Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

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ADHD for children

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  1. 1. ADHD
  2. 2. What is ADHD?ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) isan ongoing behavior disorder typically diagnosedat age five or six, although the symptoms haveusually been observed much earlier than this age.The three key symptoms are:  Inattention  Hyperactivity  Impulsivity
  3. 3. These symptoms typically interfere with the childs functioning insocial and academic settings. To meet the diagnostic criteria, thesesymptoms, exemplified must have been present for at least sixmonths.
  4. 4. ADHD Symptoms: Inattention
  5. 5. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often fails to give attention to details, or makes carelessmistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities
  6. 6. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasksor play activities
  7. 7. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often does not seem to listen when spoken todirectly
  8. 8. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often does not follow through on instructions and fails tofinish schoolwork, chores, (not due to oppositional behavior orfailure to understand instructions).
  9. 9. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often has difficulty organizing tasks andactivities .
  10. 10. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engagein tasks that require sustained mental effort (such asschoolwork or homework).
  11. 11. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child often loses things necessary for tasks oractivities (for example, toys, schoolassignments, pencils, books, or tools).
  12. 12. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli .
  13. 13. Inattention Symptoms in ADHDThe child is often forgetful in daily activities
  14. 14. ADHD Symptoms:Hyperactivity
  15. 15. Hyperactivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms intheir seat.
  16. 16. Hyperactivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often leaves the seat in the classroom or inother situations in which remaining seated is expected
  17. 17. Hyperactivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often runs about or climbs excessively insituations in which it is inappropriate.
  18. 18. Hyperactivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often has difficulty playing or engaging inleisure activities quietly
  19. 19. Hyperactivity Symptoms in ADHD .The child often talks excessively
  20. 20. ADHD Symptoms: Impulsivity
  21. 21. Impulsivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often blurts out answers before the questionshave been completed
  22. 22. Impulsivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often experiences difficulty awaiting his or herturn
  23. 23. Impulsivity Symptoms in ADHDThe child often interrupts or intrudes on others (forexample, butts into conversations or games).
  24. 24. Early recognition is key to treatment of ADHDOne can see why there is an age limitation on thesebehaviors being defined as "abnormal," as the majorityof them are typical of much younger children. But in thenon-ADHD child, these behaviors are typically outgrown.And, of course, there are a variety of other conditions inwhich these symptoms occur other than ADHD. Yourdoctor must carry out a very detailed evaluation beforethe diagnosis of ADHD is made. But please dont delay! Ifyou or your childs teachers suspect ADHD, begin theevaluation as soon as possible. Early recognition andtreatment of ADHD can improve your childs chances forlong-term social and academic success
  25. 25. While there is no proven way to prevent ADHDitself, early identification and treatment can preventmany of the problems associated with ADHD
  26. 26. Treatments Limit distractions in the child’s environment Provide one on one instruction with the teacher. Make sure the child gets enough sleep. Make sure the child gets a healthy, varied diet, with plenty of fiber and basic nutrients.

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