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Course 16-Unit 7: Passive form of gerunds and infinitives.
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Course 16-Unit 7: Passive form of gerunds and infinitives.

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  • 1. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
  • 2. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES A verb in gerund: Verb + ing Looking Eating Playing Coming Lying A verb in infinitive: To + Verb To look To eat To play To come To lie
  • 3. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES After some verbs, you must use a “GERUND”, after some other verbs you must use an “INFINITIVE”; and after some verbs you can use a “GERUND” or and “INFINITIVE”
  • 4. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES After some verbs, you must use a “GERUND”, after some other verbs you must use an “INFINITIVE”; and after some verbs you can use a “GERUND” or and “INFINITIVE” Verbs followed by a verb in gerund: Admit: I admit loving cartoons. Enjoy: We enjoy going to Cartagena. Recommend: My boss suggested finishing the report on time.
  • 5. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES After some verbs, you must use a “GERUND”, after some other verbs you must use an “INFINITIVE”; and after some verbs you can use a “GERUND” or and “INFINITIVE” Verbs followed by a verb in gerund: Verbs followed by a verb in infinitive: Admit: I admit loving cartoons. Enjoy: We enjoy going to Cartagena. Recommend: My boss suggested finishing the report on time. Would like: I would like to go on vacations. Need: They need to explain this better. Want: Do you want to learn English?
  • 6. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES After some verbs, you must use a “GERUND”, after some other verbs you must use an “INFINITIVE”; and after some verbs you can use a “GERUND” or and “INFINITIVE” Verbs followed by a verb in gerund: Verbs followed by a verb in infinitive: Verbs followed by a verb in gerund or infinitive: Admit: I admit loving cartoons. Enjoy: We enjoy going to Cartagena. Recommend: My boss suggested finishing the report on time. Would like: I would like to go on vacations. Need: They need to explain this better. Want: Do you want to learn English? Begin: I began to work/working on that project. Love: She loves to sing/singing. Try: He tried to learn/learning Chinese.
  • 7. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice:
  • 8. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner.
  • 9. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner.
  • 10. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner.
  • 11. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action
  • 12. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action
  • 13. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action
  • 14. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action
  • 15. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action
  • 16. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action
  • 17. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Object: The receiver of the action
  • 18. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject Object: The receiver of the action
  • 19. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject
  • 20. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject
  • 21. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject
  • 22. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject
  • 23. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject
  • 24. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject Object: The receiver of the action
  • 25. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action
  • 26. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Active Voice: The chef cooked this delicious dinner. Verb: The action Subject: Who does the action Passive Voice: This delicious dinner was cooked by the chef. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object
  • 27. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object
  • 28. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object Present Sheila writes a letter A letter is written by Sheila
  • 29. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object Present Past Sheila writes a letter A letter is written by Sheila Sheila cooked dinner Dinner was cooked by Sheila
  • 30. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object Present Past Future Sheila writes a letter A letter is written by Sheila Sheila cooked dinner Dinner was cooked by Sheila Sheila will build a house A house will be built by Sheila
  • 31. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object Present Past Future Present Continuous Sheila writes a letter A letter is written by Sheila Sheila cooked dinner Dinner was cooked by Sheila Sheila will build a house A house will be built by Sheila Sheila is fixing her car Her car is being fixed by Sheila
  • 32. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES The Active Voice Vs. The Passive Voice: Tenses. In the Active Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Subject In the Passive Voice, we concentrate our attention on the Object Present Past Future Present Continuous Present Perfect Sheila writes a letter A letter is written by Sheila Sheila cooked dinner Dinner was cooked by Sheila Sheila will build a house A house will be built by Sheila Sheila is fixing her car Her car is being fixed by Sheila Sheila has made a question A question has been made by Sheila
  • 33. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials.
  • 34. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Object: The receiver of the action
  • 35. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action
  • 36. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action
  • 37. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action.
  • 38. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE.
  • 39. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “BEING” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “ENTERTAINED”
  • 40. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “BEING” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “ENTERTAINED” We use “BEING” (with –ing) because goes after the verb “ENJOY”
  • 41. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “enjoy” the verb goes in “GERUND” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “BEING” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “ENTERTAINED” We use “BEING” (with –ing) because goes after the verb “ENJOY”
  • 42. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “enjoy” the verb goes in “GERUND” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “BEING” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “ENTERTAINED” We use “BEING” (with –ing) because goes after the verb “ENJOY” And after the verb “ENJOY” we always use the verb in –ing (being)
  • 43. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I enjoy being entertained by commercials. Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “enjoy” the verb goes in “GERUND” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “BEING” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “ENTERTAINED” We use “BEING” (with –ing) because goes after the verb “ENJOY” And after the verb “ENJOY” we always use the verb in –ing (being)
  • 44. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers
  • 45. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Object: The receiver of the action
  • 46. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action
  • 47. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action
  • 48. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action.
  • 49. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE.
  • 50. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “TO BE” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “TOLD”
  • 51. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “TO BE” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “TOLD” We use “TO BE” because goes after the verb “EXPECT”
  • 52. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “expect” the verb goes in “INFINITIVE” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “TO BE” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “TOLD” We use “TO BE” because goes after the verb “EXPECT”
  • 53. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “expect” the verb goes in “INFINITIVE” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “TO BE” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “TOLD” We use “TO BE” because goes after the verb “EXPECT” And after the verb “EXPECT” we always use the verb in INFINITIVE (TO BE)
  • 54. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Now, take a look… I don’t expect to be told the truth by advertisers Verb To Be + Verb in Past Participle Object: The receiver of the action Subject: Who does the action After “expect” the verb goes in “INFINITIVE” This is a Passive Voice because we concentrate on who receives the action. In the passive voice, the main verb is: VERB TO BE + VERB In PAST PARTICIPLE. In this sentence, the Verb To Be is “TO BE” and the verb in PAST PARTICIPLE is “TOLD” We use “TO BE” because goes after the verb “EXPECT” And after the verb “EXPECT” we always use the verb in INFINITIVE (TO BE)
  • 55. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES She enjoys being photographed. He hates being photographed. Her baby loves being held. Being served quickly is important for customers in a restaurant. He wants to be fed. She wants to be paid for her tea She likes to be seen wearing purple hair. They expect their baby to be born in November. This is a PASSIVE FORM OF AN INFINITIVE.This is a PASSIVE FORM OF A GERUND.
  • 56. PASSIVE FORM OF GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Thank you!!!

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