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Didier Coulomb - IIR - SOSTENIBILITA’ DEL TRASPORTO REFRIGERATO SU STRADA
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Didier Coulomb - IIR - SOSTENIBILITA’ DEL TRASPORTO REFRIGERATO SU STRADA

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  • OSAKA- July 2012.ppt (24 dias) - julillet 2012
  • OSAKA- July 2012.ppt (24 dias) - julillet 2012
  • OSAKA- July 2012.ppt (24 dias) - julillet 2012
  • OSAKA- July 2012.ppt (24 dias) - julillet 2012
  • OSAKA- July 2012.ppt (24 dias) - julillet 2012

Transcript

  • 1. Didier COULOMBInternational Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) - www.iifiir.orgMILANO, ItalySaturday, June 8, 20135thSESSIONRefrigerated Trucks and Mobile Air-ConditioningXV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
  • 2. Refrigerated TrucksRefrigerated transport is an essential link in the cold chain. It aimsto supply the consumer with safe and high-quality perishable goods.Global road freight transport is expected to grow 2,5% per year until2030. Temperature-controlled pharmaceutical freight is expected togrow more than 20% per year. Needs for food will also dramaticallyincrease in developing countries, which have to build a real cold chain(cf my introduction)We need to reduce the vehicle’s energy consumption and to handle therefrigerants issue, especially in Europe.XV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
  • 3.  Intermodal transport Vehicle motors Road congestion: transport sharing, night delivery… Training of truck drivers Dimensions of the bodies Insulation: improving the thermal conductivity of materials (compositestructures… ) Thermal losses: opening and closing of doors, joints… Multi-temperature equipment: it already represents about 1/3rdofnew equipment in France for instance Aerodynamics Colour The refrigerating systemXV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERSReducing the Energy Consumption
  • 4. Refrigerant IssuesThe vast majority of refrigerated vehicles currently use HFCs withhigh Global Warming Potentials (GWP) as refrigerants. The leakagerate in refrigerated transport could be as high as 25%/annum.Even if the global consumption of HFCs in refrigerated vehicles is limited(about 2% according to UNEP), there will be measures to reduce it,particularly in Europe, with the future extension of the F-gas Regulationin this sector.XV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
  • 5. Solutions (apart from better control): Reducing the refrigerant charge Using lower GWP HFCs Using natural refrigerants: CO2, NH3, Hydrocarbons Alternative production systems: cryogenic systems, sorption systems,hybrid systems, Phase-Change Materials (PCMs)…Moving to other systems with less or no high GWP refrigerantemissions will be done later than in other sectors. Solutions aresimilar, but must be adapted; they are more or less promising than inother sectors.For instance, more than 1000 vehicles equipped with cryogenic systemsare already in service in Germany and France (2009), particularlybecause of different constraints (noise in urban areas…)For more information: consult the IIR Informatory Note « SustainableRefrigerated Road Transport » (December 2011)http://www.iifiir.org/userfiles/file/publications/notes/NoteTech_21_EN.pdfXV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
  • 6. Each application is different: Refrigeration road transport Mobile Air Conditioning, ...and thus solutions must be adapted.XV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERSCONCLUSIONHowever, in any case, we need to reduce in all these sectors the energyconsumption as well as the use of high-GWP HFCs: we need a gradualphase-down.We still need research and development and permanent updatedinformation: the constraints and thus the innovations will increase fastespecially in Europe.See the IIR‘s Web site: www.iifiir.orgBecome a member.Thank you.
  • 7. Each application is different: Refrigeration road transport Mobile Air Conditioning, ...and thus solutions must be adapted.XV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8thJUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERSCONCLUSIONHowever, in any case, we need to reduce in all these sectors the energyconsumption as well as the use of high-GWP HFCs: we need a gradualphase-down.We still need research and development and permanent updatedinformation: the constraints and thus the innovations will increase fastespecially in Europe.See the IIR‘s Web site: www.iifiir.orgBecome a member.Thank you.