Are textbooks obsolete? Types of e-Readers Educational Role: Preschool Level Elementary, Middle & High School Level College Level Impact on Publishers Environmental Impact PTHSD – Let’s make the change 2
Educational Role- Preschool “A major concern about reading is not how to teach children to read but how to ensure that they will continue to read, enriching and broadening their skills and interests.” - Rich (1997) 8
Educational Role – Elementary, Middle & High School Level Positive Negative Effective for students with learning disabilities Enhance the learning for ELL students Books are read to student via headphones Students enthusiastic about new technology Dictionary Shows pronunciation which can increase fluency Cost per student is fairly high initially Some additional technical support required 9 Arecently released survey by Scholastic found that a third of 9- to 17-year-olds said they would read more books for fun if they had an e-reader. (Ash, 2010)
Educational Role – College Level Positive Challenges Colleges testing out the use of eReaders Less expensive than purchasing multiple text books. Specific textbooks can cost up to $250 The average cost of text books rose 186% from 1986 to 2005 Students can print out the electronic version Ability to take notes within e-Reader Use dictionary for word meaning or pronunciation Changes how you learn Interaction with paper lost Ability to make notes, highlight has changed – slower Hard to locate page numbers on Kindle – reformatted For blind or vision impaired students the e-readers directions are not heard but have to be read 10
Publishers Legislature in some states okayed using state money to buy digital textbooks – California, Texas, Florida, Indiana Texas – spends $500 million on textbooks each year. California spends approximately $400 million per year on textbooks Florida's spending is closer to $260 million per year K-12 textbook market reached $6.4 billion in 2007 Average spending per pupil for books in U.S. public schools amounted to $64.51 annually or 36 cents per instructional day. McGraw Hill publishes 95% of their books electronically 11
Environmental Impact e-Readers can reduce the amount of paper needed for textbooks. How can eReaders be recycled, what is their life-span? Paper can be recycled into many different items 12
Parsippany-Troy Hills School District The average cost of text books rose 186% from 1986 Average supplies cost per student is $241 Average athletic cost per student is $219 13
Parsippany-Troy Hills School District About 1000 special education students $139,000 cost for one Kindle per SE student $46,000 if purchased for every one out of three SE students At $139 cost is less per student than what is spent on athletics Does not factor in volume discount Some additional technical support needed Can be supported by current staff No additional training needed 14
Proposal for PTHSD - Elementary “This [technology] is starting to enter our schools very rapidly, especially as the prices come down, and before that happens, we have to inform people. I don't think the e-reader in itself is going to make a difference, but if it's used with effective instruction, then it can make a huge difference. [E-readers] have the most amazing potential, but they're so new in terms of formal studies that there isn't a whole lot that has been done yet," Larson says. "Within the next year or two, we'll have some more evidence.” Lotta Larson (2010), assistant professor of curriculum and instruction at Kansas State University, in Manhattan, KS. One Kindle per classroom at the elementary level Ability to borrow within school for group use Effective for ELL learners to make the connection between text and word Effective for students with dyslexia Can aid auditory learners prior to official classification Students can take notes while reading Teachers can assess comprehension based on notes taken 15
Proposal for PTHSD - Elementary 15 units per school 10 elementary schools 150 total units Cost only $21,000 Fraction of what is spent on athletics Increase of 1.4% of textbook and supplies budget 16
Next step for e-Readers: Educators, manufacturers, experts in educational technology need to get together to create a product that is effective for all learners. 17
Sources: Ash, K. (September 29, 2010). More News on E-Readers. In Education Week. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/DigitalEducation/2010/09/more_news_on_e-readers.html?qs=e-reader.
Ash, K. (October 15, 2010). Schools Test E-Reader Devices With Dyslexic Students. In Education Week's Digital Direction. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2010/10/20/01dyslexia.h04.html.
Heimbuch, J. (September 30, 2009). Kindle e-Reader Hits Schools, Students Say "Meh..". In Treehugger – A Discovery Company. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/09/kindle-hits-schools-students-say-meh.php
Manzo, K. (October 14, 2009). Turning the Digital Page. In Education Week's Digital Direction. Retrieved November 2, 2010, from http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2009/10/21/01e-curriculum.h03.html.
Rich, D. (1997) Megaskills: building children’s achievement for the information age. Boston: Houghton Miflin.
Saetern, L. (March 30, 2009). Digital Textbook Run Down. In Converge. Retrieved November 4, 2010, from http://www.convergemag.com/edtech/Digital-Textbook-Run-Down.html. Tompkins, Gail E. (2002) Language Arts: Content and Teaching Strategies. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Young, J. (October 24, 2010). To Save Students Money, Colleges May Force a Switch to E-Textbooks. In The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved November 3, 2010, from http://chronicle.com/article/The-End-of-the-Textbook-as-We/125044/. 18
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