Petrobras presentation


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Educational presentation on Petrobras Permit for Raukumara Basin...

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Petrobras presentation

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  4. 4. So what happened?<br />Crown assumed rights to petroleum, gold, silver, uranium under the Crown Minerals Act 1991<br />now called ‘nationalised minerals’ by the Crown (and ‘stolen minerals’ by Maori)<br />Crown then provide permits to companies to explore or extract these minerals<br />payment for permits and royalties on any minerals extracted go to the Crown<br />
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  6. 6. Petroleum Block Offer in 2008 over the Raukumara Basin<br />Companies tender for right to explore<br />
  7. 7. 2 June 2010: Petrobras awarded permit for 12,330 square kilometres within the basin, extending from four kilometres to 110 kilometres from the coast.<br />
  8. 8. Areas of Concern<br />Process / Relationship<br /><ul><li>arrogance of Crown
  9. 9. public & iwi excluded from process
  10. 10. Treaty breaches
  11. 11. Crown acknolwedge it wasn’t done well
  12. 12. no guarantee it won’t happen again
  13. 13. no environmental impact assessment</li></ul>The Permit<br /><ul><li>foreign company with bad safety record
  14. 14. no bond required
  15. 15. no clean-up plan required
  16. 16. testing & drilling
  17. 17. environmental risk
  18. 18. impact on kaimoana, fisheries, tourism, etc.
  19. 19. based on suicidal energy policy/priorities</li></li></ul><li>Petrobras’ Work Programme2010-1015<br />acquiring 3,000 kilometres of two-dimensional seismic data within 18 months<br />interpreting the 3,000 kilometres of two-dimensional seismic data within 24 months<br />an option to surrender after interpretation of two-dimensional seismic data<br />acquiring 800 square kilometres of three-dimensional seismic within 36 months<br />interpreting the 800 square kilometres of three-dimensional seismic data within 42 months<br />an option to surrender after interpretation of three-dimensional seismic data<br />drill one well within 60 months<br />
  20. 20. Offshore Drilling – Facts<br />huge environmental risk of oil spill even with exploratory wells<br />permanently changes the coastal marine area<br />even when no spill the marine life& kaimoana are affected because of the structure, the chemicals and the waste matter<br />
  21. 21. Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill<br />two months of oil gushing into the sea <br />BP rig operating beyond its capacity – putting profit before safety<br />worst environmental catastrophe in US history<br />Obama suspended all exploratory offshore drilling… then let Petrobras start again.<br />
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  28. 28. Raukumara<br /><3,000m<br />BP GoM<br />1,500m<br />
  29. 29. But surely it won’t be like that here...?<br />Gulf of Mexico<br />Exploratory Rig<br />Owned by profit driven oil company<br />USA had no compulsory ‘fail safe’ regulations requiring a mechanism to stop spill<br />Lessons not learnt from previous ‘accidents’<br />BP owned rig<br />Raukumara<br />Exploratory Rig<br />Owned by profit driven oil company<br />NZ has no compulsory ‘fail safe’ regulations requiring a mechanism to stop spill<br />Lessons not learnt from previous ‘accidents’<br />Petrobras operated rig<br />
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  31. 31. Platform 36<br />Petrobrasrig disaster in 2001 - the P36 platform collapsed<br />killed 11 workers <br />1.5 million litres of oil leaked into the ocean<br />
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  33. 33. Guanabara Bay <br />Petrobrasaccident in 2000 <br />leaked 1.3 million litres of oil into the bay from a broken underwater pipeline <br />destroyed large areas of indigenous habitat<br />
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  35. 35. Petrobrashas spent more than US$200 million on the cleanup and recovery measures are still being attempted, but more than a decade after the incident, the mangrove areas have not returned to life.<br />
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  38. 38. Guanabara Bay <br />Petrobras pipeline <br />700 fishermen claim the pipe has destroyed their livelihood<br />Treasurer of Fishermen’s union dragged from home and shot dead in front of family after protesting at pipeline<br />Fishermen’s union President been shot at four times in two years by hired thugs connected to pipeline contractors <br />
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  40. 40. Chinook/Cascade <br />In March 2011 Petrobras encountered a problem during its effort to bring the deepwater Chinook/Cascade oil and gas development in the Gulf of Mexico on-line<br />a 130 ton buoyancy can broke off one of the tubes connecting oil and gas wells at the bottom of the ocean to a floating production vessel. <br />the buoyancy can is a device that helps keep the tube, known as the riser, at its desired depth – it came close to hitting other drilling operations before being secured. <br />there was no oil present, as the riser was not yet in production, but if it had happened a few days later there could have been a second major disaster in the Gulf within 12 months. <br />
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  42. 42. Acting Minister for Energy & ResourcesHekiaParata has told us: “Don’t worry we have over 400 people around the country that can deal with oil spills”<br />The Gulf of Mexico disaster needed 6,000 vessels and nearly 50,000 people.<br />
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  57. 57. Strategies of Resistance<br />political engagement<br />legal challenges<br />public engagement & education<br />direct action<br />international advocacy<br />
  58. 58. Plans to Influence Change<br />Campaign against it<br />national & local media<br />Brazilian embassy / Petrobras headquarters<br />National Party conference/meetings<br />election campaign<br />local government<br />Build support movement:<br />political parties (Greens, Maori Party, Mana Party, Labour)<br />Greenpeace, Forest & Bird<br />Anglican Bishops, pro-surfers, actors, etc.<br />students, families, churches, organisations, etc.<br />Lodge urgent claim before Waitangi Tribunal<br />Notify United Nations forum for indigenous rights and Special Rapporteur<br />
  59. 59. Update<br />Petrobras survey boat now left tribal waters<br />flotilla observed/bore witness (one arrest made)<br />Navy had three warships in permit area for weeks<br />Airforce aircraft and Police mobilisation<br />planned Armed Offenders Squad raids<br />Petrobras monitoring opposition<br />notification that Crown have received and entertaining granting permit for petroleum + gas exploration inland at Raukumara ranges / forest park – no consultation to date with iwi or public<br />
  60. 60. The Church & Environmental Issues<br />“people have a grave responsibility to preserve[the earth’s order for the well-being of future generations.” - Pope John Paul II, 1990<br />In his first homily after being elected Pope Benedict XVII called on Catholics to be better stewards of God's creationand said "the earth's treasures have been made to serve the powers of exploitation and destruction”<br />At a 2007 Vatican conference devoted to climate change, Pope Benedict announced that global citizens have to "focus on the needs of sustainable development.”<br />In 2008 the church announced seven new sins that now require repentance. Number four on the list was "polluting the environment." Among the others were "causing social injustice" and "becoming obscenely wealthy” <br />“Parents, teach your children to see nature, respect and protect it as a magnificent gift that presents to us the grandeur of the Creator!” – Pope Benedict, 10 July 2011<br />