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    Gandhi Gandhi Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction
    • Historical Background
      • India was still an English Colony
      • Indians were very conservative.
      • British forced them to adopt
      • their culture
      • British respected their culture, but controlled the important people.
      • Conservatism Indian Nationalism
      • After mid 19 th Century, the British had more to offer
        • Educated people tolerated better British
      Indian Army rebellion, 1857
      • South Africa was under British control
      • Zulu War, 1906
    • Artistic Background
      • Bagata and Chokha early 19th Century painters
      • Pahari paintings (17th- 19th Centuries)
      • Most paintings were done for British residents
      • Bhau Daji Lad Sangrahalaya
      • Allbless family
      • F. W. Stevens
    • Literary and musical background
      • Rabindranath Tagore:
      • He was born in Calcutta in 1861 and he died in 1941.
      • Tagore was a poet, novelist, musician and playwright.
      • He changed completely music and literature in India.
      • He wrote Hindustani classical music songs
      • In 1913 he won the Nobel Prize in literature.
      • This is a piece of his winning song:
      আমার এ গান ছেড়েছে তার সকল অলংকার , তোমার কাছে রাখে নি আর সাজের অহংকার। অলংকার যে মাঝে পড়ে মিলনেতে আড়াল করে , তোমার কথা ঢাকে যে তার মুখর ঝংকার। তোমার কাছে খাটে না মোর কবির গর্ব করা , মহাকবি তোমার পায়ে দিতে যে চাই ধরা। জীবন লয়ে যতন করি যদি সরল বাঁশি গড়ি , আপন সুরে দিবে ভরি সকল ছিদ্র তার। "My song has put off her adornments. She has no pride of dress and decoration. Ornaments would mar our union; they would come between thee and me; their jingling would drown thy whispers." "My poet's vanity dies in shame before thy sight. O master poet, I have sat down at thy feet. Only let me make my life simple and straight, like a flute of reed for thee to fill with music."
    • Music styles
      • Folk music:
        • Bauls
        • Bhangra
        • Bhavageete
        • Dandiya
        • Lavani
        • Popular music
        • Qawwali
        • Rabindra Sangeet
        • Rajasthan
    • Basic information about Mahatma Gandhi
      • REAL NAME:
      • His name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
      • He was born in 1869 in Porbandar, in the British India
      • He was murdered in 1948 in New Delhi.
      RELIGION: Hinduism FAMILY: - His wife was called Kasturba Gandhi. - He had 4 children
      • - Lawyer
      • Politician
      • Spiritual leader
    • Early life
      • He was born on the 2nd of October 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town in India.
      • Father: Karamchand Gandhi
        • Prime Minister of Porbandar State
      • Mother: Putlibai Gandhi
      • Influence for adult life His mother and regional traditions: vegetarianism, fasting, compassion for sentient beings, and mutual tolerance between people of different believes
      • Shravana and Maharaja Harishchandra: ancient stories that influenced Gandhi.
      • He was married when he was 13 to Kasturba, who was 14
    • Gandhi and Kasturbai
    • Studies
      • In 1888 Gandhi traveled to London to study at the University College of London to be a barrister
      • He became interested in religious thoughts and began to study both, Hindus and Christian scriptures.
      • Then, he came back to India to implemment law in Mumbay. Unfortunately it was unsuccessful.
      • Gandhi also tried to be a high school teacher
      • Finally Gandhi signed up with a company in South Africa, part of the British Colony
    • South Africa
      • He traveled to South Africa to represent Indian laborers there
      • DISCRIMINATION: Indians mistreatment by the British, because of racial discrimination
      • He became interested in the passive protests carried out by Indians living in South Africa.
      • He postponed his returning trip to India because of the new law that was going to be imposed.
      • Gandhi created parties promoting Indian civil rights
      • Zulu war exploded and an Indian voluntary group assisted the British
    • Non-violent protests
      • In 1906 the government wanted to create a registration for Indian people
      • Gandhi insisted on this community to adopt the satyagraha, which is a non-violent protest
      • This protest was carried out for seven years
        • Indians protested, refused to registrate, burnt their identification cards and followed other kinds of non-violent measurements
        • These Indians, during those seven years, were put in jail, beaten, or even executed.
      • The government managed to control the situation
      • When the methods used by the government were known, they were forced to negotiate with Gandhi
    • Return to India
      • In 1914 Gandhi returned home and refused to be a lawyer as he was told that he would be more important in other national affairs.
      • He and his wife traveled all along India, and deepened in his thoughts.
      • He struggled for the Indian Independence
      • Non-violent protests against textile imports from Britain. It ended up with his arrestment in 1922.
      • Hinduists and Muslims were about to break up their cooperations.
      • British banned Indians to produce their own salt
        • Salt March: Gandhi led a 200-mile march from Ahmedabad to the coastal Dandi
      • Quit India (1492): Gandhi proposed immediate independence
    • World Wars roles
      • First World War:
        • Viceroy invited him to a War Conference
        • Gandhi agreed with the Viceroy to recruit Indians for the British army
      • Second World War:
        • Gandhi offered non-violent moral support
        • The Congress was offended, since that was a unilateral decision and it had not been consulted
        • Finally Gandhi declared that India was not going to participate as long as it remained controlled by Britain
        • Gandhi intensified his demand for independence
    • Indian partition (1945-1947)
      • Gandhi did not agree on the partition of India in two halves: Muslims and Hinduists
      • Between 1946 and 1948 there were religious confrontations
      • Muslim community made pressure to accelerate the Indian partition
      • Gandhi had a great influence Sadar Patel managed to convince Gandhi to support the separation of India and Pakistan to avoid a civil war
    • Gandhi’s assassination
      • 30 th of January, in 1948. He was going to pray. Then he was shot three times.
      • He was 78 years old. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, who was a Hindu Nationalist, was against Gandhi, as he acussed him for making the new government.
      • One year later, Nathuram Godse, together with his co-conspirator Narayan Apte , were tried andsentenced to death.
      • However, the man who planned the murder, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, was acquitted for lack of evidence.
      • An evidence of his struggle and his search for God is in his last words before dying. He said: “Hey, Rama!”
      •    This is interpreted as a sign of his spirituality and his idealism in the pursuit of peace.
      And this is the End
      • “ An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.”
      “ There are many causes that I am prepared to die for but no causes that I am prepared to kill for” “ Hate the sin, love the sinner” “ An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching” “ To forgive is not to forget. The merit lies in loving in spite of the vivid knowledge that the one that must be loved is not a friend” 26th of October 2009 IES Laguna de Joatzel 4º A María Gómez Maroto and Yolanda Martí Mateos