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  • SummaryThe overhead projector was very important in the classroom for displaying information so that all students could see at one time and it saved the teacher from having to write all this information on the chalkboard. Also, the information could be stored for future use whereas if it had been written on the chalk board it would have to erased and then rewritten if needed later.Yes. Teachers thought that it was an amazing technology because it saved them the time of having to write or draw figures. Objects and other material on the chalkboard.Some of the disadvantages of the overhead projector were that it could only display still objects, transparencies . Also, as for its size, it was a large and bulky type of equipment that took up a lot of space.The Elmo can do a lot of things that the overhead could not such as display live and in color objects that brings the presentation to life, display in 3D dimension, and can display different types of documents that do not have to be a transparencies and textbook material.
  • The Elmo projector makes overhead projector, slide projector and opaque projector obsolete. the blackboard, chalkboard and the overhead projector.The Elmo projector rekindles the Overhead projector, chalk board, and blackboard from the past.The Elmo projector represents an increase in students learning and achievement. It is a technology that is valuable to teachers because it will save them time, resources and let them create an environment where students work is used in the creative process.Anything that is put under the camera can be depicted and it is versatile.It brings life to a presentation and creates a more engaging and healthy learning environment for all the students.
  • The Elmo projector can display pictures in color, demonstrate a new technique and display a book for everyone to view.Teachers feel great about it using the Elmo and uses it in the classroom as part of their instruction for demonstrating informationIt can be used to teach students how to do certain things such as writing or forming lettersTeachers really feel good about this technology because for one thing it saves them the time of having to write and erase material which is time consuming.The can have material that comes with the lesson textbooks as well as go online to gather information.The Decatur County school system has adopted the Elmo projector by providing allschools in the system with an Elmo projector.
  • The 6 Forces that drive emerging technologyEvolutionary TechnologyRhymes of HistoryDisruptive TechnologyScience Fiction: Increasing Returns: Red Queens
  • Evolutionary Technology on the Obsolete Technology’s Original EmergenceOverhead Projector was:First used by the police for criminal profiles and by the U.S Army for military training. In the 1940s.Roger Appledorn introduced it to teachers in the 1960s. Emerged from the opaque projector.More beneficial in presenting material than the opaque projector
  • Evolutionary TechnologyIn the 1980s and 90s, teachers used the overhead projector to present material to students in their classrooms.The overhead projector played a major role in classrooms in teachers presentations. It helped teachers to present pre-printed material and saved them time from having to write this material on the blackboard.It was more beneficial than the opaque projector in presenting material and information.The overhead projector did not require as much preparation as the slide projector required.
  • Evolutionary TechnologyElmo ProjectorIs a document camera that was first developed in the 1980s but arrived around the early 1990s because of the need for to display information and material without using transparencies.Could be used in other areas other than just education such as business, training, and museums.
  • Rhymes of historyOverhead ProjectorThe overhead projector brings back the thought of the use of chalk board or blackboard, opaque projector, slide projector and the movie projector.Material used on the overhead projector could be saved for later use but could not once it is erased off the blackboard.Elmo ProjectorThe Elmo projector reminds us of the overhead projector but a better source for presenting information and material.The Elmo projector has changed the way that students learn in the classroom through the use of interactive presentations of instructional material.
  • Disruptive technologyOverhead ProjectorThe overhead projector was a disruption to the slide and opaque projector. The overhead pushed the slide and opaque projectors intoobsolescence.Elmo ProjectorThe Elmo projector was a disruption for the overhead projector . This was due to all the different types of features that it offered
  • Science fictionOverhead ProjectorWas not influenced by science fiction when it emerged.Science fiction has played a part in making it obsolete because of videos and other 3-D projectorsElmo ProjectorThe interest in the way people display images might have been sparks by science fiction.
  • Increasing returnsElmo ProjectorThe Elmo projector is becoming a part of every classroom with the obstacle being its cost seeing the increasing returns.It is in competition with other interactive or digital display or presentation technology.
  • Presentation2modobsoletenewedited2 1

    1. 1. Marion BushEDUC-7108 Emerging and FutureTechnologyDr. David ThornburgWalden University
    2. 2. In the 1940s the first overhead projector were used by police for criminal profiles andthe U.S Army for military training. Roger Appledorn invented the modern overheadprojector in the 1960s. It was a flop until he reached out to businesses and teachersacross the country in order to increase the sales of the product and by the 1960s and70s it was used by many businesses and classrooms.
    3. 3. The Elmo Projector is a document camera that displays objects anddocuments that are not transparent. The Elmo digital camera displaymore than just documents but can be used to display three-dimensionalobjects.
    4. 4. Enhances: What does this technology do that is new?Obsoletes: What does this technology replace?Retrieves/rekindles: What does this technology bring to mind(or retrieve) from the past?Reverses: What might replace this technology in the future, orwhat might it cause to occur? Enhances Retrieves Reverses Obsolete (Microsoft Corp., 2007)
    5. 5. Obsolete Technology Enhance ReversePresent still objects Technology that is smallerPresent transparencies Takes up less spacePre-printed material that can bewritten on with a pen that washes off.Enlarges printEnlarges objects Overhead Projector (Google, 2011) Obsolete Retrieve Opaque projectorThe use of transparencies The slide projectorPre-printed material and objects BlackboardMovie projectors Chalkboard Dry eraser board
    6. 6. Emerging Technology Tetrad Enhance ReverseDisplay documents A technology that is smallerPresent textbook material and other but with more advance functions.objects on a screenPresent presentations and smalltextMovable objects Elmo Projector Retrieve ObsoleteOverhead projector Overhead projectorOpaque projector Dry eraser board Blackboard Chalkboard
    7. 7. Name Title School Interview DateVonda Hubbard Technology Specialist Bainbridge High School October 4, 2011 Decision-MakerDonna McGlincy Teacher Bainbridge High School October 5, 2011 End UserBernice Jackson Teacher West Bainbridge Elementary October 5, 2011 School End User
    8. 8. 1.What was the purpose of the overhead projector in the classroom?2. Was the overhead projector something that teachers accepted willingly at the time?3. What were the disadvantages of the overhead projector?4. What does the Elmo projector do that is new (enhance)?5. What does it make obsolete?6. What does it rekindle from the past?7. What does it represent for the future technologies of this kind?8. What purpose does the Elmo projector serve in today’s classrooms that the overhead does not serve? (Microsoft Corp., 2007)
    9. 9. 9. What are some of the advantages the Elmo projector?10. What are some of the features of the Elmo projector that are used by teachers?11. What are benefits and disadvantages of this technology?12. How do teachers feel about this technology?13. In what way are they provided with information and lessons for this technology?14. What other technologies work with the Elmo projector?15. What direction is the Decatur County Board of Education taking in regards to this technology? (Microsoft Corp., 2007)
    10. 10. The overhead projector was very important in the classroom for displaying information so thatall students could see at one time and it saved the teacher from having to write all thisinformation on the chalkboard. Also, the information could be stored for future use whereas ifit had been written on the chalk board it would have to erased and then rewritten if neededlater.Yes. Teachers thought that it was an amazing technology because it saved them the time ofhaving to write or draw figures. Objects and other material on the chalkboard.Some of the disadvantages of the overhead projector were that it could only display stillobjects and transparencies . Also, as for its size, it was a large and bulky type of equipmentThat took up a lot of space.The Elmo can do a lot of things that the overhead could not such as display live and in colorobjects that brings the presentation to life, display in 3D dimension, and can display differenttypes of documents that do not have to be transparent and textbook material.
    11. 11. The Elmo projector makes the overhead projector, slide projector and opaque projectorobsolete.The Elmo projector rekindles the Overhead projector, chalk board, and blackboardfrom the past.The Elmo projector represents an increase in students learning and achievement. It isa technology that is valuable to teachers because it will save them time, resources andlet them create an environment where students work is used in the creative process.Anything that is put under the camera can be depicted and it is versatile.It brings life to a presentation and creates a more engaging and healthy learningenvironment for all the students. (Microsoft Corp., 2007)
    12. 12. The Elmo projector can display pictures in color, demonstrate a new technique anddisplay a book for everyone to view.Teachers feel great about it using the Elmo and uses it in the classroom as part oftheir instruction for demonstrating informationIt can be used to teach students how to do certain things such as writing or forminglettersTeachers really feel good about this technology because for one thing it saves themthe time of having to write and erase material which is time consuming.The can have material that comes with the lesson textbooks as well as go online togather information.The Decatur County school system has adopted the Elmo projector by providing allschools in the system with an Elmo projector.
    13. 13. Evolutionary TechnologyRhymes of HistoryDisruptive TechnologyScience Fiction:Increasing Returns:Red Queens:
    14. 14. Overhead Projector was: First used by the police for criminal profiles and by the U.S Army for military training. In the 1940s. The overhead projector became popular when Roger Appledorn introduced it to teachers in the 1960s. A major “manufacturer of the overhead projector was a company called 3M (Wikipedia, 2011). Teachers used it for instruction in order to deliver their lessons through the use of transparency paper. In the 1980s and 90s, teachers used the overhead projector to present material to students in their classrooms. (Google, 2011)
    15. 15. It helped teachers to present pre-printed material and saved them timefrom having to write this material on the blackboard.Emerged from the opaque projector.More beneficial in presenting material than the opaque projector.It was more beneficial than the opaque projector in presentingmaterial and information.The overhead projector did not require as much preparation as theslide projector required.
    16. 16. (Google, 2011)
    17. 17. Emerging Technology Elmo Projector Is a “document camera that displays objects that are not translucent (WiseGEEK, 2011)” and was first developed in the 1980s but arrived around the early 1990s because of the need for the display of information and material without using transparencies. Could be used in other areas other than just education such as business, training, and museums. (Google, 2011)
    18. 18. Overhead ProjectorThe opaque projector came before the overhead projector.The opaque projector was invented in 1911 which displayedimages through a bright light on non-transparent objects.
    19. 19. Overhead Projector Elmo Projector The overhead projector brings back  The Elmo projector reminds us of the the thought of the use of chalk board overhead projector but a better source or blackboard, opaque projector, slide for presenting information and projector and the movie projector. material. Material used on the overhead  The Elmo projector has changed the projector could be saved for later use way that students learn in the but could not once it is erased off the classroom through the use of blackboard. interactive presentations of instructional material. (Google, 2011) (Google, 2011)
    20. 20. Overhead Projector Elmo ProjectorThe overhead projector was a disruption The Elmo projector was a disruption forto the opaque projector. It pushed the the overhead projector . This was due toslide and opaque projectors into becoming all the different types of features that itobsolete. offered such as displaying 3-dimensional objects, pages from textbook or books and artwork. (Google, 2011) (Google, 2011)
    21. 21. Overhead Projector Elmo Projector Was not influenced by  Theinterest in the way science fiction when it people display images emerged. might have been sparked Science fiction has played a by science fiction. part in making it obsolete because of videos and other 3-D projectors
    22. 22. Overhead ProjectorIn its day in education, the overhead projector experiencedincreasing returns when teachers used transparencies insteadof making copies of material to pass out to the students.
    23. 23. Elmo ProjectorThe Elmo projector is becoming a part of every classroomwith the obstacle being its cost seeing the increasingreturns.It is in competition with the interactive white board andother computer projection presentations and digital displayor presentation technology. (Google, 2011)
    24. 24. Overhead Projector Elmo ProjectorThe overhead projector and The Elmo projector whenthe opaque projector did not compared to the overheadcompete. projector competed for a place in education. (Google, 2011) (Google, 2011)
    25. 25. Elmo Projector’s Future is based on thefollowing: Lower cost A smaller technology Provide clearer images Bring a classroom presentation to life.
    26. 26. Google. (2011). Blackboard. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447Google. (2011). Elm o projector. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447Google. (2011). Movie projector, Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447Google. (2011). Opaque projector. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447Google. (2011). Overhead projector. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447
    27. 27. Google. (2011). Slide projector. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?q=pictures+of+papers+copied&hl=en&rlz=1R2TSNA_enU S411&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=32HITp2IMI- gtwev3oGtDA&sqi=2&ved=0CFgQsAQ&biw=1093&bih=447Microsoft Corp. (2007). Clipart.Microsoft Corp. (2007). SmartArt.Wikipedia (2011). Overhead projector. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overhead_projectorWiseGeek. (2011). What is an elmo projector? Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-elmo-projector.htm

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