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Passive Voice
 

Passive Voice

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A brief explanation for eFL students of the Transformation from Active to Passive and the different structures.

A brief explanation for eFL students of the Transformation from Active to Passive and the different structures.

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    Passive Voice Passive Voice Presentation Transcript

    • THE PASSIVE
      • We use the Passive Voice when the Agent is unknown or unimportant :
      • People speak English =
      • English is spoken all over the world.
      • They sell cars in that shop =
      • Cars are sold in that shop.
      • They built a house =
      • A house was built.
      • (Spanish = Se …)
      • Or to make the Object of the Active Sentence more important :
      • Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.
      • A window has been broken.
    • Transforming from Active to Passive Voice:
      • ACTIVE:
      • Mary bought a book
      • PASSIVE:
      • A book was bought by Mary
      • CHANGES:
      • Active Object becomes Passive Subject: A book
      • Verb “Be” in the same tense as Active Verb + Active Verb in the Past Participle: is bought
      • Subject: Agent with “BY”: by Mary (It can be omitted when it isn’t relevant).
    • Complete the Chart:
      • He writes novels:
      • He is writing novels:
      • He wrote novels:
      • He was writing novels:
      • He has written novels:
      • He had written novels:
      • He can/ will/ may/ …write novels:
      • He can/may / will/ have written novels:
      • Novels are written by him* (not “he”).
      • Novels are …
      • Novels were …
      • Novels were …
      • Novels have …
      • Novels had …
      • Novels can/ will/ may …
      • Novels can/ may/ will …
    • Check the chart:
      • He writes novels:
      • He is writing novels:
      • He wrote novels:
      • He was writing novels:
      • He has written novels:
      • He had written novels:
      • He can/ will/ may/ …write novels:
      • He can/may / will/ have written novels:
      • Novels are written by him.
      • Novels are BEING WRITTEN
      • Novels were WRITTEN
      • Novels were BEING WRITTEN
      • Novels have BEEN WRITTEN
      • Novels had BEEN WRITTEN
      • Novels can/ will/ may BE WRITTEN
      • Novels can/ may/ will HAVE BEEN WRITTEN
      • .
    • More Passive Stuff:
      • In informal English “GET” is used
      • instead of “BE”:
      • The keys got lost.
      • They are getting married.
      • NEED or WANT + Verb-ING = Passive:
      • Your car needs washing (= to be washed)
      • My room wants cleaning (= to be cleaned)
    • Sentences with two Objects:
      • When the active sentence has two Objects (verbs such as lend, give, tell, send, …) :
      • Mick will tell us everything.
      • Jack has lent me a pen.
      • The INDIRECT OBJECT often becomes the SUBJECT in the Passive:
      • We will be told everything by Mick.
      • I have been lent a pen by Jack.
      • Verbs like:
      • Believe, Think, Consider, Estimate, Know, Expect, …
      • when followed by a subordinate clause:
      • They think that Jenny is from Canada.
      • Teachers consider that Will doesn’t study hard.
      • Change to:
      • 1) It + Passive Verb + Subordinate Clause
      • It is thought that Jenny is from Canada.
      • It is considered that Will doesn’t study hard.
      • OR
      • 2) Subordinate Subject + Passive Verb + Subordinate Active Verb in Infinitive:
      • Jenny is thought to be from Canada.
      • Will is considered not to study hard.
    • HAVE/ GET SOMETHING DONE:
      • When you arrange to / pay for / have someone else do a thing for you (Get is more informal):
      • I had my hair cut (by the hairdresser)
      • The Prince is having his portrait painted (by a painter)
      • We often have our shopping delivered.
      • I’ve just had my car repaired (by a mechanic).
    •