MCE 2015 Minicorso 05: Formazione e certificazione obbligatoria da regolamentazione europea gas fluorurati e refrigeranti alternativi (sintetici e naturali)
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MCE 2015 Minicorso 05: Formazione e certificazione obbligatoria da regolamentazione europea gas fluorurati e refrigeranti alternativi (sintetici e naturali)

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Lezione tenuta da Ing. Marco Buoni (Centro Studi Galileo) alla Mostra Convegno Expocomfort 2014 presso la Fiera di Milano il 19/03/2014

Lezione tenuta da Ing. Marco Buoni (Centro Studi Galileo) alla Mostra Convegno Expocomfort 2014 presso la Fiera di Milano il 19/03/2014

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  • La sicurezza ambientale Tutto è nato nel 1997 quando alcuni scienziati radunati nel pannello intergovernativo sui cambiamenti climatici IPCC hanno verificato che l&apos;attività umana poteva essere causa del surriscaldamento terrestre e dei disastri ambientali che sono andati incrementandosi negli anni. <br /> La temperatura media del globo terrestre aumenta, è già aumentata di circa 1 ° nell’ultimo secolo. <br /> Nel 2007 l’ultimo rapporto del IPCC stabilisce che non è più una probabilità ma è una certezza che è l’uomo la causa del surriscaldamento terrestre. Ciò prvoca terremoti in aumento, alluvioni, tempeste e altre calamità naturali direttamente imputabili al surriscaldamento terrestre. L&apos;anidride carbonica è stata in continuo aumento dalla rivoluzione industriale ad oggi.. <br /> Nasce così in quell’anno il protocollo di Kyoto. <br />
  • Revision of the F-Gas Regulationpossible measures: <br /> Possible measures <br /> HFC phase down: similar to North American proposal <br /> Ban on HFCs of GWP &gt; 2150 from 2018 for servicing & maintenance <br /> Bans on HFCs in new refrigeration & freezing equipment <br /> Inclusion of refrigerated road transport <br /> Training & certification on alternatives to HFCs <br /> Ban on pre-charging of non-monobloc a/c equipment: charging must be done on-site by a certified installer <br /> Suppliers cannot sell HFCs to non-certified installers <br /> Definitions of “recovery”, “reclamation” and “recycling” are aligned with those of the ODS Regulation <br />
  • Revision of the F-Gas Regulationpossible measures: <br /> Possible measures <br /> HFC phase down: similar to North American proposal <br /> Ban on HFCs of GWP &gt; 2150 from 2018 for servicing & maintenance <br /> Bans on HFCs in new refrigeration & freezing equipment <br /> Inclusion of refrigerated road transport <br /> Training & certification on alternatives to HFCs <br /> Ban on pre-charging of non-monobloc a/c equipment: charging must be done on-site by a certified installer <br /> Suppliers cannot sell HFCs to non-certified installers <br /> Definitions of “recovery”, “reclamation” and “recycling” are aligned with those of the ODS Regulation <br />
  • Normally higher is the GWP less flammable are the refrigerants on the right of the graph <br /> With the exception of CO2 which is no flammable and has a GWP=1 for definition. <br /> You can see that R32 has a higher capacity than R22 and R410a <br /> HFOs are still HFCs and they have a very low GWP as they have a very short life <br /> before they disgragate, they do not have the time to arrive to the <br /> atmosphere level to be dangerous. (11-18 days life) <br />
  • A2L refrigerants are so mainly the new HFOs – R32 (1) <br /> Pro <br /> Nearly drop-in <br /> Low changes for the manufacturers, the contractors and the end-users <br /> Good/High performances <br /> Low Toxicity <br /> Nearly same tools-equipments <br />
  • HFOs – R32 (2) <br /> Not yet widely used (even if R32 is a old known refrigerant but rarely used as single, component of R410a) <br /> HFOs not commercially available – few factories (mainly in US) high costs for high demand low offer (over 100 €/kg at the moment?). Mainly automotive. <br /> Mildly flammable <br />
  • What means mildly flammable <br /> LFL lower flammability limit, the lower volume of hydrocarbons needed to get fired, 6.2 for HFO, none for HFO1234ze below 30°C <br /> Comparison with propane <br /> both R32 and HFO has lower risky figures. <br /> We need more concetration of substance to occur a flame, <br /> The flame velocity is very slow <br /> High energy necessary for the ignition <br /> Is it managable? <br /> What is the limit managable and not managable? <br />
  • AREA position on training and certification of LOW GWP refrigerants (1) <br /> So for the future phase-down of HFCs will lead to a higher use of alternative refrigerants / low GWP refrigerants. Low GWP refrigerants have issues on safety, flammability, toxicity and high pressure which will need to be properly considered when handling those refrigerants. With this guidance document, AREA would like to recommend to worldwide and European decision-makers minimum requirements for training and certification of contractors handling low GWP refrigerants. <br />
  • It is not AREA’s intention to create a new certification scheme – only to add specific modules to the existing HFCs certification scheme based on Regulation 303/2008. While HFC certification will be the basis for every contractor who want to handle every refrigerant, each added module will focus on the specificities of the respective LOW GWP refrigerant (i.e. Hydrocarbons – Flammability). <br /> Training is important and it is the only method to transfer to the contractor the knowledge to install, maintain and repair RACHP systems containing alternative refrigerants considering both the technical and safety issues. <br /> For the training facilities AREA suggests that test rigs, equipment and components related to each alternative refrigerant are recommended to simulate best practices <br /> AREA suggests that certification should be made mandatory. <br /> Each candidate who wants to handle alternative refrigerants should hold a certificate which assessed to the requirements of 303/08 and should take part in an assessment specifically for the alternative refrigerant he wants to handle. <br />
  • In the same way AREA Task force released here for ChillVenta this new position paper about: <br /> Guidance on minimum requirements for contractors’ training & certification <br /> The table below lists the minimum competences which the candidate should have to obtain the certification specific to each alternative refrigerant <br /> *HFO1234yf: same, minimum requirements as Hydrocarbons HC <br /> *HFO1234ze: same minimum requirements as HFCs <br /> R32 as Hydrocarbons HC <br /> Procedures for working with A2 and A2L (proposed) refrigerants have not yet been formulated, so the procedures for A3 refrigerants (HCs) should be followed until these are available. <br /> BASIC THERMODYNAMICS AND PHYSICS <br /> Thermodynamic properties of Low GWP refrigerant: temperature, pressure, density, thermal capacity, p/h diagram <br /> Differences between Low GWP refrigerants and HFCs <br /> Toxicity characteristics, grades and limits for the human body <br /> Characteristic of Flammability of the substances, velocity of propagation, LFL, UFL, occupancy <br /> Specific components for that refrigerant in the refrigeration cycle <br /> Material compatibility <br /> Oil compatibility, requirements and oil return <br />
  • GOOD PRACTICE <br /> Identify typical application of Low GWP refrigerants RAC systems2 (refer to AREA: Low GWP Refrigerants Guidance) <br /> State and identify the commonly used refrigerants designation <br /> State the requirements for safely labeling Low GWP refrigerant RAC systems6 <br /> Select appropriate tools, equipment and PPE for work on Low GWP RAC systems6 <br /> Recovery of the refrigerant <br /> Venting the refrigerant in a safe way (according to national legislation) <br /> Calculate the safe fill weight for the recovery cylinder (density difference between HFCs and Low GWP refrigerants) 2 <br /> Leak check direct assessment with the correct equipment <br /> Make vacuum of the refrigerant preventing moisture in the system and without refrigerant emissions <br /> Make charge of the refrigerant with no emission relief <br /> Make a connection without brazing with alternative connections <br /> Check the correct functioning of the safety ventilation system <br /> Check the correct functioning of the safety system controls <br />
  • HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS <br /> Safe system shutdown and isolation 2 <br /> Extinguish a fire, identify the appropriate fire extinguisher <br /> First aid care treatment for frostbite <br /> First aid due to fire burn <br /> First aid suffocation due to breathing problems <br /> Safety issues related to high pressures <br /> Calculate LFL (confined space) <br /> Calculate confined space for asphyxiation (heavier than air) <br /> Check that Health and Safety rules in the refrigeration system location are respected (emergency exits, fire alarms, leak detectors…) <br /> Correct use of Personal Protective Equipment <br />
  • REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS <br /> Knowledge of European and National Regulations and standards <br /> Storage of the refrigerant <br /> Transport of the refrigerant <br /> Describe the process for handing over system to costumer completing and passing on appropriate commissioning documentation2 <br />
  • Equipment (1)(few available on the market) <br /> Characteristic: Flammable proof <br /> Leak detector <br /> Recovery unit <br /> Charging station (automotive) <br />
  • If an electronic leak detector is used it must be safe and sensitive to the flammable refrigerant. Most HFC leak detectors do not need this requirement. Leak detection fluid can be used. <br /> HFC recovery machines have not been assessed for use with flammable refrigerants. Approval must be sought from the manufacturer before using a standard HFC recovery machine with any flammable refrigerant – they may be safe to use with flammable HFCs but not HCs. A recovery machine suitable for use with HCs is available and could be used with other flammable refrigerants. <br /> fire extinguisher must be available at the location <br /> ventilation fan should be used when working inside <br />

MCE 2015 Minicorso 05: Formazione e certificazione obbligatoria da regolamentazione europea gas fluorurati e refrigeranti alternativi (sintetici e naturali) MCE 2015 Minicorso 05: Formazione e certificazione obbligatoria da regolamentazione europea gas fluorurati e refrigeranti alternativi (sintetici e naturali) Presentation Transcript

  • Marco Buoni VicePresident, AREA Air Conditioning & Refrigeration European contractors’ Association (www.area-eur.be) Secretary General Italian Association of Refrigeration Technician, ATF (www.associazioneATF.org) Formazione e Certificazione sui refrigeranti fluorurati HFC, naturali NH3, CO2, HC e sintetici HFO Milano, 19 marzo 2014
  • AREA The indisputable voice of European RACHP contractors • Funded in 1988 in Brussels, Belgium • Represents RACHP contractors • AREA in figures:  20 national member associations  18 countries from EU and beyond  > 9,000 companies (mainly SMEs)  +/- 125,000 work force  +/- € 20 bn annual turnover Design, installation, maintenance and repair of all Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps RACHP systems
  • AREA members
  • AREA Priorities General mission statement "support and initiate activities to promote the industry and its high standards of quality, in order to serve users' interest in a safe and uninterrupted usage of efficient refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment, and to create and maintain a favourable business climate for European refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump contractors, in terms of quality, safety, employment, fair competition and profitability". General objectives Harmonisation of education & training / certification Promotion of technical evolutions Environmental protection / tackling climate change / energy efficiency Recommendations on and promotion of professional techniques & high-level standards Key issues Regulatory aspects - F-Gas Regulation implementation and review - Monitoring of Ozone Depleting Substances - Energy efficiency - Climate change - Eco-design of energy-related products Professional standards - Heat pump installation - F-gas certification and education Professional guidance - Low GWP refrigerants, certification and education
  • The Environment Source UNEP United Nations Environment Programme Currently, global temperature is around 0.8 degrees Celsius higher than in the pre- industrial era. Without climate policy, this increase will rise to around 2 degrees by 2050, and to between 2.5 and 6 degrees by the end of this century. They have been rising ever since, and today are about 394 ppm. A level of 450 ppm has generally been associated with an average global temperature rise of 2 degrees C
  • Europe: The current political context The EU 20 – 20 – 20 target To stay below 2°C every country will have to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), but developed countries will need to take the lead by targeting a cut of 80- 95% below 1990 levels by 2050.(1) (1) EU Commission Climate Action - FAQ
  • Trends Source NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Actual contribution Source US Similar in all developed countries Impact of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pumps – and refrigerants Air-conditioning, refrigeration and heat pump equipment is using 15 to 20% of the electrical energy globally.
  • Source Nature: Published by Guus J. M. Velders, David W. Fahey, John S. Daniel, Mack McFarland, Stephen O. Andersen HFC future consumptions 2050
  • Refrigerants trends Source: AFEAS until 2006, 2030 projection by Öko-Recherche.
  • In synthesis the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps systems with HFCs should have: - Logbook (each unit above 3kg of charge) - Periodical inspections - Installation, repair only by certified craftsmen To prevent HFCs emissions In Europe: F-gas regulation and certification REGULATION (EC) 842/2006
  • CATEGORIE CONOSCENZE E COMPETENZE I II III IV 1 basi termodinamiche T T T 2 impatto ambientale refrigeranti – regolamenti ambientali T T T T 3 Operazioni durante il ciclo di vita degli impianti e su registro P P 4 controlli delle perdite T/P T/P T/P 5 controllo del refrigerante in tutte le attività P P P 6 installazione, messa in esercizio e manutenzione di un compressore P P 7 installazione, messa in esercizio e manutenzione di un condensatore raffreddato ad aria o acqua P 8 installazione, messa in esercizio e manutenzione di un evaporatore raffreddato ad aria o acqua P 9 installazione, messa in esercizio e manutenzione della valvola di espansione termostatica ed altri componenti P 10 allestimento di una tubazione a tenuta ermetica P P REGOLAMENTO CE 842/2006 e 303/2008 ALLEGATO COMPETENZE E CONOSCENZE REGOLAMENTO CE 842/2006 e 303/2008 ALLEGATO COMPETENZE E CONOSCENZE
  • Categorie del tecnico del freddo
  • Technology and knowledge Training, Assessment (1) Strengthening national refrigeration & air- conditioning (RAC) associations in Eastern European & Central Asian countries 27 November 2012 – Casale Monferrato: The Italian Centro Studi Galileo, the European Association of Refrigeration, Air-conditioning and Heat Pump Contractors (AREA) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) joined forces to strengthen national refrigeration & air- conditioning (RAC) associations in Eastern European and Central Asian countries.
  • Technology and knowledge Training, Assessment (2) Representatives of national RAC associations participate since 2009 in the meetings of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) and they play a crucial role in implementing the national HCFC phase-out management plan. The meeting focused on those countries with relatively young RAC associations and those which are planning to establish such associations in the near future. So far, the ECA network supported the creation of national RAC associations in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, and Macedonia FYR. All participants successfully passed the theoretical and practical assessment and were certified under the F-gas regulation. This certification is mandatory in the member countries of the European Union and will shortly become mandatory in accession countries like Croatia.
  • Conclusions of EU commission Public consultation In the context of the overall EU objective to cut emissions by 80–95 % by 2050, the stabilisation of F-gas emissions at today’s levels is not adequate and the analysis shows that already available or emerging low-GWP technologies are technically feasible and can be cost effective in many application areas
  • The agreed regulation will allow to reduce F-gas emissions by two-thirds of today's levels by 2030. The use of F-gases in some new equipment, such as refrigerators and air conditioners, will be banned where viable and more climate-friendly alternatives are readily available. The new regulation will not only benefit the climate, but also create great business opportunities for EU companies on the market for alternative technologies. It establishes rules regarding containment, use, recovery and destruction of those gases. In addition, the new law imposes conditions on the placing on the market of products and equipment containing or relying upon F-gases, whilst setting out quantitative limits for the placing on the market of hydrofluorocarbons (HFC). The regulation also introduces bans on the placing on the market of the following products: – domestic refrigerators and freezers containing HFCs with a global warming potential (GWP) of 150 or more as from 1 January 2015; – refrigerators and freezers for commercial use containing HFCs with a GWP of 2500 or more from 1 January 2020, and containing HFCs with a GWP of 150 or more from 1 January 2022; – stationary refrigeration equipment that contains or relies upon for its functioning HFCs with a GWP of 2500 or more from 1 January 2020; – centralised refrigeration systems for commercial use with a capacity of 40kW or more that contain or rely upon their functioning, fluorinated gases with a GWP of 150 or more, from 1 January 2022; Revision of the F-Gas Regulation (1)
  • – movable room air-conditioning appliances that contain HFCs with GWP of 150 or more from 1 January 2020; – single split air-conditioning systems containing less than 3 kg of F-gases that contain F-gases with a GWP of 750 or more from 1 January 2025; – foams that contain HFCs with a GWP of 150 or more, extruded polystyrene from 1 January 2020 and other foams 1 January 2023; and – technical aerosols that contain HFCs with a GWP of 150 or more from 1 January 2018. (1) The first ban is the much-touted service and maintenance ban on high-GWP refrigerants, over 2500 GWP, which is planned to come in 2020 (2) The Regulation will apply from 1 January 2015. (1) Source: COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 18 December 2013 17963/13 (OR. en) PRESSE 593 (2) Source: Racplus.com 16 December 2013 Revision of the F-Gas Regulation (2)
  • Contractors’ training with low GWP refrigerants: mind the gap! If the use of HFCs is legislatively decreased and consequently the use of natural refrigerants is pushed, there will be a gap between training offer and training needs resulting in a shortage of trained contractors The European Commission is working on a revision of the F-Gas Regulation that could include measures in favour of a decreased use of HFCs in RACHP equipment. Such measures would, in turn, result in an increased use of alternatives, namely low GWP (global warming potential) refrigerants, and in particular the so-called “natural refrigerants” (CO2, hydrocarbons and ammonia). Mindful of the key role played by contractors in the safe, efficient and reliable functioning of equipment working with natural refrigerants, AREA sought an overview of the availability and level of training in the EU. Solution could be starting from the F-Gas certification of personnel adding modules for natural refrigerants
  • Courtesy of Emerson Pros / Cons refrigerants (1)
  • Pro / Contro dei refrigeranti Efficienza energetica: ogni refrigerante ha la sua applicazione
  • Gli HFC sono gas refrigeranti che soddisfano ogni applicazione, se in futuro venissero messe restrizioni queste a fianco le alternative Parametri: EFFICIENZA AMBIENTE SICUREZZA COSTO NON ESISTE UN REFRIGERANTE UNICO OGNI APPLICAZIONE UN REFRIGERANTE Applicazione Refrigerante Refrigerazione industriale Tutti i tipi di refrigerazione industriale Ammoniaca Impianti a cascata Anidride Carbonica + Ammoniaca Fluidi secondari Anidride Carbonica Refrigerazione commerciale Mobiletti frigo Idrocarburi Bottle cooler Idrocarburi Supermercati Anidride Carbonica Refrigerazione domestica Frigo e Freezers Idrocarburi Aria condizionata Pompe di calore per acqua calda Anidride Carbonica trans-critica Grandi chillers Ammoniaca Aria condizionata piccoli monoblocco Idrocarburi Settore Automobili HFO1234yf
  • • Pro - Nearly drop-in - Low changes for the manufacturers, the contractors and the end-users - Good/High performances - Low Toxicity - Nearly same tools-equipments HFOs – R32 (1)
  • •Con -Not yet widely used (even if R32 is a old known refrigerant but rarely used as single, component of R410a) -HFOs not commercially available – few factories (mainly in US) high costs for high demand low offer (over 100 €/kg at the moment?). Mainly automotive. -Mildly flammable -R32 GWP=675 is it a low GWP refrigerant? HFOs – R32 (2)
  • • Mildly flammable • LFL lower flammability limit • BV burning velocity •  A2L refrigerant • Is it managable? HFOs – R32 (3)
  • AREA position on training and certification of LOW GWP refrigerants (1) • A future phase-down of HFCs will lead to a higher use of alternative refrigerants / low GWP refrigerants. Low GWP refrigerants have issues on safety, flammability, toxicity and high pressure which will need to be properly considered when handling those refrigerants. With this guidance document, AREA would like to recommend to worldwide and European decision-makers minimum requirements for training and certification of contractors handling low GWP refrigerants.
  • • It is not AREA’s intention to create a new certification scheme – only to add specific modules to the existing HFCs certification scheme based on Regulation 303/2008. While HFC certification will be the basis for every contractor who want to handle every refrigerant, each added module will focus on the specificities of the respective LOW GWP refrigerant (i.e. Hydrocarbons – Flammability). AREA position on training and certification of LOW GWP refrigerants (2)
  • (1) Requisiti Minimi divisi per moduli per refrigeranti HC – NH3 – CO2 – HFO* *HFO1234yf: same, minimum requirements as Hydrocarbons HC *HFO1234ze: same minimum requirements as HFCs R32 as Hydrocarbons HC
  • [1] All practical trainings should include theoretical training [2] City and Guilds, Level 2 and Level 3 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning CPD Pathways, March 2012 v1.0 [3] It is normally accepted to vent hydrocarbons with low charges (please refer to national legislation) [4] It is normally accepted to vent CO2 (please refer to national legislation) (2) Minimum Requirements listed for the Specific module HC – NH3 – CO2 – HFO*
  • (3) Minimum Requirements listed for the Specific module HC – NH3 – CO2 – HFO*
  • (4) Minimum Requirements listed for the Specific module HC – NH3 – CO2 – HFO*
  • Equipment (1) (few available on the market) • Characteristic: Flammable proof • Leak detector • Recovery unit • Charging station (automotive)
  • Equipment (2) (few available on the market) • A flammable gas detector should be used to monitor the air in the work area. • If an electronic leak detector is used it must be safe and sensitive to the flammable refrigerant. Most HFC leak detectors do not need this requirement. Leak detection fluid can be used. • HFC recovery machines have not been assessed for use with flammable refrigerants. Approval must be sought from the manufacturer before using a standard HFC recovery machine with any flammable refrigerant – they may be safe to use with flammable HFCs but not HCs. A recovery machine suitable for use with HCs is available and could be used with other flammable refrigerants. • More accurate scales are necessary when charging small, critical charged systems with some flammable refrigerants such as HCs. An accuracy of ±5 g is often necessary – most scales used for service are not this accurate. • A dry powder or CO2 fire extinguisher must be available at the location. • A suitable ventilation fan should be used when working inside if there is insufficient natural ventilation. Source: BRA Guide to Flammable Refrigerants, July 2012 • You will need to determinate if your current R-134a detector can be used with a mildly flammable refrigerants Source: Dupont Guidelines for Use and Handling of HFO-1234yf
  • Refrigerant Emissions and Leakage-blended learning for alternative refrigerants in new equipment safety, efficiency, reliability and containment REAL Alternatives e-learning classroom practice e-library Co-financed by
  • REAL alternatives è un progetto europeo che si propone di migliorare le abilità dei tecnici che lavorano nel settore della refrigerazione, del condizionamento e delle pompe di calore. L’addestramento ha come oggetto l’uso di alcuni tipi di refrigeranti come l’anidride carbonica, l’ammoniaca, gli idrocarburi e gli HFO. Riguarderà in particolare gli aspetti legati alla sicurezza, all’efficienza, all’affidabilità ed al contenimento delle fughe durante le fasi di assistenza e manutenzione degli impianti. Il progetto si basa su una forma innovativa di apprendimento, che prevede sia l’e-learning, sia le tradizionali lezioni frontali, che l’utilizzo di librerie virtuali con materiali da tutta Europa, sfuttando la positiva esperienza maturata con i progetti REAL Skills Europe & REAL Zero containment. Addestramento sulle emissioni di refrigerante e ricerca delle fughe di refrigeranti alternativi nei nuovi impianti sicurezza, efficienza, affidabilità e contenimento
  • Partners principali del Progetto Institute ofInstitute of RefrigerationRefrigeration London SouthLondon South Bank UniversityBank University (LSBU)(LSBU) Air Conditioning andAir Conditioning and Refrigeration EuropeanRefrigeration European Association (AREA)Association (AREA) Informationszentrum fürInformationszentrum für Kälte- Klima- undKälte- Klima- und Energietechnik gGmbHEnergietechnik gGmbH Foundation forFoundation for the Protection of thethe Protection of the Ozone LayerOzone Layer Associazione TecniciAssociazione Tecnici del Freddodel Freddo Limburg CatholicLimburg Catholic University CollegeUniversity College
  • Condivisione delle migliori professionalità di tutta Europa Institute ofInstitute of RefrigerationRefrigeration London SouthLondon South Bank UniversityBank University Air Conditioning andAir Conditioning and Refrigeration EuropeanRefrigeration European AssociationAssociation InformationszentrumInformationszentrum für Kälte- Klima- undfür Kälte- Klima- und Energietechnik gGmbHEnergietechnik gGmbH Prozon, FoundationProzon, Foundation for the Protectionfor the Protection of the Ozone Layer,of the Ozone Layer, PoloniaPolonia AssociazioneAssociazione Tecnici delTecnici del Freddo, ItaliaFreddo, Italia Limburg CatholicLimburg Catholic University CollegeUniversity College
  • Programma di lavoro biennaleArea di impegno e partner di riferimento Ricerca dei fabbisogni e delle necessità in Europa di aggiornamento riguardo i refrigeranti alternativi LSBU Definizione delle risorse disponibili per implementare ed aggiornare continuamente il processo di e-learning LSBU Sviluppo del processo di e-learning attraverso l’integrazione e la traduzione dei vari materiali disponibili nelle diverse modalità (cartacea, multimediale, ecc) KHLim Pilotaggio e testing dei materiali prodotti attraverso sperimentazioni in 5 lingue diverse (inglese, italiano, tedesco, polacco e fiammingo) ATF Monitoraggio dell’efficacia e della soddisfazione IKKE Pubblicità, promozione e coinvolgimento delle parti interessate AREA / IOR Gestione del progetto IOR Individuazione degli elementi che permettono di garantire una sostenibilità a lungo termine dei risultati PROZON
  • REAL Alternatives prevede: • un sito web plurilingue con risorse e notizie di interesse • accesso all’e-learning ed ai materiali di studio in cinque lingue diverse sia per quanto riguarda i test pratici, che le valutazioni che gli attestati finali • una e-library sfogliabile con la possibilità di consultare un’ampia gamma di materiali per l’apprendimento provenienti da tutta Europa • percorsi d’apprendimento flessibili per soddisfare differenti necessità formative • programmi personalizzabili per formatori e datori di lavoro • possibilità di creare gruppi di apprendimento • possibilità per chi è interessato di rimodulare nel tempo l’addestramento e le abilità in Europa
  • THANK YOU! Email: buoni@centrogalileo.it Marco Buoni VicePresident, AREA Air Conditioning & Refrigeration European contractors’ Association (www.area-eur.be) Secretary General Italian Association of Refrigeration Technician, ATF (www.associazioneATF.org)