Typetheories
Personality Theories
Prepared By
Manu Melwin Joy
Research Scholar
School of Management Studies
CUSAT, Kerala, India.
Phone – 9744551114
Mail – ...
SAMSAMANTHA Type
TypeA
Choleric
Types Vs Traits
Personalitytypereferstothe psychological
classificationofdifferenttypesofpeople
Personalitytraitreferstops...
4 Temperamenttheory
Temperament theory has its roots in the ancient four humors theory.
It may have origins in ancient Egy...
Temperament theory
Blood
Yellow bile
Black bile
Phlegm.
Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable)
Choleric (ambitious and l...
Melancholic
(introverted and thoughtful)
Sanguine
(pleasure-seeking and sociable)
Choleric
(ambitious and leader-like)
4 T...
5 Temperament theory
Five temperaments is a theory in psychology, that expands upon the Four
Temperaments proposed in anci...
5 Temperament theory
Blood
Yellow bile
Black bile
Phlegm.
Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable)
Choleric (ambitious and...
Melancholic
(introverted and thoughtful)
Phlegmatic
(relaxed and quiet)
Choleric
(ambitious and leader-like)
Supine
(Low S...
Type A andType B theory
Type A personality behavior was first described as a potential risk
factor for heart disease in th...
TypeA and Type Btheory
Ambitious, rigidly organized, highly status
conscious, can be sensitive, care for other
people, are...
Type D theory
Type D personality, a concept used in the field of medical
psychology, is defined as the joint tendency towa...
Type D theory
1. Individuals with a Type D personality have the tendency to experience
increased negative emotions across ...
Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
This was one of the more influential ideas originated in the
theoretical work of Carl J...
Enneagram of Personality
The Enneagram of Personality (or simply the Enneagram, from the
Greek words ennea [nine] and gram...
Enneagramof Personality
Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus
Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus is a book written by American
author, and ...
Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus
1. When men are stressed, they withdraw until they find a solution to the
problem....
Thank you
Other TA topics available on slideshare
1. Strokes - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/strokes-24081607.
2. Games People ...
Type theories   personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory,...
Type theories   personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory,...
Type theories   personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory,...
Type theories   personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory,...
Type theories   personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory,...
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Type theories personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory, Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Enneagram of Personality, Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus)

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Personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of people. Personality trait refers to psychological classification of different levels or degrees
4 Temperament theory
5 Temperament theory
Type A and Type B theory
Type D theory
Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Enneagram of Personality
Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus

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Type theories personality theories (4 Temperament theory, 5 Temperament theory, Type A and Type B theory, Type D theory, Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Enneagram of Personality, Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus)

  1. 1. Typetheories Personality Theories
  2. 2. Prepared By Manu Melwin Joy Research Scholar School of Management Studies CUSAT, Kerala, India. Phone – 9744551114 Mail – manu_melwinjoy@yahoo.com Kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose. Please seek permission to reproduce the same in public forms and presentations.
  3. 3. SAMSAMANTHA Type TypeA Choleric
  4. 4. Types Vs Traits Personalitytypereferstothe psychological classificationofdifferenttypesofpeople Personalitytraitreferstopsychological classification ofdifferentlevels ordegrees For example, according to type theories, there are two types of people, introverts and extroverts. According to trait theories, introversion and extroversion are part of a continuous dimension,with manypeople in the middle.
  5. 5. 4 Temperamenttheory Temperament theory has its roots in the ancient four humors theory. It may have origins in ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia, but it was the Greek physician Hippocrates (460–370 BC) who developed it into a medical theory. Next, Galen (AD 131–200) developed the first typology of temperament. The word "temperament" itself comes from Latin "temperare", "to mix". In the ideal personality, the complementary characteristics or warm-cool and dry-moist were exquisitely balanced.
  6. 6. Temperament theory Blood Yellow bile Black bile Phlegm. Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable) Choleric (ambitious and leader-like) Melancholic (introverted and thoughtful) Phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet) 4 Temperaments4 humors
  7. 7. Melancholic (introverted and thoughtful) Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable) Choleric (ambitious and leader-like) 4 Temperaments Phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet)
  8. 8. 5 Temperament theory Five temperaments is a theory in psychology, that expands upon the Four Temperaments proposed in ancient medical theory. The development of a theory of five temperaments begins with the Two-factor models of personality and the work of the late William Schultz, and his FIRO-B program. It is a measure of interpersonal relations orientations that calculates a person's behavior patterns based on the scoring of a questionnaire. Although FIRO-B does not speak in terms of "temperament," this system of analysis graded questionnaires on two scales in three dimensions of interpersonal relations. When paired with temperament theory, a measurement of five temperaments resulted
  9. 9. 5 Temperament theory Blood Yellow bile Black bile Phlegm. Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable) Choleric (ambitious and leader-like) Melancholic (introverted and thoughtful) Phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet) 5 Temperaments4 humors Supine (Low self esteem)
  10. 10. Melancholic (introverted and thoughtful) Phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet) Choleric (ambitious and leader-like) Supine (Low Self esteem) Sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable)
  11. 11. Type A andType B theory Type A personality behavior was first described as a potential risk factor for heart disease in the 1950s by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman. After a ten-year study of healthy men between the ages of 35 and 59, Friedman and Rosenman estimated that Type A behavior doubles the risk of coronary heart disease in otherwise healthy individuals.[
  12. 12. TypeA and Type Btheory Ambitious, rigidly organized, highly status conscious, can be sensitive, care for other people, are truthful, impatient, always try to help others, take on more than they can handle, want other people to get to the point, proactive, and obsessed with time management. People with Type A personalities are often high-achieving "workaholics" who multi-task, push themselves with deadlines, and hate both delays and ambivalence. Type A Live at a lower stress level and typically work steadily, enjoying achievements but not becoming stressed when they are not achieved. When faced with competition, they do not mind losing and either enjoy the game or back down. They are often reflective, thinking about the outer and inner worlds. Furthermore, Type B personalities may have a poor sense of time schedule and can be predominately right brained thinkers. Type B
  13. 13. Type D theory Type D personality, a concept used in the field of medical psychology, is defined as the joint tendency towards negative affectivity (e.g. worry, irritability, gloom) and social inhibition (e.g. reticence and a lack of self-assurance). The letter D stands for 'distressed'. Johan Denollet, professor of Medical Psychology at Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands, developed the construct based on clinical observations in cardiac patients, empirical evidence, and existing theories of personality.
  14. 14. Type D theory 1. Individuals with a Type D personality have the tendency to experience increased negative emotions across time and situations and tend not to share these emotions with others, because of fear of rejection or disapproval. 2. The prevalence of Type D personality is 21% in the general population and ranges between 18 to 53% in cardiac patients. 3. Type D is associated with a 4-fold increased risk of mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), or sudden cardiac death, independently of traditional risk factors, such as disease severity.
  15. 15. Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) This was one of the more influential ideas originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung as published in the book Psychological Types. The original developers of the personality inventory were Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. these two, having studied extensively the work of Jung, turned their interest of human behavior into a devotion of turning the theory of psychological types to practical use.
  16. 16. Enneagram of Personality The Enneagram of Personality (or simply the Enneagram, from the Greek words ennea [nine] and gramma [something written or drawn]) is a model of human personality which is principally used as a typology of nine interconnected personality types. Principally developed by Oscar Ichazo and Claudio Naranjo, it is also partly based on earlier teachings of G. I. Gurdjieff. The typology defines nine personality types which are represented by the points of a geometric figure called an enneagram.
  17. 17. Enneagramof Personality
  18. 18. Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus is a book written by American author, and relationship counsellor, John Gray. The book asserts that most of common relationship problems between men and women are a result of fundamental differences between the genders, which the author exemplifies by means of the book's eponymous metaphor: that men and women are from distinct planets – men from Mars and women from Venus – and that each gender is acclimated to its own planet's society and customs, but not those of the other.
  19. 19. Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus 1. When men are stressed, they withdraw until they find a solution to the problem. When women are stressed their natural reaction is to talk about issues (even if talking does not solve the problem).
  20. 20. Thank you
  21. 21. Other TA topics available on slideshare 1. Strokes - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/strokes-24081607. 2. Games People Play - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/psychological- games-people-play. 3. Structural Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/the-ego-state-model. 4. What is TA? - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/what-ta-is 5. Cycles of Development - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/cycles-of- developement-pamela-levin-transactional-analysis. 6. Stages of Cure - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stages-of-cure. 7. Transactions - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/transactions-33677298. 8. Time Structuring - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/time-structuring. 9. Life Position - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/life-position. 10. Autonomy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/autonomy-33690557. 11. Structural Pathology - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/structural-pathology. 12. Game Analysis - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/game-analysis-33725636. 13. Integrated Adult - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/integrated-adult. 14. Stroke Economy - http://www.slideshare.net/manumjoy/stroke-economy- 33826702.

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