepts and skills. This is an enabling task for the main real-life based product or performance task covering the entire module. 7. My Treasure – enables you to express your insights, learning, and reali- zations on the lesson. This part contains prompts and other graphic organizers that will help you sum up and synthesize what you have learned. This learner’s material includes formal pre – and post assessments by module in both written response and multiple-choice formats. We hope that through this material, you will be provided with meaningful learn- ing experiences and relevant competencies necessary for you to successfully meet the demands of the 21st century.
  12. 12. Valuing Others and Their Circumstances
  13. 13. 118 LESSON 1 FINDING OTHERS’ GREATNESS YOUR JOURNEY We forge lasting relationships with others when we recognize their greatness instead of their weaknesses. This is an essential step in becoming connected with them. As the lesson unfolds, think of the question, “What is greatness?” With the help of the tasks and chosen poems you’ll explore in this lesson, you’ll surely hone your communication skills and improve your understanding of the target concepts and sub-themes. YOUR OBJECTIVES As you continue on your journey, you are expected to: • compare and contrast similar information presented in different texts • shift from one listening strategy to another based on topic, purpose, and level of difficulty of the persuasive text • establish connections of events and how these lead to the ending of a material • give the appropriate communicative style for an intimate situation • analyze literature as a means of valuing other people and their various cir- cumstances in life • distinguish the features present in poetry and prose • employ varied verbal and non-verbal strategies to create impact on the audience while delivering lines in a Reader’s Theater or in a Chamber Theater and • use adverbs in narration N
  14. 14. Task 2: Connecting Lives Consider this situation: A student received academic recognition from the school. How do you think a supportive parent would speak to the child? Would others, such as a friend or a teacher, speak to the child in the same manner? Copy and use the table below to create possible dialogues between the following: student-parent, student-friend, and student-teacher. Brainstorm on what each one would say to the student. Child/Student Parent Friend Teacher 119 YOUR INITIAL TASKS TASK 1: Methinks! Explore Shakespeare’s thoughts about greatness. Think about what he means by the quote in the thought bubble. Write your answers in your notebook. My Initial Thoughts Be not afraid of greatness; some are born great, some achieve greatness, and oth- ers have…greatness thrust upon them. TASK 2: Connecting Lives Consider this situation: A student received academic recognition from the school. How do you think a supportive parent would speak to the child? Would others, such as a friend or a teacher, speak to the child in the same manner? Copy and use the table below to create possible dialogues between the following: student-parent, student-friend, and student-teacher. Brainstorm on what each one would say to the student. Child/Student Parent Friend Teacher
  15. 15. 120 Questions to answer: 1. What is the degree of formality in each conversation? Place a check mark on the column which corresponds with your answer. Degree of Formality LOW HIGH Student-Parent Student-Friend Student-Teacher 2. How does our relationship with others influence the way we communicate with them? YOUR TEXTS Read the following texts and think about the ways people celebrate the greatness of the significant others. READING TEXT 1 Motive Question: How do we celebrate the “greatness” of the people we know? Auld Lang Syne Lyrics English Version Should old acquaintance be forgot, and never brought to mind? Should old acquaintance be forgot, and auld lang syne? For auld lang syne, my dear, for auld lang syne, we’ll take a cup of kindness yet, for auld lang syne.
  16. 16. 121 And surely you’ll buy your pint cup! and surely I’ll buy mine ! And we’ll take a cup o’ kindness yet, for auld lang syne. We two have run about the slopes, and picked the daisies fine ; But we’ve wandered many a weary foot, since auld lang syne. We two have paddled in the stream, from morning sun till dine ; But seas between us broad have roared since auld lang syne. And there’s a hand my trusty friend! And give us a hand o’ thine ! And we’ll take a right good-will draught, for auld lang syne. Questions to answer: 1. When is Auld Lang Syne usually sung? 2. Who is being referred to in the song? 3. What makes the persona’s friends unforgettable? 4. What experiences have they gone through? 5. Why do Filipinos love to sing this song during New Year’s celebration?
  17. 17. 122 READING TEXT 2 Motive Question: Who do we consider truly great? I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great Stephen Spender I think continually of those who were truly great. Who, from the womb, remembered the soul’s history Through corridors of light where the hours are suns Endless and singing. Whose lovely ambition Was that their lips, still touched with fire, Should tell of the Spirit clothed from head to foot in song. And who hoarded from the Spring branches The desires falling across their bodies like blossoms. What is precious is never to forget The essential delight of the blood drawn from ageless springs Breaking through rocks in worlds before our earth. Never to deny its pleasure in the morning simple light Nor its grave evening demand for love. Never to allow gradually the traffic to smother With noise and fog the flowering of the spirit. Near the snow, near the sun, in the highest fields See how these names are fêted by the waving grass And by the streamers of white cloud And whispers of wind in the listening sky. The names of those who in their lives fought for life Who wore at their hearts the fire’s center. Born of the sun they traveled a short while towards the sun, And left the vivid air signed with their honor. Questions to answer: 1. What distinct quality of those who are great does the persona mention in the first stanza? 2. Based on the 2nd stanza, what should not be forgotten? 3. What legacy do great people leave behind them?
  18. 18. 123 TASK 3 Finding Similarities and Differences A. Copy and study the statements below. Check the statement that refers to both poems. If the statement refers to the first poem, write 1. Otherwise, write 2. 1. Nature pays tribute to persons of valor. 2. The persona recounts old memories of friendship. 3. The text is marked with vivid imagery. 4. Personification is utilized by the author. 5. The text talks about what endures through time. B. Read the poems again. Note the similarities and differences between the two in terms of the use of figurative language and its content. Copy and use the Venn diagram to note your answer. Text 1 Text 2 C. Think about this question: Dramatic poetry is marked by the expression of feelings or emotions. Do the two poems fall under this genre? Justify your answer. 111 At this stage, you should have several impressive ideas on why you need to celebrate self-worth. Eventually, you are ready to prove your understanding of how this valued concept can be realized through getting involved in real-life tasks like that you’ll activate on... YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS Task 14 The BIG FOUR • Form four (4) big groups and choose one from the following tasks to work on. • With your groupmates, discuss how you’ll squarely come up with any of the following. Group 1 An Advice Poem • Write a poem that offers advice to a friend, relative, classmate, schoolmate, or someone else. • Use these words and phrases in any order. 4 Remember 4 Forget 4 Do 4 Do not 4 Seek 4 Watch out for • Remember to use rhyme, rhythm, repetition, and imagery in your poem. • Present your poem to other groups or to the class. TASK 3 Finding Similarities and Differences A. Copy and study the statements below. Check the statement that refers to both poems. If the statement refers to the first poem, write 1. Otherwise, write 2. 1. Nature pays tribute to persons of valor. 2. The persona recounts old memories of friendship. 3. The text is marked with vivid imagery. 4. Personification is utilized by the author. 5. The text talks about what endures through time. B. Read the poems again. Note the similarities and differences between the two in terms of the use of figurative language and its content. Copy and use the Venn diagram to note your answer. Text 1 Text 2 C. Think about this question: Dramatic poetry is marked by the expression of feelings or emotions. Do the two poems fall under this genre? Justify your answer.
  19. 19. 124 TASK 4: Greatness Delivered Listen as your teacher read the poem. Observe how facial expression and ges- tures are used to deliver the lines with impact. Copy and fill out the table below to record your observation. Facial Expression Gestures TASK 5: Greatness Revisited Learn more about greatness through the life of Martin Luther King Jr. While listening, watch out for signposts that signal the main idea of the speaker in any of the links below. Fill out the table then answer the questions that follow. Do this in your notebook. Weblinks • http://www.karmatube.org/videos.php?id=2959 • http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/live-feed/oprah-winfrey-reflects-mar- tin-luther-616824 SPEAKER SIGNPOSTS AND KEY WORDS MAIN IDEA TOPIC PURPOSE AUDIENCE 124 TASK 4: Greatness Delivered Listen as your teacher read the poem. Observe how facial expression and ges- tures are used to deliver the lines with impact. Copy and fill out the table below to record your observation. Facial Expression Gestures TASK 5: Greatness Revisited Learn more about greatness through the life of Martin Luther King Jr. While listening, watch out for signposts that signal the main idea of the speaker in any of the links below. Fill out the table then answer the questions that follow. Do this in your notebook. Weblinks • http://www.karmatube.org/videos.php?id=2959 • http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/live-feed/oprah-winfrey-reflects-mar- tin-luther-616824 SPEAKER SIGNPOSTS AND KEY WORDS MAIN IDEA TOPIC PURPOSE AUDIENCE
  20. 20. 125 Questions to answer: 1. Who was Martin Luther King Jr.? 2. According to him, who has the potential to be great? 3. How does Oprah Winfrey pay tribute to the greatness of Martin Luther King Jr.? 4. How does she persuade her audience to take the path towards greatness? 5. How do the signposts and key words aid you in determining the main idea of the speech? 6. How do these details aid you in comprehending the speech better? TASK 6: Uncovering Greatness Read this infographic excerpt and pay attention to the highlighted words. Also, take note of the list of adverbs found below. BA Photo credit: http://yoganonymous.com/infographic-a-lifetime-of-change-martin-luther-king-jr-s-lasting-legacy/ Questions to answer: 1. What elements are used in the infographic? 2. Is knowledge easily understood when represented in an infographic? Why? 3. Take note of the word, Later. What does it signify as used in the sentence in Infographic A? 4. Observe how the phrase, in the White House, is used in Infographic B. What does the phrase signify? 125 Questions to answer: 1. Who was Martin Luther King Jr.? 2. According to him, who has the potential to be great? 3. How does Oprah Winfrey pay tribute to the greatness of Martin Luther King Jr.? 4. How does she persuade her audience to take the path towards greatness? 5. How do the signposts and key words aid you in determining the main idea of the speech? 6. How do these details aid you in comprehending the speech better? TASK 6: Uncovering Greatness Read this infographic excerpt and pay attention to the highlighted words. Also, take note of the list of adverbs found below. BA Photo credit: http://yoganonymous.com/infographic-a-lifetime-of-change-martin-luther-king-jr-s-lasting-legacy/ Questions to answer: 1. What elements are used in the infographic? 2. Is knowledge easily understood when represented in an infographic? Why? 3. Take note of the word, Later. What does it signify as used in the sentence in Infographic A? 4. Observe how the phrase, in the White House, is used in Infographic B. What does the phrase signify?
  21. 21. 126 Language in Focus Adverbs of time signify when. Adverbs of place indicate location. For example: Later that year, MLK JR. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize… Later is an adverb of time. It signifies when the event took place. For example: But the life of Martin Luther King Jr. inspired unprecedented equality in education, the economy and in the White House. in the White House signifies where the situation occurred. after already during finally just last later next recently soon then yesterday abroad anywhere downstairs here home in nowhere out outside somewhere there underground TASK 7: Controlled Practice A. Determine whether or not the sentences below use the adverbs correctly. Place a √ or × on the space provided before each sentence. 1. Martin Luther King Jr. received in 1948 from Morehouse College his B.A. degree. 2. He enrolled in graduate studies at Boston College. 3. In 1954 at Montgomery, Alabama, he became the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. 4. He was chosen by Time Magazine as the Man of the Year in 1963. 5. He was on the evening of April 4, 1968 assassinated in Tennessee.
  22. 22. 127 B. Rewrite each sentence with the adverb/s in its/their correct position. 1. Martin Luther King Jr.’s supporters waited patiently. (for 10 ten minutes) 2. He arrived at the auditorium. (this morning) 3. The crowd dispersed. (at 4 o’clock) 4. They congregated. (yesterday, at the stadium) 5. He talked. (for an hour, at the rally) TASK 8: Greatness Recounted Read this paragraph and determine its parts. Good Deed I learned about the joy of helping others when I was in kindergarten. One of my classmates had forgotten his snack, so he had nothing to eat during recess. Nobody wanted to share with him because we were all very hungry and it was really his own fault that he would have to go without. That day my mother had packed my favorite treat: a chocolate and peanut butter cup. I wanted it all for myself, but my mother had often told me that I should share, so I broke my choc- olate and peanut butter cup in half and gave my forgetful classmate one half. He nearly fell over in surprise. Then he smiled the biggest smile I had ever seen and I suddenly felt the greatest happiness I had ever felt. After that, I always looked for chances to help people, because it always made them and me feel good. Source: http://marsdenarenglish.wordpress.com/academic-paragraphs/model-narrative-paragraphs/ Questions to answer: 1. What does the writer articulate in the first sentence? 2. How does the writer develop this idea in the sentences that follow? 3. How does the paragraph end? What is signified in the last sentence? 4. What are the parts of the paragraph? 5. How does the character in the paragraph manifest greatness? 6. Compare this paragraph with the two poems in YOUR TEXT. What makes it different from the two?
  23. 23. 128 TASK 9: Writeshop Recount your experience. Was there an instance that you or a person you know responded to the call of greatness? Before you do that, read more details about how to write a narrative paragraph. A narrative paragraph tells a story. It shows readers what happened at a particular place and time. Use this link, http://classroom.synonym.com/write-one-welldeveloped-narrative-paragraph-4475.html, to know more about how to write a narrative paragraph. Brainstorming Get started by jotting down ideas following the question prompts below. Who are involved? What happened? When did it happen? Why did it happen? How did it happen? Drafting Brainstorm. Use your ideas to craft your narrative paragraph.
  24. 24. 129 Revising Checklist Use the following checklist to revise your paragraph. Is the paragraph interesting? What makes it so? Is the topic sentence clearly stated at the be- ginning of the paragraph? If there is no topic sentence, suggest one. Do the rest of the sentences support the topic sentence? Is there a concluding sentence? If there is none, suggest one. Are adverbs used to signify time and place? If there are none, suggest where they could be appropriately incorporated. Self- Assessment Checklist Answer the questions below: What was easy for me? What have I learned? How do I improve my work? What other adverbs can I use in my narrative paragraph?
  25. 25. 130 WORK IN PROGRESS! Get ready to incorporate more adverbs in your narrative paragraph as you go through the language focus activities in Lessons 2 and 3. TASK 10: Three-minute Pause Take a breather from the previous activities by doing the following: 1. Summarize Key Points So Far _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 2. Add Your Own Thoughts _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 3. Pose Clarifying Questions _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________
  26. 26. 131 YOUR FINAL TASK TASK 11: The Search for Greatness Go back to the poem I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great. What are the traits of those who were truly great according to the author? Look for a person who exemplifies these qualities. Create a simple infographic such as the samples found in Task 6. Your infographic must be accurate, attractive and well-written. Read the rubrics below to guide you on how your teacher will grade your work. 4 3 2 1 Accurate At least four ac- curate facts are displayed in the infographic. Three accurate facts are dis- played in the infographic. Two accurate facts are dis- played in the infographic. Less than two accurate facts are displayed in the infographic. Attractive The infographic is exceptional- ly attractive in terms of design, layouts, and neatness. The infograph- ic is attractive though it may in terms of design, layouts, and neatness. The infographic is acceptably at- tractive through it may be a bit messy. The infographic is distractingly messy or very poorly de- signed. It is not attractive. Well-written There are no grammatical mistakes in the infographic. There is one grammatical mistake in the infographic. There are two grammatical mistakes in the infographic. There are more than two gram- matical mistakes in the info- graphic. Well-written Capitalization and punctua- tion are correct throughout the infographic. There is one error in capi- talization or punctuation. There are two errors in cap- italization or punctuation. There are more than two errors in capitalization or punctuation. Rubric source: http://www.truwebs.com/csu/ete567/webquest/docs/Infographic_Rubric.pdf X
  27. 27. 132 MY TREASURE TASK 12: My Final Thoughts • Go back to your initial concept of greatness. Finalize your answer to the question, “What is greatness?” Write your response in your notebook. • Make the presentation of your insights more creative through Wordle.com. • Click the link, http://www.wordle.net/create. • Copy and paste your insights in the box. Click Go and then Submit. • Import a print screen of your generated wordle to the box found below.
  28. 28. 133 LESSON 2 OBSERVING OTHERS’ CIRCUMSTANCES YOUR JOURNEY In the previous lesson, you have explored the concept on greatness. As you engage in the tasks in this lesson, ask yourself, “How do I view other people’s circumstances?” The chosen poems you’ll explore in this lesson will inspire you all the more for you to further develop your understanding of the target concepts, themes, and enhance your communication skills. YOUR OBJECTIVES Going through the process of observing other people’s circumstances in life, you are expected to: • get information from print media • make inferences from what was said • summarize the information contained in the viewed material • give the appropriate communicative styles for a casual situation • explain how the elements specific to a selection build the theme • distinguish the features present in the selected text • employ varied verbal and non-verbal strategies to create impact on the au- dience while delivering lines in a Readers Theater, and • use adverbs of manner in narration N
  29. 29. 134 YOUR INITIAL TASKS TASK 1 Social Lens Take a look at the pictures and write a short essay based on your observation. Do this in your notebook. TASK 2 Casual Conversations As a teenager, how do you converse with your parents? With your peers? Focusing on the theme of this lesson, create a dialogue between: Teenager and Parents Teenager and Peers Differences Afterwards, use the third row to jot down the differences between the two dia- logues. Take note of expressions and type of register (intimate or casual) used.
  30. 30. 135 YOUR TEXT READING TEXT 1 Motive Question: What circumstance is the persona faced with? Read the texts and answer the activities that follow. The Man with the Hoe by Edwin Markham Bowed by the weight of centuries he leans Upon his hoe and gazes on the ground, The emptiness of ages in his face, And on his back the burden of the world. Who made him dead to rapture and despair, A thing that grieves not and that never hopes, Stolid and stunned, a brother to the ox? Who loosened and let down this brutal jaw? Whose was the hand that slanted back this brow? Whose breath blew out the light within this brain? Is this the Thing the Lord God made and gave To have dominion over sea and land; To trace the stars and search the heavens for power; To feel the passion of Eternity? Is this the Dream He dreamed who shaped the suns And marked their ways upon the ancient deep? Down all the stretch of Hell to its last gulf There is no shape more terrible than this— More tongued with censure of the world’s blind greed— More filled with signs and portents for the soul— More fraught with danger to the universe. What gulfs between him and the seraphim!
  31. 31. 136 Slave of the wheel of labor, what to him Are Plato and the swing of Pleiades? What the long reaches of the peaks of song, The rift of dawn, the reddening of the rose? Through this dread shape the suffering ages look; Time’s tragedy is in that aching stoop; Through this dread shape humanity betrayed, Plundered, profaned and disinherited, Cries protest to the Judges of the World, A protest that is also prophecy. O masters, lords and rulers in all lands, is this the handiwork you give to God, This monstrous thing distorted and soul-quenched? How will you ever straighten up this shape; Touch it again with immortality; Give back the upward looking and the light; Rebuild in it the music and the dream; Make right the immemorial infamies, Perfidious wrongs, immedicable woes? O masters, lords and rulers in all lands, How will the Future reckon with this Man? How answer his brute question in that hour When whirlwinds of rebellion shake the world? How will it be with kingdoms and with kings— With those who shaped him to the thing he is— When this dumb Terror shall reply to God After the silence of the centuries?
  32. 32. 137 Questions to answer: 1. What is the image of the man with the hoe? 2. How does the poet describe him? 3. What is meant by the line, “What to him are Plato and the swing of Pleaia- des?” 4. What does the bent body of the man with the hoe signify? 5. According to the poet, who is responsible for the condition or state of the man with the hoe? 6. As a child of the “future,” how would you respond to the question, “How will the Future reckon with this Man?” posed by the persona? 7. Who are the modern “man with the hoe”? 8. How does the society treat them? READING TEXT 2 Motive Question: How does the persona deal with the circumstance he is in? Sonnet 29 George Santayana (1863-1952) What riches have you that you deem me poor, Or what large comfort that you call me sad? Tell me what makes you so exceeding glad: Is your earth happy or your heaven sure? I hope for heaven, since the stars endure And bring such tidings as our fathers had. I know no deeper doubt to make me mad, I need no brighter love to keep me pure. To me the faiths of old are daily bread; I bless their hope, I bless their will to save, And my deep heart still meaneth what they said. It makes me happy that the soul is brave, And, being so much kinsman to the dead, I walk contented to the peopled grave.  SOURCE: http://www.rrb3.com/breaker/poetry/poems%20by%20others/sonnet_29.htm
  33. 33. 138 Questions to answer: 1. What does the opening line of the poem mean? 2. Who is being addressed by the poet? 3. Why does the poet consider the faiths of old his daily bread? 4. What makes the persona happy? 5. How do you view the persona’s circumstance? TASK 3 Spot the Difference Illustrate the “man with the hoe” based on two perspectives. You may also use magazine cutouts to illustrate the subject. Illustration A should be an inter- pretation of how the persona of the poem perceives “him.” Illustration B should show how God intends him to be. Use the 2nd column to cite lines from the text to support your illustration. Write on the 3rd column your interpretation of the cited lines. Do this on a separate sheet of paper. Illustration Citation Explanation A B TASK 4 Music to My Ears A. Use the 1st column to write the last word of each line in Sonnet 29. Write on the 2ndcolumn the rhyme scheme used by the poet. The first one is done for you. Lastly, answer the questions on the last column. Do this in your notebook
  34. 34. 139 YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS TASK 5 How Did You Do It? Relate the experience of the persona in the poems with that of the modern man’s situation. Read the informational text below. Focus your attention on the highlighted words and determine their use in the sentence. Rhyme Scheme What is the main message of the octet or the 1st 8 lines? poor A Rhyme Scheme What is the main message of the sestet or the last 6 lines? B. Listen to your teacher and take note of how he or she reads the sonnet. Ob- serve how the effective use of voice conveys the meaning of the poem. Write your observation in your notebook. SOURCE http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/09/13/infographic--the-philippine-jobs-challenge-creating- more-and-better-jobs KEY FINDINGS • The Philippines faces an enor- mous challenge of creating more and better jobs in the country. • With, strong macroeconomic fundamentals, the country is in a good position to accelerate re- forms that will help create good jobs. • Meeting the jobs challenge re- quires that all sector work to- gether on a package of reforms.
  35. 35. 140 Addressing the jobs challenge requires meeting a dual challenge: ex- panding formal sector employment even faster while rapidly raising the incomes of those informally employed. Questions to answer: 1. What does the informational material say about the economic situation of the country? 2. How can the generation of more jobs influence the Filipino workers? 3. How should the jobs challenge be addressed? 4. How do the words, rapidly and informally, function in the sentence above? 5. What kind of adverbs are these? Language in Focus An adverb of manner describes how an action or activity is performed. accidentally angrily anxiously awkwardly badly beautifully blindly boldly bravely brightly busily calmly carefully carelessly cautiously cheerfully clearly closely correctly courageously hard hastily healthily honestly hungrily hurriedly inadequately ingeniously innocently inquisitively irritably joyously justly kindly lazily loosely loudly madly mortally mysteriously politely poorly powerfully promptly punctually quickly quietly rapidly rarely really recklessly regularly reluctantly repeatedly rightfully roughly rudely sadly safely selfishly seriously sharply shyly silently sleepily slowly smoothly so softly solemnly speedily stealthily sternly straight stupidly successfully suddenly suspiciously swiftly tenderly
  36. 36. 141 cruelly daringly deliberately doubtfully eagerly easily elegantly enormously enthusiastically equally eventually exactly neatly nervously noisily obediently openly painfully patiently perfectly sensibly seriously sharply shyly silently sleepily slowly smoothly tensely thoughtfully tightly truthfully unexpectedly victoriously violently vivaciously SOURCE: http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/adverbs-manner.htm TASK 6 Controlled Practice Choose the best word to complete each sentence. 1. The worker walked (careful, carefully) on the platform. 2. The man painted the room (skillful, skilfully). 3. Tomas does not really work (hard, hardly). 4. Sometimes, he arrives (late, lately) for work. 5. He is walking too (fast, fastly). 6. Mara works (hardly, the hardest) in the cannery. 7. The farmers have to finish their work (quick, quickly). 8. They have to speak (quiet, quietly) or else the other crew members would be disturbed. 9. It was raining too (hard, hardly) that work was cancelled. 10. It is important to work (seriously, serious) on tasks assigned to you.
  37. 37. 142 TASK 7 Writeshop A. Revise your narrative paragraph in Module 2 Task 9 Lesson 1 (Finding Others’ Greatness) and incorporate adverbs of manner as you deem necessary. B. Assess your output using the Output Satisfaction Worksheet found below. Output Satisfaction Worksheet I am most satisfied with… I am least satisfied with… I am having problems with… I can do better by… YOUR FINAL TASK TASK 8 Six Words, One Story Watch this video and summarize its main idea in six words. Use this URL to access the video on the Internet: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/vid- eo/2013/09/13/creating-more-and-better-jobs-in-the-philippines-views-from- the-man-on-the-street. Write your answer in your notebook. X
  38. 38. 143 MY TREASURE TASK 9 My Revised Thoughts Trace the development in your thinking. Use the graphic organizer below to jot down your initial and final perspective concerning other people’s circum- stances. Do this in your notebook.
  39. 39. 144 LESSON 3 FEELING FOR OTHERS YOUR JOURNEY We gain a lot of insights from the experiences of other people. Our lives become richer and more meaningful because of what we can learn from them. At this point, you will be exposed to opportunities wherein you will try to put yourself in other people’s shoes and imagine yourself undergoing their struggles and predicaments. As the lesson develops, think of the question, “Why do you need to understand the importance of empathy, fairness, and justice in dealing with others?” The target concepts and themes are clearly presented in the selections to be explored in this lesson. They gravitate around the core and will help develop your language and literary skills further. YOUR OBJECTIVES In your attempt to develop valuing others and their circumstances, you are to be guided by the following to: • get information from various print media like periodicals • anticipate the points that will be made based on the speaker’s purpose • agree or disagree with the ideas presented in the material viewed • give the appropriate communicative styles for consultative situations • analyze literature as a means of valuing other people and their various cir- cumstances in life • express appreciation for sensory images used • distinguish the features present in poetry and in prose • use the correct production of sounds in English such as diphthongs and • use adverbs in narration N
  40. 40. 145 YOUR INITIAL TASKS Task 1 Scrutinize and Speculate Study the picture featuring the movie, The Hunger Games. Based on the picture, tell briefly what you think the story is all about. Task 2 Possible Sentences Write five possible sentences that will capture the essence of this week’s lesson. Use two words from the list below in each sentence. adverbs poetry communication periodicals prose consultative sounds consonant sensory value Possible Sentences for Lesson 3 – Feeling for Others Name of Topic Word Box
  41. 41. 146 _____ 1. _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____2. _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____ 3. ______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____ 4. _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____ 5. _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Task 3 Piece by Piece I. Fill in the boxes with the missing letters to come up with the word being defined. Write the whole word in your notebook. Column A Column B 1. - smiled very happily 2. - held tightly 3. - noisy and active 4. - end without being renewed 5. - delicately, in a lady-like fashion l a e b e e d c u g o s e r u st d ni t y
  42. 42. 147 6. - with unreasonable irritation 7. - a contest in which tickets are dis- tributed or sold; the winning ticket or tickets are selected in a chance drawing 8. - equipment Joos in his book Five Clocks states that a consultative style is typically a dia- logue, though formal enough that words are chosen with some care. Business transactions, doctor-patient conversations, and the like are usually consultative in nature. II. Choose the most appropriate word in Column B to be used in a consultative communication style as a replacement for each word in Column A. Column A Column B BEAM grin laugh smirk smile CLING hug embrace grip clasp BOISTEROUS loud rollicking rowdy uproarious DAINTILY lightly softly deftly elegantly PARAPHERNALIA gear machinery regalia equipment ep u n l yl o t e r a a e n l ap h
  43. 43. 148 YOUR TEXT Use the URL below to independently access the audio recording of The Lottery in the Internet. http://www.mrcoia.com/school/sound/lottery.mp3 (audio of The Lottery) Task 4 Make a Mind Movie Read the story, The Lottery, silently as you listen to its audio recording. Then close your eyes and visualize the story. How does the setting look like? Draw what you have visualized on a separate sheet of paper. Indicate the paragraph number/s of the lines from the text you are sketching. Follow the format provided below. Visualization Sketches Sketch 1 The line from the text that I am sketching is on paragraph ________. Sketch 2 The line from the text that I am sketching is on paragraph ________.
  44. 44. 149 The Lottery by Shirley Jackson (1) The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green. The people of the village began to gather in the square, between the post office and the bank, around ten o’clock; in some towns there were so many people that the lottery took two days and had to be started on June 20th, but in this village, where there were only about three hundred people, the whole lottery took less than two hours, so it could begin at ten o’clock in the morning and still be through in time to allow the villagers to get home for noon dinner. (2) The children assembled first, of course. School was recently over for the summer, and the feeling of liberty sat uneasily on most of them; they tend- ed to gather together quietly for a while before they broke into boisterous play, and their talk was still of the classroom and the teacher, of books and reprimands. Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones; Bobby and Harry Jones and Dickie Delacroix—the villagers pronounced this name “Dellacroy”—eventually made a great pile of stones in one corner of the square and guarded it against the raids of the other boys. The girls stood aside, talking among themselves, looking over their shoulders at the boys, and the very small children rolled in the dust or clung to the hands of their older brothers or sisters. (3) Soon the men began to gather, surveying their own children, speaking of planting and rain, tractors and taxes. They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed. The women, wearing faded house dresses and sweaters, came shortly after their menfolk. They greeted one another and exchanged bits of gossip as they went to join their husbands. Soon the women, standing by their husbands, began to call to their children, and the children came reluctantly, having to be called four or five times. Bobby Martin ducked under his mother’s grasping hand and ran, laughing, back to the pile of stones. His father spoke up sharply, and Bobby came quickly and took his place between his father and his oldest brother. (4) The lottery was conducted—as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program—by Mr. Summers, who had time and energy to devote to civic activities. He was a round-faced, jovial man and he ran the coal
  45. 45. 150 business, and people were sorry for him because he had no children and his wife was a scold. When he arrived in the square, carrying the black wooden box, there was a murmur of conversation among the villagers, and he waved and called. “Little late today, folks. ” The postmaster, Mr. Graves, followed him, carrying a three-legged stool, and the stool was put in the center of the square and Mr. Summers set the black box down on it. The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between themselves and the stool, and when Mr. Summers said, “Some of you fellows want to give me a hand?” there was a hesitation before two men. Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter, came forward to hold the box steady on the stool while Mr. Summers stirred up the papers inside it. (5) The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago, and the black box now resting on the stool had been put into use even before Old Man Warner, the oldest man in town, was born. Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box. There was a story that the present box had been made with some pieces of the box that had preceded it, the one that had been constructed when the first people settled down to make a village here. Every year, after the lottery, Mr. Summers began talking again about a new box, but every year the subject was allowed to fade off without anything being done. The black box grew shabbier each year: by now it was no longer completely black but splintered badly along one side to show the original wood color, and in some places faded or stained. (6) Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter, held the black box securely on the stool until Mr. Summers had stirred the papers thoroughly with his hand. Because so much of the ritual had been forgotten or discarded, Mr. Summers had been successful in having slips of paper substituted for the chips of wood that had been used for generations. Chips of wood, Mr. Summers had argued, had been all very well when the village was tiny, but now that the population was more than three hundred and likely to keep on growing, it was necessary to use something that would fit more easily into the black box. The night before the lottery, Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves made up the slips of paper and put them in the box, and it was then taken to the safe of Mr. Summers’ coal company and locked up until Mr. Summers was ready to take it to the square next morning. The rest of the year, the box was put way, sometimes one place, sometimes another; it had spent one year in Mr. Graves’s barn and another year underfoot in
  46. 46. 151 the post office; and sometimes it was set on a shelf in the Martin grocery and left there. There was a great deal of fussing to be done before Mr. Summers declared the lottery open. There were the lists to make up–of heads of families, heads of households in each family, members of each household in each family. There was the proper swearing-in of Mr. Sum- mers by the postmaster, as the official of the lottery; at one time, some people remembered, there had been a recital of some sort, performed by the official of the lottery, a perfunctory, tuneless chant that had been rattled off duly each year; some people believed that the official of the lottery used to stand just so when he said or sang it, others believed that he was supposed to walk among the people, but years and years ago this part of the ritual had been allowed to lapse. There had been, also, a ritual salute, which the official of the lottery had had to use in addressing each person who came up to draw from the box, but this also had changed with time, until now it was felt necessary only for the official to speak to each person approaching. Mr. Summers was very good at all this; in his clean white shirt and blue jeans, with one hand resting carelessly on the black box, he seemed very proper and important as he talked interminably to Mr. Graves and the Martins. (7) Just as Mr. Summers finally left off talking and turned to the assembled villagers, Mrs. Hutchinson came hurriedly along the path to the square, her sweater thrown over her shoulders, and slid into place in the back of the crowd. “Clean forgot what day it was,” she said to Mrs. Delacroix, who stood next to her, and they both laughed softly. “Thought my old man was out back stacking wood,” Mrs. Hutchinson went on, “and then I looked out the window and the kids was gone, and then I remembered it was the twenty-seventh and came a-running. ” She dried her hands on her apron, and Mrs. Delacroix said, “You’re in time, though. They’re still talking away up there.” (8) Mrs. Hutchinson craned her neck to see through the crowd and found her husband and children standing near the front. She tapped Mrs. Delacroix on the arm as a farewell and began to make her way through the crowd. The people separated good-humoredly to let her through: two or three people said, in voices just loud enough to be heard across the crowd, “Here comes your, Missus, Hutchinson,” and “Bill, she made it after all. ” Mrs. Hutchinson reached her husband, and Mr. Summers, who had been waiting, said cheerfully. “Thought we were going to have to get on without you, Tessie.” Mrs. Hutchinson said, grinning, “Wouldn’t have
  47. 47. 152 me leave m’dishes in the sink, now, would you, Joe?” and soft laughter ran through the crowd as the people stirred back into position after Mrs. Hutchinson’s arrival. (9) “Well, now. ” Mr. Summers said soberly, “guess we better get started, get this over with, so’s we can go back to work. Anybody ain’t here?” (10) “Dunbar, ” several people said. “Dunbar. Dunbar.” (11) Mr. Summers consulted his list. “Clyde Dunbar, ” he said. “That’s right. He’s broke his leg, hasn’t he? Who’s drawing for him?” (12) “Me. I guess,” a woman said, and Mr. Summers turned to look at her. “Wife draws for her husband,” Mr. Summers said. “Don’t you have a grown boy to do it for you, Janey?” Although Mr. Summers and everyone else in the village knew the answer perfectly well, it was the business of the official of the lottery to ask such questions formally. Mr. Summers waited with an expression of polite interest while Mrs. Dunbar answered. (13) “Horace’s not but sixteen yet,” Mrs. Dunbar said regretfully. “Guess I gotta fill in for the old man this year.” (14) “Right. ” Mr. Summers said. He made a note on the list he was holding. Then he asked, “Watson boy drawing this year?” (15) A tall boy in the crowd raised his hand. “Here,” he said. “I’m drawing for my mother and me. ” He blinked his eyes nervously and ducked his head as several voices in the crowd said things like “Good fellow, lack. ” and “Glad to see your mother’s got a man to do it. “ (16) “Well,” Mr. Summers said, “guess that’s everyone. Old Man Warner make it?” (17) “Here,” a voice said, and Mr. Summers nodded. (18) A sudden hush fell on the crowd as Mr. Summers cleared his throat and looked at the list. “All ready?” he called. “Now, I’ll read the names–heads of families first–and the men come up and take a paper out of the box. Keep the paper folded in your hand without looking at it until everyone has had a turn. Everything clear?” (19) The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions: most of them were quiet, wetting their lips, not looking around. Then Mr. Summers raised one hand high and said, “Adams. ” A
  48. 48. 153 man disengaged himself from the crowd and came forward. “Hi. Steve. ” Mr. Summers said, and Mr. Adams said. “Hi, Joe.” (20) They grinned at one another humorlessly and nervously. Then Mr. Ad- ams reached into the black box and took out a folded paper. He held it firmly by one corner as he turned and went hastily back to his place in the crowd, where he stood a little apart from his family, not looking down at his hand. (21) “Allen,” Mr. Summers said.“Anderson… Bentham. ” (22) “Seems like there’s no time at all between lotteries any more. ” Mrs. Dela- croix said to Mrs. Graves in the back row. (23) “Seems like we got through with the last one only last week. ” (24) “Time sure goes fast” Mrs. Graves said. (25) “Clark… Delacroix. ” (26) “There goes my old man. ” Mrs. Delacroix said. She held her breath while her husband went forward. (27) “Dunbar,” Mr. Summers said, and Mrs. Dunbar went steadily to the box while one of the women said. “Go on, Janey,” and another said, “There she goes. ” (28) “We’re next,” Mrs. Graves said. She watched while Mr. Graves came around from the side of the box, greeted Mr. Summers gravely and selected a slip of paper from the box. By now, all through the crowd there were men holding the small folded papers in their large hand, turning them over and over nervously. Mrs. Dunbar and her two sons stood together, Mrs. Dunbar holding the slip of paper. (29) “Harburt… Hutchinson. ” (30) “Get up there, Bill,” Mrs. Hutchinson said, and the people near her laughed. (31) “Jones. ” (32) “They do say,” Mr. Adams said to Old Man Warner, who stood next to him, “that over in the north village they’re talking of giving up the lottery.” (33) Old Man Warner snorted. “Pack of crazy fools,” he said. “Listening to the young folks, nothing’s good enough for them. Next thing you know, they’ll
  49. 49. 154 be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work any more, live hat way for a while. Used to be a saying about Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon. ‘ First thing you know, we’d all be eating stewed chickweed and acorns. There’s always been a lottery,” he added petulantly. “Bad enough to see young Joe Summers up there joking with everybody.” (34) “Some places have already quit lotteries,” Mrs. Adams said. (35) “Nothing but trouble in that,” Old Man Warner said stoutly. “Pack of young fools.” (36) “Martin. ” And Bobby Martin watched his father go forward. “Overdyke… Percy.” (37) “I wish they’d hurry,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son. “I wish they’d hurry.” (38) “They’re almost through,” her son said. (39) “You get ready to run tell Dad,” Mrs. Dunbar said. (40) Mr. Summers called his own name and then stepped forward precisely and selected a slip from the box. Then he called, “Warner. “ (41) “Seventy-seventh year I been in the lottery,” Old Man Warner said as he went through the crowd. “Seventy-seventh time.” (42) “Watson.” The tall boy came awkwardly through the crowd. Someone said, “Don’t be nervous, Jack,” and Mr. Summers said, “Take your time, son.” (43) “Zanini.” (44) After that, there was a long pause, a breathless pause, until Mr. Summers, holding his slip of paper in the air, said, “All right, fellows. ” For a minute, no one moved, and then all the slips of paper were opened. Suddenly, all the women began to speak at once, saving. “Who is it?,” “Who’s got it?,” “Is it the Dunbars?,” “Is it the Watsons?” Then the voices began to say, “It’s Hutchinson. It’s Bill,” “Bill Hutchinson’s got it.” (45) “Go tell your father,” Mrs. Dunbar said to her older son. (46) People began to look around to see the Hutchinsons. Bill Hutchinson was standing quiet, staring down at the paper in his hand. Suddenly, Tessie Hutchinson shouted to Mr. Summers. “You didn’t give him time enough to take any paper he wanted. I saw you. It wasn’t fair!”
  50. 50. 155 (47) “Be a good sport, Tessie,” Mrs. Delacroix called, and Mrs. Graves said, “All of us took the same chance. ” (48) “Shut up, Tessie,” Bill Hutchinson said. (49) “Well, everyone,” Mr. Summers said, “that was done pretty fast, and now we’ve got to be hurrying a little more to get done in time. ” He consulted his next list. “Bill,” he said, “you draw for the Hutchinson family. You got any other households in the Hutchinsons?” “There’s Don and Eva,” Mrs. Hutchinson yelled. “Make them take their chance!” “Daughters draw with their husbands’ families, Tessie,” Mr. Summers said gently. “You know that as well as anyone else. ” (50) “It wasn’t fair,” Tessie said. (51) “I guess not, Joe,” Bill Hutchinson said regretfully. “My daughter draws with her husband’s family; that’s only fair. And I’ve got no other family except the kids. ” (52) “Then, as far as drawing for families is concerned, it’s you,” Mr. Summers said in explanation, “and as far as drawing for households is concerned, that’s you, too. Right?” (53) “Right,” Bill Hutchinson said. (54) “How many kids, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked formally. (55) “Three,” Bill Hutchinson said. (56) “There’s Bill, Jr., and Nancy, and little Dave. And Tessie and me.” (57) “All right, then,” Mr. Summers said. “Harry, you got their tickets back?” (58) Mr. Graves nodded and held up the slips of paper. “Put them in the box, then,” Mr. Summers directed. “Take Bill’s and put it in. ” (59) “I think we ought to start over,” Mrs. Hutchinson said, as quietly as she could. “I tell you it wasn’t fair. You didn’t give him time enough to choose. Everybody saw that.” (60) Mr. Graves had selected the five slips and put them in the box, and he dropped all the papers but those onto the ground, where the breeze caught them and lifted them off.
  51. 51. 156 (61) “Listen, everybody,” Mrs. Hutchinson was saying to the people around her. (62) “Ready, Bill?” Mr. Summers asked, and Bill Hutchinson, with one quick glance around at his wife and children, nodded. (63) “Remember,” Mr. Summers said, “take the slips and keep them folded until each person has taken one. Harry, you help little Dave. ” Mr. Graves took the hand of the little boy, who came willingly with him up to the box. “Take a paper out of the box, Davy,” Mr. Summers said. Davy put his hand into the box and laughed. “Take just one paper. ” Mr. Summers said. “Harry, you hold it for him. ” Mr. Graves took the child’s hand and removed the folded paper from the tight fist and held it while little Dave stood next to him and looked up at him wonderingly. (64) “Nancy next,” Mr. Summers said. Nancy was twelve, and her school friends breathed heavily as she went forward switching her skirt, and took a slip daintily from the box “Bill, Jr. ,” Mr. Summers said, and Billy, his face red and his feet overlarge, near knocked the box over as he got a paper out. “Tessie,” Mr. Summers said. She hesitated for a minute, looking around defiantly, and then set her lips and went up to the box. She snatched a paper out and held it behind her. (65) “Bill,” Mr. Summers said, and Bill Hutchinson reached into the box and felt around, bringing his hand out at last with the slip of paper in it. (66) The crowd was quiet. A girl whispered, “I hope it’s not Nancy,” and the sound of the whisper reached the edges of the crowd. (67) “It’s not the way it used to be,” Old Man Warner said clearly. “People ain’t the way they used to be.” (68) “All right,” Mr. Summers said. “Open the papers. Harry, you open little Dave’s.” (69) Mr. Graves opened the slip of paper and there was a general sigh through the crowd as he held it up and everyone could see that it was blank. Nancy and Bill, Jr., opened theirs at the same time, and both beamed and laughed, turning around to the crowd and holding their slips of paper above their heads. (70) “Tessie,” Mr. Summers said. There was a pause, and then Mr. Summers looked at Bill Hutchinson, and Bill unfolded his paper and showed it. It was blank.

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