Engine Performance Basic Electronics        and    Computer      Systems
Computers can be called CPU      central processing unit               controls all electronic system ECM      engine cont...
Computer Functions• Input   – Is a signal sent from an input device.• Processing (logic)   – The computer compares input i...
Let’s                                   at INPUTS first• All inputs have same basic function       detect a mechanical con...
INPUTS can be either            Switches       orSensors
Switches  something turned on or offeither by a person, or a device            switches are either normally open or       ...
SwitchesPSP     Power Steering Pressure SwitchOD    Overdrive SwitchCP    Clutch Pedal Position SwitchIGN     Ignition Swi...
PNP     Park Neutral SwitchBLS    Brake Light SwitchACC    A/C Clutch SwitchTS   Temperature Switch
Sensors               provide feedback information                           (instead of on / off)• Each sensor has a spec...
Various SensorsCTS   Coolant Temperature SensorATS   Air Temperature SensorTPS   Throttle Position SensorISC   Idle Speed ...
CAM      Camshaft Position SensorMAP    Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor KNOCK Sensor E G R Position Sensor MAF     Mass ...
Oxygen Sensors  One Wire  Two Wire Three Wire  Four Wire
Remember this statement ?    • All sensors are either            reference voltage sensors or            voltage generatin...
Let’s Talk About                    Reference Voltage Sensors                  “use of a source of information inReference...
Remember                     this is               “Reference Voltage” All we have to work with is the vehicles voltage   ...
A good charging alternator                    can supply 13.5 - 14.5 voltsA bad alternator can supply voltage above 14.5 v...
Since we are “measuring”         or “referencing” somethingthere must be a point where that measurement              is al...
So............to solve this problem           The computer sends a constant                      5 volts                  ...
And it provides a constant point        to measure from         “reference”  5          For all of the sensorsvolts       ...
Reference Voltage Sensors• Computer sends a constant voltage to the sensor. • The sensor reacts and sends a voltage signal...
So......... inputs can be                        Switches     On or Off                                            5Refere...
Voltage Generating Sensors• Produce an input voltage for the control system • Speed sensors        • Knock sensors        ...
How do they produce voltage ? ?          • Use magnetic induction.   Magnetic Pulse Generators• Also called permanent magn...
QuickTime™ and a    Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture.        QuickTime™ and a    Animation decompresso...
Current running thru a wire wound around a solid core
Hall-Effect Switch• Performs the same function as a PM generator
QuickTime™ and a    Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Let’s                             at OUTPUTS next                   Actuators                   • Solenoids,              ...
Solenoids
What is a solenoid ?       A coil of wire, wound tightly          around a metallic core,      which produces a magnetic f...
QuickTime™ and a                                              GIF decompressor                                      are ne...
QuickTime™ and a    Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture.                                          QuickTi...
Starter solenoid                        Throttle solenoid                 Variable Valve solenoidTrans shift solenoid     ...
Relays
Relays are remote control electrical switches    that are controlled by another switchHorn Circuit                        ...
QuickTime™ and a        GIF decompressorare needed to see this picture.
Many relay show their diagram    Pay close attention
Motors
An electric motor is an electromechanical device                  that converts    electrical energy into mechanical energ...
Endpart 1
Kn ppt aum221 1 1 intro basics
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Intro to Engine Performance

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  • aum 221 chpt 22 01
  • Kn ppt aum221 1 1 intro basics

    1. 1. Engine Performance Basic Electronics and Computer Systems
    2. 2. Computers can be called CPU central processing unit controls all electronic system ECM engine control module controls engine systems PCM powertrain control module controls engine & transmission only TCM transmission control module controls transmission & traction BCM body control module controls body systemsGenerally for our learning purposes, we’ll group them all as one
    3. 3. Computer Functions• Input – Is a signal sent from an input device.• Processing (logic) – The computer compares input information to programmed instructions.• Storage – The programmed instructions are stored in the computer’s memory. • Output – Is a command given by the computer to operate an output device.
    4. 4. Let’s at INPUTS first• All inputs have same basic function detect a mechanical condition, position, chemical state temperature, or electrical value change it into an electrical signal to be used by a computer.
    5. 5. INPUTS can be either Switches orSensors
    6. 6. Switches something turned on or offeither by a person, or a device switches are either normally open or normally closedthey send an digital input signal to the pcm some switches switch the ground side some switch the power side if they switch power, it can be B+ or Reference Voltage
    7. 7. SwitchesPSP Power Steering Pressure SwitchOD Overdrive SwitchCP Clutch Pedal Position SwitchIGN Ignition Switch
    8. 8. PNP Park Neutral SwitchBLS Brake Light SwitchACC A/C Clutch SwitchTS Temperature Switch
    9. 9. Sensors provide feedback information (instead of on / off)• Each sensor has a specific job. ✓confirms position or action ✓reports voltage changes• All sensors are either reference voltage sensors or voltage generating sensors.
    10. 10. Various SensorsCTS Coolant Temperature SensorATS Air Temperature SensorTPS Throttle Position SensorISC Idle Speed Control SensorCRK Crankshaft Position Sensor
    11. 11. CAM Camshaft Position SensorMAP Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor KNOCK Sensor E G R Position Sensor MAF Mass Air Flow Sensor
    12. 12. Oxygen Sensors One Wire Two Wire Three Wire Four Wire
    13. 13. Remember this statement ? • All sensors are either reference voltage sensors or voltage generating sensors.Notice..... they all have to do with voltage They must either create their own voltage or respond to the battery voltage
    14. 14. Let’s Talk About Reference Voltage Sensors “use of a source of information inReference means order to ascertain something” What are we “referencing . . . . and why ?
    15. 15. Remember this is “Reference Voltage” All we have to work with is the vehicles voltage A good battery supplies 12.6 voltsA weak battery will supply less
    16. 16. A good charging alternator can supply 13.5 - 14.5 voltsA bad alternator can supply voltage above 14.5 volts or no volts at all leaving you with battery voltage that is decreasing
    17. 17. Since we are “measuring” or “referencing” somethingthere must be a point where that measurement is always the same A car simply won’t run if the voltage drops below 6 Volts
    18. 18. So............to solve this problem The computer sends a constant 5 volts to the sensor That way it can’t be confused with any voltage generated by something other than what the computer sends out
    19. 19. And it provides a constant point to measure from “reference” 5 For all of the sensorsvolts that need to measure or “reference” voltage
    20. 20. Reference Voltage Sensors• Computer sends a constant voltage to the sensor. • The sensor reacts and sends a voltage signal back to t • Reference voltage is normally 5 to 9 volts. • Most are variable resistors or potentiometers.
    21. 21. So......... inputs can be Switches On or Off 5Reference voltage feedback sensors volts OR Voltage Generating Sensors they make their own voltage signal
    22. 22. Voltage Generating Sensors• Produce an input voltage for the control system • Speed sensors • Knock sensors • Hall-effect switches • Oxygen sensors
    23. 23. How do they produce voltage ? ? • Use magnetic induction. Magnetic Pulse Generators• Also called permanent magnet generators.
    24. 24. QuickTime™ and a Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    25. 25. Current running thru a wire wound around a solid core
    26. 26. Hall-Effect Switch• Performs the same function as a PM generator
    27. 27. QuickTime™ and a Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    28. 28. Let’s at OUTPUTS next Actuators • Solenoids, • Switches, • Relays, lly • Motors. ica as • Electromechanical devices. b
    29. 29. Solenoids
    30. 30. What is a solenoid ? A coil of wire, wound tightly around a metallic core, which produces a magnetic fieldwhen an electric current is passed through it. They can create a controlled magnetic field and can be used as electromagnets
    31. 31. QuickTime™ and a GIF decompressor are needed to see this picture.Simplified ControlBeing a pulsed device with minimal components optimizessolenoids for digital control. This results in faster cycling andhigher reliability with fewer interfaces. Uncompromising Reliability Solenoids provide repeatable, predictable performance with a specified life of up to 100 million cycles.
    32. 32. QuickTime™ and a Animation decompressorare needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a Animation decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    33. 33. Starter solenoid Throttle solenoid Variable Valve solenoidTrans shift solenoid Fuel injector solenoid Idle air control solenoidFuel Solenoid EGR solenoid Door lock solenoid
    34. 34. Relays
    35. 35. Relays are remote control electrical switches that are controlled by another switchHorn Circuit Switch #2 A switch controlled by A switchSwitch #1 Horn Switch
    36. 36. QuickTime™ and a GIF decompressorare needed to see this picture.
    37. 37. Many relay show their diagram Pay close attention
    38. 38. Motors
    39. 39. An electric motor is an electromechanical device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy QuickTime™ and a QuickTime™ and a GIF decompressor Animation decompressor are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.
    40. 40. Endpart 1
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