Savarkar

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Savarkar

  1. 1. ÒdmVßÕ`dra gmdaH$a ‡. J. ghÚ~w’o _yÎ` Mmirg> Èn`o
  2. 2. ‡H$meH$ : {_qbX b. namßOno ¡`moÀÒZm ‡H$meZ, Ydb{Jar, 430-431 e{Zdma noR>, nwUo 411030_w~B© Am∞{$g : _mohZ {~pÎS>J, 162 O. eßH$aeoQ> _mJ©, {JaJmd, _w~B© 400004 ß ® ß © ¡`moÀÒZm ‡H$meZ, 1966 n{hbr Amd•Œmr : Am∞äQ>m~a 1966 o nwZ_w–U : 1976, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1990, 1992, © 1996, 1998, 2001, 2004 X˛gar Amd•Œmr : 2011 _w–H$ : `w{ZH$ Am∞$goQ>, ZËhoJmd, nwUo 411041 ISBN 978-81-7925-239-0
  3. 3. Ö EH$ Ö ´$m›g Xoem¿`m _mg}{bg ~ßXamVrb JmoÔ>. {X. 8 Owb° 1910 `m{Xder gH$mir CJdÀ`m gy`m©Zo EH$ AX≤^V —Ì` nm{hbo. À`m ~ßXamV wEH$ AmJ~moQ> C^r hmoVr. ~moQ> WmoS>rer {~KSbr hmoVr. À`m_wio~moQ>rdaMo dmVmdaU emßV hmoV. ~moQ>rdaMo CVmÍ$ Am{U H$m_ H$aUmao oAmigmdbo hmoVo. VmoM ""nH$S>m nH$S>m, H°$Xr nimbm! Aer EH$M hmH$mQ>r gwÍ$Pmbr. ""Vmo nhm, Vmo Mmbbm Amho, Ago ÂhUyZ EH$m A{YH$mË`mZonm `mV CS>r _mabr. Am¸`©M{H$V hmoD$Z gd© OU À`m {XeoH$S>o nmhˇbmJbo. H°$Xr nmUr H$mnV hmoVm, gn gn hmV _maV nwT>o nwT>o OmV hmoVm.À`mMo AßJ IaMQ>bo hmoV, a∫$mibo hmoV. g_w–mMo nmUr Iyn Pm|~V o ohmoV. nU À`mbm À`mMr ndm© ZÏhVr. eodQ>r EH$XmMm {H$Zmam Ambm. o nU, "Aao! hm Va C^m gwiH$m! hm MT>m`Mm? WmoS>o À`m ~mOybmOmD$ `m. nw›hm Vmo H°$Xr nmohˇ bmJbm. Yää`mMm hm ^mJhr AJXr gaiM~mßYbobm hmoVm, Var H°$Xr À`mdÍ$Z MTy> bmJbm. EIm⁄m Òdm. gmdaH$a / 3
  4. 4. KmoanS>rgmaIm Vmo Vr q^V MT>bm. Vmo AmVm ´$m›g¿`m {H$ZmË`mdaAmbm hmoVm. À`mZo EH$Xm _mJo diyZ nm{hbo. Vo nmR>bmJ H$aUmaoOdi `oV hmoV. À`mZo {dMma Ho$bm, AmVm BWo Wmß~Z Cn`moJ Zmhr. Vmo o yniV gwQ>bm. nmR>bmJ H$aUmaohr {H$ZmË`mda Ambo. Vohr À`m¿`m_mJo YmdybmJbo. Vm|S>mZo AmoaSy> bmJbo ç ""Mmoa! Mmoa! Yam, nH$S>m! H°$Xr nwT>o niV hmoVm. VmoM À`m H°$⁄mbm EH$ ´$| M {enmB© {Xgbm;Am{U À`mbm AmZßX Pmbm. "Vo nmR>bmJ H$aUmao H$moUr A{YH$marAgVrb Va Vo À`mß¿`m ~moQ>rda, qH$dm À`mß¿`m BßΩbßS> XoemV. `oWo´$m›g¿`m O{_Zrda Vo ZwgVo naXoer hmoV. VoÏhm ´$| M {enm`mßg_moa Vo oH$mhr EH$ JS>~S> H$Í$ eH$Uma ZmhrV... AmnÎ`mbm naV ZoD$eH$Uma ZmhrV, `m {dMmamZo À`m VoOÒdr VÈU H°$⁄mbm ~ao dmQ>b. o...Am{U Vmo g_moa {XgUmË`m ´$| M {enm`mOdi Jobm Am{U À`mbmÂhUmbm, ""_bm nmobrg Mm°H$sda KoD$Z Mb. VodT>ÁmV nmR>bmJ H$aUmaohr VoWo nmohmoMbo. "Xm_ H$ar H$m_ hrÂhU À`mßZm MmßJbr _mhrV hmoVr. À`mßZr À`m ´$| M {enm`m¿`m hmVmdan°emßMr {nedr AmoVbr. ´$| M {enmB© À`mßZm de Pmbm. H°$⁄mbm À`m{VKm X°À`mßZr AmnÎ`m Vm„`mV KoVbo Am{U AmoT>V $a$Q>V KoD$ZOmD$ bmJbo. MmbVm MmbVm nhmaoH$Ë`mZo À`mbm EH$ R>mgm _mabm Am{U oÂhQ>b, ""niyZ OmV hmoVmg H$m`? Vwbm AmVm gS>H$y Z H$mT>Vmo Am{U oViKamV S>m~Vmo. Ago ÂhUyZ À`mZo nw›hm hmV CMbbm. nU Vmo VÈU ßH°$Xr MdVmiboÎ`m qghmgmaIm Cgibm Am{U ÂhUmbm, ""hmß,I~aXma _mamb{~amb Va! AmÂhr Va VihmVmda {ea KoD$ZM KÍ$Z4 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  5. 5. {ZKmbmo AmhmoV! VwÂhr _mà gmß^mim! VerM doi Ambr VaVw_¿`mn°H$s EH$mMm Var _r Z∏$sM ‡mU KoBZ! © À`mMr AmJ AmoH$Umar ZOa Am{U ~mob `mVbr Yma nmhˇZ VoBßJO A{YH$mar MmßJboM Mnmnbo. À`mß¿`mn°H$s EH$ OU hiyM ´X˛gË`mbm H$mZmV ÂhUmbm, ""~m~mao, ZgÀ`m ^mZJS>r CH$Í$Z H$mTy>ZH$mog. hm ÂhUOo gmYmaU _mUyg Zmhr. hm H´$mß{VH$maH$mßMm amOmAmho. `mZo AmUIr `w∫$s bT>{dbr Va Amnbr Ho$dT>r nßMmB©V hmoBb! ©XodmZo H•$nm Ho$br ÂhUyZM hm AmnÎ`mbm gmnS>bm. ZmhrVa{ZgQ>bmM hmoVm. nU AmVm À`mbm {S>dMy ZH$mogç H°$Xr ~moQ>rda Ambm. À`mbm ViKamV nw›hm H$m|S>bo Job. À`mMm o‡`ÀZ $gbm. À`mbm nwT>o dfm©Zdf} H$Ô>mV H$mT>mdr bmJbr. nU wVarhr À`m gmhgm_wio À`mMo Zmd OJ^a JmObo. ^maVmMo X˛ÖI OJm¿`m doerda Q>mJbo Job. ^maV {OdßV Amho, ß oho OJmV H$ibo. gigiÀ`m a∫$mMo VÈU ^maVdfm©V AmhoV, hoOJmbm H$ibo. Aer Vr gmhgr CS>r _maUmË`m VoOÒdr VÈUmMo ZmdhmoVo, {dZm`H$ Xm_moXa gmdaH$a! Ö XmoZ Ö Zm{eH$ {OίmV XmaUm ZXr¿`m {H$ZmË`mda ^Jya ZmdmMobhmZgo Jmd Amho. gmdaH$a `m ^JyaMo amhUmao. ho KamUo _yiMoH$moH$UmVbo. XmoZeo dfm™ndu Vo Xoemda Ambo. noeÏ`mß¿`m H$mimV y{d¤Vm Am{U namH´$_ XmIdyZ `m Kam `mVrb nwÈfmßZr bhmZ_moR>rO~m~XmarMr H$m_o Ho$br hmoVr. ^JyaOdi ZXrnbrH$S>o Agbobo Òdm. gmdaH$a / 5
  6. 6. amh˛ar Jmd gmdaH$a Kam `mbm BZm_ {_imbobo hmoV. o `m Kam `mV _hmXod Am{U Xm_moXa ZmdmMo XmoZ ^mD$ hmoV. o_hmXod _moR>o hmoV. À`mßZm ~mnyH$mH$m ÂhUV. _hmXod Am{U Xm_moXa o`mßMo AmngmßV nQ>V Zgo. Vo {Za{Zamio amhV AgV. Xm_moXanßV gmdaH$a _∞{Q¥>H$n`™V {eH$bo hmoV. À`m JmdmV BßJOr o ´{ejU KoVbobo Vo EH$Q>M hmoV. À`mßZm dmMZmMr $ma AmdS> hmoVr. o oJmdmVrb _ßS>ir À`mßZm $ma _mZ XoV. Vr À`mß¿`m Kar O_V.Xm_moXanßV À`mßZm dV©_mZnÃo dmMyZ XmIdV. OJmVÎ`m KS>m_moS>rg_OmdyZ gmßJV. Xm_moXanßVmßZm ZwgVm dmMZmMmM N>X ZÏhVm, Va Vo ßH${dVmhr H$aV. Xm_moXanßVmßMo bæ bhmZnUrM Pmbobo hmoV. À`mß¿`m nÀZrMo oZmd hmoVo amYm~mB©. Vr H$moR>y a¿`m _ZmohamßMr _wbJr. Vr gwerb d‡o_i hmoVr. {VMo H$m_ Òd¿N>, Q>mn{Q>nrMo Ago. AS>rAS>MUrbm VrgJ˘`mßZm _XV H$aV Ago. {VMo Í$n gwXa hmoV. Xm_moXanßVmßMm gßgma ß oVgm MmßJbm Mmbbm hmoVm; nU EH$ X˛ÖI hmoV. À`mßZm _yb~mi oZÏhVo. XmoZ _wbo Pmbr hmoVr, Vr bdH$aM XodmKar Jobr. nwT>oamYm~mB™Zr H$mhr d´Vo Ho$br. {deofVÖ AÔ>^Om XodrMr ^∫$s Ho$br. wÀ`mZßVa À`mßZm Mma _wbo Pmbr. JUoe D$©$ ~m~m `mMm O›_ {X. 13OyZ 1879 amoOr Pmbm. X˛gam {dZm`H$ D$©$ VmÀ`m. `mMm O›_{X. 28 _o 1883 `m {Xder Pmbm. {Vgar _°Zm C©$ _mB©. {VMm O›_1887_‹`o Pmbm Am{U gdm™V bhmZ Zmam`U D$©$ ~mi. À`mMmO›_ 1890 _Ybm. Xodr¿`m H•$noZo À`mßZm hr _wbo bm^br AgoamYm~mB© g_OV. {Xdg Am{U amà AmirnmirZo `oVmV Am{U OmVmV.gwIX˛ÖImMr OmoS>rhr EH$m_mJmo_mJ {$aV AgVo, gmdaH$amß¿`m6 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  7. 7. KamVhr VgoM Pmbo. _wbo Ambr Am{U AmB© Jobr. 1892_‹`oamYm~mB© dmaÎ`m. JUoe hm dS>rb _wbJm À`m doir Voam dfm™Mm hmoVm,{dZm`H$ ZD$ dfm™Mm hmoVm, _°Zm nmM dfm™Mr hmoVr Am{U Zmam`UXmoZ dfm™Mm hmoVm. _wbo CKS>r nS>br. EH$ gwIr Ka {dgH$Q>b. o amYm~mB™¿`m _•À`y_io Xm_moXanßVmßg $ma X˛ÖI Pmbo. Vo ÂhUV, w""Vr gmjmV b˙_r hmoVr. Vr Jobr Am{U {V¿`m~amo~a `m KamVrbgJio gwI Job. AmVm `m KamV amhUohr ZH$mo! o IamoIaM À`mßZr Amnbo OwZo Ka gmoS>b. eoOmarM ~mßYboÎ`m oZÏ`m KamV _wbmßZm KoD$Z Vo amhˇ bmJbo. AmB©¿`m _m`oZo Vo _wbmßMmgmß^mi H$Í$ bmJbo. À`mßMm A‰`mg KoD$ bmJbo. MmßJÎ`m H${dVmg_OmdyZ gmßJy bmJbo. {dZm`H$mbm H$mÏ`mMr JmoS>r À`m¿`mdS>bmßZrM bmdbr. {dZm`H$mbm AZoH$ {_Ã hmoV. Vmo gJ˘`mßMm AmdS>Vm hmoVm. oÀ`m ~mbd`mV Vmo H${dVm {bhrV Ago. Jmonmi XogmB© ZmdmMm À`mMmEH$ dJ©~Yy hmoVm; À`mMo Aja gwXa hmoV. EH$m MmßJÎ`m dhrV ß ß o{dZm`H$m¿`m H${dVm hm XogmB© _moR>Ám H$miOrZo {bhˇZ R>dr. onaewam_ qenr, amOmam_ qenr ho Va Ogo H$mhr {dZm`H$mMo ^∫$MhmoV. Vo _moR>Ám AmXamZo {dZm`H$m¿`m H${dVm nmR> H$aV. o hr gJir _ßS>ir ZwgVr KamV ~gyZ dmMZ-boIZ H$aUmarZÏhVr. Vr _wbo AmImS>ÁmV OmV AgV. ZXrda nmohm`bm OmVAgV. dmidßQ>mV IoiV AgV. AmngmßV XmoZ JQ> nmSyZ bT>mB©MmIoi IoiUo À`mßZm $ma AmdS>. H´$mß{Vdra dmgwXd ~idßV $S>ä`mß¿`m o oJmoÔ>r Vr _Z bmdyZ EoH$V Am{U EH$_oH$mßZm IwbdyZ gmßJV. Òdm. gmdaH$a / 7
  8. 8. Ö VrZ Ö Xm_moXanßVmßZm gm{hÀ`mMr JmoS>r hmoVr. Vo {dZm`H$mbm _moR>Ám‡o_mZo ZdrZ ZdrZ nwÒVHo$ AmUyZ XoV. nwÒVH$ {_imbo H$s {dZm`H$VhmZ^yH$XoIrb {dgÍ$Z OmB©. MmßJbo MmßJbo CVmao Vmo Vm|S>nmR> H$aVAgo. À`m ~mbd`mV _moamonVmß¿`m eoH$S>mo Am`m© Vmo YS>mYS> ÂhUyZ ßXmIdV Ago. am_m`U-_hm^maVmVrb gJ˘`m bhmZ_moR>Ám JmoÔ>rÀ`mbm _mhrV hmoÀ`m. {dÓUwnV {MniyUH$amßMr gßnU© {Z~ßY_mbm ß yÀ`mZo dmMbr hmoVr. H$Wm, H${dVm, B{Vhmg, {Z~ßY Am{X gJ˘`m {df`mßMr nwÒVHo$Vmo AmdS>rZo dmMV Ago. À`m¿`m _Zmbm H$moUVrhr nwÒVHo$ Èj dmQ>VZgV. À`m¿`m ~w’rbm H$moUVmhr {df` H$R>rU dmQ>V Zgo.{dZm`H$m¿`m dmMZmMm Agm gnmQ>m Mmby AgVm, EH$Xm À`m¿`mhmVmV Ama `Ho$ Ambr. OJ‡{g’ J´W Vo! ß {dZm`H$mZo bmJbrM À`mßMo dmMZ gwÍ$ Ho$bo. À`mVrb CŒm_{dMmamßZr Am{U JmoS> e„XaMZoZo {dZm`H$mbm AJXr _mohZ Q>mH$bo. ˇÀ`mMo IoiUo, {$aUo ~ßX Pmbo. VrZVrZXm hmH$m _mamÏ`m VoÏhm Hw$R>oVmo Oodm-Im`bm `m`Mm. Mma {Xdg Pmbo, Ago Mmby hmoV. oXm_moXanßVmßZm _moR>o Hw$Vyhb dmQ>b. hm EdT>o dmMVmo Amho Var H$m`, oÂhUyZ À`mßZr {dZm`H$m¿`m hmVmVrb nwÒVH$ KoD$Z nm{hbo, Vo hmoVo"Ama `H$! À`mß¿`m AßVÖH$aUmV Ma©a© Pmbo. AmnÎ`m `oWo Aer g_OyVAmho H$s, Ama `Ho$ KamV dmMUo MmßJbo ZgVo. Vr Aa `mV {b{hbrJobr Am{U Aa `mVM dmMm`Mr. naßVw {dZm`H$mZo Vr KamVMdmMbr.8 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  9. 9. Vo nmhˇZ Xm_moXanßVmß¿`m _ZmV {dMma Ambm, "Aaoa! _m¬`m oKamMo Aa `M hmoUma H$s H$m`!.. ^aÎ`m gßgmamVyZ ~m`H$mo {ZKyZJobr Am{U AmVm hm _wbJm Ama `Ho$ dmMVmo Amho! nwT>o H$m` hmoUmaAmho H$moU OmUo! À`mß¿`m S>m˘`mßV nmUr Vaibo. o Ö Mma Ö Ûr{edm` Kambm KanU `oV Zmhr. Xm_moXanßVmßZr JUoeMo bæH$am`Mo R>adbo. À`m¿`mgmR>r Vo _wbr nmhˇ bmJbo. Õ`ß~Ho$úa `oWrbZmZmamd $S>H$o `mßMr nwVUr ngßV H$a `mV Ambr. 1896¿`mo$~´dmar_‹`o Õ`ß~Ho$úabm ho bæ Pmbo. gwZMo Zmd `emoXm R>d `mV w o oAmbo. hrM `emoXm "`ogd{hZr ÂhUyZ ‡{g’ Pmbr. `ogd{hZr y yAJXr emßV Òd^mdm¿`m hmoÀ`m. Iyn H$Ô>miy, ‡o_i Am{U IoiH$ahmoÀ`m. `ogd{hZt¿`m Í$nmZo bhmZΩ`m Zmam`Umbm AmB© bm^br. ydoirM H$mZ YaUmar, Va ‡gßJr JmoS> ~mobZ g_OmdUmar ~hrU yAm{U _°ÃrU {dZm`H$mbm bm^br. JUoebm gd© ‡H$ma¿`mn[apÒWVrV YramZo gmW XoUmar nÀZr bm^br. Xm_moXanßVmßZm Z_´,godmVÀna gyZ bm^br. `ogd{hZr gmdaH$amß¿`m KamV Ambr. OUy gwXa Mmo$H$ir y ß`kHw$ß S>mda dmh `mV Ambr. `ogd{hZr gmpŒdH$ hmoVr, ÒZoherb yhmoVr. ÒZohmZo Aær A{YH$M ^S>H$Vmo. gmdaH$amßMo Ka H$m Ka hmoV?oN>Ö! Vo ÒdmVßÕ`mMo `kHw$ß S>M hmoV! AOyZ Vo YJYJbo ZÏhVo BVHo$M. o o`ogd{hZr ÂhUOo `kHw$ß S>mV AmoVbobr JmB©¿`m ew’ VwnmMr YmaM yOUy! `ogd{hZrMo gJio OrdZ H$Ô>mV Am{U hmbAnoÔ>mV Job. y ß ß o Òdm. gmdaH$a / 9
  10. 10. A_wH$ EH$ ‡H$maMm Ãmg {Vbm ghZ H$amdm bmJbm Zmhr Ago H$mhrÂhUVm `oUma Zmhr. Xm[a–Á, n{V{dah, ZmVodmBH$mßMr KmbyZnmSy>Z~mobUr, gm_m{OH$ N>i, AdhobZm, Cnhmg, gaH$maMo IQ>b, oYmH$XnQ>em, AßJmda YS> H$nS>o ZgUo, amhm`bm OmJm ZgUo,Im `mMr ^´mV nS>Uo ç AmnÎ`m OrdZmV ho gJio ‡H$ma `ogd{hZrZo ß ynm{hbo. YraJß^ranUo {VZo gd© ‡gßJmßZm Vm|S> {Xbo. Vr IMbr ZmhrMCbQ> BVamßZmhr {VZo Y°`© {Xbo, Òy$Vu {Xbr, ‹`o`dmX {eH$dbmÂhUyZM {dZm`H$ `ogd{hZrbm H$Yrhr {dgabm Zmhr. y Ö nmM Ö JUoebm gJio OU ~m~m ÂhUV AgV. {dZm`H$mbm VmÀ`mAm{U Zmam`Umbm ~mi Aer Q>mnUZmdo hmoVr. BßJOr {ejUmgmR>r o ´~m~m Zm{eH$bm amhV hmoV. ^Jya¿`m emioVrb VmÀ`mMo {ejU ogßnÎ`mda Xm_moXanßVmßZr df©-XrS> df} À`mbm KarM R>dbo. nU oÀ`mMm hˇS>nUm $maM dmT>bm. eodQ>r À`mßZr R>adbo, `mbm emioVAS>H$dbo nm{hOo. À`m‡_mUo EH$ {Xdg Vo VmÀ`mbm Zm{eH$bm KoD$ZJobo Am{U À`mßZr À`mbm ~m~mß¿`m ÒdmYrZ Ho$bm. ~m~mßZm ¯m AmnÎ`m ^mdm~‘b A{Ve` ‡o_ dmQ>. hm H$moUrVar o_moR>m hmoUma Ago À`mßZm EH$gmaIo dmQ>V Ago. Vo VmÀ`m¿`m gJ˘`mJmoÔ>tMr A{Ve` H$miOr KoV. Vo À`mbm AJXr w$bmgmaIo OnV.À`m¿`m Im `m{n `mMr CŒm_ Ï`dÒWm R>dV. {dZm`H$ AmImS>ÁmV oOmD$ bmJÎ`m~amo~a ~m~mßZr À`m¿`mgmR>r nm°{Ô>H$ Im⁄mMr {deofÏ`dÒWm Ho$br. Zm{eH$bm AmÎ`mda gwÈdmVrbm VmÀ`mbm {deof{_Ã ZÏhVo. emim, AmImS>m Am{U Cabobm gJim doi dmMZ, Agm10 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  11. 11. À`mMm H$m`©H$´ _ Ago. ~m~mßMo {_à ~m~mßH$S>o `oV VoÏhm À`mßZm hm bhmZ_wbJm dmMZmV JT>bbm {Xgm`Mm. Vo À`m~‘b À`mbm {MS>dy obmJbo. nwÒVH$mVrb {H$S>m ÂhUy bmJbo. W≈>m{dZmoX H$aVm H$aVmA{YH$ ~mobUo-~gUo hmoD$ bmJbo Am{U _J {dZm`H$mMr IarAmoiI À`mßZm nQy> bmJbr. hiyhiy Vo EH$_oH$mßZm ÂhUy bmJbo, "hm_wbJm ZwgVoM dmMV Zmhr; dmMbobo g_OyZ KoVmo, bjmV R>dVmo oAm{U AZoH$ lo> VŒdo ÒdVÖ¿`m OrdZmV AmU `mMr YS>nS> H$aVmo.`m _wbm¿`m R>m`r H$mhrVar AgmYmaU VoO Amho! WmoS>ÁmM {XdgmßVVo VoO Kam~mhoahr ‡H$Q> hmoD$ bmJbo. {dZm`H$ ZddrV AgVmZmMr hr JmoÔ> Amho. Zm{eH$bm EH$^mfUÒnYm© Pmbr. {dZm`H$mZo VrV ^mJ KoVbm Am{U n{hÎ`mH´$_mßH$mMo ~jrg {_idbo. À`mMo ~mobUo EoH$y Z gd© _ßS>ir M{H$VPmbr. Vr EH$_oH$mßZm ÂhUy bmJbr, "H$m` doJ! Ho$dT>m Amdoe! {H$VrVH©$ew’ aMZm Am{U ‡À`oH$ dmä`mMo CÉmaU H$go YmaXma hmoV! oEHo$H$ e„X AJXr AßVÖH$aUmMm R>md KoV hmoVm. AmnU AZoH$mßMr^mfUo EoH$br nU ~mob `mMm Agm PnmQ>m H$Yr nm{hbm ZÏhVm~wdm! Am{U d` {H$Vr H$modio! IamoIa ho nmUr H$mhr {ZamioMAmho! Òdm. gmdaH$a / 11
  12. 12. Ö ghm Ö ‡MßS> KS>m_moS>tMm Vmo H$mi hmoVm. XoemVrb dmVmdaU amoO~XbV hmoV, amoO VmnV hmoV, ^maVm¿`m _mZJwQ>rbm BßJOmßMo am¡` o o ´AJXr K≈> ~gbo hmoV. ZwgVo am¡` H$a `mZo À`mßMo OUy g_mYmZ hmoV oZÏhVo. BWÎ`m bmoH$mßZm {MS>dmdo, bmOdmdo Ago À`mßZm dmQ>V hmoV. o1897_‹`o pÏhäQ>mo[a`m amUr¿`m am¡`mamohUmMm hraH$_hmoÀgdOJ^a gmOam H$a `mMo À`mßZr R>adbo. ^maVmVhr À`mMr `moOZmPmbr. À`m H$mir ^maVmV flboJ ZmdmMm ^`ßH$a amoJ qYJmUm KmbVhmoVm. KamoKa bmoH$ _aV hmoV. Jmdo Amog nS>V hmoVr. flboJ¿`m o_XVrbm X˛ÓH$mi Ambm hmoVm. bmoH$mßMr AfimfiXem Pmbr hmoVrAm{U gaH$mar A{YH$mar CÀgd gmOam H$a `mgmR>r bmoH$mßH$Sy>Z n°godgyb H$aV hmoV. {XdmirgmaIo {Xdo OmiV hmoV, _oOdm›`m PmoS>V o ohmoV; OZVo¿`m AZßV OI_mßda OmUyZ~wOZ _rR> MmoiV hmoV. o y o VoOÒdr Xoe^∫$ VÈUmßZm ho ghZ Pmbo Zmhr. À`mß¿`mAßVÖH$aUmV H´$moYmMo {ZImao w$by bmJbo, Am{U Mmo$H$a ~ßY¿`mßyÍ$nmZo EH$X_ ^SH$m CS>mbm. "`mMm gyS> KoVbmM nm{hOo Am{UAmÂhr Vmo KoUma! Ago Mmo$H$a ~ßYZr R>adbo. À`m‡_mUo {X. 22 OyZ ßy1897¿`m _‹`amÃr _oOdm›`m PmoSZ `oUmË`m a∞›S>> d Am`ÒQ>© yZmdm¿`m XmoKm BßJO A{YH$mË`mßMm À`mßZr dY Ho$bm. ´ bdH$aM Mmo$H$a ~ßYy nH$S>bo Job. À`mßZm $merMr {ejm oXo `mV Ambr. À`mßZr dramgmaIo AmZßXmZo _•À`yMo ÒdmJV Ho$bo. `m gJ˘`m JmoÔ>r {dZm`H$m¿`m ^mdZmerb AßVÖH$aUmVIi~i CS>dV hmoÀ`m. AmJ noQ>dV hmoÀ`m. À`m¿`m _ZmV dmaßdma12 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  13. 13. {dMma `oV hmoVm, "hmo`, Ago gJ˘`m Xoe^a Pmbo nm{hOo. Am_¿`mXoem¿`m `m X˛Ô> eÃyZm OmJmoOmJr R>Mbo nm{hOo! nU ho H$aUma ß oH$moU? Amnbm gJim g_mO X˛~im Amho, {^Ãm Amho, AmierAm{U _yI© Amho. `m g_mOmV A{YH$ Mmo$H$a Hw$Ry>Z `oVrb? Am{U_J CŒma `oB, "_r! _r Vo H$m_ H$arZ! Mmo$H$amßZr noQ>dbobr _emb ©_r {dPy XoUma Zmhr. emioV {eH$UmË`m À`m ~mb {dZm`H$mZoMmo$H$amß¿`m ~{bXmZmda EH$ gwXa $Q>H$m {b{hbm. BßJO gaH$mabm ß ´OUy À`mßZr ~Omdbo, "X˛Ô>mZmo! H$am {H$Vr N>i H$aVm Vmo! {OVH$m ßVwÂhr N>i H$amb, {VVH$s À`m Xoe^∫$ h˛VmÀÂ`mßMr H$sVu dmT>b. o_m$sMm gmjrXma Vmo –{dS> ÂhUOo H$mimHw$≈> AßYma! À`m nmú©^_rda yMmo$H$amßMo `e ÂhUOo EIm⁄m VoOÒdr aÀZmgmaIo PiH$Vo Amho! Ö gmV Ö Zm{eH$bm 1899_‹`o flboJZo AJXr H$ha Ho$bm. emim ~ßXPmÎ`m. Xm_moXanßVmßZr _wbmßZm Kar AmUbo, nU WmoS>ÁmM {XdgmßV^Jyabmhr flboJ gwÍ$ Pmbm. hm AmOmar Pmbm, Vmo AmOmar Pmbm,Aem ~mVÂ`m `oD$ bmJÎ`m. Xm_moXanßV _wbmßZm H$moR>o OmD$ XoV ZgV. nU ÒdVÖ _mà H$moUrAmOmar PmÎ`mMo EoH$Î`m~amo~a À`m¿`m _XVrbm YmdV AgV. EHo${Xder Vo gH$mir ~mhoa nS>bo hmoVo Vo gß‹`mH$mir Kar Ambo, Am{UAmbo Vo nm`mV flboJMr JmR> KoD$ZM Ambo. bßJS>V bßJS>V KamVAmbo Am{U AßWÈUmV nS>b. VmnmZo eara $U$Ubo hmoV. JmR> _moR>r o ohmoV hmoVr. _wbo JmßJabr, Km~abr, H$idibr, aS>br, nU H$R>ma oH$mimbm X`m Ambr Zmhr. Òdm. gmdaH$a / 13
  14. 14. {X. 5 gflQ>~a 1899¿`m _‹`amÃr H$mimZo Xm_moXanßVmßZm ¯m |bmoH$mVyZ Zob. _wbo nmoaH$s Pmbr. AmB© AmYrM Jobr hmoVr. AmVm odS>rbhr Job. _wbmßda AmboÎ`m `m gßH$Q>m_wio Xm_moXanßVmßMo ^mD$ o_wbmß¿`m _XVrbm Ymdbo. À`mßZm gd© OU ~mnyH$mH$m ÂhUV.~mnyH$mH$mßMo d Xm_moXanßVmßMo ^mßS>U hmoV. Vo EH$_oH$mßer ~mobV ZgV. o_wbmßda AmoT>dbobm ‡gßJ nmhˇZ ~mnyH$mH$mßMo ˆX` –dbo. Vo d°a{dgabo. nU H$mimbm Vohr nmhdbo Zmhr. Vmo bdH$aM À`mßZmhrCMbyZ KoD$Z Jobm. EdT>ÁmZo gßnbo Zmhr. gßH$Q>o EH$Q>r `oV ZmhrV,EH$Xm `oD$ bmJbr H$s À`mßMr amßJ bmJVo. gJ˘`mßMm bmS>H$m{M_wH$bm Zmam`U, Vmohr flboJZo AmOmar nS>bm. À`mbm flboJ¿`mÈΩUmb`mV R>d `mV Ambo. À`m¿`m godgmR>r ~m~m VoWo {Xdg^a o oamhV. {Xdg^a {dZm`H$ AJXr ~oMZ Ago. ~m~mßda Va hm amoJ °AmH´$_U H$aUma Zmhr Zm, `m qMVoZo Vmo AJXr aS>H$ßw S>rbm `oB. ©gß‹`mH$mir ~m~m Kar Ambo H$s À`mbm hm`go dmQ>. nU X˛gË`m o{Xder nw›hm À`mM ^rVrMr Vbdma À`m¿`m S>mä`mda Q>mJbobr Ago. o ßeodQ>r ^rVr Iar R>abr. ~m~mßZmhr flboJ Pmbm; À`mßZmhr ÈΩUmb`mVamhmdo bmJbo. VWm{n B©úamZo eodQ>r H•$nm Ho$br. ~m~m Am{U Zmam`UXmoKhr amoJ_w∫$ Pmbo Am{U gwIÍ$n Kar Ambo. o14 / Òdm. gmdaH$a
  15. 15. Ö AmR> Ö flboJ Amogabm. ~m~m gJim n[adma KoD$Z Zm{eH$bm Ambo.{dZm`H$mMr emim gwÍ$ Pmbr. À`mMo emio~mhoaMo AZoH$ C⁄moJ gwÍ$Pmbo. {dZm`H$ AmVm {ZdS>H$ {_Ã OmoS>y bmJbm. ~m~mß¿`mAmOmanUmV Õ`ß~H$amd ÂhgH$a d amdOr H•$ÓU nmJo `mß¿`mer{dZm`H$mMo {deof gª` O_bo. nmJo Am{U ÂhgH$a XmoKhr Ohmb o{dMmamßMo hmoVo. gmdaH$a Hw$Qw>~ Zm{eH$bm {Vi^mßS>úam¿`m JÑrV amhV hmoV. ß o oÀ`mM JÑrV H$mhr {XdgmßZr Am~m XaoH$a amhm`bm Ambm. Am~mMoZmd hmoVo JmoqdX. À`mMo dS>rb dmabo hmoV. À`mMr AmB© AmZßXr~mB©. Vr o{~Mmar _mob_Owar H$Í$Z _wbmßMm gmß^mi H$aV hmoVr. _wbJm h˛emahmoVm, nU EH$m {Odmda¿`m AmOmamV Vmo bwimnmßJim Pmbm. nm`mßMo~i OUy À`m¿`m {O^oV Ambo. Vmo H${dVm H$Í$ bmJbm. S>$-VwUVwUodmOdy bmJbm. bmd `m Am{U nXo {bhˇ bmJbm. À`m¿`m^modVr gXm{_Ã_ßS>itMo H$S>o Ago. {Vi^mßS>úa JÑrV amhm`bm AmÎ`mda À`mZo o{dZm`H$mMr H$sVu EoH$br. Mmo$H$amßda À`mZo aMbobm $Q>H$mEoH$bm. Vmo {dZm`H$mbm ^oQ>m`bm Ambm. ^oQ>m`bm Ambm Am{U{dZm`H$mMm {eÓ` ~Zbm, Xmg ~Zbm, AZw`m`r ~Zbm. w$bmß¿`m ghdmgmZo _mVr gwJYr hmoVo Vgo Pmbo. {dZm`H$mer ß_°Ãr OS>Î`m~amo~a Am~m¿`m AßVÖH$aUmV Xoe‡o_mMr JßJm dmhˇbmJbr. Vmo nydu eßJm[aH$ bmd `m {bhrV hmoVm. AmVm draagmZo •^abobo nmodmS>o {bhˇ bmJbm. CZmS>ä`m H$aUmam Am~m gßnbm. _wboJmoim H$Í$Z À`mß¿`m _Zmda Xoe^∫$sMo gßÒH$ma KS>dUmamÒdmVßÕ`emhra H$dr JmoqdX AmVm CX`mbm Ambm. Òdm. gmdaH$a / 15
  16. 16. nmJo, ÂhgH$a, XaoH$a Am{X _ßS>it¿`m gmhmÊ`mZo {dZm`H$mZo{X. 1 OmZodmar 1900 amoOr "{_Ã_oim hr gßÒWm gwÍ$ Ho$br. JUoeCÀgd Am{U {edO`ßVr ho XmoZ CÀgd {_Ã_oim {deof WmQ>mZo gmOaoH$ar. df©^a bhmZ_moR>r Ï`mª`mZo, d∫•$Àd ÒnYm©, dmX{ddmX BÀ`m{XH$m`©H$´ _ hmoV AgV. gJ˘`m ehamV {_Ã_o˘`mMo CÀgd M_Hy$Z{XgV. "{_Ã_o˘`m¿`m ~°R>H$s Am~m XaoH$am¿`m Kar ^aV. {VWoH$m`©H$´ _ AmIbo OmV. JrVo, ‡hgZo aMbr OmV. ZdoZdo VÈU À`m{Z{_ŒmmZo EH$à `oV AgV. À`mß¿`m AmngmßV AmoiIr hmoV AgV.À`mßZm ZrQ> nmaIbo OmB© {Z _J À`mß¿`mn°H$s Oo `moΩ` AgVrb À`mßZmÒdmVßÕ`XodVo¿`m nyOogmR>r Zo `mV `oB©. "{_Ã_oim ÂhUOo OUy ÒdVßÃVm Xodr¿`m _ß{XamMo g^mJ•h hmoV. oImg ^∫$mßZmM Jm^mË`mV KoVbo OmV Ago. hm Jm^mam ÂhUOo"amÔ¥>^∫$ g_yh ZmdmMr Jw· gßÒWm. "{_Ã_oim OZOmJ•VrMo ‡H$Q>H$m_ H$aV Ago. "amÔ¥>^∫$ g_yh BßJOmßer bT>m Xo `m¿`m Jw· `moOZm ´AmIV Ago. Ö ZD$ Ö dS>rb Jobo Am{U H$mH$mhr Job. ^Jya¿`m Kambm Hw$byn bmdyZ ohr _wbo Zm{eH$bm `oD$Z am{hbr hmoVr. Ï`dhmamH$S>o À`mßMo bjhrZÏhVo. ~m~m _YyZ _YyZ Jmdr OmUo-`oUo H$aV. WmoS>m n°gm, H$mhrYm›` KoD$Z `oV. H$mhr {Xdg ~ao Mmbbo. nwT>o n[apÒWVr {~KS>VJobr. EH$ {Xdg ~mV_r Ambr H$s ^Jya¿`m KamV Mmoar Pmbr. ~m~mAm{U VmÀ`m OmD$Z nmhVmV Va Ka AJXr [aH$m_o. bhmZ_moR>r16 / Òdm. gmdaH$a

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