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European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
European Commission   Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases
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European Commission Cornelius Rhein - the new eu regulation on f-gases

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Mostra Convegno Expocomfort, XVI EU Conference on "The Refrigerant Revolution , a 79% reduction" - Milan 20th March 2014

Mostra Convegno Expocomfort, XVI EU Conference on "The Refrigerant Revolution , a 79% reduction" - Milan 20th March 2014

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  • 1. Climate Action The new EU Regulation on F-Gases Cornelius Rhein European Commission – DG Climate Action Milano – 20 March 2014
  • 2. Climate Action The need for (further) EU action • EU 2050 climate targets is to reduce GHG emissions by 80-95% (1990-level) • EU Low Carbon Economy Roadmap: non-CO2 emissions (non-agricultural) must decline by 72- 73% by 2030 and by 70-79% by 2050 (1990-level) • EU F-gas emissions increased by 60% (1990-level) • Suitable alternatives with low GWP are available for most F-gas applications • International HFC phase-down proposals under the Montreal Protocol
  • 3. Climate Action • PRG Scenarios EU F-gas emissions With existing '2006 F-gas legislation' Without existing F-gas legislation Additional potential Source: Schwarz et al., 2011
  • 4. Climate Action Two strategies to reduce emissions • Prevent leakage and emissions • Emission prevention and leak checks -> Art. 2 - 4 • Control of by-production -> Art. 6 • End of life treatment of products and equipment -> Art. 7 • Training and qualification -> Art. 8 • Information for users (labelling, product infos) -> Art. 10 • Avoid the use of F-gases • Training and qualification • Ban on new applications -> Art. 9 • Ban on uses -> Art. 11 • Phase-down of HFC supply -> Art. 13 ff.
  • 5. Climate Action The legislative process • 7 November 2012: Commission proposal to Council and European Parliament • 19 June 2013: Environment Committee of the EP adopts report • 4 October 2013: Council (COREPER) mandates the Council Presidency to enter into negotiations with the EP to reach first- reading agreement • 16 December 2013: Agreement reached after 4 informal trialogue meetings • 11 March 2014 (scheduled): Formal vote in EP • 14 April 2014: Formal adoption by the Council • Mai 2014: Publication and entry into force 21 days later • 1 January 2015: Date of application of the new Regulation
  • 6. Climate Action Containment measures  Operators must prevent leakage  Leakage checks, frequency depending on charge size  Detection systems for larger charges  Labelling of products and equipment, extended to foams  Proper recovery and recycling, reclamation or destruction  Training & certification of service personnel, including information on alternatives Applies to stationary refrigeration, air-conditioning, heat pumps, fire protection systems, refrigerated trucks and trailers, organic Rankine cycles and electrical switchgear with SF6
  • 7. Climate Action HFC phase-down – the main novelty  HFC bulk placed on the EU market  Schedule: freeze 2015, first step 2016, reduction of HFC supply by 79% in 2030 (in CO2 equivalent)  Baseline: reported 2009-2012  Quota allocation based on historical sales and new entrants reserve  Monitoring: Independently verified reports
  • 8. Climate Action Phase-down of HFC bulk supply 93% 63% 45% 31% 24% 21% 100%
  • 9. Climate Action HFCs in pre-charged equipment  Of the EU HFC demand, 11% is imported in pre-filled equipment, rising to 18% in 2030  If not addressed, risk of circumvention of the phase- down! Solution: Obligation to ensure that all HFCs quantities filled in equipment are "accounted for" under the EU phase-down • Filling in the EU, or • outside the EU, with HFCs bought in the EU, or • from a non-EU HFC producer with own EU quota, or • authorisation to use quota from a quota holder Verification through declarations of conformity and audited reports 9
  • 10. Climate Action Bans and their context 1. Addressing non-HFCs and by-production • Use bans for SF6 in magnesium production • Recovery of HFC-23 by-production 2. Steering the HFC phase-down • Ban to service existing equipment with high GWP HFCs, • Additional placing on the market bans for new equipment Guiding principles: • Existing equipment should not become obsolete • Bans only when alternatives are available (= safe, energy efficient, economically viable) 10
  • 11. Climate Action Ban on servicing with high GWP HFCs 1. Applies as of 2020 2. Large refrigeration equipment • Above 40 KW cooling capacity • Excluding equipment for temperatures below –50o C 3. HFCs above GWP 2500 • Mainly R-404a 4. Recycled HFCs can be used until 2030 11
  • 12. Climate Action Additional placing on the market bans • Extension of the ban on PFCs in fire protection systems/extinguishers to HFC-23 • Domestic refrigerators and freezers with HFCs GWP >=150 (2015) • Refrigerators and freezers for commercial use (hermetically sealed systems) with HFCs • GWP >=2500 (2020) • GWP >=150 (2022) •
  • 13. Climate Action Additional placing on the market bans (2) • Stationary refrigeration equipment, HFCs with GWP >= 2500 (2020) • Exemption for equipment for temperatures below -50°C • Multipack centralised refrigeration systems, commercial use, capacity of 40kW or more, with HFCs with GWP >=150 (2022) • Exemption for equipment with indirect cascade systems with HFCs below GWP 1500 • Movable room air-conditioners (hermetically sealed), HFCs equal/above GWP 150 (2020)
  • 14. Climate Action Additional placing on the market bans (3) • Single split air-conditioning systems, less than 3kg charge size of, F-gases with GWP >=750 (2025) • Foams blown containing HFCs with GWP >= 150 (unless required by national safety standards) Extruded polystyrene (XPS) – (2020) Other foams – (2023) • Technical aerosols, HFCs with GWP >= 150, unless required by national safety standards) - 2018
  • 15. Climate Action The international context  The new EU F-gas Regulation demonstrates that ambitious measures on F-gases are feasible  Increasing interest and demand for alternatives to HFCs are likely to trigger innovation and economies of scale also in other markets  The agreement will result in a more active role of the EU in the negotiations on an HFC amendment under the Montreal Protocol
  • 16. Climate Action The international context  A2 countries will need to come up with steps of a similar level of ambition as the new EU Regulation  Consideration of elements that would need to be changed for A5 countries in order to improve acceptance of international negotiations: o Focus on maximizing climate benefits of the HCFC phase-out o Collection of data on HFCs before discussing measures specifically targeting these substances
  • 17. Climate Action To know more… http://ec.europa.eu/clima/news/articles/news_2014031201_en.htm http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f- gas/legislation/docs/fluorinated_greenhouse_gases_en.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/legislation/documentation_en.htm Thank you for your attention! Cornelius Rhein

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