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Voigt EPEE - 15th European Conference CSG


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  • 1. Is the future of HFCs at stake ? The F-Gas Regulation 842/2006 and its revision Andrea VoigtEPEE, The European Partnership for Energy and the Environment Milan, 30 March 2012
  • 2. Who is EPEE ? The full value chain of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump sectorA major part of the European RAC & HP industry• > 200,000 employees in Europe• > € 30 billion turnover in Europe
  • 3. EPEE’s mission is to promote: Environmental Compliance Energy Efficiency Safety Affordability
  • 4. EPEE’s main fields of activities• Promote Energy Efficiency – Ecodesign Directive – Energy Efficiency Directive – Eco Label and Energy Label – Energy Performance of Buildings Directive – Renewable Energies Directive …• The F-Gas Regulation and its revision – Maintain and strengthen the F-Gas Regulation – Support a technically and economically feasible phase-down• Raise awareness on Market Surveillance – Importance of properly enforcing and policing legislation• Promote an HVACR association network at EU level
  • 5. F-Gases: The importance of the global context • By 2050, developing countries will be responsible for 76% of global HFC emissions Quick gains on a • Stationary A/C and global level are key Commercial refrigeration will then account for approx. 60% of global F-Gas emissionsSource: Projections of global emissions of fluorinated GHG in 2050, Ökorecherche
  • 6. The global political context Montreal Protocol UNFCCC A: Global B: No GlobalPhase-down Phase-Down EU 20-20-20 targets & EU 2050 low carbon roadmap EU Bans F-Gas RegPhase-down
  • 7. A global phase-down agreement is unlikely to happen in the near future Montreal Protocol UNFCCC What is likely to happen: • EU wants to achieve its B: No Global ambitious climate targets and Phase-Down f-gases are part of the picture • The F-Gas Regulation will continue to play an important EU 20-20-20 targets & EU 2050 roadmap role but is likely to be completed by additional measures • Bans will be considered EU Phase- Bans F-Gas down • EU phase-down will be considered Confidential - for internal use only
  • 8. The EU’s political context The process of the F-gas Revision Art. 10 of the F-Gas Regulation 842 / 2006:• By 4 July 2011, the Commission shall publish a report based on the experience of the application of this Regulation.• Where necessary, the Commission shall present appropriate proposals for revision of the relevant provisions of this Regulation. Ökorecherche 1. EU COMMISSION REPORT  report Experience with 842/2006 & Need for further action Stakeholders YES: Revision  NO: Revision Öko-Institut 2. EU COMMISSION report Impact assessment on different policy options Stakeholders EU COMMISSION legislative proposal
  • 9. Does the F-Gas Regulation work?YES: it reduces emissions substantially Source: - 46% - 44% BAU - 28% F-Gas Reg Source: Commission report Oct 2011 If all provisions of F-Gas Regulation and MAC Directive are fully applied, emissions will at least stabilise at today’s levels despite market growth
  • 10. But: further reduction is needed The Commission ReportKey points: Suggestions to further reduce emissions:1.It is still too early to quantify the effect ofthe Regulation’s containment and recovery 1. Drive transition to technologies with lowerprovisions GWP. Savings potential up to 70 mt CO2eq: – Phase-down: cost estimated to be < 20€/to CO2eq2.If all provisions are fully applied in all – BansMember States, the Regulation & the MAC – Voluntary agreementsDirective would stabilise EU-27 emissions attoday’s levels of 110 million tonnes of 2. Improve containment and recoveryCO2eq – despite the growing use of HFCs provisions: – Cost effectiveness questioned: 41€/to CO2eq3.In the context of the overall EU-objective to – Full implementation requiredcut emissions by 80-95% by 2050, stabilising – Extension to transport refrigeration consideredthe F-Gas emissions at today’s level is notadequate. More efforts are required. 3. Improve monitoring – Extend to pre-charged products and equipment4.The Commission supports global action imported or exported from EUunder the MP to phase-down HFCs – Enhance MS reporting systems for emission data 4. Take account of latest scientific information – Fluids to be considered – GWP values to be considered (4th IPCC)
  • 11. EU Commission stakeholder meeting Feb 13: „There is no silver bullet“ • COM confirms the will to revise the F-gas regulation • Legislative proposal expected in the autumn 2012 • COM believes a policy mix is necessary to take into account the different characteristics of various sectors. Main options: – Voluntary agreements – Improve containment (scope, standards,...) – Progressively limiting supply of F gases (phase-down) – Certain use and marketing prohibitions for new equipment (bans) • COM recognizes that there is no silver bullet in terms of refrigerants • A great majority of stakeholders from industry, non-governmental organisations and environmental agencies support the phase-down principle
  • 12. What is the way forward for our industry? The EPEE roadmap Phase down Improvement Full implementation
  • 13. Introduction• The following results are based on latest scientific data of the French research bodies ARMINES and ERIE.• The full study « previsions on banks and emissions from 2006 to 2030 for the European Union » is available upon request from EPEE.• The study develops two scenarios (F-Gas & F-Gas Plus) on how emissions, banks and demand could develop from 2010 until 2030. The F-Gas scenario is based on current market trends, the F-Gas Plus scenario is based on an accelerated introduction of lower GWP refrigerants. Results include “best non-available technologies” for which currently no feasibility studies have been carried out by product (OEM) manufacturers.
  • 14. What is the way forward for our industry? The EPEE roadmap Full implementation
  • 15. 1. Full Implementation of the F-Gas Reg.: At least 15% emission reduction • 1990 – 2010: -13% Despite more than a doubling of the refrigerant bank (from 1990-2010 2010-2030 200kt to 510kt), CO2 eq emissions decreased by 13% (from 170 to 147million tonnes). • 2010 – 2030: -15% Market growth suggests a growth of the bank by -13% -15% 75% (from 510kt to 900kt), but CO2eq emissions are set to decrease further by at least 15% (from 147 to 124 million tonnes). Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011: previsions on banks and emissions in the EU, « F-Gas Scenario »
  • 16. 1.1 Full implementation – Key success factors: Incorporation of current market trends• Introduction of new technologies• Introduction of lower GWP refrigerants• Retrofits and renewal of HCFC equipment• Refrigerant choice is a key success factor Examples for the potential refrigerant mix in 2030 Supermarkets Split A/C > 5 kW Warehouses Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011, « F-Gas Scenario ». *REF700 = refrigerant/blend with GWP<700
  • 17. 1.2 Full implementation – Key success factors:Lower emission factors – higher recovery efficiency 2010 vs 2030 2010 vs 2030 Lower emission factors Higher recovery (average values per application) efficiency at end of life (average values per application) Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011: previsions on banks and emissions in the EU, « F-Gas Scenario »
  • 18. What is the way forward for our industry? The EPEE roadmap Improvement Full implementation
  • 19. 2. Improvements Potential to further increase emission reductionGeneral: Measures targeted at member states: • Broadening of the scope: Refrigerated • Ensure systematic controls by assigned transport should be included. market surveillance authorities in theMeasures targeted at operators: member states. The European Commission should start infringement procedures if • Information campaigns to make sure that Member States are not compliant with the F- operators understand their obligations and Gas rules. improve compliance.Measures targeted at installers: Strong EU-wide standards: • Reduction of emission rates: EN 378… • Extend liability to companies/personnel who interfere with or break into the refrigerant • Mutual recognition of training and circuit. certification schemes: CEN 13313Measures targeted at sales channel End of life: • Distributors and retailers should only be • Recovery, recycling and reclaim of allowed to sell refrigerant and/or refrigerants need to be improved by subcontract work to duly certified incentivizing installers and operators companies. • Reduce administrative burden related to transportation of recovered refrigerants.
  • 20. What is the way forward for our industry? The EPEE roadmap Phase down Improvement Full implementation
  • 21. 3. Phase-Down Emission reduction up to 60% • 1990 – 2010: -13% Despite more than a doubling of the1990 - 2010 2010 - 2030 refrigerant bank (from 200kt to 510kt), CO2 eq emissions decreased by 13% (from 170 to 147million tonnes). • 2010 – 2030: -60% Market growth suggests a growth of the bank by -13% -60% 60% (from 510kt to 800kt), but CO2eq emissions are expected to decrease further by 60% (from 147 to 57 million tonnes).Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011: previsions on banks and emissions in the EU, « F-Gas Plus Scenario »
  • 22. 3.1 Phase-Down – Key success factorsAccelerated introduction of lower GWP alternatives Supermarkets Split A/C > 5 kW WarehousesPotential refrigerant mix in 2030: shift from « F-Gas » to « F-Gas Plus » Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011, « F-Gas Plus Scenario ». *REF700 = refrigerant/blend with GWP<700, REF300=GWP<300
  • 23. 3.2 Phase-Down – Key success factors 2006 / 2030 F-Gas / 2030 F-Gas Plus Emission factors • Accelerated introduction of lower GWP refrigerants and new technologies • Reduction in refrigerant charges • Further improved Recovery efficiency: emission factors • Further improved end of life recovery efficiencySource: ARMINES/ERIE 2011, « F-Gas » and « F-Gas Plus Scenario »
  • 24. EPEE roadmap results CO2eq emission reduction Phase down -60% Improvement -15% Full implementation
  • 25. The EPEE Roadmap and the COM report Commission EU COM: F-Gases without additional measures - 46% Armines / ERIE - 44% - 28% CFC+HCFC+HFC - 15% (F-Gas) - 60% (F-Gas Plus) Armines/ERIE expect a 15% emission reduction without additional measures andeven 60% in case of an accelerated transition to lower GWP refrigerants and use of best non-available technology. Source: ARMINES/ERIE 2011, « F-Gas » and « F-Gas Plus Scenario »
  • 26. Conclusion: EPEE’s five main recommendations1. EPEE calls for a holistic approach with a focus on overall CO2 emissions2. Four attributes (Safety, Environment, Economy and Energy Efficiency) must be taken into consideration when making decisions3. Energy efficiency and safety are key for industry and society4. A realistic and balanced phase-down provides regulatory certainty on CO2 equivalents => along with energy efficiency mandates, this ensures success for 2020 and for future targets5. No prescriptive bans as these may turn out to be counter productive for energy efficient systems