Opening RemarksJim CurlinUnited Nations Environment ProgrammeDivision of Technology, Industry & EconomicsOzonAction Branch...
Montreal Protocol on target2012 Millennium Development Goals Report, pg 48 © United Nations
Population is growingThe worlds population reached 7 billion on 31 October 2011 ©UN Photo/Rick Bajornas
Urbanization is spreadingDhaka © UN Photo/Kibae Park
Cooling needs are increasingA throng of shoppers in Myungdong, downtown Seoul © UN Photo/Kibae Park | Air conditioners © S...
Energy demand is risingInternational Energy Agency’ Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 , pg 183, figure 5.6 © OECD/IEA 2012
Global final energy demand46%Heating& coolingInternational Energy Agency’ Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 , pg 176 © O...
RAC sector is innovatingHFCs: A Critical Link in Protecting the Climate and Ozone Layer: A UNEP Synthesis Report, pg © UNE...
HCFC phase out schedules
Emissions are risingAtmospheric CO2 data. Preliminary weekly (red line), monthly (blue line) and daily (black points) aver...
HCFC trendsOzone Secretariat Article 7 data as of 5 June 2013 © UNEP 2013
HFC issue is mostly RACRAC equipment in homes, buildings & industrial operationsaccount for about 55%of total HFC use in 2...
HFC growth scenariosHFCs: A Critical Link in Protecting the Climate and Ozone Layer: A UNEP Synthesis Report, pg 10 © UNEP...
Policy developmentsEuropeanF-GasRegulations2006/2012
Policy developmentsRio+20ConferenceJune 2012“The Future WeWant”
Policy developmentsProposedAmendments toMontrealProtocol toControl HFCs2009-2013Mauritius & FederatedStates of MicronesiaC...
Some initiatives on HFCs
Some ChallengesCommercialization of new refrigerantsAvailability of low-GWP equipmentServicing infrastructureSafetyCertifi...
Thinking creativelyZeer "pot-in-pot" cooling device developed by Nigerian teacher Mohammed Bah Abba © Rolex Awards/Tomas B...
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Jim Curlin - UNEP - PRESENT AND FUTURE OF REFRIGERATION

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Jim Curlin - UNEP - PRESENT AND FUTURE OF REFRIGERATION

  1. 1. Opening RemarksJim CurlinUnited Nations Environment ProgrammeDivision of Technology, Industry & EconomicsOzonAction BranchParis, FranceJim.curlin@unep.org
  2. 2. Montreal Protocol on target2012 Millennium Development Goals Report, pg 48 © United Nations
  3. 3. Population is growingThe worlds population reached 7 billion on 31 October 2011 ©UN Photo/Rick Bajornas
  4. 4. Urbanization is spreadingDhaka © UN Photo/Kibae Park
  5. 5. Cooling needs are increasingA throng of shoppers in Myungdong, downtown Seoul © UN Photo/Kibae Park | Air conditioners © Shutterstock=
  6. 6. Energy demand is risingInternational Energy Agency’ Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 , pg 183, figure 5.6 © OECD/IEA 2012
  7. 7. Global final energy demand46%Heating& coolingInternational Energy Agency’ Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 , pg 176 © OECD/IEA 2012
  8. 8. RAC sector is innovatingHFCs: A Critical Link in Protecting the Climate and Ozone Layer: A UNEP Synthesis Report, pg © UNEP 2011
  9. 9. HCFC phase out schedules
  10. 10. Emissions are risingAtmospheric CO2 data. Preliminary weekly (red line), monthly (blue line) and daily (black points) averages at Mauna Loa for the last year © NOAA 2013
  11. 11. HCFC trendsOzone Secretariat Article 7 data as of 5 June 2013 © UNEP 2013
  12. 12. HFC issue is mostly RACRAC equipment in homes, buildings & industrial operationsaccount for about 55%of total HFC use in 2010, MAC accountsfor about 24%HFC emissions growing 8% per yearAnnual emissions projected to rise 3.5-8.8 Gt CO2-eq in2050, equivalent to 7-19%of CO2emissionsHFCs: A Critical Link in Protecting the Climate and Ozone Layer: A UNEP Synthesis Report © UNEP 2011
  13. 13. HFC growth scenariosHFCs: A Critical Link in Protecting the Climate and Ozone Layer: A UNEP Synthesis Report, pg 10 © UNEP 2011
  14. 14. Policy developmentsEuropeanF-GasRegulations2006/2012
  15. 15. Policy developmentsRio+20ConferenceJune 2012“The Future WeWant”
  16. 16. Policy developmentsProposedAmendments toMontrealProtocol toControl HFCs2009-2013Mauritius & FederatedStates of MicronesiaCanada, Mexico & USA
  17. 17. Some initiatives on HFCs
  18. 18. Some ChallengesCommercialization of new refrigerantsAvailability of low-GWP equipmentServicing infrastructureSafetyCertification schemesHigh ambient temperaturesStandardsContaminated/counterfeit refrigerantsIllegal tradeRAC industry associations
  19. 19. Thinking creativelyZeer "pot-in-pot" cooling device developed by Nigerian teacher Mohammed Bah Abba © Rolex Awards/Tomas Bertelsen32% of all food produced inthe world was lost or wasted in2009 (FAO 2011)1 out of every 4 foodcalories intended for people isultimately not consumed bythem(UNEP/WRI 2013)

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