11 oct 2013 cardinal & theological virtuesPresentation Transcript
OCT. 11, 2012 ~ NOV. 24, 2013
OCTOBER, 2013 THE CARDINAL AND THEOLOGICAL VIRTUESThe year began on October 11, 2012, the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Second Vatican Council and 20th anniversary of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, and ends on November 24, 2013, the feast of Christ the King. This sacred time will provide Catholics locally and throughout the world a precious opportunity to celebrate, deepen and share the spiritual richness of their Catholic faith.
Prayer to the Holy SpiritLord, am going to discuss a topic for theYear of Faith, may you please sent theHoly Spirit to speak to these people sothat all the words and action that I willbe doing will be in accordance to yourwill. Please use me Lord for the purposeof Spreading the Word of God. Your WillBe Done! Amen!
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues• The Virtue - A virtue is a habitual and firm disposition to do the good. It allows the person not only to perform good but to give the best of himself.• Human Virtues are firm attitudes, stable dispositions; habitual perfections of will and interest that governs our actions order our passions and guide our conduct according to reason and faith. They make possible ease, self mastery and joy in leading a morally good life.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues1. Chastity - Purity,knowledge,honesty,wisdom [Meaning: Abstaining fromsexual conduct according to ones state in life; the practice of courtly loveand romantic friendship. Cleanliness through cultivated good health and hygiene, and maintained by refraining from intoxicants. To be honest with oneself, ones family, ones friends, and to all of humanity. Embracing of moral wholesomeness and achieving purity of thought-througheducation and betterment. The ability to refrain from being distracted and influenced byhostility,temptation or corruption
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues2. Temperance - Self control,justice, honour, abstention [Meaning: Restraint,temperance,justice. Constant mindfulness of others and ones surroundings; practicing self- control, abstention,moderation,zero- sum anddeferred gratification.Prudence to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time. Proper moderation between self- interest, versus public-interest, and against the rights and needs of others.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues3. Charity - Will,benevolence,generosity,sacrifice [Meaning: Generosity,charity, self-sacrifice; the term should not be confused with the more restricted modern use of the word charity to mean benevolent giving. In Christian theology, charity—or love (agäpé) -- is the greatest of the three theological virtues.Love, in the sense of an unlimited loving kindness towards all others, is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. Such love is self- sacrificial. Confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of the English word "love". The love that is "caritas" is distinguished by its origin – being divinely infused into the soul – and by its residing in the will rather than emotions, regardless of what emotions it stirs up. This love is necessary for salvation, and with it no one can be lost.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues4. Diligence - Will,benevolence,generosity,sacrifice [Meaning: A zealous and careful nature in ones actions and work; decisive work ethic, steadfastness in belief,fortitude, and the capability of not giving up. Budgeting ones time; monitoring ones own activities to guard against laziness. Upholding ones convictions at all times, especially when no one else is watching (integrity).(The vice "acedia" is more commonly known as "sloth".)
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues5. Patience - Peace,mercy,ahimsa,sufferance [Meaning: Forbearance and endurance through moderation. Resolvingconflicts andinjusticepeacefully, as opposed to resorting toviolence. Accepting the grace to forgive; to show mercy to sinners. Creating a sense of peaceful stability and community rather thansuffering,hostility, and antagonism.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues6. Kindness - Satisfaction,loyalty,compassion,integrity [Meaning: Charity,compassionand friendshipfor its own sake. Empathyand trustwithoutprejudice orresentment. Unselfish love and voluntary kindness without bias orspite. Having positive outlooks and cheerful demeanor; to inspire kindness in others.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Seven Capital Virtues7. Humility - Bravery,modesty,reverence,altruism [Meaning: Modest behavior,selflessness, and the giving ofrespect. Humility is not thinking less of yourself, it is thinking of yourself less. It is a spirit of self-examination; ahermeneutic of suspicion toward yourself and charity toward people you disagree with. Thecourage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult, tedious or unglamorous, and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved. Reverence for those who have wisdom and those who selflessly teach in love. Giving credit where credit is due; not unfairly glorifying ones own self. Being faithful to promises, no matter how big or small they may be. Refraining from despair and the ability to confront fearand uncertainty, or intimidation.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Cardinal Virtues• There are four cardinal virtues: prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude.• They are called cardinal (Latin: cardo, hinge) virtues because they are hinges on which all moral virtues depend. These are also called moral (Latin: mores, fixed values) because they govern our actions, order our passions, and guide our conduct according to faith and reason.• The cardinal or moral virtues are natural, because they can be achieved through human effort, aided bygrace.• The cardinal virtues are often paired with the theological virtues.• The cardinal virtues are distinguished from the capital virtues. 1. of conscience.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Cardinal Virtues1. PRUDENCE – the virtue that disposes practical reason to discern our true good in every circumstances and to choose the right means of achieving it; the prudent man looks where he is going (Proverb14:15). It is prudence that immediately guides the judgement of conscience.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues2. JUSTICE – the moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give their dues to God and neighbour. Justice towards God is called “Virtue of Religion”. Justice towards men disposes one to respect the rights of each and to establish in human Relationships the harmony that promotes equity with regard to persons and to the common good.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Cardinal Virtues3. FORTITUDE – the moral virtue that ensures firmness in difficulties and consistency in the pursuit of the good. It strengthen the resolve to resist temptations and to overcome obstacle in the moral life.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues The Cardinal Virtues4. TEMPERANCE – the moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provide balance in the use of created goods. It ensures the will’s mastery over instincts and keep desires within the limits of what is honourable.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues Theological Virtues• Sanctifying grace . They enter our soul as permanent habits or dispositions. They are not acquired by repetition of an act; God pours them directly into our soul. These virtues adapt our human faculties for participation in the divine nature.• Spernatural virtues because they cannot be achieved through human effort, but can come only from God.• Often paired with the cardinal virtues.• Can not be obtained by human effort. A person can only receive them by their being "infused"— through Divine grace—into the person.• The object of these virtues is the divine being (theos).
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues Theological Virtues• there is no vice in having an unlimited amount of faith, hope, or love, when God is the object of that virtue.• More than one vice can be the opposite of each theological virtue:• Lack of faith may give place to incredulity (as in atheism andagnosticism), blasphemy or apost asy.• Lack of hope may give place to despair or cynicism.• Lack of love may give place to hatred, wrath or indifference.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues Theological Virtues1. FAITH - the theological virtue by which we believe in God and believe all that he has said and revealed to us, and that Holy Church proposes for our belief, because He is the truth itself. By faith, “man freely commits his entire self to God” (DV5). For this reason the believer seeks to know and do God’s will. “The righteous shall live by Faith.” Living Faith “works thru charity” (Rom1:17, Gal. 5:6)
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues Theological Virtues2. HOPE – the theological virtue by which we desire the Kingdom of Heaven and Eternal Life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ’s promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit. “Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering for He who promised is Faithful.” (Heb 10:23)
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues Theological Virtues3. CHARITY [LOVE] – the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake and our neighbour as ourselves for the love of God. “ This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have love you.” (John 15:9,12)
The Cardinal & Theological VirtuesRestraint is the keystone of the seven holy virtues. The other holy virtues are created through selfless pursuits: – Valour: Pursuit of Knowledge – Generosity: Pursuit of Charity – Liberality: Pursuit of Will – Diligence: Pursuit of Ethics – Patience: Pursuit of Peace – Kindness: Pursuit of Love – Humility: Pursuit of Modesty
Intellectual Virtues• Intellect is the power of spiritual cognition, of knowing nonmaterial reality.• Intellectual virtues help the mind become a more efficient instrument of knowledge. While moral virtues prepare us for heaven, intellectual virtues help us to better use what we know, and thereby contribute to moral virtue.• St. Thomas Aquinas taught that there are five intellectual virtues. Speculative Intellectual Practical Intellectual Virtues Virtues Understanding Prudence Art Wisdom Science Note: Prudence is the only intellectual virtue that cannot exist apart from the moral virtues.
The Cardinal & Theological Virtues SUMMARY• The four cardinal virtues are natural.• The seven capital virtues are the roots from which all other virtues flow.• Additional moral virtues are included among the Gifts of the Holy Spirit and the Fruits of the Holy Spirit.• There are also five intellectual virtues
Thank You Very Much!• Vivat Jesus!• Let’s Pray! Thank you o Lord for the Gift of Knowledge and Wisdom that you share with us today! May you please use us on spreading the word of God to all mankind! Please be with us now and forever. Amen.The Month of October is the “ Month of the Rosary”October 7 is our date of Celebration for the Feast of Our Lady of Rosary. I encourage everyone to pray the Rosary with your family and your council.