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  • The methodologytorevise the F gas regulation is quite complex, but i have triedtosummarizeit in one slide.Youcanseethat 3 European organizations are involved : The European Commission, The European Parliamentand the Council of the European Union.First the European Commissionmakes a proposal.It is initiatedby the Directorate General forClimate Change, forwhichMrs Connie Hedegaard is in charge.OtherDGswithin the Commissionhoweveralsoneedtoapproveit, forexample DG Enterprise or DG Trade.Currently we are in this stage. Actuallyjustyesterday the EU commission has revealeditsfinalproposal, so I have someveryfreshnewsforyoutoday, which i willexplain in the next slides. After the Commissionadopted the proposal, the European Parliamentwill take over. First theywill handle it in the Environment committeeAndafterthat in the full parliament. The parliamentconsists of severalpoliticalpartiesandthey have the power tochange the Commissionproposal.Also the Council of the European Union needstoagree. Theywilldiscussit in preparatorybodiesand in the COREPER,The commitee of permanent representatives. The final agreement is comingfrom the ministeries of each European member state.If the Council position is different from the Parliament’s vote, then the legislation passes from first reading into second reading in order to resolve the differences.You will understand that it is very difficult to predict by when the F gas regulation review will be ready.

    1. 1. Politecnico di MilanoXV European Conference "Refrigeration andAir Conditioning", 7th-8th June 2013Andrea Voigt, EPEEa.voigt@epeeglobal.org0
    2. 2. Challenging times ahead…Dr. Fatih Birol, IEA Chief Economist at the launch ofWorld Energy Outlook 2012 in Brussels:“Policy makers face criticalchoices in reconciling energy,environmental & economicobjectives”1
    3. 3. EPEE: The full value chain of theRefrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump SectorA major part of the European RAC & HP industry• > 200,000 direct employees in Europe• > € 30 billion turnover in Europe2
    4. 4. EPEE’s main fields of activities• Promote Energy Efficiency– Ecodesign Directive– Energy Efficiency Directive– Eco Label and Energy Label– Energy Performance of Buildings Directive– Renewable Energies Directive …• The F-Gas Regulation and its revision– Maintain and strengthen the F-Gas Regulation– Support a technically and economically feasible phase-down• Raise awareness on Market Surveillance– Importance of properly enforcing and policing legislation• Promote an HVACR association network at EU level 3
    5. 5. EPEE in Europe1. Small – medium –large sizeentreprises2. Over 200,000direct employees3. ProductionthroughoutEurope4. Using all types ofrefrigerants
    6. 6. Why a revision of the F-Gas Regulation?• The EU low carbon roadmap aims for72% emission reduction for F-Gases, Methane, N2O in 2030• The existing F-Gas Regulation isexpected to stabilise emissions attoday‘s level• To achieve the goals of the lowcarbon roadmap more action isneeded5
    7. 7. The need for reliable dataEPEE funded two studies:– French ERIE / ARMINES and British SKM Enviros researchinstitutesMain Focus on Refrigeration, Air-Conditioning andHeat Pump Market (RAC):– 80% of total F-Gas emissions– Analysis of 7 main sectors, 43 subsectors and 14 alternativesto currently used refrigerants.Other key applications:– Technical & medical aerosols, foam blowing, fire protection6
    8. 8. Two Studies – Coherent ConclusionsRefrigerant Bank – 1990 to 2010CFC and HCFC phase-out:less CO2-eq. emissionsdespite market growthERIE/ARMINES and SKM Envirosboth state that:• The refrigerant bank (in metrictonnes) more than doubledbetween 1990 and 2010• Expressed in million tonnes ofCO2-eq, the bank decreased by>10%• Emissions (in million tonnes ofCO2-eq) decreased by > 10%7Source: Erie / Armines, 2011
    9. 9. Two Studies – Coherent ConclusionsBAU emission reduction scenarios – 2010 to 20308BAU: > 15% emission reduction vs. 2010• Based on full implementation of F-Gas Regulation & current trends• 140 million tonnes of CO2-eq emissions in 2010• 20 million tonnes CO2-eq emission savings in 2030 vs. 2010Source: SKM Enviros, 2012Source: Erie / Armines, 2011
    10. 10. Two Studies – Coherent ConclusionsCommercial Refrigeration – a great potential91990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040BAU: 20 % emission reduction in 2030 vs. 2010• Market: Lower GWP alternatives have already been introduced• GWP: Quick gains in terms of emission reduction by retrofills• Leakage: Benefits from full implementation of the F-Gas Regulation01020304050607080F Direct GHG Emissions Mtonnes CO2Commercial Refrigeration, Scenario A, EU27Source: SKM Enviros, 2012Source: Erie / Armines, 2011
    11. 11. Two Studies – Coherent ConclusionsMaximum emission reduction scenarios – 2010 to 203010Maximum scenarios: > 60% emission reduction• Both maximum scenarios currently not achievable as they are based on wideintroduction of mildly flammable refrigerants• 90 million tonnes CO2-eq emission savings in 2030 vs. 2010Source: SKM Enviros, 2012Source: Erie / Armines, 2011
    12. 12. What is really achievable in RAC ?Much more than „Business as Usual“!0204060801001201401601802001990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040Emissionreduction of:- 50% vs. 201074 million tonnesCO2-eq. includingODS50 million tonnesCO2-eq. only HFCsSource: SKM Enviros, 201211-50 Mt-74 Mt
    13. 13. How ?Based on SKM Enviros and Armines / Erie:By improved F-Gas rules30% HFC consumptionreduction in 2020Re-assessment65% HFC consumptionreduction in 2030 12
    14. 14. What does the Commission propose (Nov 2012)?13Phase-downHFCConsumptionreductionYear 2020:-37%Year 2030:-79%BansRefrigerantswith a GlobalWarmingPotential> 2500HFCs inhermeticallysealedproductsPre-ChargingContainment &CompetenceRegular leakagechecksCertification andtraining forinstallersEU Climate Goals
    15. 15. … and the other EU Institutions?14The EU Parliament:Co-decidesElections in 2014Very high level of ambitionMembers of Parliament want „quickwins“ to secure their re-election:• HFC bans in stationary a/c andrefrigeration as of 2020• Very steep phase-down• Service & Maintenance ban as of2017The Council of the EU:Co-decidesDifficult economic situationLower level of ambitionGap within the Council between levelof amibition in the North and theSouth / Central EU
    16. 16. EPEE supports the Commission‘s rationale…… provided that:1. The phase-down steps are softened toachieve a 65% reduction and thebaseline is adjusted. (Annex V)2. High global warming potentialrefrigerants are allowed to be used forservice & maintenance in small systemsbelow 40tons of CO2-eq and very lowtemperature applications <-50°C (Art.11.3)3. Recycled refrigerants can be usedwithout restriction (Art. 11.3)4. Pre-charged equipment becomes part ofthe quota system (Art. 12) 15ProtectsHealth, Safety, EnergyEfficiencyProtects SMEsAddresses major part ofemissionsEnsures recoveryPrevents emissionsPromotes EU businessSaveguards phase-down
    17. 17. Adjustment of the phase-down baselineWhy and how?160%20%40%60%80%100%120%COM proposal EPEE proposalAdjustement for HFCscontained in pre-chargedequipmentAdjustment for HCFCscontained in existingequipmentTotal quantity of HFCsproduced and imported inthe EU during 2008 to2011 (Commissionproposal)Starting point for phase-down reduction steps in 2015
    18. 18. EPEE is concerned aboutthe EU Parliament‘s proposals17Energy Efficiency, Safety & Affordabilitywill be jeopardized, by:1. A too steep phase-down2. A too early entry into force of the service &maintenance ban3. Arbitrary bans on stationary a/c andrefrigeration equipment4. A ban on pre-charging of equipment5. A single environmental legal base
    19. 19. What happens next?Earliest possible adoption beginning of 201418EUCommissionEUParliamentCouncil of EUDG Climateinitiates proposalOther DGs needto approveProposal adoptedNov 2013ENVI CommitteeVote: 19 JunePlenary vote:Q4 2013 / Q1 2014COREPERMinisters of EUmember statesDG = Directorate GeneralENVI = EnvironmentCOREPER = Committee of permanent representativesProgress report:18 June
    20. 20. What can you do?Engage with national decision makers:• Input into the position of your nationalgovernment – ministry ofenvironment, economyEngage with European decision makers:• Members of the European Parliament arealso elected in your country – and they wantto be reelected. Talk to them!Speak with one voice:• Coordinate your input with otherassociations at national level and at EU level.• Coordinate with us!19
    21. 21. Contact details:EPEE46 Avenue des Arts1000 Brussels, Belgiumemail: a.voigt@epeeglobal.orgWeb: www.epeeglobal.orgThank you very much for yourattention !20