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9s

  1. 1. Foreword by the European Commissioner for Science and Research 欧盟科学与研究执行委员序 We live in a digital age that has opened up unprecedented opportunities for the dissemination of scientific knowledge. Sharing this knowledge efficiently is crucial for the future of European research. 身处数字时代,我们掌握前所未有的机会,得以传播科学知识。有效地分享知识,将是欧洲研 究的重要课题。 One much debated way of sharing scientific information, and in particular peer-reviewed academic publications, is open access. 分享科学信息时,尤其是对同行评审的科学出版物,开放获取是经常被争议的话题。 In 2006, the European Commission’s Directorate General for Research commissioned a study investigating the scientific publishing market in Europe(a). In 2007, the European Commission adopted a Communication which acknowledges the need for new initiatives leading to wider access to and dissemination of scientific information(b). I am pleased that EU Member States entered the debate in 2007 by adopting Council Conclusions calling for the reinforcement of national strategies and enhanced co-ordination between Member States regarding access, preservation and dissemination policies and practices(c). 2006 年,欧盟执行委员会研究总局委托一项研究,调查欧洲的科学出版市场(注 a)。2007 年,欧盟执行委会采纳一个通讯,承认需要新的行动,以期更广泛地获取与传播科学信息(注 b)。我很欣慰, 欧盟成员国于 2007 年进入此辩论,采纳委员会的结论,要求在获取、保存与传 播政策和实务方面,强化国家策略与加强成员国间的合作(注 c)。 注 a: http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/pdf/scientific-publication-study_en.pdf . 注 b: http://ec.europa.eu/research/science- society/document_library/pdf_06/communication-022007_en.pdf . 注 c: http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/council- conclusions97236_en.pdf . The debate on open access is controversial and complex, with stakeholders displaying widely contrasting opinions. I strongly believe that we must work towards solutions that offer the research community rapid and wide dissemination of results. At the same time, I am convinced that there must be fair remuneration for scientific publishers who invest in tools and mechanisms to organise the flow of information and the peer review system. 开放获取的辩论是多面且复杂的,各方的意见相当分歧。我强烈地相信,必须找出解决方案, 提供给研究社区,使其能够迅速广泛地传播其研究成果。同时我也相信,科学出版社应取得相 当的报酬,它们投资相当多于建置若干工具与机制,用于组织信息流动与同行评审系统。 I welcome this handbook which presents the various views of major stakeholders and covers a wide range of issues relevant to open access. I view it as a very useful and timely contribution to the debate on open access. 我欢迎这本手册的出现,呈现各方在开放获取的多重意见。我视此为讨论开放获取时,一个很 有用且适时的贡献。 Janez Potocnik 亚内兹·波托奇尼克
  2. 2. p. 9 Open Access: Opportunities and Challenges. A handbook [开放获取 : 机会及挑战] / European Commission, German Commission for UNESCO. -- Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2008. -- 144 p., 14.8 x 21.0 cm. -- ISBN 978-92-79-06665-8. -- EUR 23459, http://tinyurl.com/3q8wo5

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