Janos Mate - Greenpeace International - LAVORARE SENZA HFC
XV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERSCool Technologies:Working Without HFCsPresented by: Janos Maté
Dominoes of LifeWhen one factor ischanged, all others areaffected: basic axiom ofecology, technology andall human affairs
2010-2020: The Critical Decade“This is the criticaldecade…We are on thecusp of some bigchanges…We can captemperature rise at 2oC,or cross the thresholdbeyond which the systemshifts to a much hotterstate.”-Dr. Will Steffen:Director of Australian NationalUniversity Climate ChangeInstitute
Climate change is happening nowRecord breakingclimate disasters areroutine around theworld
Climate tipping points of no return2013: 1sttime in humanhistory, atmosphericCO2 concentrationshave reached 400 partsper millionClimate tipping points arereached when subsequentclimate events push globalwarming beyond humancapacity to restorenature’s balance.
Poisoned Planet• Each day we emit 90 million tonsof global warming pollutionincluding CFCs, HCFCs andHFCs• 85,000 new chemicals in fivedecades – most untested forhealth and safety• Fluorocarbons nearly ended lifeon Earth: damaged the ozonelayer and the climate: cost trillionsof dollars• Natural working fluids can meethuman cooling needs
Working definition of “natural refrigerants”• Refrigerants which occurnaturally in the biosphere, insignificant abundance, in asteady state and are easilyabsorbed by nature• Air, water, carbon dioxide,ammonia, hydrocarbons
GWP Metrics of HFCs• By using the 100 GWP as a measure of the potency ofHFC refrigerants, their impact is being averaged over amuch longer timescale than they are actually in theatmosphere.• The average lifetime of the HFCs in use today is 21.7years… better suited to the 20 year GWP metric.• The 20 year GWP metric better reflects the true potency ofHFCs during their actual time in the atmosphere.
Phasing-out HFCs by 2020 ispossibleCFCs-HCFCs-HFCs-HFOsThe time is now toget off thefluorocarbontreadmill
Greenpeace Report: “Cool Technologies: Working withoutHFCs”Documents companies and facilities around the world that produce oruse cooling HFC-free equipmentDocuments the availability of natural refrigerants and foaming agentsfor nearly the full spectrum of applications, such as:– Domestic Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning– Commercial Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning– Mobile Air-Conditioning– Industrial Processes– Insulation Foam Blowing
Greenpeace Report provides examples and detailsGreenfreeze domesticrefrigerationDessicant coolin Transport cooling(under review)SolarChill Evaporative cooling Foam blowingCommercial cooling Absorption cooling Efficiency comparisonsRefrigerants, Naturally Co-generation cooling HC refrigerant producersConsumers Goods Forum District cooling HC safety equipment(under review)Companies using NRequipmentPassive cooling Global estimates of A/CproductionManufacturers of NR equipment Converting from R-22 topropaneContact list of companiesHydrocarbon & CO2 domestic &commercial A/CMACs & hydrocarbons(50 million cars with HCs)Ammonia A/C MACs & CO2Solar NR air-conditioning MACs & HFOs
•There is a domino effectin cooling technologies.•When one companyachieves a breakthroughothers soon replicate.•Technological innovationin one sector impacts oninnovations in othersectors.Domino Effect in Cooling
Greenfreeze Revolution20thAnniversary• 1992-93 Greenpeacedevelops ‘Greenfreeze’hydrocarbon technology fordomestic refrigeration• Greenpeace promotesGreenfreeze in Europe,China, Japan, SouthAmerica• 1997 -Greenpeace receivesUNEP Ozone Award forgiving Greenfreeze to theworld• Greenfreeze impacts oncommercial refrigerationWolo Lohbeck“Papa Greenfreeze”
Greenfreeze Revolution• Over 700 millionGreenfreeze refrigeratorsin the world today• 40% of global annualrefrigerator production(2012)• 95% of EU & 75% ofChinese production• 80% of global productionby 2020
• Greenfreeze campaign led to Greenpeace’s work withcorporations that eventually formed Refrigerants,Naturally!• Current participants include: Coca Cola, Unilever,PepsiCo, Red Bull with support from Greenpeace andUNEP• Refrigerants, Naturally! led the Consumer Goods Forumto commit to start phasing out HFCs by 2015.
RefNat accomplishmentsCombined the current RefNat partners have over 20 millioncooling units in the field and buy over 2 million units annually•Coca Cola: 600,000 HFC free units: will only by HFC- free asof 2015•Unilever: 900,000 HFC free units•PepsiCo: 145,000 HFC free units•RedBull: 890,000 HFC free units : will only buy HFC-free asof 2014RefNat engages with standards and policies: e.g. supportsthe proposed HFC amendments to MP
SolarChill Vaccine Cooler & RefrigeratorHealth+Environment+Development• Hydrocarbon• Battery free• Solar powered• Clean: no kerosene• Commercialized• GEF SolarChill Projects inKenya, Colombia andSwazilandSolarChill Project Partners: DTI, GIZ ProKlima,Greenpeace, PATH, UNEP,UNICEF, WHO
Hydrocarbon Domestic ACs in India & China•Godrej Company in India is in full production of HC Airconditioners: have installed over 10,000 units: no problems•Gree, Haier and Media in China are ready to produce HCunits•Media product has TUVE approval for EU markets•Chinese HPMP will covert up to 18 production facilities to HCs
ON-LINE SEARCHABLE DATA BASE“Cool Technologies: Working Without HFCs”