FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE What is Figurative Language? It is writing that uses hyperbole,metaphor; personification, or similes to enhance and clarify meaning.
Figurative Language EXAMPLES • SIMILE: comparing things,The snow on the lawn was like using like or as. frosting on a cake.The snow on the lawn was a thick, • METAPHOR: saying one thing white frosting. is another thing, again; comparing.The snow tucked a white blanket over the lawn. • PERSONIFICATION: a statement that attributes a human trait or action to a The snow on the lawn was nonliving thing. piled in mountain- high drifts. • HYPERBOLE: a statement of exaggeration.
Getting Started…Identify the type of figurative language being The meaning behind the used. figure of speech. Simile Metaphor Personification Hyperbole• Mackenzie was as tired-looking • Mackenzie was really weary. as wilted lettuce.• Wilbur was a library of • Wilbur knew a lot. information.• The tree roots slurped up the heavy rain. • The trees needed rain.• Our cat Jinx ruled the • Jinx got his own way. entire household.
Practice…You could see the traffic Identify the type of figurative for miles ahead. Every language represented in the few minutes the cars underlined words. would move a couple of a) simile feet, then come to a halt. b) metaphor “This is awful!” wept c) personification Andrea. “We’ll never get d) hyperbole home. The cars are lined up all the way to the West Explain what the figure of speech Coast!” means…..
Figurative Lang. 1The Chinese New Year lasts for 15 -The underlined words in this days and is observed by Chinese Paragraph are an example communities the world over. Of figurative language called During this time, many special traditions are followed. One is a) metaphor the popular Dragon Dance, when b) personification people in a dragon costume twist c) simile and prance through the streets. d) hyperbole On the last day of the New Year, -These words compare when the full moon rises, the _________ to ________. Chinese celebrate the Lantern Festival. Thousands of paper and -Find and write down another silk lanterns twinkle in the dark example of figurative like magic stars. This happy language in the paragraph. night embraces the New Year. -This example is called ____________________ -Write the meaning of the second Figure of speech in your own
Figurative lang. 2Do you like salt on your food? -The underlined words in this Many people think food without paragraph are an example salt is like eating cardboard. But throughout history, salt of figurative language called has been important not for its a) metaphor flavor but as a way to preserve b) personification food. Before there were c) simile freezers and refrigerators, d) hyperbole meat and fish quickly became rotten. So people soaked or -These words compare rubbed these foods in salt to ________ to _________. keep them from going bad. As a -Find and write down another result, salt became as valuable example of figurative as gold. In fact, soldiers in language in the paragraph. ancient Rome received part of -This example is called their wages in salt. _______. -Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative lang. 3For many people, August is a day in the sun. It is a time to go to the -The underlined words in this paragraph are an example of beach or the mountains or the figurative language called woods. With its warm, sunny a) metaphor weather, August invites people b) personification to play and relax. Some people also think that August is a good c) simile time to smile. These folks belong d) hyperbole to the Secret Society of Happy People. On this group’s calendar, -These words compare August is called the National _________ to _________. Happiness Happens Month. How do you celebrate this month? - Find and write down another Some people do funny things example of figurative language in while others just smile a lot. No the paragraph. frowning faces are allowed! - This example is called ___________. - Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative lang. 4Most flowers are sweet-smelling. In - The underlined words in this fact, perfumes are made from paragraph are an example of many flowers. But the rafflesia figurative language called is such a stinky flower that it a) metaphor makes people regret having a b) personification nose! This strange flower grows c) simile in the forests of Southeast d) hyperbole Asia. Not only is the rafflesia smelly, but one blossom can be - These words suggest… as large as a truck tire. Because these flowers are so unusual, - Find and write down another many scientists and tourists example of figurative language in travel to see them. However, the paragraph. scientists are worried that rafflesias may be in danger of dying out. The forests in which - This example is called __________. they grow are being cut down. - Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 5The camera spoke for him. In the - The underlined words in this 1920s and ’30s James Van paragraph are an example of DerZee photographed the people figurative language called and events in Harlem, a part of a) metaphor New York City. At that time b) personification Harlem was home to talented c) simile black entertainers, artists, d) hyperbole poets, athletes, writers, and politicians. People from al over - These words suggest went to Harlem to enjoy its music, theaters, and nightspots. - Find and write down another Van DerZee captured both the example of figurative language in famous and the ordinary on film. the paragraph. Many years later, Van DerZee’s work was exhibited at an - This example is called important museum. His photos __________. welcomed people into the past. - Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 6What do you do with your hands - The underlined words in this on a cool day? You might tuck paragraph are an example of them in your pockets. In much figurative language called the same way, a bird puts its a) metaphor head under a wing. It does this b) personification to keep warm when sleeping. c) simile Birds also are known to stand d) hyperbole on one foot while sleeping, which makes them look like - These words compare incomplete drawings. There are ___________ to ____________. two reasons birds do this. They give one leg a rest, and they - Find and write down another keep body heat from escaping example of figurative language in through their featherless feet. the paragraph. You might say that birds are excellent energy - This example is called _________. conservationists. - Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 7Have you ever noticed that The underlined words in the macadamia nuts are not sold in paragraph are an example of their shells? If they were, you figurative language called wouldn’t be able to open them in a) metaphor a million years. Their shells are b) personification very stubborn. Growers of these nuts say it takes 300 pounds of c) simile pressure per square inch to d) hyperbole break a macadamia’s shell. These words suggest Before that happens, the nut has _____________________ to be dried. As it dries, the nut Find and write down another separates from the hard shell. example of figurative language in Then a special machine with the paragraph. steel rollers breaks open the This example is called shell without damaging the nut. ______________________ Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 8The language of William The underlined words in this Shakespeare is full of figures paragraph are an example of of speech. In fact, it is figurative language called Shakespeare’s extraordinary a) metaphor use of language that made him b) personification such a great writer. For example, in the play The Merry c) simile Wives of Windsor, a character d) hyperbole says, “Why then, the world’s These words compare mine oyster.” In another play, ___________ to __________ called Antony and Cleopatra, Find and write down another Cleopatra speaks of her love example of figurative language and respect for Antony with in the paragraph. these words: “His legs bestrid This example is called the ocean; his reared arm ______________ crested the world.” Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 9Standing in front of a tornado is The underlined words in this as risky as jumping off a cliff. paragraph are an example of But scientists have been trying figurative language called to do something like this so a) metaphor they can find out how these b) personification storms work. In 1981, researchers designed a c) simile container called TOTO d) hyperbole (Totable Tornado These words compare Observatory). Inside TOTO __________ to __________ were hundreds of pounds of Find and write down another weather equipment could pick example of figurative Language up information. However, in the paragraph scientists decided the This example is called experiment was as unsafe as a _____________________ leaky boat and dropped the project. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 10In 1802, Meriwether Lewis began The underlined words in this preparations to explore the paragraph are an example of land from the Mississippi River figurative language called to the Rocky Mountains. You a) metaphor would have thought that Lewis b) personification was going to the moon. He studied maps. He learned how c) simile to take measurements by the d) hyperbole stars to figure out directions. These words suggest He ordered guns and supplies. _______________________ He talked to geographers, Find and write down another botanists, and zoologists. He example of figurative language in had a keelboat built. He chose a the paragraph. coleader, William Clark, and a This example is called crew. Adventure called, and in _______________________ 1804 the team set off. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 11A shoe by the roadside is an untold The underlined words in this story. Where is the mate? How paragraph are an example of did it get there? Many people figurative language called are curious about shoes lying on a) metaphor the sides of roads. They have b) personification come up with several explanations. One idea is that c) simile the shoes were tossed out of d) hyperbole cars by children during These words compare arguments. Another idea is that ___________ to _________ hikers accidentally dropped a Find and write down another shoe. A third theory is that the example of figurative language shoes fell out of garbage trucks. in the paragraph. No one knows for sure. These This example is called single roadside shoes don’t tell ______________________ their secret. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 12You don’t know winter if you haven’t The underlined words in this tried snowboarding. This winter paragraph are an example of sport began about 50 years ago figurative language called in Vermont. To many fans, a) metaphor snowboarding is a ride on a b) personification frozen wave. It is a combination of surfing and skiing that takes c) simile thrill seekers down snow- d) hyperbole covered mountains. Many These words suggest boarders also perform stunts _______________________ such as soaring into the air in a Find and write down another maneuver called a half-pipe. example of figurative language in Snowboarding became an the paragraph. Olympic sport in the 1998 This example is called Winter Games in Nagano, Japan. _____________________ Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 13Do words buy votes? Many The underlined words in this candidates for public office paragraph are an example of think so. Certain words are used figurative language called over and over again in their a) metaphor speeches .for example, the word b) personification hope in a candidate’s speech is as predictable as the sunrise. c) simile Another likely word is jobs. Most d) hyperbole candidates also throw in words These words suggest such as values and strength. _______________________ When candidates are running for Find and write down another national office, they almost example of figurative language always bring up the words health in the paragraph. care and economy. Candidates This example is called use these words to tap into the _______________________ concerns of voters. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 14Animal tails tell many tales. In most The underlined words in this cases, an animal’s tail serves a paragraph are an example of helpful function. For example, figurative language called the tail of a bird helps it fly. A a) metaphor porcupine’s tail is a weapon. The porcupine uses the many quills in b) personification its tail to defend itself. A horse c) simile uses it tail to keep away flies. d) hyperbole Fish, of course, use their tails to These words suggest help them swim. What does an _______________________ elephant use it tail for? A baby Find and write down another elephant holds onto its mother’s example of figurative language in tail with its trunk so it doesn’t the paragraph. get lost. Kangaroos use their tails for balance. They can also This example is called sit on their tails! _______________________ Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 15The luge is the most thrilling sport The underlined words in this in the universe. This high-speed paragraph are an example of event has been part of the figurative language called Winter Olympics since 1964. a) metaphor Athletes compete on small sleds b) personification usually made of fiberglass. They lie on their backs with their feet c) simile stretched out over the front of d) hyperbole the sled and race down a curved, These words suggest ice-covered course. To steer, _______________________ the rider must use leg and foot Find and write down another pressure on the sled’s runners example of figurative language and down word pressure with his in the paragraph. or her shoulder. A rider’s moves This example is called must be as exacting as a _______________________ surgeon’s knife Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 16Each fall, monarch butterflies The underlined words in this migrate from northern regions paragraph are an example of to warmer areas further south. figurative language called These butterflies always go to a) metaphor the same place. Often they rest b) personification in the same trees, painting the green branches a vivid orange. A c) simile monarch can fly up to 12 miles an d) hyperbole hour and cover almost 100 miles These words suggest a day. Sometimes more than _______________________ 1,000 monarchs travel together. Find and write down another The migrating butterflies head example of figurative language for Florida, Southern California, in the paragraph. and Mexico. There, they enjoy This example is called warm winter ______________________ vacations. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. 17Sometimes laws can seem as silly as The underlined words in this a clown’s clothes. Usually, these paragraph are an example of that were once made for a figurative language called reason but are not longer a) metaphor needed. Here are some funny b) personification laws in Canada. In Saskatoon, you cannot catch fish with your c) simile hands. In Calgary, it’s against d) hyperbole the law to toss snowballs with These word compare out the mayor’s permission. ___________ to __________ Children can’t eat ice cream Find another example of cones on the streets of Ottawa figurative language in the on Sundays. Places in the U.S. paragraph. have strange laws, too. Some This example is called make as much sense as a talking ______________________ turtle. Write the meaning of the second figure of speech in your own words.
Figurative Lang. AssessmentGeckos are known for their ability to climb on any surface and never lose their grip. Now Write a figure of speech scientists have discovered the geckos’ feet are self-cleaning. A from the paragraph. gecko can step through all kinds of dirt, but its feet stay as clean as a whistle. That’s the This figure of speech is called a ? force of gravity and to repel dirt. Scientists hope to use the gecko’s foot as a model for products that help people, such The figure of speech in the as bandages that don’t leave a paragraph means? sticky mark when they are removed.