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# Romannumerals lessons worksheetsquizzes

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### Romannumerals lessons worksheetsquizzes

1. 1. ROMAN NUMERALS LESSONS ~ WORKSHEETS ~ QUIZZES MMCII DXIV IV XII CM The History Page © Arlene Manemann 2013
2. 2. Thank you for purchasing this product. © Arlene Manemann: The Math Page. The original purchaser of this document is granted permission to reproduce the pages in needed quantities for the purchaser's classroom only. Minor editing is allowed; the document remains under copyright even when edited. Duplication for other classes or by other teachers or for use in wide distribution as within a school district or on the internet in any form is strictly forbidden. Violations are subject to the penalties of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.
3. 3. ROMAN NUMERALS This file contains:  Basics of reading Roman Numerals Lessons and practice Self-quizzes  Basics of writing Roman Numerals Lessons and practice Self-quizzes  Mini-quizzes for reading and writing Roman Numerals  Brief history and word search for Roman Numerals  Answer keys  Silly Math (For some reason my kids actually asked for more of these. I used them for sponge activities.)  40 Flash cards for basics and selected combinations: - Check for small letters in upper left corners a thru f. - Run off same-lettered pages back-to-back and cut.  Posters for Roman Numeral basics. © Arlene Manemann 2013
4. 4. ROMAN NUMERALS Name _________________________________________________ READING ROMAN NUMERALS A. Individual values: I =1 V=5 X = 10 L = 50 C = 100 D = 500 M = 1,000 Two or three, all the same value - simply add: II (I + I) = _______ XXX = ________ III (I + I + I ) = _______ CC = _________ XX (X + X ) = ________ CCC = _________ MM = __________ Note: The Roman numerals V, D, and L are never repeated in one number Two of different values - add if the largest value comes first: VI (V + I) = ________ XV (X + V) = ________ LX = ______ LV = ______ CX = ______ XI (X + I) = __________ MC = _______ DL = _______ Two of different values - subtract if the smallest value comes first: IX (X - I) = ________ XL (L - X) = ________ XC = ________ CM = __________ CD (D - C) = _________ IV = _________ Self-Quiz - some are repeated from above - others are new: 1. IV _______ 6. D _______ 11. L _________ 16. CCC _______ 2. X _______ 7. DX _______ 12. MD _______ 17. MM _______ 3. XX _______ 8. ML _______ 13. CX ________ 18. V ________ 4. XV _______ 9. CV _______ 14. LI _________ 19. LX _______ 5. CL _______ l0. III ________ 15. MV _________ 20. IX _______ © Arlene Manemann 2013 1
5. 5. Name_________________________________________ B. WRITING ROMAN NUMERALS Using what you've learned in part A, write the following in Roman numerals: 1 ____ 2 ____ 3 ____ 4 ____ 5 ____ 6 ____ 7 ____ 8 ____ 9 ____ 10 ____ 20 ____ 30 _____ 100___ 200 ____ 300 _____ 500 ____ 1,000 _____ 2,000 _____ C. READING ROMAN NUMERALS - Multiples Multiples of ten plus "one to nine" - from 11 to 99 First read the multiple of ten - then follow with the "ones" equivalent: Note: Sometimes it is actually easier to read them backwards! XV  X = 10 + V = 5 15 _______ XIX  X = 10 + IX = 9 XXI  XX = 20 + I = 1 _______ XXXVI  XXX = 30 + VI = 6 _____ XLII  XL = 40 + II = 2 _______ LVII  L = 50 + VII = 7 _______ ______ LXXXIII  80 + ____ = _______ XCIV  90 + _____ = XIII  _____ + _____ = _______ XXVII  _____ + _____ = _______ XLI  _____ + _____ = _______ LXXVI  _____ + _____ = _______ _______ Self Quiz - Write which of our numbers these Roman numerals represent - some are as above; others are simply multiples of ten: XI ___________ XVII __________ XXIV _________ XXVIII________ XXX__________ XXXVII_________ XXXIX________ XLVI _________ XLVIII________ LIII___________ XLII___________ LX___________ LXX__________ LXI__________ LXVIII________ LXXV_________ LXXIX_________ LXXX________ LXXXVIII______ XCIX _________ 2 © Arlene Manemann 2013
6. 6. Name_________________________________________ D. WRITING ROMAN NUMERALS Using what you've learned so far, write the following in Roman numerals: 13 __________ 72__________ 24__________ 66__________ 78 __________ 33 __________ 81 __________ 59 __________ 14 __________ 43 __________ 95___________ 50 __________ 28 __________ 61 __________ 40 __________ 87 __________ E. READING ROMAN NUMERALS Numbers in the hundreds and thousands, when written in Roman numerals, follow the same pattern as for multiples of ten: 135 CXXXV = ___________  C + XXX + V = 100 + 30 + 5 DXL = ___________  D + XL = 500 + 40 CCXIX = ___________  CC + X + IX = 200 + 10 + 9 MCCCVI = __________  M + CCC + VI = 1,000 + 300 + 6 MCDL = __________  M + CD + L = 1,000 + 400 + 50 MMXI = ___________  MM + X + I = 2,000 + 10 + 1 DCC = ___________ MCC = ___________ DLX = __________ CLIX = _________ MDCV = _________ CXXIII = _________ MCMLX = ________ MCDXII = _______ MMIII = _________ © Arlene Manemann 2013 MCCC = _________ DCLIX = _________ DXIX = _________ 3
7. 7. Name_________________________________________ F. WRITING ROMAN NUMERALS Using what you've learned, write the following in Roman numerals: 11__________ 53_________ 103_________ 516____________ 13__________ 54_________ 115_________ 640____________ 14__________ 57_________ 124_________ 694____________ 17__________ 59_________ 149_________ 718____________ 22__________ 65_________ 158_________ 735____________ 25__________ 68_________ 160_________ 856____________ 29__________ 70_________ 202_________ 920____________ 30__________ 74_________ 226_________ 953____________ 32__________ 77_________ 251_________ 1,300___________ 38__________ 82_________ 373_________ 1,419___________ 41__________ 83_________ 388_________ 1,501___________ 46__________ 96_________ 406_________ 1,865___________ Our Constitution was signed in MDCCLXXXIX __________________ World War II started in MCMXLI _______________________ The Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock in MDCXX _____________________ Most of the Great Wall of China was finished by CCIV B.C. ___________________ 4 © Arlene Manemann 2013
8. 8. Name ______________________________________________ Roman Numerals Though Roman numerals have been in use since before Christ, they have not been consistently written nor read. Originally, it is thought, with I for 1, the Romans simply were imitating fingers being counted. Eventually, they no doubt established shortened versions, as using a V for five and X for ten. As the need for larger numerals arose, using C for 100 evolved and drawing a line through C (C) created half C for 50, which we now write as L. Similarly M (1,000) and D (500) came into use and we have the standard seven letters which represent the roman numerals. The subtraction system of putting an I before a V, for example, to create the Roman numeral for 4, came along quite awhile after the initial design of the numerals, and was never universally used in ancient times. For instance, on ancient records one might see XXXX instead of XL, or DCCCC rather than CM. But in modern times, where Roman numerals are used primarily for years and ordinal designations of first, second, third, etc., the system has been fairly well standardized. Even so, occasionally a short version such as IC for 99 or even MIM rather than the longer numeral for 1999 can be seen. Directions: 1. Highlight in color the letters in bold in the paragraphs above and their Arabic equivalent. 2. Convert the following Arabic numerals and modern Roman numerals to their standard counterparts. (A numeral of lesser value than the one that comes next indicates subtraction.) 3. Finally, find and circle or highlight each answer in the Word Search. Note: No diagonals Roman Arabic Arabic Roman MDCCCXLIX ___________ 933 _____________________ MDCCLXXXIX ___________ 1066 _____________________ MM ___________ 1215 _____________________ MCMXVI ___________ 1941 _____________________ CCCXXVII ___________ 1861 _____________________ DCCC ___________ 1984 _____________________ MDLXXXVIII ___________ 2001 _____________________ MCMXCIX ___________ 1517 _____________________ MCDXCII ___________ 1620 _____________________ 1 9 D M C M L X X X I V C X 7 8 2 9 L L 8 8 5 1 C 1 D M 0 7 L I V X L M D 9 5 8 L V 8 1 M 1 9 0 I 2 X 4 8 4 C D 6 M D 0 6 0 X 6 7 V 9 9 9 1 C I X D 0 8 V 3 I M M V L M X V V L 4 5 4 I X X D C D 1 V X I 0 X 4 X I 0 L 9 L 7 0 V 1 C D 2 D 7 C I 3 5 3 D I V M D C 9 8 4 L C 3 2 7 9 C 6 0 M 8 L 1 D L V X C C M C I L 1 2 D M 0 5 D L 2 C I 4 2 X I 8 I 8 L 9 V 1 9 1 6 7 5 2 D 7 D M D C X X L I 8 6 V 9 C 5 L 5 3 V C M 7 X V 3 I 4 X D C M 8 M C M X L I D L 1 D L C M X X X I I I 3 5 7 3 D 4 3 C 9 M 8 V M 4 1 9 9 D M 1 Using the text from above, fill in these values. I V X L C D M = = = = = = = ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ © Arlene Manemann 2013
9. 9. OMAN NUMERALS Name _________________________________________________ QUIZ 1 - Parts A & B Write the standard numbers: Write in Roman numerals: a. CC _______ f. MM ______ l. 2 ______ q. 600 _______ b. D _______ g. CX ______ m. 6 _____ r. 55 _______ c. IV _______ h. XL ______ n. 40 _____ s. 20 _______ d. XII _______ j. IX ______ o. 17 _____ t. 70 _______ e. XXX ______ k. MD ______ p. 80 _____ u. 1100 ______ OMAN NUMERALS Name _________________________________________________ QUIZ 1 - Parts A & B Write the standard numbers: Write in Roman numerals: a. CC _______ f. MM ______ l. 2 ______ q. 600 _______ b. D _______ g. CX ______ m. 6 _____ r. 55 _______ c. IV _______ h. XL ______ n. 40 _____ s. 20 _______ d. XII _______ j. IX ______ o. 17 _____ t. 70 _______ e. XXX ______ k. MD ______ p. 80 _____ u. 1100 ______
10. 10. Roman Numerals Name _________________________________________ QUIZ 2 - Parts C, D, & E Write the standard numbers: Write in Roman numerals: a. XXIX _______ f. XCVII______ l. 29 ______ q. 65 _______ b. CLV _______ g. XLVI ______ m. 72 _____ r. 108 _______ c. VII h. CCCXLI ______ n. 244 _____ s. 40 _______ d. DCCLI ______ j. MCM ________ o. 1,800 ________ t. 92 _______ e. XXXIV ______ k. XVIII p. 730 _________ u. 409 ______ ______ Roman Numerals Name _________________________________________ QUIZ 2 - Parts C, D, & E Write the standard numbers: Write in Roman numerals: a. XXIX _______ f. XCVII______ l. 29______ q. 65 _______ b. CLV _______ g. XLVI ______ m. 72 _____ r. 108 _______ c. VII h. CCCXLI ______ n. 244 _____ s. 40 _______ d. DCCLI ______ j. MCM ________ o. 1,800 ________ t. 92 _______ e. XXXIV ______ k. XVIII p. 730 _________ u. 409 ______ ______
11. 11. ANSWER KEYS Page 1 A. 2 3 20 30 200 300 6 15 2,000 11 60 55 110 1100 _______________ 9 40 400 90 900 60 4 Self-Quiz 1. 4 2. 10 3. 20 9. 105 10. 3 11. 50 16. 300 17. 2000 4. 15 5. 150 12. 1500 18. 5 6. 500 13. 110 19. 60 7. 510 14. 51 8. 1050 15. 1005 20. 9 Page 2 B. I II III XX C. XXX 15 IV V C VI CC VII CCC VIII D IX M X MM 19 Self-Quiz 21 36 11 41 37 39 46 53 42 60 70 13 28 48 83 24 30 42 17 61 68 75 79 80 88 99 57 94 27 76
12. 12. Page 3 D. LXXII XXIV LXVI LXXVIII XXXIII LXXXI LIX XIV XLIII XCV L XXVIII E. XIII LXI XL LXXXVII (135) 700 1605 2003 540 1200 123 1300 219 560 1960 659 1306 1450 2011 159 1412 519 XI LIII CIII DXVI XIII LIV CXV DCXL XIV LVII CXXIV DCXCIV XVII LIX CXLIX DCCXVIII XXII LXV CLVIII DCCXXXV XXV LXVIII CLX DCCCLVI XXIX LXX CCII CMXX XXX LXXIV CCXXVI CMLIII XXXII LXXVII CCLI MCCC XXXVIII LXXXII CCCLXXIII XLI LXXXIII CCCLXXXVIII MDI XLVI XCVI CDVI Page 4 F. Dates: 1789 1941 1620 MCDXIX MDCCCLXV 204 B.C.
13. 13. History 1849 1789 2000 1916 327 800 1588 1999 1492 CMXXXIII MLXVI MCCXV MCMXLI MDCCCLXI MMI MMI MDXVII MDCXX
14. 14. QUIZ 1 a. 200 f. 2000 l. II q. DC b. 500 g. 110 m. VI r. LV c. 4 h. 40 n. XL s. XX d. 12 j. 9 o. XVII t. LXX e. 30 k. 1500 p. LXXX u. MC a. 29 f. 97 l. XXIX q. LXV b. 155 g. 46 m. LXXII r. CVIII c. 7 h. 341 n. CCXLIV s. XL d. 751 j. 1900 o. MDCCC t. XCII e. 34 k. 18 p. DCCXXX u. CDIX QUIZ 2 Silly Math A. \$V.XCIV B. IX C. III D. LIIo E. VI
15. 15. Silly Math with Roman Numerals Name_______________________________________ Write the answers in Roman Numerals!! A. Maximus gave Seneca a \$XX bill to buy lion food. Seneca brought back the change - \$XIV.VI How much did he pay for the lion food? B. Octavian had VI pairs of sandals to wear in the coliseum games, but had lost II pair. Later he found one of the lost sandals in his chariot. If he hasn't lost or bought any more, how many sandals does he have now? C. Channel VIII showed the championship ball game between the Centurions and the Senators. The Centurions made IV goals and won XII to VI. How many points did they get for each goal? D. It was LXXIX degrees outside at I o'clock this afternoon. It is now V and it is LXVII degrees outside. If the temperature keeps dropping at the same rate, what will the temperature outside be at X o'clock tonight? E. Pompey traded in his one seat DCCCXCV chariot when buying a new CMI two seater. How many years newer was the two seater? © Arlene Manemann 2013
16. 16. a I V X C D M IV L
17. 17. a 50 10 4 1,000 5 1 500 100
18. 18. b VI IX XI XL LX XC CX CD
19. 19. b 40 11 9 6 400 110 90 60
20. 20. c DC CM MC CL MD DL MM MCM
21. 21. c 150 1100 900 600 1900 2000 550 1500
22. 22. d MMXI XXX MCMX C LXX LIX CC XIV MCD
23. 23. d 59 70 1990 2011 1400 14 200 30
24. 24. e LXXX CCC LXVIII XX XXV LVII XCII CXC
25. 25. e 20 68 300 80 190 92 57 25
26. 26. f XLV XXXV I XIX MX LXXXII LXXVI DCLX MCDXI
27. 27. f 1,010 19 36 45 1,411 660 76 82
28. 28. I =1
29. 29. V= 5
30. 30. X=10
31. 31. L = 50
32. 32. C =100
33. 33. D =500
34. 34. M= 1,000