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There are four general types of pickling:
Fresh Pack/Quick Process – covered with boiling vinegar, spices and seasonings. Sometimes may be brined and drained beforehand. Easy to prepare, tart flavor. Have a better flavor if allowed to stand for several weeks after they are sealed in jars.
Fermented – requires more time and effort than quick pack. Pickles go through a curing process in a brine solution for 4 to 6 weeks while bacteria naturally present on cucumbers converts sugars in the cucumbers to lactic acid. Lactic acid preserves the pickles by lowering the pH to less than 4.0, an gives them their distinct flavor.
Fruit Pickles – prepared from whole or sliced fruits and simmered in a spicy, sweet-sour syrup made with vinegar or lemon juice.
Relishes – made from chopped fruits and vegetables cooked to desired consistency in a spicy vinegar solution.