PHILIP BRIAN CARTER
Birth Date : July 31, 1945 Residence:
Birth Place: Chicago, Illinois 12916 Barsanlaw Drive
Citizenship: U.S. Citizen Raleigh, NC 27613
tel: 919/602-1628; fax: 919/848-3166
EDUCATION and TRAINING:
University of Notre Dame, Indiana B.S. 1967
(Advisor: Robert E. Gordon, PhD) Biology
University of Notre Dame, Indiana Ph.D. 1971
(Advisor: Morris Pollard, DVM, PhD) Microbiology
Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY Post-Doctoral 1971-74
(Advisor: F.M. Collins; G.B. Mackaness) Immunobiology
Oxford University, England Visiting Scientist 1978
(Sponsor: A.F. Williams; D. Mason) Immunochemistry
University of Alabama, Birmingham Visiting Professor 1993-94
(Sponsor: J.R. McGhee) Mucosal Immunology
January 2008 – present
Gubernatorial appointee as Member, North Carolina Advisory Commission on Military
February 2007 – present
Gubernatorial appointee as Member, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences
July 2007 – present
Assumed full-time postion as president of the Thurman-Zumwalt Foundation
September 2006 – June 2007
Executive Director (CEO), Society of Sigma Xi-The Scientific Research Society and
publisher, American Scientist magazine, Research Triangle Park, NC
February 2006 – August 2006
Programs Director, Merck Childhood Asthma Network of the Merck Foundation,
December 1981 - present
Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North
Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC; Professor Emeritus, January, 2006
January 1983 – December 2005
Charter Professor - Interdepartmental Biotechnology Faculty, North Carolina State
University, Raleigh, NC
September 1988 - present
Member of the Advisory Council of the Baker Institute for Animal Health, Cornell
December, 1989 - present
Member and Chairman, Board of Trustees, Assoc. for Assessment and Accreditation of
Lab. Animal Care (AAALAC Int’l., Inc.); elected to Executive Committee (1996-2005; Vice
Chairman, 1998-2000; Chairman, 2000-2003; Immediate Past Chair, 2003-2005)
January, 1999 - present
Chairman, Diarrheal Diseases Panel, Chairman of Steering Committee (2001), Review
Board of the Military Infectious Disease Research Program
June, 1999 – present
Elected to Common Room, Brasenose College, Oxford University
April, 2001 – present
President, Thurman-Zumwalt Foundation for Infectious and Toxic Agents
April, 2004 – present
Member, Advisory Council, National Food Safety Institute (Veterinary Training and
Research Initiative), University of Bristol (U.K.)
January, 2005 – present
Associate editor, Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease; Taylor & Francis, publishers
July, 2000 – June, 2003
Chair-Elect and Chair of the Faculty, NC State University
August, 1991 - 2002
Director, NC State University Hybridoma Facility
July, 2000 – June, 2002
Foundation for Microbiology National Lecturer, American Society for Microbiology
July, 1999 – June, 2002
President of the International Association for Gnotobiotics
July, 1999 – June, 2000
Secretary of the General Faculty, NC State University
September 1993 - July 1994
Visiting Professor, Mucosal Immunology Research Group, Department of Microbiology,
University of Alabama at Birmingham
July 1986 - January 1990
Associate Vice Chancellor for Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North
July 1986 - January 1990
Director of Biotechnology, North Carolina State University
September 1985 - present
Member and co-founder, Assistant Director (9/85-12/87) and Member of Executive
Committee (1985-93) - NIH Core Center in Diarrheal Diseases, in charge of Core Center
operations at NC State University, Raleigh, NC; Schools of Medicine and Public Health,
Chapel Hill, NC; colleges of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture and Life Sciences,
August 1983 - June 1986
Founding Director - NC State University FACS/Hybridoma Facility
July 1988 - July 1989
University Liaison, Co-Chairman of the Operating Committee and Board Member of
BITAC, the Business Innovation and Technology Advancement Corporation, a joint
incubator program of North Carolina State University, Greater Raleigh Chamber of
Commerce and the City of Raleigh
September 1989 - June 1991
Member-At-Large, Board of Directors, and co-founder, North Carolina Association for
Biomedical Research, a state affiliate of the Foundation for Biomedical Research and
NABR, Washington, D.C.; the Board is composed of the medical and veterinary school deans
of North Carolina and vice presidents for research from industry and government
February 1981 - June 1982
Associate Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary
Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL
January 1979 - January 1981
Associate Professor, Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY
September 1978 - July 1979
Visiting Professor, MRC Cellular Immunology Research Unit, Sir William Dunn School of
Pathology, Oxford University, England
May 1976 - May 1982
Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University
of Alabama, Birmingham, AL
October 1974 - December 1978
Assistant Professor, Trudeau Institute, Saranac Lake, NY
November 1971 - October 1974
Research Associate, Trudeau Institute, Inc.
June 1971 - November 1971
Research Scientist and Project Leader, Immunology Section, Ames Research Laboratories,
Miles Laboratories, Inc., Elkhart, IN
January 1971 - June 1971
Associate Faculty Member, Department of Biology, Indiana University, South Bend, IN
February 1968 - June 1971
Doctoral Candidate, University of Notre Dame
June 1967 - September 1967
Summer Trainee in Bacteriology, Research and Development Laboratories, Metropolitan
Sanitary District of Greater Chicago, IL
June 1966 - September 1966
Entomologist and Acting Technical Director of the Desplaines Valley Mosquito Abatement
June 1965 - September 1965
U.S.P.H.S. Sponsored Summer Trainee in Microbiology (Morris Pollard, supervisor),
University of Notre Dame
AWARDS AND HONORS:
National Defense Education Act Graduate Fellowship, 1968 - 1970
Research Career Development Award, NIH (1 of 12 nationally in 1975), June 1, 1975 - May 31,
Honorary Member, Omega Tau Sigma Veterinary Fraternity, elected 1982
Honorary Member, Phi Zeta Veterinary Honor Society, elected 1985
Award of Recognition, Greater Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, 1989
Person of the Year, Notre Dame Alumni Club of Eastern North Carolina, 1991
Outstanding Teacher Award, elected to the Academy of Outstanding Teachers, NC State Univ., 1998
College of Veterinary Medicine nominee, Alumni Distinguished Professor Award, NC State
University, 1999, 2001
Waksman Foundation for Microbiology Lecturer, American Society for Microbiology, 2001, 2002
Huffman Leadership Award, College of Veterinary Medicine, NC State University, 2003
Japanese Association of Germ-free Life and Gnotobiology, elected as honorary member, 2004
North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences Advisory Commission, 2007
North Carolina Advisory Commission on Military Affairs, 2008
Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC), Int’l., Inc.
Consultant, 1977 - 1982
Member, Board of Directors, 1990 - present; Executive Comm., 1996 - 2005
Chairman, Nominating Committee, 1991, Secretary of Board, 1997-1998, Vice
Chairman of Board, 1998 – 2000, Chairman 2000 – 2003, Chairman, Search
Committee: Senior Asso. Dir., 2004, Chairman, Governance Committee, 2005
American Association of Immunologists, 1983 - present
American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS), 1976 – 1992; 2000 - present
American Asso. for Laboratory Animal Science, Research Triangle Branch, 1982- present
American Society for Microbiology, 1970 - present
American Society for Microbiology, North Carolina Branch, 1982 - present
American Association of Pathologists, 1982 - 1987
American Thoracic Society, 1975 - 1980
Association for Gnotobiotics, 1970 - present
Chairman, Publications Committee, 1973 - 1987
Member, Board of Directors, 1975 - 1979; 1986 - 1990, 1993-1996
Vice President, 1976 - 1977; 1994 - 1995
President, 1977 - 1978; 1995 – 1996
British Society for Immunology, 1979 – 1980; 1995 - present
International Association for Gnotobiotics, 1984 - present
Council Member, 1992 - 1996
President-Elect, 1996 – 1999
President, 1999 – 2002
National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Laboratory Animal
Council Member, 1978 - 1984
North Carolina Academy of Laboratory Animal Medicine, 2003 - present
North Carolina Association for Biomedical Research, 1989 - present
Founding Member, Organizing Committee, 1988 - 1989
Member, Board of Directors, 1989 - 1991
Chairman, Publications Committee, 1989 – 1991
Phi Zeta, Veterinary Honor Society, 1985 – present (elected Honorary Member, 1985)
Secretary/Treasurer, Psi Chapter, 1991 - 1993
Vice President, Psi Chapter, 1993 - 1995
President, Psi Chapter, 1995 - 1997
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, 1990 – present (Life Member)
Book Review Committee, 1991 - 1999
Secretary-Treasurer, N.C. State Univ. Chapter, 1995 – 1997
Executive Director, 2006
Society for Analytical Cytology, 1984 - 1987
Society for Leukocyte Biology (Reticuloendothelial Society), 1975 - 2000
Society for Mucosal Immunology, 1991 - present
Society for Intestinal Microbial Ecology and Disease, 1983 - present
Triangle Area Research Directors Club, 1986 – 1990; 1998 – present
Chairman, Board of Directors, 2002-03
EXTERNAL RESEARCH and PROGRAM SUPPORT:
North Carolina Biotechnology Center, event grant, "Partial support for the annual meeting of
the Society for Industrial Microbiology", PI, 1996, $3,000 TDC
USDA (subcontract from Cornell Univ.) 3 year grant, “Leadership Training for Veterinary
Students.” Carter, P.B. (PI for NCSU), September 15, 1995 - September 30, 1998, $41,735
TDC ($13,650 TDC for first year)
Research Triangle Pharmaceuticals, “Testing Adjuvanticity of Novel Compounds.” Carter,
P.B. (PI), April 1, 1995 - August 30, 1995, $5,000 TDC
NIH, 1 year subcontract from UNC-CH, "TNF- and IFN-γ-mediated effects in nonspecific
antibacterial resistance in the intestine", Coinvest., $19,764 TDC
Pew Foundation, 1 year subcontract, "Improved Interactive Multimedia Course Authoring
and Delivery", PI, July 1, 1990 - June 30, 1991, $6,000 TDC
NIDDK, 20 year grant, "Core Center in Diarrheal Diseases,"$750,000 TDC/year (Joint grant
with UNC-Chapel Hill; Assistant Director; PI for NCSU from September 1, 1985 - August
31, 1989; grant renewed three times, most recently through December 1, 2009
NIAMDDK, 11 year grant, "Host Response to Intestinal Flora", ($56,782) PI Funded
renewal for June 1, 1978 - May 31, 1981 = $141,500 TDC. Renewed 1981 - 1986 for
North Carolina Biotechnology Center, 1 year equipment grant, "NCSU Cell Analyzer", PI,
1989, $95,000 TDC
North Carolina Biotechnology Center, 1 year event grant, "Joint international meeting of the
Association for Gnotobiotics and the Society for Intestinal Microecology and Disease", PI,
1987, $3,000 TDC
Accu-Med Products, continuing memorandum of agreement,"Development of Uterine
Culture Apparatus for Food Animals," PI, $10,000 TDC per annum 1984-86
Environmental Diagnostics, Inc., continuing memorandum of agreement, "Development of
monoclonal antibodies to microbial and antibiotic antigens," PI, $10,000 TDC per annum
1984 - 86
NHLBI, 9 year grant, "Murine CRD: A Model of Chronic Pulmonary Inflammation," June
30, 1976 - May 31, 1979 ($51.916) (Joint grant with Dr. Gail Cassell (PI), University of
Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, P.I. for North Carolina State University. Funded renewal
for July 1, 1979 - June 30, 1982 ($79,851 TDC/yr). Funded renewal for July 1, 1982 - June
30, 1985 ($152,040 TDC)
NIH, Research Resources, 1 year shared equipment grant, "Fluorescence-Activated Cell
Sorter," August 1, 1983 - July 31, 1984, $80,000 TDC. P.I.
Food and Drug Administration, 2 years, "Development of a Virulence Test for Yersinia
enterocolitica Isolated from Food," June 1976 - June 1978, $26,204 TDC. P.I.
American Lung Association, 2 years, "A Laboratory Animal Model for Assessing the
Protective and Immunopotentiating Capacity of BCG Vaccine Administered by the Oral
Route,", July 1975 - June 1977, $31,268 TDC. P.I.
National Foundation for Ileitis and Colitis, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation: Miscellaneous small
fellowships obtained for postdoctoral fellows and graduate students.
PATENTS and LICENSES:
Coinventor of OX-8, OX-9, and OX-10 monoclonal antibodies recognizing the T suppressor/
cytotoxic lymphocytes in the rat (license held by the Medical Research Council of Great
Britain); these were the first to define CD-8 in any species.
Coinventor of LSM 8.53, LSM 8.358, LSM 1.140, LSM 4.78, and LSM 12.125 monoclonal
antibodies recognizing subsets of canine leukocytes (license held by North Carolina State
GRADUATE STUDENTS DIRECTED:
Roger J. Brideau:
Monoclonal Antibodies to Rat Lymphocyte Antigens, 1979
Stephen G. Simkins:
Host Responses to Intestinal Flora, 1987
Sarah J. Mason, DVM:
Modulation of MHC Molecules on Intestinal Epithelial Cells, 1989
Guy R. Beretich, Jr., M.S.:
Immunologic control of intestinal antibacterial responsiveness, 1997
GRADUATE STUDENT COMMITTEES:
Judy Liu, Ph.D. (Immunology, University of Illinois), 1984
C. J. Jansen van Vuuren, Ph.D. (Microbiology, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa),
Richard Dobrowsky, M.S. (Biochemistry, NCSU), 1985
Gerald E. Hancock, Ph.D. (Microbiology, Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania),
Melinda Hollingshead, Ph.D. (Immunology, NCSU), 1986
Mina Dalili, Ph.D. (Chemical Engineering, NCSU), 1988
M. Gerald O'Sullivan, Ph.D. (Pathology, NCSU), 1989
Eiji Suzuki, Ph.D. (Chemical Engineering, NCSU), 1990
Martha E. Stebbins, DVM, Ph.D. (Microbiology, NCSU), 1994
Maria Christina de Vera, Ph.D. (Immunology, NCSU), 1995
Ann Gore, M.S. (Poultry Science, NCSU), 1996
Anthony Blikslager, DVM, Ph.D. (Veterinary Medical Sciences, NCSU), 1997
Mayra Verònica Herìas, PhD, (Immunology, University of Göteborg, Sweden), 1998
Nyla Dil, DVM, Ph.D. (Poultry Science, NCSU), 2002
Somsak Pakpinyo, DVM (Comparative Biomedical Sciences, NCSU), 2002
Aramsri Sriburi, B.S. (Microbiology, NCSU), incomplete
POSTDOCTORAL ADVISEES AND VISITING SCHOLARS:
Thomas T. MacDonald, Ph.D., University of Glasgow, Scotland (1976-78)
Daniel Mazigh, Ph.D. Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (1978)
Ann Mortimer, M.Sc., University of Leicester, England (1979)
Patrick Berche, M.D., Hôpital Necker Enfants, Paris, France (1979-81)
Robert R. Brubaker, Ph.D. Michigan State University (1980)
Thomas Hebell, M.D., University of Hamburg, Germany (1981-82)
Ken-ichi Kaneko, DVM, Ph.D., University of Tokyo, Japan (1984-86)
Marius Pirvulescu, Ph.D., National Inst. of Vet. Med., Bucharest, Romania (1992-93)
Moira Stevenson, B.Sc., University of Glasgow, Scotland (1994)
William Arts, B.Sc., University of Wageningen, the Netherlands (1995)
Igor M. Belyakov, MD, PhD, DSc, Institute of Immunology, Moscow, Russia (1995-96)
Marcia Fantoni Torres, MD, PhD, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais,
Associate Faculty Member, Department of Biology, Indiana University, South Bend, IN, January -
Full responsibility for teaching the Introduction to Microbiology
course to 96 undergraduate students.
Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, 1976-1982
Annually presented 3 lectures on the "Enterobacteriaceae" to the first year medical students.
Associate Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Illinois, Urbana-
Full responsibility for teaching a 4 credit hour/semester lecture and laboratory course in
Pathogenic Bacteriology and Mycology (VP 331) to 80 first-year veterinary students.
Coinstructor (5 lectures) in the graduate level Immunoparasitology course (VP 437), 3 credit
Visiting Lecturer (3 lectures) in the graduate level course on Pathogenic Mechanisms (VP
415), 2 credit hours.
Professor, Department of Microbiology, Pathology, and Parasitology, North Carolina State
Full responsibility for teaching a 3 credit hour/semester lecture and laboratory course in
Pathogenic Bacteriology and Mycology (VMM 814/914) to 72 first-year veterinary students
(1984-86; 1994: Course Coordinator with primary responsibility; 1986-present: 9-15
lectures). Autumn semester.
Coinstructor (7 lectures) in the graduate Immunology course (MB551), 3 credit hours.
Spring semester, 1983-89.
Course Developer and Coinstructor with Herman Berkhoff of the graduate course: Bacterial
Pathogenic Mechanisms (VMS 650), 2 credit hours. Spring semester, alternating years.
Course Developer and Coinstructor with Edward De Buysscher of the graduate course:
Mucosal Immunology (VMS 590C), 2 credit hours. Spring semester, alternating years.
Course Developer and Coinstructor with Tim Ritter of the graduate course: Flow Cytometry
(VMS 590A; 590B), 2 credit hours lecture/1 credit hour lab. Spring semester, 1982-86.
Visiting lecturer in VMC 853 (Lab Animal Medicine) and VMS 540 (Research Animal Care
Board Member, American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care
(AAALAC), 1990 - 1993; Chair, Nominations Committee, 1991; Executive
Committee, 1996 - present; Secretary, 1997-98, Vice Chairman, 1998 – 2000,
Chairman, 2000 – 2003, Past Chair, 2004 - present
Department of Defense, Consultant
Member, Medical R&D Command Review Committee, 1991
Advisor, US Navy Medical Command, Cairo, Egypt, 1992
Member, Gulf War Illnesses Advisory Committee, 1992-94
President’s Commission on Gulf War Illnesses, Testimony requested, 1994
Member and Chair of the Bacterial Diseases Committee and Review Steering
Committee, Military Infectious Diseases Research Program, 1999 – present;
Chairman, Steering Committee, 2001
USDA / Army MRMC Biodefense Scientific Executive Review Panel, March, 2003
CORETECH (Council on Research and Technology, a national consortium of research
universities and private industry), 1986 - 1990
Foundation for Biomedical Research, 1986 - 1990
Institute for Laboratory Animal Resources, National Academy of Sciences, Council
Member, 1979 - 1984
National Association for Biomedical Research, 1986 - 1992
Ad hoc Study Section, Research Resources, NIH; Member, 1983
Ad hoc Study Section, NIAID, NIH; Member, 1988, 2001
Ad hoc Study Section, Infectious Diseases, Veterans Administration; Member, 1993
Grant Review Committee, SeaGrant, 1989
North Carolina State University:
Ex officio member, representing the Vice Chancellor for Research, on the following
committees relating to compliance with federal regulations (1986-90):
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
University Biosafety Committee
University Committee on the Use of Human Subjects in Research
University Hazardous Materials Committee
Other university committees (1986-90):
Graduate School Administrative Board
Interdisciplinary Research Committee
Planning Committee for Centennial Research Campus (Staff)
Research Operations Council (Chair in absence of Vice Chan.)
Research Ethics Subcommittee (Chair)
Superconducting Supercollider Advisory Committee
University Academic Computing Advisory Committee
University Academic Computer Planning Committee
University Biomedical Research Support Grant (BRSG) Committee (Chair)
University Biotechnology Policy Committee
University Research Committee
Ad hoc Committee on Shared Instrumentation and Services
Faculty Senate, 1985 – 1986; 1995 – present; Secretary, 1998 – 2000; Chair-elect, 2000 -
2001; Chair of the Faculty, 2001 - 2003
NCSU Biosafety Committee, 1985 - 1986: Responsible for evaluating dangers associated
with working with microbial pathogens and other biohazards on the campus
Provost's Ad hoc Advisory Committee on the Future of North Carolina State University, 1993
Watauga Seminar (NCSU) Steering Committee, 1991 - present
University Honors Council, 1995 – 2000
Faculty-Trustee Committee on Honorary Degrees, 1997 – 2003
Faculty Council on Athletics, 2003 - 2004
Holladay Medal Selection Committee, 1998 – 2003 (Chairman, 2000)
Watauga Medal Selection Committee, 1997 – 2001
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), 1998 - 2000 (Chairman, 1999-
Select Committee on Reappointment, Promotion, and Tenure, 2000 - 2001, 2004 - 2005
Council on the Status of Women, 2000 – 2003
University of North Carolina Faculty Assembly, Delegation Chair, 2001 - 2005
Task Force on Sustainable Environment, 2000
College of Veterinary Medicine:
Dean’s Cabinet, 1996 - 1999
Open House Committee, 1995 - 1997; chairman, 1997
Laboratory Animal Resources, 1994 - 2003 (Chairman, 1997 - 2001)
Chairman, Search Committee for Director of Animal Resources, 1992
Research Committee, 1982 - 1986 (Chair, 1983 - 1986): Responsible for the
establishment of faculty symposia on research development and grant writing;
established the CVM extramural funding reference area in the CVM library;
assisted in developing guidelines for review of proposals for internal grant
support which are reviewed annually by this committee
Academic Performance Committee, 1984 - 1986, 1999 - 2002: One of four faculty
members responsible for overseeing the academic progress of the veterinary
Deputy Secretary of the Faculty, 1985 - 1986, 2005
Faculty Senate, North Carolina State University, 1985 - 86, 1996 - 2004: One of 35
university faculty members elected to represent the general faculty in the
Senate; elected to Executive Comm., 1997 - 2003.
Awards and Scholarships Committee, 2000 - 2001 (Chairman, 2000)
Library Committee, 2004- present
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign:
Elections and Credentials Committee, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1981 - 1982
Capricious Grading Committee, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, 1981 - 1982
Research Advisory Committee, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1981 - 1982: Served as a research
representative from the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology to assist in the
evaluation of research proposals that are funded from selected sources within the
College, to provide priority rankings of other proposals which are supported from the
Illinois Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Experiment Station, and USDA
Animal Program sources, and to provide advice to administrative officers of the
College on research policies and planning.
Chair, Steering Committee for the Campus Immunology Seminar Group, 1981 - 1982: Responsible
for organizing the immunology seminar program for the Urbana-Champaign campus
of the University of Illinois, to foster the development of interest in immunology on
the campus, and to encourage interdepartmental interaction and discussion in the field
Animal Health Officer and Chair of the Animal Health Committee, 1976 - 1980:
Responsible for chairing the monthly meetings and upgrading the Institute's animal care
program to accreditable standards. The latter involved: establishing a gnotobiotic unit for
quarantine use and for cesarean-derivation of all animal strains into a pathogen-free breeding
facility; directing an animal health surveillance laboratory; overseeing the training of animal
care personnel; and filing reports to government agencies. The institute was granted full
accreditation by the American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care
(AAALAC) in June 1980. In addition, supervised establishment of a system through which
surplus animals would be sold commercially; in 1981, income for this program defrayed 1/3
of the annual running costs of the pathogen-free breeding facility (personnel, feed, bedding,
building, maintenance, heating, and cooling).
Advanced Management Seminar, Dale Carnegie Courses, April-May, 1988
Race Awareness, C. T. Vivian Course, April 10-11,1989
NCSU Training Program on the Humane Care and Use of Animals, January-February, 1991;
certification dated February 12, 1991 (in fulfillment of USDA Animal Welfare requirements)
Member, Organizing and Program Committee
International Symposium for Gnotobiology, Tokyo, Japan, June 20-24, 2005
Member, Organizing and Program Committee
2002 Association of American Veterinary Colleges (AAVMC) symposium: “Agenda for
Action: Veterinary Medicine's Role in Biodefense and Public Health”, Nov. 1-3, 2002,
National Press Club, Washington, D.C.
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
2002 Meeting of the Int’l. Association for Gnotobiotics, Raleigh, NC
Co-chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
2000 Annual Meeting of the Association for Gnotobiotics, Raleigh, NC
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
1998 Old Herborn University Seminar: “Vaginal Flora in Health and Disease”, Herborn,
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
1996 Symposium: “Perspectives in Molecular Medicine”, Notre Dame, IN
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
1995 Annual Meeting of the Association for Gnotobiotics, Raleigh, NC
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
1987 Joint Annual Meeting of the Asso. for Gnotobiotics and SIMED, Raleigh, NC
Chairman, Organizing and Program Committees
1977 Annual Meeting of the Association for Gnotobiotics, Saranac Lake, NY
Cochairman, Organizing and Program Committees
September 1977 International Symposium of Yersinia, Montreal, P.Q. and Senior Editor of
the Proceedings: Contrib. Microbiol. Immunol. Vol. 5, 1979, Karger, Basel
1990 AALAS District IV regional meeting, Raleigh, NC
1976 - 1980 Board of Advisors , North Country Community College, Saranac Lake, NY
For the Journal of Immunology, Infection and Immunity, Laboratory Animal Science, and
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, others
President, Thurman-Zumwalt Foundation - 2001-present
(This 501 (c)(3) organization supports research, education, and public outreach addressing
health concerns of those who serve in the military, Peace Corps, Red Cross.)
Advisory Council, Food Bank of North Carolina - 1992 - 1995
Executive Producer, Search, a monthly UNC-TV PBS show highlighting NC State University
research - 1989
Chairman, State Employees Combined Campaign (United Way) - 1985
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
(24% increase in donations over 1984)
Chairman, State Employees Combined Campaign - 1990
Dept. of MPP, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
Cabinet, representing College of Veterinary Medicine, NCSU Century II Capital Campaign,
Vice Chairman, State Employees Combined Campaign, N. C. State University - 1991
Co-chairman, Steering Committee, State Employees Combined Campaign, Wake County,
North Carolina - 1991
Chairman, State Employees Combined Campaign for North Carolina State University – 1992
Notre Dame Alumni Club of Eastern North Carolina (~500 members)
Secretary 1984-86, Representative to Alumni Senate 1984-86; 2004, President
1986-88, Board Member, 1984 – present, Chairman, Alumni Schools Committee,
1985 – present; Chairman, Hesburgh Lectureship, 1987-present
Alumni Board of Directors, University of Notre Dame – 2005-2008
PERSONAL PUBLICATIONS (excluding abstracts and presentations):
(Notes: Citation #5 is under consideration for designation as a Citation Classic; #1 is the first
description of nonimmunogenic autochthonous flora; #4 is the first proof of Yersinia
enterocolitica as a human pathogen; #19 is the first demonstration of complete T cell activity in
mammalian Peyer's patches; #29 is the first description of CD-8; #46 is the first in vivo evidence
for the existence of suppressor macrophages.)
1. Carter, P.B. and M. Pollard. 1971. Host Responses to "normal" microbial flora in germ-
free mice. J. Reticuloendothelial Soc. 9:580-587.
2. Collins, F.M. and P.B. Carter. 1972. Comparative immunogenicity of heat-killed and
living oral Salmonella vaccines. Infec. Immun. 6:451-458.
3. Carter, P.B. and M. Pollard. 1973. Studies with Lactobacillus casei in gnotobiotic mice.
p. 379-383. In: Germfree Research, ed. J. B. Heneghan. Academic Press, New York, p.
4. Carter, P.B., C.F. Varga, and E.E. Keet. 1973. New strains of Yersinia enterocolitica
pathogenic for rodents. Appl. Microbiol. 26:1016-1018.
5. Carter, P.B. and F.M. Collins. 1974. The route of enteric infection in normal mice. J.
Exp. Med. 139:1189-1203.
6. Carter, P.B. and F.M. Collins. 1974. Experimental Yersinia enterocolitica infection in
mice. Kinetics of growth. Infec. Immun. 9:851-857.
7. Carter, P.B. and F.M. Collins. 1974. Growth of typhoid and paratyphoid bacilli in
intravenously infected mice. Infec. Immun. 10:816-822.
8. Collins, F.M. and P.B. Carter. 1974. Cellular immunity in enteric disease. Am. J. Clin.
9. Carter, P.B. 1975. Pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica for mice. Infec. Immun.
10. Carter, P.B. 1975. Animal model: Oral Yersinia enterocolitica infection of mice. Am.
J. Pathol. 81:703-706.
11. Carter, P.B., J.B. Woolcock, and F.M. Collins. 1975. Upper respiratory tract
involvement in oral salmonellosis in mice. J. Inf. Dis. 131:570-574.
12. Carter, P.B. and F.M. Collins. 1975. Peyer's patch responsiveness to Salmonella in
mice. J. Reticuloendothelial Soc. 17:38-46.
13. Carter, P.B. 1975. Spread of enteric fever bacilli from the intestinal lumen.
Microbiology - 1975. pp. 182-187. Am. Soc. for Microbiology, Washington, DC.
14. Carter, P.B. 1976. The use of mice in assessing the protective immunopotentiating
capacity of BCG vaccine administered orally. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. 113:154.
15. Carter, P.B. and F.. Collins. 1977. Assessment of typhoid vaccines by using the
intraperitoneal route of challenge. Infec. Immun. 17:555-560.
16. Despommier, D.D., D.D. McGregor, E.D. Crum and P.B. Carter. 1977. Immunity to
Trichinella spiralis. II. Expression of immunity against adult worms. Immunology,
17. Collins. F.M. and P.B. Carter. 1978. Growth of salmonellae in orally infected germfree
mice. Infec. Immun. 21:41-47.
18. Carter, P.B. 1978. How gnotobiotic isolators can assist bio-hazard control. Lab Animal
19. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1978. Mouse Peyer's patches contain T. cells capable
of inducing the Graft-versus-Host reaction (GVHR). Transplantation 26:162-165.
20. Scott, M.T., T.T. MacDonald, and P.B. Carter. 1978. C. parvum in germ-free mice.
Cancer Immunol. Immunotherapy 4:136-137.
21. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1978. Contact sensitivity in the germ-free mouse. J.
Reticuloendothel. Soc. 24:287-293.
22. MacDonald, T.T., P.B. Carter, and P.G. Phillips. 1979. Modulation of cellular
immunity by the enteric flora: Delayed-type hypersensitivity in the gnotobiotic mouse.
p. 221-226. In: Clinical and Experimental Gnotobiotics, eds. T.M. Fliedner, H. Heit,
and D. Niethammer. Supple. No. 7 to Zentrablatt Fur Bacteriologie. Gustav Fisher
Verlag, New York.
23. Carter, P.B., T. T. MacDonald and F.M. Collins. 1979. Host responses to infection with
Yersinia enterocolitica. p. 347-351. In: Contributions to Microbiology and
Immunology, 3rd International Symposium on Yersinia, Vol. 5, edited by P. Carter, L.
Lafleur and S. Toma. Karger, Basel.
24. MacDonald, T.T. and P. B. Carter. 1979. Requirement for a bacterial flora before mice
generate cells capable of mediating the delayed hypersensitivity reaction to sheep red
blood cells. J. Immunol. 122:2624-2629.
25. Carter, P.B. and C. A. Sunderland. 1979. Rat alloantisera A.R.T. and Ly-1 detect a
polymorphism of a leukocyte-common antigen. Transplantation Proc. XI:1646-1647.
26. Carter, P.B. and H. Bazin. 1980. Immunology. Vol. II, p. 181-212. In: The
Laboratory Rat, Ed. H. Baker, S. H. Weisbroth, J. R. Lindsey. Academic Press. New
27. Collins, F. M. and P. B. Carter. 1980. Development of delayed hypersensitivity in
gnotobiotic mice. Int. Archs. Allergy Appl. Immun. 61:165-174.
28. Carter, P.B., R. J. Zahorchak, and R. R. Brubaker. 1980. Plague virulence antigens
from Yersinia enterocolitica. Infec. Immun. 28:638-640.
29. Brideau, R.J., P.B. Carter, D. W. Mason, W.R. McMaster, and A.F. Williams. 1980.
Two subsets of rat T lymphocytes defined with monoclonal antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol.
30. Carter, P.B. and C. A. Sunderland. 1980. Biochemical identification of the ART-1 and
Ly-1 alloantigens as a leukocyte-common antigen purified from rat thymocytes.
31. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1980. Cell-mediated immunity to intestinal infection.
Infec. Immun. 28:516-523.
32. Carter, P.B. 1980. Human Yersinia enterocolitica infection: Laboratory models. In:
Yersinia enterocolitica ed. by E. J. Bottone. CRC Press, Miami. pp. 73-81.
33. Murphy, J.R., P. B. Carter, and T.T. MacDonald. 1980. Host defenses in murine
malaria: failure of vaccination with formolized blood parasites to protect athymic mice
from Plasmodium berghei. Infec. Immun. 29:827-830.
34. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1981. A functional relationship between delayed
hypersensitivity and antibacterial immunity. Immunologic Communications 10:591-599.
35. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1981. Immunity to infections across mucosal
surfaces, In: Recent Advances in Germfree Research. pp. 503-509, ed. by S. Sasaki.
Tokai University, Press.
36. Berche, P. and P.B. Carter. 1982. Calcium requirement and virulence in Yersinia
enterocolitica. J. Med. Microbiology 15:277-284.
37. Carter, P.B. 1982. Enteric Bacteria, pp. 461-478 In: Dental Microbiology, ed. J. R.
McGhee, S. M. Michalek, and G. H. Cassell. Harper and Row, Philadelphia.
38. MacDonald, T.T., M. Bashore, and P. B. Carter. 1982. Nonspecific resistance to
infection expressed within the Peyer's patches of the small intestine. Infection and
39. MacDonald, T.T. and P.B. Carter. 1982. Isolation and functional characteristics of
adherent phagocytic cells from mouse Peyer's patches. Immunology 45:769-774.
40. Carter, P.B. and B. Perry. 1985. Yersiniosis. pp.49-65. In: Animal Models of Intestinal
Disease, ed. by C. L. Peiffer. CRC Press, Miami.
41. Straw, B.E., N.J. MacLachlan, W.T. Corbett, P.B. Carter, and H.M. Schey. 1985.
Comparison of tissue reactions produced by Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae vaccines
made with six different adjuvants in swine. Can. J. Comp. Med. 49:149-151.
42. Carter, P.B. 1986. Pasteurella. pp.375-376. In: Manual of Clinical Immunology, ed.
Rose & Friedman. 3rd Edition. Am. Soc. Microbiol., Washington.
43. Carter, P.B., K.H. Beegle, and D.H. Gebhard. 1986. Monoclonal Antibody: Clinical
Application and Potential Uses. In: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal
Practice, ed. R. B. Ford. 16:1171-1179. Saunders Co., Philadelphia.
44. Corbett, W.T., J. Cullen, M. Levy, J. Guy, H. Berkhoff, B. Hammerberg, P. Carter, J.
Fetrow, K. Anderson, G. Dial, C. Grindem, and L. Hunter. 1986. Epidemiological
animal disease survey of cattle and swine in Suriname, South America. PAHO
Publication No. VPH 8527, p. 1-64.
45. Kaneko, K., S.G. Simkins, K. Beegle and P.B. Carter. 1987. Efficacy of monoclonal
antibodies in the treatment of enteric fevers. Microecology and Therapy 17:49.
46. Simkins, S.G. and P.B. Carter. 1987. Suppression of host antimicrobial immune
responses by plastic-adherent cells. Microecology and Therapy 17:139-142.
47. Stimpson, S.A., R.E. Esser, P.B. Carter, R.B. Sartor, W.J. Cromartie, and J.H. Schwab.
1987. Recurrence of arthritis induced by lipopolysaccharide in rat joints previously
exposed to peptidoglycan-polysaccharide. J. Exp. Med. 165:1688-1702.
48. Kaneko, K., S.G. Simkins, G. Hancock, T.T. MacDonald, and P.B. Carter. 1987. Early
pathogenesis of yersiniosis in conventional mice: Evidence of limited Peyer's patch
invasion. Microecology and Therapy 17:149.
49. Woolverton, C.J, E.J. Chapman, P.B. Carter, and R.B. Sartor. 1988. Systemic
immunoregulation in germfree mice fed bacterial cell wall polymers. In: Inflammatory
Bowel Disease. Current Status and Future Approach, p.207-212. Ed. by R.P.
MacDermott. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
50. Carter, P.B. and S.G. Simkins 1992. The effect of the intestinal microflora on systemic
delayed hypersensitivity. Microecology and Therapy 21: 348-354.
51. Gebhard, D. and P.B. Carter. 1992. Identification of canine T lymphocytes and T
lymphocyte subsets by monoclonal antibodies. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.
52. VanCott, J.L., H.F. Staats, D.W. Pascual, M. Roberts, S.N. Chatfield, M. Yamamoto, M.
Coste, P.B. Carter, H. Kiyono, and J.R. McGhee. 1996. Regulation of mucosal and
systemic antibody responses by T helper cell subsets, macrophages, and derived
cytokines following oral immunization with live recombinant Salmonella. J. Immunol.
53. Perkins, Paula C., Carol B. Grindem, and Philip B. Carter. 1996. Flow cytometry: The
next step in diagnostic testing. Compend. Cont. Ed. 18:421-426, 1996.
54. Carter, Philip B., Guy R. Beretich, Jr., Moira C.M. Stevenson, and Edward
A. Havell. 1998. Host interactions with intestinal Listeria: Exception or
the rule? In: Old Herborn University Seminar Monograph 11, Immunomodulation
of the Gastrointestinal Mucosa, p. 28-44. Edit. by P.J. Heidt, J.C. Cebra,
V.D. Rusch, D. van der Waaij, and R. I. Walker. ISBN 3-923022-22-0. Herborn
55. Beretich Guy R., Jr., Philip B. Carter, and Edward A. Havell. 1998. Roles for tumor
necrosis factor and gamma interferon in resistance to enteric listeriosis.
Infect Immun 66:2368-2374.
56. Carter, Philip B. 1999. The vaginal flora in idiopathic reproductive tract diseases of
women and an animal model In: Old Herborn University Seminar Monograph 12
Vaginal Flora in Health and Disease, p. 63-68. Edit. by P.J. Heidt, P.B. Carter, V.D.
Rusch, and D. van der Waaij. ISBN 3-923022-23-9. Herborn Litterae, Germany.
57. Carter, Philip B. and Peter J. Heidt. 1999. Old Herborn University Seminar on the
Vaginal Flora in Health and Disease: Minutes and Review of the Discussion. In: Old
Herborn University Seminar Monograph 12 Vaginal Flora in Health and Disease, p.
101-108. Edit. by P.J. Heidt, P.B. Carter, V.D. Rusch, and D. van der Waaij. ISBN
3-923022-23-9. Herborn Litterae, Germany.
58. Havell, E.A., G.R. Beretich, Jr., and P. B. Carter. 1999. The mucosal phase of Listeria
infection. Immunobiology 201:164-177.
59. Carter, P.B. 2003. The current state of veterinary vaccines: Is there hope for the future? J.
Vet. Med. Ed. 30: 227-229.
60. Carter, P.B. and L.E. Carmichael. 2003. Veterinary vaccines and the Shaman’s
apprentice. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infec. Dis. 26 (5-6): 389-400.
61. Foster, H. and P.B. Carter. 2006. Gnotobiotics. In: The Laboratory Rat. Edit. By M. A.
Suckow. Academic Press, New York. Pp. 693-710.
62. Amano, M., J.R. McGhee, M.J. McCutcheon, K. Fujii, P.B. Carter, J.-P. Vaerman, S.
Depelchin, and H. Kiyono. 2006. Immunofluorescence digital analysis reveals a
compartmentalized common mucosal immune system. International Immunology.
63. Carter, P.B., S. Zartarian, D. Fraser, D.D. McGregor. 2006. Inexpensive, computer-based
Internet conferencing to expedite team building in the international arena. Draft
Ethical issues in scientific research [videorecording] / produced by the Research Triangle
Park Club of Sigma Xi. Research Triangle Park Club of Sigma Xi. Publisher: Research
Triangle Park, NC (P.O. Box 13068, Research Triangle Park, 27709) Research Triangle
Park Club of Sigma Xi 1992. Description: 1 videocassette (62 min.) sd., col. 1/2 in.
PHILIP B. CARTER
HIGHLIGHTS OF TENURE AS ASSOCIATE VICE CHANCELLOR FOR RESEARCH
• Gained approval for and produced a monthly PBS television show (Search) on NCSU
research with pilot aired October, 1989
• Represented and defended the university research program involving animals in numerous
television and public radio interviews
• Expanded the influence of the University Animal Care Committee while streamlining
• Drafted university research ethics policy
• Developed continuing process for university accreditation reviews
• Testified before a Congressional committee on patents (the subsequent committee report
incorporated all three recommendations)
• Initiated and planned the first college research administrators retreat and infrastructure
• Assisted in the establishment of a novel university-public incubator partnership for high tech
start-up companies for university technology transfer (BITAC)
• Initiated campus-wide coordination and expansion of the summer program for high
school minority students in science and engineering
• Developed program for graduate recruitment visitations
• Developed novel plan for supporting rental lab space and funding new laboratory
• Initiated and fostered the development of university high technology shared
instrumentation and service facilities
• Developed a truly university-wide program in biotechnology, involving 57 faculty in 16
departments in 6 different colleges
• Developed the first biennial budget for biotechnology for research and graduate teaching
• Initiated and developed numerous publications on the NCSU biotechnology program for
use in graduate student recruitment and public information
• Contributed toward better intercollege collaboration and interaction between the three
Triangle universities, between public, land-grant and private universities
• Furthered contacts with NIH, NSF, DoD, industry; speaker at NCSU alumni functions
PHILIP B. CARTER
CURRENT APPOINTMENTS TO BOARDS & COUNCILS
Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, International, Board of
Association for Gnotobiotics, Board of Trustees
Cornell University, James A. Baker Institute for Animal Health, Advisory Council
Department of Defense (U.S.), Military Infectious Disease Research Program, Review Panel
Federation of American Scientists, Board of Directors and Chairman, Finance Committee
Governor’s North Carolina Advisory Commission on Military Affairs
Governor’s North Carolina Advisory Commission for the Museum for Natural Sciences
Thurman-Zumwalt Foundation, Board of Trustees
University of Bristol (UK), National Food Safety Insitute, Advisory Council
University of Notre Dame (Indiana), Alumni Association Board of Directors