Italy palombi
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Italy palombi

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Italy palombi Italy palombi Presentation Transcript

  • Current status of the germplasm data sources: the case of Italian National Germplasm database M. Antonietta Palombi, Petra Engel, Mario Giorgioni, F. Roberto De Salvador and C. Fideghelli CRA – Fruit Tree Research Centre, Rome. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 1
  • PlantA-Res (http://planta-res.entecra.it) . fully bilingual PlantA-Res is the Italian online portal dedicated to activities concerning the safeguard and sustainable utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) in Italy, according to the International FAO Treaty for PGRFA. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 2
  • How is the PlantA-Res website born? In 2004, the Ministry of Agriculture, Alimentation and Forestry Policy (MiPAAF), after the ratification of the ITPGRFA and in response to this launched a Research Programme named “Plant Genetic Resources/FAO International Treaty (RGV/FAO), specifically targeted at the implementation of the objectives outlined in the Treaty, for the access to plant genetic material and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization. CRA-FRU was chosen for scientific coordination of a total of 31 Partners: Research activities are aimed at the collection, conservation, characterization, documentation and utilization of more than 70 crops essential for the Italian agriculture, 26 of which are currently included in the Multilateral System of the ITPGRFA. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 3
  • The website structure “Home page”; “The Project”; “ Institutions” involved; ”The Database”; ”The Network” of Plant Genetic Resources; ”The News” section which reports on events, PGRs newsletter and other relevant publications; “Contact us” with information about participants. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th 20th, 2013 4
  • The Database AIMS: - facilitate access to information on the material maintained in the different collections; - give information concerning the evaluation of agronomical, qualitative, technological and ornamental aspects of this material. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 5
  • The Database It currently, includes 239 genera for a total of 46,889 accessions, grouped in 10 categories. 493 International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 6
  • Participants International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability, december 20 th, 2013 7
  • Passport Descriptors (FAO/IPGRI MCPD + 4 additional descriptors )   HOLDING INSTITUT E COLLECT ING SITE InstCode Collsite IDENTIFICATION AND TAXONOMY Latitude AcceName Longitude Genus Elevation Species + SpAuthor ADVANCED MATERIAL SubTaxon + Sub TAuthor BredCode/ BredDescr Syn Ancest CropName + Cropname ENG Donor Info OrigCtry DonorCode SampStat DonorNumb ACQUISIT ION AND MAINT ENANCE OTHER INFO AcqDate DuplSite/ DuplDescr CollSrc OtherNumb Storage YearReg AccNumb Remarks MLSStatus CropNameEng AEGISStatus AcceURL COLLECTED MATERIAL AcceUSE CollCode/ CollDescr Avail. CollNumb CollDate International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 8
  • Search within the Database (1) Research within the database allows to choose between one or more elements of the 7 core criteria for the identification of an accession, or starting a more targeted search by combining multiple criteria. Depending on the criteria chosen, the system generates a list of accessions corresponding and also indicates the total number of these.  International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 9
  • Search within the Database (2) International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 10
  • Specific Descriptors (1) example: Apple as elaborated by the "Working Group on Agricultural Biodiversity", operating under the "National Plan on Biodiversity in Agriculture", established by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture. Adopted from UPOV 1. Tree vigour 18. Fruit size 2. Tree type 19. Fruit: ribbing 3. Tree habit 20. Fruit: crowning at calyx end 4. Type of bearing 21. Fruit: bloom of skin 5. One-year-old shoot: length of internode 22. Skin: ground colour 6. One-year-old shoot: number of lenticels 23. Skin: relative area of overcolour 7. Beginning of flowering time 24. Skin: overcolour (bloom removed) 8: Flower: main colour (balloon stage) 25. Skin: pattern of overcolour 9. Flower: arrangement of petals 26. Skin: number of lenticels 10. Flower: position of anthers with respect to anthers 27. Fruit: length of stalk 11. Leaf blade: attitude in relation to shoot 28. Fruit: depth of stalk cavity 12. Leaf blade: length/ width ratio 29. Fruit: width of stalk cavity 13. Leaf blade: incisions on margin 30. Fruit: depth of eye basin 14. Leaf blade: pubescence on lower side 31. Fruit: width of eye basin 15. Length of petione 32. Flesh: firmness 16. Harvest time 33. Flesh: colour 17. Fruit shape 34: Fruit: aperture of locules (in cross section) International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 11
  • Specific Descriptors (2) as elaborated by experts working on the species (in case of no common descriptors lists) International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 12
  • Perspectives • Increase the number of accessions in the Database, • Expand the database with specific descriptors of single species, in order to enable the sharing, at national and international level, of information derived from the activities of characterization which institutions have been carrying out for years • It is hoped that more istitutions (Universities, Regions, private collectors, …) will join the database in order to make the website a complete reference portal for Plant Genetic Resources preserved in Italy. International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 13
  • THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION! International e-Conference on Germplasm Data Interoperability. December 20 th, 2013 14