East Coast Petroleum Permits<br />WhatatutuCommunity Meeting<br />5 October 2011<br />
Overview<br />History of petroleum on the East Coast <br />How does mining happen?<br />Crown Minerals Programme& Permits<br />Company profiles<br />On-shore drilling & fracking<br />What are the benefits?<br />What are the costs?<br />What can we do?<br />
How does mining happen?<br /> Government issues a permit<br /> Land owners provide consent to access<br /> Council issues a Resource Consent<br />
Fracking<br />The technique isused to extractunconventional’ oil and gas – that’sindustryspeak for sources of hydrocarbonsthatuntilrecentlyweretooexpensive or difficult to extract<br />The technique has been implicated in serious contamination of water supplies<br />It has been banned in France, isunder investigation in otherEuropean states, South Africaand some parts of the US.<br />Fracking has happened in Taranaki, and has been proposed for other parts of the country, including the East Coast and Canterbury. <br />The industryisinsistingthatproblemselsewherewerecaused by ‘cowboys’, whomourgovernmentwould not allow to operatehere.<br />
Fracking<br />The frackingthat has occurred in Taranaki wasdonewithoutResource Consents. The Taranaki Regional Council only last monthdecidedthatperhapstherehadbetterbe a consentingprocess in future.<br />Much of the evidencewe are seeingindicatesthatfrackingis dirty, dangerous, and completelyatoddswith an intelligent 21st centuryeconomic or energystrategy. <br />Wewant a halt to the practice untilweseeclearevidencethatfracking reallyissafe, poses no threat to humanhealth; our land, water or level of seismicactivity; and thatanybenefitsreallycouldoutweigh the costs. <br />
Land Access<br />Granting of a permit under the Crown Minerals Act 1991 does not give the permit holder an automatic right of access to any land.<br />Access to land for petroleum: If an access arrangement is sought in respect of petroleum and cannot be obtained then an arbitrator is entitled to determine the access arrangement.<br />Access to land for non-petroleum: If an access arrangement is sought in respect of non-petroleum minerals and cannot be obtained, there can only be arbitration if the Minister of Energy and the Minister for the Environment promulgate an order in council or if the owner occupier agrees to the appointment of the arbitrator. So for non-petroleum minerals the land owner has a form of “veto”. However there is provision for grounds of “public interest” to override the veto through an order in Council.<br />Owners of Māori land have an absolute veto right over access.<br />
Fracking Chemicals in NZ<br /><ul><li>Xcide102 – a biocide toxic to humans, animals, fish, birds and ecological systems.
Inflo-150 – a friction reducer containing methanol and ethylene glycol, both highly toxic, hazardous substances.
GBW-41L (Hydrogen peroxide) – an animal carcinogen harmful to humans even at low concentrations in vapour form. </li></ul>These chemical cocktails make up approximately 3% of the frack fluid. <br />Crucially, minute quantities can cause serious health impacts. <br />
Fracking Chemicals in NZ<br /><ul><li>Taranaki Regional Council says fracking “occurs in oil and gas reservoirs that are between about 2500 and 4500 metres below the land surface” and therefore pose “very minimal” risk to ground water resources commonly “at 600 metres or above” in the region.
TAG Oil are frackingnear Stratford at 1400-1800 metres. TAG also says the rock fractures up to 1500 feet (460m) in any direction so they are getting much closer to aquifers than the council claims.
In one case in 2010 (Consent 7591-1), drilling waste was allowed to be discharged just 12 metres from several named streams and property boundaries, 6 metres from other surface water courses, and cows grazed on a paddock where drilling mud had been applied. </li></li></ul><li>Fracking<br />
What are the benefits?<br /> Local jobs<br /> Government royalties<br />Landowners lease payments<br />Maybe some fuel<br />
What are the costs?<br /><ul><li>Polluted waterways
Possibly create mini-earthquakes</li></li></ul><li>What can we do?<br /><ul><li>Contact council asking them to place a ban on fracking until the public can have input on whether or not it should be allowed under the District Plan and independently-reviewed scientific data on the environmental and public health consequences of fracking in New Zealand is available.
Lobby MPs to revoke the exploration permits and to repeal or change the Crown Minerals Act.
Request government and councils uphold the findings of the Waitangi Tribunal WAI796 Petroleum Report.
Identify and protect wāhitapu and historic places through the Minerals Programme and District Plans.</li></li></ul><li>What else can we do?<br /><ul><li>Learn the facts about exploration and let your community know your concerns via letters to the paper, talkback radio, press releases blogs, public meetings, stalls, leafleting, stickers, t-shirts or billboards.
LOCK THE GATES! Deny industry access to your land and talk to other landowners and encourage them to revoke/deny access too.
Declare your community a drill-free zone.</li></li></ul><li>Where can I get more information?<br /><ul><li>Website: www.nodrilling.org.nz