1.GEOGRAPHY 1.1 Location Jamaica is a mountainous island in the Caribbean Sea about 600 miles South of Miami, Florida. 1.2 Climate The climate in Jamaica is tropical; it’s usually hot and humid, though in the mountainous areas it can be something fresher. 1.3 Boundaries It has a length of 240 km and a width of 80 km placed in the Caribbean Sea. 1.4 Capital The capital of Jamaica is Kingston. 1.5 Main cities
2. DEMOGRAPHICS 2.1 Population The population in Jamaica is 2.5 million people. 2.2 Language/s The official language of Jamaica is English. 2.3 Religion/s Christianity is the largest religion practiced in Jamaica. The Christian faith won credibility. 2.4 Ethnic groups The majority of Jamaicas populations have origins mainly in Africa. Multiracial Jamaicans form the second largest racial group.
3. ECONOMY 3.1 Currency The dollar has been the currency of Jamaica since 1969. 3.2 Main economic sectors and industries Jamaicas economy is mainly agricultural and mining. The main mining products are alumina and bauxite, since their discovery in 1940. The industry has reached a level of importance in textiles and footwear. 3.3 Exports The production of alumina and bauxite is intended for export. Other export items include sugar, banana, coffee, drinks, tobacco and chemicals. 3.4 Natural resources Jamaica has natural resources, primarily bauxite, and an ideal climate for agriculture and tourism.
4. HISTORY 4.1 Brief sumary Before Columbus discovered Jamaica in 1494, the island was m-habited by indigenous. Their culture included hunting and fishing. Their villages were small and simple communities. The arrival of the Spanish had a drastic impact and changed everything on Jamaica. The indigenous communities completely disappeared. 4.2 Main historical figures Asafa Powell - Athletic Sprinter. Bob Marley - Reggae musician. Buju Banton - Reggae DJ Claude McKay - Writer. Usain Bolt - Jamaican Sprinter Sean Paul - Reggae Singer Claude McKay Sean Paul
5. CULTURE AND CUSTOMS 5.1 National holidays -March 8: International Womens Day. -December 24: Christmas. -January 31: New Year. -May 1: International Workers Day. -November 30: Independence Day. -January 6: Three Kings Day. -April 8: Carnival in Jamaica: Carnival fever invades the island for nine days with parades, dancing... 5.2 Dances Dance has always been important to Jamaica. Movements often are Christian religious celebrations, or are associated with Christian holidays. More recently, dances are associated with the music of Jamaica. 5.3 Traditional dress The clothes by people of Jamaica are very colorful. Shirts for men and women, sweatshirts, caps and hats, beachwear are very significant for Jamaica.
LANDMARKS1. Seven Mile Beach:Located in Negril. An excellent beach on the east coast.2. Black River Safari:Located the south coast. There isn’t danger, because everything is made especially fortourists.3. Bob Marley Museum:Located in Kingston. This is the house where the legendary musician lived. Ideal for allfans of Bob Marley.4. River Falls:It is located in Ocho Rios, one of the most impressive waterfalls in Jamaica.5. Park Holly well:It is located in the Blue Mountains. It’s a large area for nature lovers. River Falls, Jamaica
6. FOOD AND DRINK Some of the popular Jamaican dishes include steamed cabbage, rice with peas and salt fish (the national dish). An important Jamaican cocktail is banana and orange smoothie. Recipe banana and orange smoothie 1 ripe banana. 1 tablespoon at honey. 1/2 tablespoon at grated orange peel. 1/2 cup at orange juice. 1 cup of soy milk.
7. MASS MEDIA 7.1 Internet The most important is the webpage Kingston Times. 7.2 Newspapers Gleaner is the most important newspaper and it gives people news about the country and the other countries in the world. 7.3 TV It has two channels which are CVM Jamaica, TVJ. 7.4 Radio The most important company gives information about cities in Jamaica such as Portland, Saint Andrew and Saint Thomas. Cinema "The Harder They Come" is a Jamaican crime film 1972, directed by Perry Henzell. Literature Claude McKay was a Jamaican writer and poet. His most important books were: "Home to Harlem" a best-seller that won the Gold Prize for Literature.
8. SPORT AND MUSIC 8.1Sport http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=By1JQFxfLMM (Usain Bolt) The sports played in Jamaica are very diverse. They play for fun, relaxation and keeping in shape. There are lots of sports, but here are some of the most popular played in Jamaica: 1. Football (soccer): Football has given hope to many of their young people, thanks to the passion, popularity and fame of their 1998 World Cup Football qualification. 2. Cricket: cricket is a pastime of young and old. 3. Athletics: Jamaica is one of the international competitors in athletics for many years. Usain Bolt is just one to the world beaters in this sport. 5. Golf: It isn’t one of the most popular sports played in Jamaica but it is creating interest to tourists. Usain Bolt Asafa Powell
8.2 Music The most important of music type in Jamaica is reggae. The best musicians of reggae were Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Jimmy Cliff, Steel Pulse and Bunny Wailer. Bob Marleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LanCLS_hIo4 (Three Little Birds – Bob Marley)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QG1V9bAUBh0 (Is This Love - Bob Marley)
END OF THE PROJECT Raquel Mª Gloria Alberto Alberto Débora Mª Nazaret