Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Serempathy  a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Serempathy a new approach on innovation and its application to european union countries

809

Published on

new concept and word to get solutions on complex, open systems

new concept and word to get solutions on complex, open systems

Published in: Business, News & Politics, Travel
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
809
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Creative Regions in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities SEREMPATHY: A new approach on innovation and its application to European union countries Miguel Ángel Pesquera Pablo Coto-Millán Pedro Casares Hontañón Pablo de CastroBarcelona, 6 may 2011 Southampton (UK), 22-23 march 2010 UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 2. Index of contents01 The economic context: Crisis02 Globalization: From Phronesis to Seremphaty concept03 EU-15 Indexes for Human, Technological, and Serempathic Capital04 Serempathy and economic growth in Europe05 Conclusions UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 3. A CRISIS of Globalization Open Systems: more complex and more uncertainUNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 4. A CRISIS of Globalization Open Systems: more complex and more uncertainUNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 5. A CRISIS of Globalization Open Systems: more complex and more uncertainUNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 6. Economist Robert Reich What will it look like? Nobody knows. All we knows is the current economy can’t ‘recover’ because it can’t go back to where it was before the crash. We should be asking when and how the new economy will begin. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 7. CRISIS Today: The Great Reset Richard Florida“The First Great Reset occurred in the 1870s, the second in the 1930s, and the third is now under development” UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 8. CRISIS Today: MACROWIKINOMICS Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams “The world has reached acritical turning point: reboot allthe old models ….Society has at its disposal the most powerful platform ever for bringingtogether the people, skills, and knowledge” UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 9. Index of contents01 The economic context: Crisis02 Globalization: From Phronesis to Seremphaty concept03 EU-15 Indexes for Human, Technological, and Serempathic Capital04 Serempathy and economic growth in Europe05 Conclusions UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 10. THE WISE LEADER Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi“How CEOs can learn practical wisdom tohelp them do what’s right for their companies-and society”Harvard Business Review May 2011 UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 11. From Knowledge to Wisdom Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi The origin of practical wisdom lies in the concept of phronesis, one of the three forms of knowledge that Aristotle identified. PHRONESIS is “a true and reasoned state of capacity to act with regard to the things that are good or bad for man.” It is similar to:  Japanese concept of TOKU, a virtue that leads a person to pursue the common good and moral excellence as a way of life.  Indian concept of YUKTA, which connotes “just right” or “appropriate.” UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 12. From Episteme to Phronesis Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi EPISTEME, or universally valid scientific knowledge is know-why TECHNE, or skill based technical is know-how. PHRONESIS is know-what should-be-done. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 13. The Six Abilities of Phronetic Leaders Nonaka and Takeuchi1. Wise Leaders Can Judge Goodness.2. Wise Leaders Can Grasp the Essence.3. Wise Leaders Create Shared Contexts.4. Wise Leaders Communicate the Essence.5. Wise Leaders Exercise Political Power.6. Wise Leaders Foster Practical Wisdom in Others. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 14. WHERE IDEAS COME FROM Kevin Kelly and Steven Johnson “Why the bestenvironments for creativity are diverse,colaborative and tolerence of failure.WIRED Oct 2010” UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 15. WHERE IDEAS COME FROM Kevin Kelly and Steven Johnson We should think of IDEAS as connections, in our brain and among people. Ideas aren’ t self-contained things; they’ re more like ecologies and networks. Ideas travel in clusters. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 16. Coral reef as a model of innovation Steven Johnson Ecosystems that form in the portion near the coast that is under a shallow depth water. Often called “rainforests of the sea”, coral reefs form some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth. Vulnerable to certain natural events, pollution, sedimentation. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 17. Coral Reef: Examples TWITTER: not to see what people are having for breakfast, but to see what people are talking about, the links to articles and posts. UNIVERSITY: As much as we sometimes roll our eyes at the ivory tower isolation of universities, they continue to serve as remarkable engines of innovation. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 18. INNOVATION: New Concepts SCENIUS  Innovation doesn’ t come just from giving people incentives; it come from creating environments where their ideas can connect.  The innovation comes from social scenes, from passionate and connected groups of people. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 19. SEREMPATHY: New theoretical approach to innovation SEREMPATHY  It is the combination of serendipity (which is achieved by chance) and empathy (putting yourself in the other).  Is "contact with luck, " the use of empathy for what we want to randomly. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 20. SEREMPATHY: The Power of Pull Three principles Access people and resources where you need them (Empathy). Attract people and resources you didn’t even know existed (Serendipity). Achieve potential with less time and more impact than you imagined possible (Serempathy). UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 21. Pull Economy: The Power of Pull John Hagel III, John Seely Brown“The books central premise isthat institutions will beshaped to provide platforms tohelp individuals achieve theirfull potential by connectingwith others and better addresschallenging performance needs.This is greatly possible thanks tothe use of technology anddigital media.” UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 22. Index of contents01 The economic context: Crisis02 Globalization: From Phronesis to Seremphaty concept03 EU-15 Indexes for Human, Technological, and Serempathic Capital04 Serempathy and economic growth in Europe05 Conclusions UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 23. Human Capital: 5 indexes Doctorates per 1.000 population aged 25 to 64 (Human Capital 1). The number of graduate students per 1.000 population aged 20 to 29 (Human Capital 2). Population aged 25 to 64 with tertiary education (Human Capital 3). Share for every 100 people in learning throughout life between 25 and 64 (Human Capital 4) The number of young people aged 20 to 24 who have reached secondary education level (Human Capital 5) UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 24. European Indexes for Human Capital of the EU-15Rank Score Human Capital 1 Human Capital 2 Human Capital 3 Human Capital 4 Human Capital 51. Finland 8.2 6.9 7.4 10 7.6 9.02. Sweden 8.1 4.7 7.2 8.7 10 9.23. Denmark 7.7 8.7 2.9 9.4 10 7.44. United Kingdom 7.6 8.7 5.5 8.7 6.6 8.25. Ireland 7.1 9.9 3.6 9.3 3.4 9.26. Holland 6.3 6.2 2.9 8.8 5.6 8.07. France 6.5 9.9 4.0 7.5 2.4 8.88. Belgium 6.0 7.6 3.0 8.8 2.3 8.69. Luxembourg 6* n.a. n.a. 7.6 2.8 7.610. Portugal 5.6 6.7 10.0 3.9 1.8 5.711. Austria 5.4 3.8 5.3 4.9 4.4 8.912. Germany 5.4 4.6 5 6.9 2.6 7.813. Spain 4.8 4.4 2.1 8.0 3.4 6.314. Italy 4.4 4.8 3.0 3.9 2.1 8.015. Greece 4.3 4.2 1.6 6.2 1.0 8.6SOURCE: EUROSTAT, 2009. * Information for Luxembourg is not available. The figure of 6 is the average of the data. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 25. Human Capital European Index EU-15SOURCE: Compiled from EUROSTAT, 2009 UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 26. Human Capital: Results The leader countries in relation to the synthetic index of the human capital are Finland, Sweden, Denmark and United Kingdom. Another three nations – Ireland, Holland and France- also obtain very high scores. Two countries obtain the highest scores in doctoral programs (Human Capital 1) – France and Ireland -, followed closely by Denmark and United Kingdom. Two countries stand out in college graduates (Human Capital 2) – Finland and Sweden -, followed by United Kingdom, Austria and Germany. Four countries – Finland, Denmark, Sweden and Ireland - are in top positions in secondary education (Human Capital 3). Finland, Swede, Ireland, Austria and France lead the working population between 20 and 24 years which finish the secondary studies (Human Capital 5). UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 27. Technological Capital: 7 Indexes % of GDP in public expenditure in R&D (Technological Capital 1). % of GDP invested in new companies (Technological Capital 2). % of GDP of Private Credit (Technological Capital 3). Number of companies with 10 or more employees with broadband access (Technological Capital 4). % of GDP of the total company expenses in R&D according to the definitions of Frascati´s manual (Technological Capital 5). % of the GDP dedicated to Technology Innovation (Technological Capital 6). % of the innovation expenses on the full business turnover excluding the R&D expenses (Technological Capital 7). UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 28. European Indexes for the Technological Capital of the EU-15 Tech Tech Tech Tech Tech Tech TechRank Score Capital Capital Capital 1 Capital 2 Capital 3 Capital 4 Capital 5 6 71. Sweden 8.4 8.5 8.4 5.9 9.0 10.0 10.0 2.02. Denmark 8.0 7.1 2.7 10.0 8.1 6.9 8.4 1.53. Finland 7.9 8.2 4.9 3.9 9.3 10.0 8.9 n.a.4. United Kingdom 7.1 5.5 10.0 9.6 8.8 4.4 9.2 n.a.5. Holland 6.8 6.4 3.5 8.8 8.7 3.2 8.7 0.96. Germany 6.8 6.9 1.8 4.9 8.5 6.7 7.6 n.a.7. Austria 6.7 6.8 9.9 5.4 7.7 6.8 7.4 n.a.8. Spain 6.6 5.4 3.3 9.0 9.3 2.7 3.7 1.59. Ireland 6.4 4.1 1.3 9.9 8.4 2.2 4.5 3.310. France 6.3 6.3 3.1 4.9 9.3 4.6 8.2 1,011. Belgium 5.9 5.1 3.5 4.3 9.2 4.8 7.4 2.212. Luxembourg 5.4* n.a. 3.5 n.a. 8.8 4.8 7.4 2.713. Italy 5.0 4.8 1.0 4.8 8.2 2.2 4.5 3.314. Portugal 4.0 5.5 2.1 8.2 8.2 2.8 4.7 2.815. Greece 4.0 3.6 3.0 4.2 7.5 6.0 3.2 2.2SOURCE: EUROSTAT, 2009. * The average data available for Luxembourg is 5.4. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 29. Technological Capital European Index EU-15SOURCE: Compiled from EUROSTAT, 2009 UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 30. Technological Capital results Sweden, Denmark, Finland and United Kingdom, are in first place in the technological capital ranking, measured by the synthetic indicator. Seven other countries are reasonably well located in relation to the Synthetic Indicator of Technology. These countries are Holland, Germany, Austria, Spain, Ireland, Belgium and France. In the last positions of the technological ranking we find: Italy, Portugal and Greece. In the global technology index, Spain occupies a middle position –8th-, among the 15 countries considered, with scores very close to his predecessors and ahead of Italy, Ireland, Belgium, France, Portugal and Greece. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 31. Serempathic Capital: 4 Indexes Sum of small and medium enterprises with innovation activities (Serempathic Capital 1). Sum of small and medium enterprises with innovation activities in collaboration with other companies and institutions in the three previous years (Serempathic Capital 2). Sum of the creations and destruction of small and medium enterprises with more than five employees (Serempathic Capital 3). Number of research publications carried out jointly by the public and private sector (Serempathic Capital 4). UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 32. European Indexes for Serempathic Capital of the EU-15 Serempathic Serempathic Serempathic SerempathicRank Score Capital 1 Capital 2 Capital 3 Capital 41. Finland 7.7 8.8 10.0 0.7 5.32. Germany 5.8 9.9 3.3 5 2.53. Denmark 5.6 8.8 5.4 1.9 6.44. Austria 5.6 8.9 6.5 3.8 3.35. Holland 5.3 5.9 4.5 6.2 4.56. Ireland 4.7 8.4 4.3 5.32 1.17. Sweden 4.5 9.0 6.0 2.5 6.48. United Kingdom 4.3 6.6 6.6 3.9 0.19. France 4.2 6.1 4.2 4.6 1.810. Greece 4.1 7.1 4.8 4.1 0.611. Portugal 4.0 7.4 2.4 5.8 0.512. Luxembourg 2.9* n.a. 5.5 2.7 0.512. Spain 2.9 5.3 1.8 4.0 0.713. Italy 2.8 6.1 1.6 2.5 1.014. Belgium 2.6 3.3 1.4 4.1 1.0SOURCE: EUROSTAT, 2009. * European Indicator for Luxembourg (2.9) has been obtained as theaverage of the available data. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 33. Serempatic European Index of the EU-15SOURCE: Compiled from EUROSTAT, 2009 UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 34. Serempathic Capital Finland, Denmark, Austria and Holland occupy the top positions. Meanwhile Germany, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom follow them closely. It should be noted that regarding the Serempathic Capital, Spain, Italy and Belgium occupy the last positions. The other countries are in an intermediate section. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 35. Serempathic Capital: results European countries, particularly the Scandinavians, seem to have a significant competitive advantage. Denmark is the leader in scoring, while Sweden, Germany, Finland and Belgium scores also obtain very high levels of global Serempathy. In a second intermediate group are Holland, Austria, Italy, France and United Kingdom. Spain occupies the last place 15º, being surpassed by Italy, Portugal and Greece, which as we have seen were at lower positions in Human and Technological Capital. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 36. Index of contents01 The economic context: Crisis02 Globalization: From Phronesis to Seremphaty concept03 EU-15 Indexes for Human, Technological, and Serempathic Capital04 Serempathy and economic growth in Europe05 Conclusions UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 37. Structure of relations between Human Capital, Technological Capital and Serempatic Capital with the Economic Growth Throughputs University Nº Doctors Human Serempatic Technological Output Capital CapitalNº Graduates Capital Human CapitalNº Secondary Schl Serempathy Innovation UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 38. The Model EU 15Output=+β01 SerempathicIndex+ε0 (1)Output=α+β11TechCap+β12Human.Cap+β13Seremphatic.Cap+ε1 (1´)Troughputs=+β21Human.Cap+β22Tech.Cap+β23Serempathic.Cap+ε2 (2)Tech.Cap.=+β31Human.Cap+ β32 Serempathic.Cap + ε3 (3)Human.Cap=+β41Tech.Cap+β42Serempathic.Cap+ ε4 (4) UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 39. Estimation results for the first two equations of the model Output 1 Output 2 Throughput Output 2 Throughput Explanatory Variables Equation (1´) Equation (1) Equation (1) Equation (1´) Equation (2) 8,772 3,330 -0,558 3,124 -0.123 Constant (3,212) (2,616) (-0,299) (2,567) (0,892) 0,203 0,123 0,497 Human Capital - - (1,984) (2,732) (2,184) 0,627 0,468 0,497 Technological Capital 3 - - (0,342) (4,034) (2,184) 0,907 0,021 0,184 Serempathic Capital 4 (4,842) - - (0,190) (1,346) Serempathic Synthetic 0,384 0,913 - - - Index (1,677) (2,719) Data of the Estimation Observatory 14 14 14 14 14 Statistical R2 0,872 0,435 0,617 0.784 0.714Source: Personal Compilations UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 40. Estimation results for the third equation of the model Technological Technological Capital Capital Explanatory Variables Equation (3) Equation (3) 0,307 1,968 Intercept (1,442) (2,405) 0,314 Human Capital (2,431) - 0,310 Human Capital 3 - 2,477) 2,578 0,301 Serempathic Capital 4 (2,702) (3,072) Observation 14 14 Statistical R2 0,844 0,844UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 41. Results, equation 1, 2 and 3 Serempathy explains well the Output and the Throughput, as a Serempathic synthetic index as well as with the three elements in which it´s divided: Human, Technological and Serempathic Capital. The coefficient between the Human Capital 1 and the Output is significant. The Technological Capital has a direct effect over Output 1 and the Throughput, but not over the Output 2, more related to the employment. Serempathic Capital 4 is also significantly associated with the Output 1 and 2, and with the Throughput. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 42. Results, equation 1, 2 and 3 The coefficient for Human Capital 1 is positively and significantly associated with employment ant technology. The first case is associated with the Technological Capital and the second with the Serempathic Capital. Human Capital 1 acts indirectly on growth through his interaction with technology. in combination and by means of the technology to affect regional development through productivity growth. Throughput can be reasonably explained by the three key variables – Human Capital, Technological Capital and Serempathic Capital. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 43. Estimation results of the fourth equation of the model (Production of Human Capital) Human Capital 1 Explanatory Variables Equation 3 4,969** Intercept (8,087) 0,124** Technological Capital 2 (1,412) 0,124** Serempathic Capital 4 (1,827) Data of the Estimation Observation 14 Statistical R2 0,403 Source: Personal CompilationsUNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 44. Results, equation 4 Technological and Serempathic Capital factors play a significant role in the generation of Human Capital 1 (measured by the number of doctors per 1000 inhabitants). The two factors of generation of Human Capital are strongly correlated with each other. To summarize, regions with lower barriers and more technological and relational facilities for Human Capital, more opened, have the characteristics required for technological innovations. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 45. Index of contents01 The economic context: Crisis02 Globalization: From Phronesis to Seremphaty concept03 EU-15 Indexes for Human, Technological, and Serempathic Capital04 Serempathy and economic growth in Europe05 Conclusions UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 46. Conclusions (1) With our databases of European countries we have found empiric evidences that the Human Capital 1, particularly the core which we have called university doctors, predicts better the growth than other non-traditional measures of talent based on others university and non-university educational levels. Collaborative relationships between University, Private Companies and Public Administration are significantly associated with the generation of Output 1 and Throughput. Human Capital is explained by means of Serempathic and Technological Capital. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 47. Conclusions (2) The analyze shows that the serempathic factors have a positive and relevant role in the production of Human and Technological Capital, and in the economic growth. The three factors of Human, Technological and Serempathic Capital don´t operate in competition with each other, but they tend to act playing complementary roles in the economic growth process. The results obtained indicate that the structure of relations between the previous factors and the Output of the countries is of great complexity. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 48. Only we need Discretionary emotional energyPassion, excitement,enthusiasm, anddedication. UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN
  • 49. Live in complex and uncertain contextsspeaking from the mirror neuron heart + = = UNICAN Universidad de Cantabria. Departamento de Transportes. E. T. S. Ingenieros de Caminos. Avda. Los Castros s/ n 39003 Santander. SPAIN

×