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การบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรทางถนนในประเทศไทย
 

การบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรทางถนนในประเทศไทย

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การศึกษาหาสาเหตุการบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุ พบว่า ...

การศึกษาหาสาเหตุการบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุ พบว่า อยู่ในกลุ่มนักเรียนและวัยรุ่น มีจำนวนสูงที่สุด จาก การดื่มแอลกอฮอล์, ไม่สวมหมวกกันกระแทก, ไม่คาดเข็มขัดนิรภ้ย, ขับรถด้วยความเร็วสูง

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    การบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรทางถนนในประเทศไทย การบาดเจ็บและเสียชีวิตจากอุบัติเหตุจราจรทางถนนในประเทศไทย Document Transcript

    • «“√ “√«‘®—¬√–∫∫ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ π‘æπ∏åμâπ©∫—∫  ∂“∫—π«‘®—¬√–∫∫ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ªï∑’Ë Û ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ù μ§.-∏§. ÚııÚ «‘∑¬“°“√√–∫“¥°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ · ß‚©¡ »‘√‘æ“π‘™* °“≠®π’¬å ¥”𓧷°â«* Õ«¬æ√ §”«ß§å»“* ∫∑§—¥¬àÕ °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–°“√‡ ’¬™’«μ®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂π𠇪ìπªí≠À“ ”§—≠∑’∑”„À⇰‘¥§«“¡ Ÿ≠‡ ’¬μàÕ™’«μ ∑√—æ¬å π ‘ — Ë ‘ ‘ ·≈–‡»√…∞°‘®¢Õߪ√–‡∑»Õ¬à“ß¡“°¡“¬. °“√»÷°…“‡™‘ßæ√√≥π“‚¥¬«‘‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈∑ÿ쑬¿Ÿ¡‘®“°√–∫∫‡ΩÑ“√–«—ß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ ·Ààß™“μ‘  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ „π™à«ß æ.». ÚıÙÒ-Úıı ¡’®ÿ¥ª√– ß§å‡æ◊ËÕÕ∏‘∫“¬·π«‚πâ¡·≈–≈—°…≥–‡™‘ß«‘∑¬“°“√ √–∫“¥ ·≈–æƒμ‘°√√¡‡ ’ˬ߰“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ  ”À√—∫°“√«“ß·ºπªÑÕß°—π°“√‡°‘¥ Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ∫π∑âÕß∂ππμàÕ‰ª. ®“°°“√»÷°…“æ∫«à“°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ‡ªì𠓇Àμÿ ß ÿ¥¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑ÿ°ª√–‡¿∑§‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– — Ÿ ıÒ.ˆ ¢Õß√“¬‡©≈’ˬ ˆı, √“¬μàÕªï, Õ—μ√“°“√ªÉ«¬μ“¬√âÕ¬≈– ˆ.Ú - ˘.˜, Õ—μ√“ à«π‡æ»À≠‘ßμàՇ滙“¬ ‡∑à“°—∫ Ò : Û ‚¥¬®”π«πºŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß Ÿß ÿ¥ ‰¥â·°à °≈ÿ¡Õ“¬ÿ Òı-ÚÙ ªï√Õ¬≈– ÛÛ.Ú˘, Õ“™’æ√—∫®â“ß√âÕ¬≈– Ûı. ·≈–π—°‡√’¬π â à â π—°»÷°…“√âÕ¬≈– Ú.˜. ª√–‡¿∑¬“πæ“Àπ–∑’ˇ°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥§◊Õ ®—°√¬“π¬πμå√âÕ¬≈– ˜ı.ˆ˜ ‡ªìπºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë ®—°√¬“π¬πμå√âÕ¬≈– ¯¯.ˆÚ ´÷Ëß¡’·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷Èπ‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê, ‡«≈“ Ò¯: - ÚÛ.ı˘ π“Ãî°“‡ªìπ™à«ß∑’ˇ°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß ÿ¥ √âÕ¬≈– Û˜.˜Û - Ù.Òˆ, „π«—π‡ “√å·≈–«—πÕ“∑‘μ¬å√âÕ¬≈– Òˆ.ÙÚ ·≈– Òˆ.ÛÚ, ‡¥◊Õπ∏—𫓧¡¡’Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ·≈–∫“¥ ‡®Á∫ Ÿß ÿ¥√âÕ¬≈– ˘.ÛÒ, ¡’ºŸâ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ÿß ÿ¥„π‡¥◊Õπ‡¡…“¬π√âÕ¬≈– Ò.¯Ú ‚¥¬ “‡Àμÿ°“√‡°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß ÿ¥ §◊Õ °“√ ™π√âÕ¬≈– ıı.˜Û, ≈â¡ §«Ë” μ°∂ππ√âÕ¬≈– ÙÚ.ÚÚ, Õ«—¬«–∑’ˉ¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ¢π àß Ÿß ÿ¥ §◊Õ »’√…–√âÕ¬≈– Ú˘.Û. °“√„™â‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å¢≥–¢—∫¢’Ë√âÕ¬≈– Ûˆ.Û˜, „π°≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Ú- Ú˘ ªï√âÕ¬≈– Ù.¯, ™à«ß‡∑»°“≈ªï „À¡à·≈–‡∑»°“≈ ß°√“πμå ‡¥◊Õπ∏—𫓧¡ ¡°√“§¡ ·≈–‡¡…“¬π ‡ªìπ™à«ß∑’¡°“√„™â‡§√◊Õߥ◊¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å·≈–¢—∫¢’¬“π¬πμå Ë ’ Ë Ë Ë ª√– ∫Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß ÿ¥, æƒμ‘°√√¡°“√ «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑°¢≥–¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμ凩≈’ˬ√âÕ¬≈– ÒÛ, ·≈–°“√ «¡ ‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬√âÕ¬≈– Ò¯.ˆÛ; π” àß ∂“π欓∫“≈‚¥¬≠“μ‘À√◊ÕºŸâ‡ÀÁπ‡Àμÿ°“√≥å√âÕ¬≈– ıˆ.Ú, ‚¥¬Àπ૬∫√‘°“√ ©ÿ°‡©‘π∑“ß°“√·æ∑¬å√âÕ¬≈– Ò.Ûı. ®“°º≈°“√»÷°…“· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ«à“ºŸâ¢—∫¢’ËÀ√◊Õ‚¥¬ “√¬“πæ“Àπ–¬—ß¡’§«“¡‡ ’ˬßμàÕ°“√‡°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑’Ë Ÿß¡“° ‚¥¬ ‡©æ“–°“√¢—∫¢’Ë·≈–‚¥¬ “√®—°√¬“π¬πμå ∑’ˇªì𠓇Àμÿ¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ÿß ÿ¥„π°≈ÿà¡π—°‡√’¬π·≈–«—¬√ÿàπ √à«¡ °—∫°“√¡’æƒμ‘°√√¡‡ ’ˬßμàÕ°“√‡°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ‰¥âßà“¬ ‡™àπ °“√„™â‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å, °“√‰¡à «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑°, °“√ ‰¡à§“¥‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬, °“√¢—∫√∂¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« Ÿß. °“√¥”‡π‘π°“√¥â“π°“√„À⧫“¡√Ÿâ °“√°”Àπ¥¡“μ√°“√°”°—∫¥â“π°ÆÀ¡“¬ §«√¡’°“√¥”‡π‘π°“√Õ¬à“߇¢â¡ß«¥ μàÕ‡π◊Õß ·≈–∫Ÿ√≥“°“√‡ªìπ ‘ß ”§—≠∑’®–·°âª≠À“∑”„Àâ≈¥Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ·≈–°“√‡ ’¬™’«μ‰¥â. Ë Ë Ë í — ‘ §” ”§—≠: °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫, Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ, ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ * ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√¡§«∫§ÿ¡‚√§, °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ®—ßÀ«—¥ππ∑∫ÿ√’ 598
    • Journal of Health Systems Research Vol. 3 No. 4 Oct.-Dec. 2009 Abstract Epidemiology of Injuries and Deaths Caused by Road Traffic Accidents in Thailand Sangchom Siripanich, Kanjanee Dumnakeaw, Auyporn Kumwongsa Bureau of Epidemiology, Ministry of Public Health Road traffic injuries are a significant problem in developed and developing countries. The trend of mortality owing to traffic accidents is increasing in Thailand. The objective of this descriptive study is to describe the trend and characteristics of risky behavior related to road traffic injuries in Thailand during the period 1998-2007. The study was conducted by using and analyzing data from the national injury surveillance database within 28 sentinels, these were reported during the period 1998-2007. The results show that the proportion of road traffic injuries was the highest of all injuries (51.6%). The percentage of injuries in the age groups between 15 and 24 years was the highest (33.29%). Most of the injuries occurred among laborers and student groups (35.0% and 20.1%); 75.7 percent of them were motorcycle injuries and tended to increase. The highest incidence of injury occurred during the evening between 6 and 8 o’clock (37.7-40.2%). The most severely traumatized parts of the body were the head and neck (29.3%). The percentage of alcohol use while driving was 36.4 percent and it was highly used in the age group 20-29 years (40.1%). The high-risk behavior occurred over the New Year holidays and during the Thai new year (Songkhran festival) during the months of December-January and April. Further, the drivers and riders had not used seatbelts and helmets while driving and riding . Only 13 percent used helmets and 18.6 percent used seatbelts. Those injured were referred by a relative or others in 56.2 of the cases; only 10.4 percent were referred by EMS, although the tendency is increasing. This study identified the problem of injuries, especially motorcycle injury in younger persons, which tends to increase every year. The higher fatality rate may relate to risk behavior involving alcohol use, not wearing a helmet, or using seatbelts and driving at high speed. Traffic accident prevention requires that drivers be educated and that the laws be enforced in the high-risk group (mainly younger men). Key words: injuries, road traffic accidents ¿Ÿ¡‘À≈—ß·≈–‡Àμÿº≈ ®“°Õ—π¥—∫∑’Ë ˘ „π æ.». ÚıÙÒ ¢÷Èπ¡“Õ¬Ÿà∑’ËÕ—π¥—∫ Û(ˆ) ´÷Ëß°“√ ° “√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂π𠇪ìπ ªí≠À“ ”§—≠¢Õߪ√–‡∑» ‚¥¬¡’¢π“¥·≈–§«“¡√ÿπ·√ߢÕß ·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷π ·ª√º—πμ“¡ ¿“槫“¡‡®√‘≠∑“ߥâ“π‡»√…∞°‘® È æ¬“°√≥套߰≈à“«Õ“®¡’§«“¡‡ªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑’Ë®–‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ À“°‰¡à¡’ °“√«“ß·ºπ À√◊Õ°”Àπ¥¡“μ√°“√„π°“√·°âª≠À“Õ¬à“ß®√‘ß®—ß. ·¡â«“√—∞∫“≈‰¥â°”Àπ¥π‚¬∫“¬·≈–¡“μ√°“√∑“ß°ÆÀ¡“¬ à í Õÿ μ  “À°√√¡ ·≈–°“√∑à Õ ß‡∑’Ë ¬ «. „π·μà ≈ –ªï ¡’ ºŸâ ‡ ¥‘ π ∑“ß √«¡∂÷ß°≈«‘∏’μà“ßÊ ‡æ◊ËÕ·°âªí≠À“°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°°“√®√“®√ ‚¥¬ “√·≈–¢—∫¢’˥⫬¬“π¬πμ凰‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∫π∑âÕß∂ππ¡“° ‰¥â·°à °“√∫—ߧ—∫¥â«¬°Æ®√“®√ °“√ «¡‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬ °“√ ¢÷Èπ‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê. „π™à«ß æ.». ÚıÙÚ-ÚıÙ˜ ¡’ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°  «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑° °“√ߥ¥◊Ë¡ ÿ√“ ·≈– “√‡ æμ‘¥°àÕπ Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ√âÕ¬≈– Ù˘.Ò - ıÙ.ˆ ¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ ·≈–¢≥–¢—∫¢’Ë ·≈–°“√§«∫§ÿ¡ªí®®—¬‡ ’ˬßÕ◊ËπÊ ∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß, ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥·≈–‡ªìπºŸâ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ√âÕ¬≈– Úˆ.Ù¯(Ù) À√◊ÕÕ“®°≈à“«‰¥â ·μà ªí ≠ À“°Á ¬— ß ‰¡à ‰ ¥â ≈ ¥πâ Õ ¬≈ß ∑—È ß π’È Õ “®‡π◊Ë Õ ß®“°ªí ≠ À“ «à“¡’º∫“¥‡®Á∫‰¡àπÕ¬°«à“ ˘, √“¬ ·≈–‡ ’¬™’«μ¡“°°«à“ Ÿâ â ‘ Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®“°®√“®√¡’§«“¡ Õ¥§≈âÕß·≈–‡™◊ËÕ¡‚¬ß°—∫ªí≠À“ (ı) Ò, √“¬ ·≈–‰¥â √â“ߧ«“¡ Ÿ≠‡ ’¬μàÕ™’«μ ∑√—æ¬å π ·≈– ‘ ‘ Õ◊ËπÊ À≈“¬¥â“π. ¥—ßπ—Èπ °“√·°âªí≠À“μâÕß∫Ÿ√≥“°“√·≈– ‡»√…∞°‘®¢Õߪ√–‡∑»Õ¬à“ß¡“°¡“¬. Õ“»—¬§«“¡√à«¡¡◊Õ®“°∑ÿ°Àπ૬ߓπ∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß. √“¬ß“πÕߧ尓√Õπ“¡—¬‚≈° æ.». ÚıÙ˜ ¡’ª√–™“°√ °“√»÷°…“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈¥â“π«‘∑¬“°“√√–∫“¥‡ªìπ°‘®°√√¡ ”§—≠ ‚≈°°«à“ Ú ≈â“π§π‰¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ ·≈– ª√–°“√Àπ÷Ëß∑’Ë®–∫àß™’È ∂“π°“√≥å ·π«‚πâ¡°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈– §“¥ª√–¡“≥«à“„πªï æ.». ÚıˆÛ Õ—μ√“‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπ¢Õß¿“√–‚√§ ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ μ≈Õ¥®π°“√· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ∂÷ß „π Ò °≈ÿà¡ “‡Àμÿ·√° °“√‰¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°®√“®√®–‡≈◊ËÕπ æƒμ‘°√√¡∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß ·≈–‡ªì𠓇Àμÿ∑’Ë°àÕ„À⇰‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ‰¥â. ı˘˘
    • «“√ “√«‘®—¬√–∫∫ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ªï∑’Ë Û ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ù μ§.-∏§. ÚııÚ ∑—È ß π’È ‡æ◊Ë Õ „™â ª √–‚¬™πå ® “°¢â Õ ¡Ÿ ≈ ‡ªì π ·π«∑“ß°“√°”Àπ¥ μ° À°≈â¡ √âÕ¬≈– ÒÙ.˜, ·√߇™‘ß°≈ «—μ∂ÿ  ‘ߢÕß √âÕ¬≈– ÒÚ.ˆ, Ë ¡“μ√°“√ §«∫§ÿ¡ªÑÕß°—π ·≈–≈¥§«“¡‡ ’ˬ߰“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈– °“√∂Ÿ°∑”√⓬ √âÕ¬≈– ˘.Ú ·≈– °“√∑”√⓬μπ‡Õß √âÕ¬≈– Ù.Ú ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ‰¥â. ®“°°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ Ò˘  “‡ÀμÿÀ≈—° ®”π«πºŸâª√– ∫Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ °“√®√“®√·≈–¢π àß ∑—ß ‘π ˆıÒ,˜Òı √“¬ ‡©≈’¬ ªï≈– ˆı, È È Ë √–‡∫’¬∫«‘∏’«‘®—¬ √“¬, Õ—μ√“ªÉ«¬μ“¬√âÕ¬≈– ˆ.Ú - ˘.˜ (√Ÿª∑’Ë Ò). °“√»÷°…“«‘∑¬“°“√√–∫“¥‡™‘ßæ√√≥π“ ‚¥¬√«∫√«¡¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ ®“°·À≈àߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈∑ÿμ¬¿Ÿ¡,‘ ®“°√–∫∫‡ΩÑ“√–«—ß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·Ààß™“μ‘ ‘ ≈—°…≥–¢ÕߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫ (Û)  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ ®“°‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬ Ú¯ ·Ààß „π™à«ß æ.». ºŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ°“√¢π à߇ªìπºŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’¡’ â — â Ë ÚıÙÒ - Úıı, «‘‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‚¥¬„™â‚ª√·°√¡ ”‡√Á®√Ÿª „™â ∑’Ë Õ ¬Ÿà Õ “»— ¬ „π®— ß À«— ¥ ∑’Ë ‡ °‘ ¥ ‡Àμÿ ®”π«π ıˆı,ÛÚ √“¬  ∂‘μ‘§à“‡©≈’ˬ §à“√âÕ¬≈–  —¥ à«π Õ—μ√“ Õ—μ√“ à«π. §‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ¯ˆ.ıÛ, ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ù˘,ˆÙˆ √“¬ §‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– «—μ∂ÿª√– ß§å¢Õß°“√»÷°…“ ‰¥â·°à ˜Û.ˆ˜, Õ—μ√“ à«π‡æ»À≠‘ßμàՇ滙“¬ ‡∑à“°—∫ Ò : Û, Õ“¬ÿ Ò. ‡æ◊ËÕ»÷°…“«‘∑¬“°“√√–∫“¥ ·π«‚πâ¡°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈– μ—Èß·μà·√°§≈Õ¥∂÷ßÕ“¬ÿ ˘˘ ªï ‚¥¬ —¥ à«πºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ.  Ÿß ÿ¥ ‰¥â·°à °≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Òı-Ò˘ ªï√âÕ¬≈– Ò¯.Ò, Õ“¬ÿ Ú- Ú. ‡æ◊ËÕ»÷°…“≈—°…≥–∑“ß«‘∑¬“°“√√–∫“¥¢Õß°“√∫“¥ ÚÙ ªï √âÕ¬≈– Òı.Ò˘, ·≈–Õ“¬ÿ Úı - Ú˘ ªï √âÕ¬≈– ÒÒ.Ù¯ ‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ. ‡ªìπμâπ (√Ÿª∑’Ë Ú). Û. ‡æ◊ËÕ»÷°…“·π«‚πâ¡æƒμ‘°√√¡‡ ’ˬßμàÕ°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ ºŸâ ∫ “¥‡®Á ∫ √ÿ π ·√ß à « π„À≠à ª√–°Õ∫Õ“™’ æ ‡ªì π ºŸâ „ ™â ·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®√“®√∑“ß∂ππ. ·√ßß“π Ÿß ÿ¥ √âÕ¬≈– Ûı, √Õß≈ß¡“‡ªìππ—°‡√’¬π/π—°»÷°…“ √âÕ¬≈– Ú.˜, ‡°…μ√°√∑” «π ∑”π“ ∑”‰√à √âÕ¬≈– ÒÛ.˜. º≈°“√»÷°…“ ®“°°“√«‘‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫„π™à«ß Ò ªï¢Õß ≈—°…≥–ºŸâ„™â¬“π¬πμå·≈–ª√–‡¿∑¬“π¬πμå ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ æ∫«à“°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ Ÿß ÿ¥ ı Õ—π¥—∫·√° ‰¥â·°à ®“°°“√æ‘®“√≥“ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ ®”·π° °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°®√“®√¢π àß §‘¥‡ªìπ √âÕ¬≈– ıÒ.ˆ, °“√æ≈—¥ ‡ªìπºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√ ·≈–§π‡¥‘π‡∑â“ æ∫«à“®”π«πºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫ ๓.๕% ๗.๑% อบติเหตุการขนสง ุ ั ๔.๒% ๗.๘% ๖.๖% อบติเหตุการขนสง ุ ั ๙.๒% อ.พลัด ตก หกลม ถูกทําราย ๗.๗% ๖๖.๑% ทํารายตัวเอง อ.แรงเชิงกลวัตถสงของ ุ ่ิ ๘.๙% ๑๒.๖% ๕๑.๖% ถูกทําราย อ.พลัด ตก หกลม ทํารายตัวเอง อ.ตกนา จมนา ํ้ ํ้ ๑๔.๗% อน ๆ ่ื อนๆ ่ื ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ √Ÿª∑’Ë Ò §à“√âÕ¬≈–¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“° “‡Àμÿμà“ß Ê ı Õ—π¥—∫·√° æ.». ÚıÙÒ - Úıı 600
    • Journal of Health Systems Research Vol. 3 No. 4 Oct.-Dec. 2009  Ÿß ÿ¥‡ªìπºŸ¢∫¢’Ë ·≈–¡’·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷π‡√◊Õ¬Ê ®“°√âÕ¬≈– ˆı.˘Ù â— È Ë ®—°√¬“π¬πμå Ÿß ÿ¥ √âÕ¬≈– ¯¯.ˆÚ, √Õß≈ß¡“ §◊Õ °“√¢—∫¢’Ë „π æ.». ÚıÙÚ ∂÷ß√âÕ¬≈– ˜Ú.¯ˆ „π æ.». Úıı ·μà √∂®—°√¬“π ·≈– “¡≈âÕ√âÕ¬≈– Ù.Û˜ ·≈–√∂°√–∫–À√◊Õ√∂μŸâ ·π«‚πâ¡°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫„π°≈ÿ¡ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√≈¥≈߇≈Á°πâÕ¬ (√Ÿª∑’Ë Û). à √âÕ¬≈– Û.Ò. ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√∑’ˉ¥â√—∫Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®“°‚¥¬ “√√∂ ª√–‡¿∑¬“πæ“Àπ–∑’Ë ‡ °‘ ¥ Õÿ ∫— μ‘ ‡ Àμÿ ¡ “°∑’Ë  ÿ ¥ ‰¥â · °à ®—°√¬“π¬πμå√âÕ¬≈– ˆÒ.˘ı ·≈–°“√‚¥¬ “√√∂°√–∫– À√◊Õ ®—°√¬“π¬πμå√âÕ¬≈– ˜ı.ˆ˜ ¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ √∂μŸâ √âÕ¬≈– Ú.ıÚ. ¢π àß∑—ÈßÀ¡¥∑ÿ°°≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ. À“°æ‘®“√≥“μ“¡≈—°…≥–°“√„™â ¬“πæ“Àπ– æ∫«à “ ºŸâ ¢— ∫ ¢’Ë ‰ ¥â √— ∫ Õÿ ∫— μ‘ ‡ Àμÿ ® “°°“√¢— ∫ ¢’Ë √ ∂ ‡«≈“∑’ˇ°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ ‡«≈“ Ò¯. - ÚÛ.ı˘ π. ‡ªìπ™à«ß∑’ˇ°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß ÿ¥ ∑ÿ°ªï §◊Õ√âÕ¬≈– Û˜.˜Û - Ù.Òˆ ·≈– √–À«à“߇«≈“ ÒÚ. - Ò˜.ı˘ π.√âÕ¬≈– Ú¯.¯ - Û.Ò˜ (√Ÿª∑’Ë Ù). จํานวน รอยละ 140,000 t20.0 „π·μà≈– —ª¥“Àå¡’Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ·≈–‡°‘¥°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫„π«—π 120,000 ‡ “√å·≈–«—πÕ“∑‘μ¬å√âÕ¬≈– Òˆ.ÙÚ ·≈– Òˆ.ÛÚ. «—π∑’Ë¡’°“√ 100,000 t15.0 ∫“¥‡®Á∫μË” ÿ¥§◊Õ«—πæÿ∏√âÕ¬≈– ÒÚ.ˆ˘ ·≈–‡¥◊Õπ∏—𫓧¡ ¡’ 80,000 t10.0 Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ·≈–∫“¥‡®Á∫√âÕ¬≈– ˘.ÛÒ. ºŸâ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ÿß ÿ¥„π‡¥◊Õπ 60,000 40,000 ‡¡…“¬π√âÕ¬≈– Ò.¯Ú ‚¥¬Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ ®”·π°μ“¡≈—°…≥– Ÿß ÿ¥ — t5.0 20,000 §◊Õ °“√™π√âÕ¬≈– ıı.˜Û, ≈â¡ §«Ë” μ°∂ππ√âÕ¬≈– ÙÚ.ÚÚ. 0 t0.0 ๕ -๙ ๐ -๔ ๔๐ -๓๙ ๕๐ -๔๙ ๒ ๐ - ๑๙ ๗ ๐ -๖๙ ๑ ๕ ๑๔ ๓๐ ๒๙ ๖๐ ๕ ๙ ๖๕ ๖๔ -๗๙ ๘๐ ๕๕ ๕๔ ๒ ๕- ๒๔ - ๓๔ ๔ ๕ ๔๔ ๗๕-๗๔ Õ«—¬«–∑’ˉ¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫ ๑๐ - - - - - - ๓๕ จํานวน อายุ รอยละ Õ«—¬«–∑’ˉ¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ¢π àß §◊Õ »’√…–√âÕ¬ ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ≈– Ú˘.Û, °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫À≈“¬ à«π¢Õß√à“ß°“¬√âÕ¬≈– Ò˜.Úı, √Ÿª∑’Ë Ú ®”π«π·≈–√âÕ¬≈–¢ÕߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ°“√ ‡¢à“·≈–™à«ß¢“√âÕ¬≈– Ò.Ù˜.  ”À√—∫°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’˧Õæ∫ ¢π àß ®”·π°μ“¡°≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ æ.». ÚıÙÒ - Úıı √âÕ¬≈– Ò.˜Ú ´÷Ëß¡’·π«‚πâ¡°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë Ÿß¢÷Èπ‡√◊ËÕ¬Ê ∑ÿ°ªï ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ √Ÿª∑’Ë Û √âÕ¬≈–¢ÕߺŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß ®”·π°μ“¡ª√–‡¿∑ºŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫ â â √Ÿª∑’Ë Ù √âÕ¬≈–°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ°“√¢π àß ®”·π° æ.». ÚıÙÒ - Úıı μ“¡‡«≈“‡°‘¥‡Àμÿ æ.». ÚıÙÒ - Úıı ˆÒ
    • «“√ “√«‘®—¬√–∫∫ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ªï∑’Ë Û ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ù μ§.-∏§. ÚııÚ ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ°àÕπ∂÷ß‚√ß欓∫“≈√âÕ¬≈– Ò.¯ı, ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ∑’ËÀâÕß Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ©ÿ°‡©‘π √âÕ¬≈– ˆ.ÛÚ, ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ∑’ËÀÕºŸâªÉ«¬„π√âÕ¬≈– √âÕ¬≈– ¯Ú.¯Û. ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈åÕ¬Ÿà„π°≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Ú-ÚÙ ªï √âÕ¬≈– Ú.ˆı, °≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Úı-Ú˘ ªï √âÕ¬≈– Ò˘.ÙÚ, ·≈– °≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Òı-Ò˘ ªï √âÕ¬≈– ÒÙ.Úı (√Ÿª∑’Ë ˜). ™à«ß‡∑»°“≈ªï„À¡à·≈–‡∑»°“≈ ß°√“πμå, ‡¥◊Õπ √âÕ¬≈– ∏—𫓧¡ ¡°√“§¡ ·≈–‡¡…“¬π ‡ªìπ™à«ß∑’Ë¡’°“√„™â‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡ ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å·≈–¢—∫¢’ˬ“π¬πμå ª√– ∫Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß ÿ¥ §‘¥‡ªìπ √Ÿª∑’Ë ı √âÕ¬≈–¢ÕßÕ«—¬«–∑’‰¥â√∫∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ¢π àß Ë — — √âÕ¬≈– ÒÒ.Ò, ˘.ı ·≈– ˘.ˆ μ“¡≈”¥—∫; °“√¥◊Ë¡ ÿ√“≈¥ æ.». ÚıÙÒ -Úıı ≈ß„π™à«ß‡¢â“æ√√…“ §◊Õ ‡¥◊Õπ°√°Æ“§¡  ‘ßÀ“§¡ ·≈–°—𬓬π (√Ÿª∑’Ë ¯) ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë√∂®—°√¬“π¬πμå∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å √âÕ¬≈– ÒˆÙ,¯˜¯ √“¬ §‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ˘Ú.˜Ò ¢ÕߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡ ·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ ∑’Ë¢—∫¢’Ë‚¥¬‰¡à «¡À¡«°π‘√¿—¬√âÕ¬≈– ˘.Òˆ, ¢—∫¢’Ë√∂¬πμåπ—Ëß à«π∫ÿ§§≈∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å √âÕ¬≈– ÙÒ.Òˆ ¢Õß®”π«πºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë√∂¬πμå à«π∫ÿ§§≈‚¥¬‰¡à §“¥‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬√âÕ¬≈– ¯Ò.˘ˆ. °≈ÿࡺŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë√∂ “∏“√≥– √∂√—∫®â“ß∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å·≈– √âÕ¬≈– ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ¢—∫¢’ˬ“π¬πμå ‰¥â·°à √∂°√–∫–À√◊Õ√∂μŸâ  “¡≈âÕ‡§√◊ËÕß √∂ ∫√√∑ÿ°Àπ—° ¡’°“√¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å√âÕ¬≈– Û˘.¯Û, Ûı.Úı, √Ÿª∑’Ë ˆ √âÕ¬≈–¢ÕßÕ«—¬«–∑’‰¥â√∫∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ¢π àß Ë — — ¢ÕߺŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå æ.». ÚıÙÒ -Úıı จํานวน รอยละ $40,000 ๒๕.๐๐ μ“¡·π«‚πâ¡¢Õß°“√¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå∑’Ë Ÿß¢÷Èπ (√Ÿª∑’Ë ı). $35,000 ๒๐.๖๕ ๑๙.๔๒ ๒๐.๐๐ $30,000 ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå∑’ˉ¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß√âÕ¬≈– ı. $25,000 ๑๕.๐๐ ๑๔.๒๕ ‡°‘¥°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë»’√…– ·≈–√âÕ¬≈– ˜.˜ ‰¥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’ˇ¢à“ $20,000 ๙.๒๙ ๑๐.๕๙ ๘.๗๗ ๑๐.๐๐ $15,000 ·≈–¢“ à«π≈à“ß.  “‡Àμÿ∑’Ë¡’°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫„πºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå ๖.๕๑ $10,000 ๔.๓๔ ๐.๕๘ ๒.๖๑ ๒.๘๙ ๕.๐๐ $5,000 §“¥«à“πà“®–¡’ªí®®—¬‡ √‘¡∑’Ë ”§—≠ §◊Õ °“√¢—∫¢’Ë√∂®—°√¬“π¬πμå ๐.๐๙ $0 ๐.๐๐ ‚¥¬‰¡à «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑° (√Ÿª∑’Ë ˆ). ป ๑๕  -๓๙ ๕๐ ๙ - ๑๙ ๙ ๖๐ -๕๙ ๒๕ ๔ -๓๔ -๔๔ -๕๔ ไ ม ป าบ -๔ -๒ ึ้นไ -๒ - ๑๔ ทร ๓๕ ๔๕ ๕๕ ๓๐ ๔๐ ป ข ๒๐ ๑๐ จํานวน รอยละ æƒμ‘°√√¡‡ ’ˬßÕÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ°“√¢π àß อายุ Ò. °“√„™â‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å·≈–¢—∫¢’ˬ“π¬πμå ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ºŸâ¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å¢≥–¢—∫¢’ˬ“π¬πμå Ò˜˜,¯Ûˆ √“¬ √Ÿª∑’Ë ˜ ®”π«π·≈–§à“√âÕ¬≈–ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë∑’Ë¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ ¯,ıÚ¯ √“¬ §‘¥‡ªìπÕ—μ√“ªÉ«¬μ“¬√âÕ¬≈– Ù.¯, ®”·π°μ“¡°≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ æ.». ÚıÙÒ-Úıı 602
    • Journal of Health Systems Research Vol. 3 No. 4 Oct.-Dec. 2009 จํานวน รอยละ æ‘®“√≥“‡©æ“–ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë ¡’ºŸâ§“¥‡¢Á¡¢—¥√âÕ¬≈– Ò¯.ˆÛ, ‰¡à§“¥ ๒๕,๐๐๐ ๑๒.๐๐ ๑๑.๑๐ ‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬√âÕ¬≈– ¯Ò.Û˜ ·≈–ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√√âÕ¬≈– ˘ˆ.ˆı ๒๐,๐๐๐ ๙.๐๓ ๙.๖๐ ๘.๙๗ ๑๐.๐๐ ๘.๕๓๘.๕๖ ๘.๕๕ ‰¡à§“¥‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬. ๑๕,๐๐๐ ๗.๐๔๗.๒๖ ๗.๕๐ ๖.๙๘ ๖.๙๐ ๘.๐๐ ๖.๐๐ Ù. °“√„™â¬“¢≥–¢—∫¢’ˬ“πæ“Àπ– ๑๐,๐๐๐ ๔.๐๐ ºŸ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ°“√¢π àß∑’¡°“√„™â¬“·°â â — Ë ’ ๕,๐๐๐ ๒.๐๐ ‰¢â ¬“À«—¥ ¬“·°âª«¥ À√◊Õ¬“Õ◊ËπÊ ¢≥–¢—∫¢’ˬ“πæ“Àπ–¡’ ๐ ๐.๐๐ °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ Ò,˜¯ √“¬ ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ ˆ √“¬®“°®”π«πºŸâ∫“¥ ม.ค. ก.พ. มี.ค. เม.ย. พ.ค. มิ.ย. ก.ค. ส.ค. ก.ย. ต.ค. พ.ย. ธ.ค. จํานวน รอยละ ‡®Á∫∑—ßÀ¡¥. ºŸ¢∫¢’√∂®—°√¬“π¬πμå¡°“√°‘π¬“¢≥–¢—∫¢’√Õ¬≈– È â— Ë ’ Ëâ เดือน ˜¯.˜, √∂ªî°Õ—æ√âÕ¬≈– Ò.¯Ù, √∂®—°√¬“π·≈– “¡≈âÕ ∑’Ë¡“:  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ °√–∑√«ß “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ √âÕ¬≈– Û.Û˘, √∂¬πμåπ—Ëß à«π∫ÿ§§≈√âÕ¬≈– Ú.ˆÒ. °≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ √Ÿª∑’Ë ¯ ®”π«π·≈–§à“√âÕ¬≈–¢ÕߺŸ¢∫¢’∑∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ∑¥¡ â — Ë ’Ë — ’Ë ◊Ë ¢ÕߺŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë∑’Ë„™â¬“§◊Õ Ú-ÚÙ ªï √âÕ¬≈– Ò¯.Òı, Õ“¬ÿ Úı-Ú˘ ‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ®”·π°μ“¡‡¥◊Õπ‡°‘¥‡Àμÿ æ.». ªï √âÕ¬≈– ÒÛ.ÛÚ ·≈– Õ“¬ÿ Ù-Ùı ªï √âÕ¬≈– Ò. ÛÒ. „π ÚıÙÒ-Úıı ¢≥–‡¥’¬«°—πºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë∑’Ë„™â∑—È߬“·≈–‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ÛÚı √“¬ §‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ÙÛ.˘Ú (¢Õß®”π«π„™â¬“°—∫‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡ ÚÒ. ¢ÕߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë¢—∫¢’ˬ“πæ“Àπ–¥—ß°≈à“« À√◊Õ√âÕ¬≈– ·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ·≈–®”π«π„™â¬“·μà‰¡à„™â·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ˜Ù √“¬). Ú.˜¯, .Ùı, .Ûı ¢ÕߺŸâ¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å∑—ÈßÀ¡¥. ı. °“√‡¢â“√—∫°“√√—°…“„π‚√ß欓∫“≈ Ú. æƒμ‘°√√¡°“√ «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑° ºŸâ ∫ “¥‡®Á ∫ ∂Ÿ ° π” à ß ‚√ß欓∫“≈®“°∑’Ë ‡ °‘ ¥ ‡Àμÿ °“√ «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑°„πºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë·≈–ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√√∂ Ú¯Û,ˆ˘˘ √“¬§‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ÙÛ.Ùı,  àßμàÕ¡“®“° ∂“π ®—°√¬“π¬πμå ¬—ß¡’æƒμ‘°√√¡°“√ «¡À¡«°‚¥¬‡©≈’ˬ√âÕ¬≈– 欓∫“≈Õ◊ËπÊ ÛÚ,Û˜ı √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– Ù˘.ˆ), ‰¡à¡’ºŸâπ” àß ÒÛ. ¢ÕߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå °≈à“«§◊Õ „π™à«ß Ò ªï ¯,ıÚ˜ √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– Ò.ÛÒ) ·≈–‰¡à∑√“∫«à“¡’ºŸâπ” àßÀ√◊Õ‰¡à ¡’°“√√≥√ߧ尓√ «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑°Õ¬à“ßμàÕ‡π◊ËÕß ·μàæ∫ Ù,Û¯Ò √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– ˆ.Ò¯).  ”À√—∫ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë¡’ºŸâπ” àß «à“¬—ß¡’ºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë°—∫ºŸâ‚¥¬ “√¡’ —¥ à«π∑’ˉ¡à «¡À¡«°œ Ÿß°«à“ºŸâ∑’Ë ‰¥â·°à °“√π” àß‚¥¬≠“μ‘À√◊ÕºŸâ‡ÀÁπ‡Àμÿ°“√≥å Òı˘,ÙÚ¯ √“¬  «¡À¡«°œ §◊Õ √âÕ¬≈– ¯Û.ıı - ˘Ú.˜ „πºŸ¢∫¢’Ë ·≈–√âÕ¬≈– â— (√âÕ¬≈– ıˆ.Ú), ‚¥¬¡Ÿ≈π‘∏‘ ¯˘,ÛÙˆ √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– ÛÒ.Ù˘), ˘Û.ıÙ - ˘˜.Ú „πºŸâ‚¥¬ “√´âÕπ∑⓬‰¡à «¡À¡«°œ. ‚¥¬Àπ૬∫√‘°“√©ÿ°‡©‘π∑“ß°“√·æ∑¬å Ú˘,Ûˆ˜ √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– ®“°º≈°“√¢—∫¢’Ë ·≈–‚¥¬ “√√∂®—°√¬“π¬πμå ‚¥¬ Ò.Ûı), ·≈–‚¥¬μ”√«® ı,ıı¯ √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– Ò.˘ˆ) ‡ªìπμâπ. ‰¡à «¡À¡«°°—π°√–·∑° ∑”„À⇰‘¥°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫μàÕÕ«—¬«– °“√π” àߺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫‰ª ∂“π欓∫“≈‚¥¬Àπ૬∫√‘°“√©ÿ°‡©‘π  ”§—≠¢Õß√à“ß°“¬‰¥â §◊Õ »’√…– ·≈–§Õ ´÷ßæ∫«à“√âÕ¬≈– Ùı.¯ Ë ¡’·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷Èπ. °“√¥Ÿ·≈ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫¢≥–π” àß®“° ∂“π ¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑’Ë»’√…–‡°‘¥®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ®“°®—°√¬“π¬πμå 欓∫“≈Õ◊Ëπ¡’°“√¥Ÿ·≈∂Ÿ°μâÕß√âÕ¬≈– ˘Ú.ˆ˘ ·≈–°“√¥Ÿ·≈ºŸâ ‚¥¬‰¡à «¡À¡«°œ °≈ÿà¡Õ“¬ÿ Òı-Ú˘ ªï‡ªìπ°≈ÿࡺŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫ ∫“¥‡®Á∫¢≥–π” àß®“°∑’ˇ°‘¥‡Àμÿ ¡’°“√¥Ÿ·≈∂Ÿ°μâÕß√âÕ¬≈– ®“°°“√¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå ∑’Ë¡’æƒμ‘°√√¡‰¡à «¡À¡«°œ ¡“° ¯¯.˜¯. ∑’Ë ÿ¥. Û. °“√§“¥‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬ «‘®“√≥å ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫√ÿπ·√ß ˆı,Ù˜˜ √“¬ ∑’Ë¢—∫¢’Ë√∂¬πμå¡’ºŸâ‰¡à °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«μ®“°Õÿ∫쇑 Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ„πª√–‡∑» ‘ —  «¡‡¢Á¡¢—¥π‘√¿—¬ ˆ,Òˆˆ √“¬§‘¥‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ˘Ò.¯˘. ‡¡◊ËÕ ‰∑¬ „π™à«ß æ.». ÚıÙÒ-Úıı æ∫«à“¡’·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷Èπ ·≈– ˆÛ
    • «“√ “√«‘®—¬√–∫∫ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢ ªï∑’Ë Û ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ù μ§.-∏§. ÚııÚ ‡ªì𠓇Àμÿ°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μÕ—π¥—∫·√°¢Õß°“√∫“¥ „π™à«ß‡∑»°“≈ªï„À¡à·≈– ß°√“πμå. Õ¬à“߉√°Áμ“¡  —¥ à«π ‡®Á∫®“°∑ÿ° “‡Àμÿ ‚¥¬æ∫‡©≈’ˬªï≈– ˆı,Ú˘¯ √“¬ (√âÕ¬≈– °“√¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å ·≈–∫“¥‡®Á∫≈¥≈ß„π™à«ß‡¢â“æ√√…“‡¥◊Õπ ıÒ.ˆ) ¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°∑ÿ° “‡Àμÿ ·≈– —¥ à«π°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ °√°Æ“§¡ ∂÷ßμâπ‡¥◊Õπμÿ≈“§¡ ´÷ßÕ“®‡ªìπ‰ª‰¥â«“ ™à«ß‡¢â“æ√√…“ Ë à √âÕ¬≈– ˆÚ.ˆ¯-˜.ı ¢Õß°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫∑ÿ° ¡’°“√≈¥/‡«âπ°“√¥◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å μ“¡ª√–‡æ≥’¥—È߇¥‘¡¢Õß°“√  “‡Àμÿ. Õ—μ√“°“√ªÉ«¬μ“¬√âÕ¬≈– ˆ.Ú-˘.˜ ‚¥¬‰¥â√—∫ ªØ‘∫—μ‘μπμ“¡æÿ∑∏»“ π“„π™à«ß‡∑»°“≈¥—ß°≈à“«. Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ„π¿Ÿ¡‘≈”‡π“∑’ËÕ“»—¬Õ¬Ÿà√âÕ¬≈– ¯ˆ.ı. ºŸâ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ¡’μ—Èß °“√¢—∫¢’Ë√∂ “∏“√≥– √∂√—∫®â“ß √∂°√–∫– √∂μŸâ √à«¡°—∫ ·μà·√°§≈Õ¥∂÷ß ˘˘ ªï. Õ—μ√“ à«π‡æ»À≠‘ßμàՇ滙“¬ ‡∑à“°—∫ °“√¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å √âÕ¬≈– Û˘.¯ ‡ªì𠓇Àμÿ„Àâ Ò:Û. °≈ÿ¡∑’∫“¥‡®Á∫¡“°∑’ ¥ §◊Õ Õ“¬ÿ Òı-Ú˘ ªï √âÕ¬≈– ÙÙ.¯ à Ë Ë ÿ ‡°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇ÀμÿÀ¡Ÿà À√◊Õ°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ¢Õߧπ®”π«π¡“° ‚¥¬ ·≈–Õ“¬ÿμË”°«à“ Òı ªï√âÕ¬≈– ÒÒ.˜ ‡ªìπºŸâ„™â·√ßß“π√âÕ¬≈– ‡©æ“–√∂°√–∫– √∂μŸâÀ√◊Õ√∂‚¥¬ “√¢π“¥„À≠à. ®“°¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ Ûı. ·≈–∑’Ëπà“ π„®·≈–§«√„À⧫“¡ ”§—≠ §◊Õ√âÕ¬≈– Ú.˜ °“√ Õ∫ «π‡°‘¥Õÿ∫—쑇ÀμÿÀ¡Ÿà æ.». ÚıÙ˘ æ∫«à“¡’ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫ ‡ªìπ°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫¢Õßπ—°‡√’¬π·≈–π—°»÷°…“. ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ ˆˆˆ √“¬ ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ò˜Û √“¬ ‡ªìπ√∂ °“√æ‘®“√≥“ºŸâ∫“¥‡®Á∫®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ¢π àßμ“¡ª√–‡¿∑ºŸâ ‚¥¬ “√√âÕ¬≈– Ù¯., √∂°√–∫–√âÕ¬≈– ÚÙ., √∂‰ø™π „™â¬“πæ“Àπ– æ∫‡©≈’ˬ√âÕ¬≈– ˆÚ.ı ‡ªìπºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë. ·π«‚πâ¡ √∂¬πμå√âÕ¬≈– Òˆ.Ò ‚¥¬°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ÿß ÿ¥ §◊Õ Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ ¢Õß°“√‡ªìπºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë Ÿß¢÷Èπ ®“° æ.». ÚıÙÒ √âÕ¬≈– ˆı.˘ ®“°√∂°√–∫–√âÕ¬≈– ÙÒ.ˆ Õ—μ√“ªÉ«¬μ“¬√âÕ¬≈– Ùı ‚¥¬¡’ ‡ªìπ√âÕ¬≈– ˜Ú.˘ „π æ.». Úıı ·≈–∑’ ”§—≠ °≈ÿ¡Õ“¬ÿ Ò- Ë à  “‡Àμÿ®“°°“√¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å√âÕ¬≈– Òˆ(Ò) ¥—ßπ—Èπ ÒÙ ªï ‡ªìπºŸâ¢—∫¢’Ë¡“°¢÷Èπ ‚¥¬‡©æ“–°“√¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π¬πμå  Ÿß °“√°”Àπ¥¡“μ√°“√‡¢â¡ß«¥°ÆÀ¡“¬ °—∫ºŸâ¢—∫¢’ËÀ√◊ÕºŸâ∫√‘°“√ ¢÷Èπ√âÕ¬≈– ¯¯.ˆ ·≈–¢≥–‡¥’¬«°—π °“√¢—∫¢’Ë®—°√¬“π·≈– √∂ “∏“√≥– §«√¥”‡π‘π°“√Õ¬à“ß®√‘ß®—ß¡“°¢÷Èπ.  “¡≈âÕ„π‡¥Á°·≈–ºŸ ßÕ“¬ÿ‰¥â√∫∫“¥‡®Á∫ ¬—ߧߡ’√“¬ß“π‡™àπ°—π. â Ÿ — ®“°º≈°“√»÷°…“· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ ·π«‚πâ¡°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈– °“√‚¥¬ “√√∂®— ° √¬“π¬πμå ·≈–√∂°√–∫– À√◊ Õ √∂μŸâ ¡’ ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∑“ß∂ππ∑’ˬ—ß¡’·π«‚πâ¡ Ÿß¢÷Èπ ‚¥¬‡©æ“–  —¥ à«π¢Õß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫√âÕ¬≈– ˆÒ.˘ ·≈– Ú.ı μ“¡≈”¥—∫ °“√¢—∫¢’Ë√∂®—°√¬“π¬πμå„π°≈ÿࡇ¥Á°π—°‡√’¬π·≈–«—¬√ÿàπ∑’ˉ¡à‰¥â ´÷Ëß Ÿß°«à“æ“Àπ–Õ◊Ëπ. ªØ‘ ∫— μ‘ μ “¡°Æ®√“®√ ·≈–¡’ æ ƒμ‘ ° √√¡‡ ’Ë ¬ ßμà Õ °“√‡°‘ ¥ °“√‡°‘¥‡Àμÿ„π™à«ß‡«≈“‡¬Áπ Ÿß ÿ¥ Ò¯.-ÚÛ.ı˘ π. Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ Ÿß. °“√°”Àπ¥¡“μ√°“√‡™‘ß√ÿ° ·≈–°“√°”°—∫¥â“π √âÕ¬≈– Û˜.˜-Ù.Ú Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ„π«—π‡ “√å·≈–Õ“∑‘μ¬å√âÕ¬≈– °ÆÀ¡“¬ μ≈Õ¥®π°“√„À⧫“¡√Ÿâ ‡æ◊Õ§«“¡ª≈Õ¥¿—¬„π°“√¢—∫¢’Ë Ë Òˆ.; ‡¥◊Õπ∏—𫓧¡ μ≈Õ¥™à«ß‡∑»°“≈ªï„À¡à ‡ªìπ‡¥◊Õπ∑’Ë¡’ ¬— ß §ßμâ Õ ß¥”‡π‘ π °“√Õ¬à “ ߇¢â ¡ ß«¥·≈–μà Õ ‡π◊Ë Õ ß¡“°¢÷È π °“√∫“¥‡®Á∫¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ (√âÕ¬≈– ˘.ÛÒ) ·μà°“√‡ ’¬™’«‘μ Ÿß ÿ¥ ®–™à«¬≈¥‚Õ°“ ‡ ’ˬßμàÕ°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ∫π∑âÕß∂ππ „π‡¥◊Õπ‡¡…“¬π ‡∑»°“≈ ß°√“πμå √âÕ¬≈– Ò.¯ ·≈–°“√ ‰¥â. ‡ ’¬™’«‘μ„π™à«ß‡∑»°“≈¥—ß°≈à“« ¡’ªí®®—¬°“√„™â‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡ ·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈å¡“°°«à“™à«ßÕ◊ËπÊ ·≈–°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ °‘μμ‘°√√¡ª√–°“»  à«π„À≠à‡°‘¥®“°Õÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ°“√™π√âÕ¬≈– ıı.˜Û ·≈–√∂≈â¡ ‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬‡ΩÑ“√–«—ß°“√∫“¥‡®Á∫ Ú¯ ‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬®—ßÀ«—¥, §«Ë”Àß“¬ μ°∂ππ√âÕ¬≈– ÙÚ.Ú ‚¥¬¡’º≈μàÕÕ«—¬«– ”§—≠  ”π—°ß“π°Õß∑ÿπ π—∫ πÿπ°“√ √â“߇ √‘¡ ÿ¢¿“æ (   .) ·≈– ¢Õß√à“ß°“¬ §◊Õ »’√…– ·≈–§Õ √âÕ¬≈– Û ¢Õß∑ÿ°Õ«—¬«–∑’Ë ¡Ÿ≈π‘∏‘ “∏“√≥ ÿ¢·Ààß™“μ‘ (¡ ™.) ·≈–‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë°≈ÿà¡ß“𠉥â√—∫∫“¥‡®Á∫. √–∫“¥«‘∑¬“‚√§‰¡àμ‘¥μàÕ  ”π—°√–∫“¥«‘∑¬“ ‰¥â„Àâ‚Õ°“  æƒμ‘°√√¡°“√¥◊Ë¡‡§√◊ËÕߥ◊Ë¡·Õ≈°ÕŒÕ≈嬗߇ªìπªí®®—¬ ·≈–§«“¡√à«¡¡◊Õ„π°“√¥”‡π‘π«‘®—¬§√—Èßπ’È®π·≈⫇ √Á®. ‡ ’ˬßÕÿ∫—쑇Àμÿ∫“¥‡®Á∫·≈–‡ ’¬™’«‘μ®“°°“√¢π àß ‚¥¬‡©æ“– 604
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