“Our nations infrastructure needs are tremendous, and theyre growing.” Infrastructure
This presentation deals with What is it? Health Relevance infrastructure State of Energy infrastructure
What is infrastrucure? Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structuresneeded for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function.It can begenerally defined as the set of interconnected structural elements that provide framework supporting an entire structure of development.
infrastructureInfrastructuredevelopmentand economicdevelopment gohand in hand. Social EconomicalIf attention is e.g.Education e.g.Energy, and health. transportisnt paid in this Improves communication.sector it can act quality of life Increases productivityas a deterent toeconomicgrowth.
AMOUNT SPENT ON INRASTRUCTUREINFRASTUCTURE ISA SUPPORTSYSTEM ON WHICHTHE EFFICENCY OFMODERNINDUSTRIALECONOMYDEPENDS.
Amount spent on infrastructre in different countries
• INDIA INVESTS ONLY 5% OF GDP IN INFRASTRUCTURE.THIS IS VERY LESS WHEN WE COMPARE WITH INVESTMENT MADE BY OUR NEIGHBOURS IN THIS SECTOR
Traditionally, the government has been solely responsible for developing the country’s infrastructure. But it is foundthat the government in infrastructure is inadequate. Today , the private sector has started playing a very important role in infrastructure development
Source of energy energy Noncommercial commercial agro wastescoal petroleum electricity firewood Dried dung
Consumption pattern of commercial energy in India
SPLIT UP OF SOURCES OFPOWER POWER Critical for development Growth rate of power is higher than growth rate of GDP
Challenges of power sector Electicity generated isn’t sufficent to feed growth rate We suffer losses due to wrong pricing, distribution and inefficeny of management Public unrest due to high tariffs Thermal stations which are the mainstay of India’s power sector face shortage of raw materials. Population growth and economic development are driving demand for energy faster
How is health assesed?Health Health is not only absence of disease but also the ability to realize Life Nutrition one’s potential. expectancy levels rate Health is holistic process related to development of a nation Life Maternal What the government expectancy mortality rates rate spends is inadequate
Importance of health infrastructureDevelopment of health infrastructure ensures healthy manpower for production of goods and services.Health infrastrucutre includes• Doctors, nurses,profeessionals• Beds and equipment• Well established pharmaceutical industry
Role of govt in health infrastructureGovernment keeps an eyeand regulates the following through broad policies:Medical educationAdulterationDrugs and poisonsMedical professionLunacy
Private sector’s control two-fifth of total population 70% of hospitals are run by private people 60% dispenseries run by private players 80% health care for out-patients provided by them 13 lakh enterprises employ 22 lakh people Since LPG many private players have come in to set up state of the art health centers to promote heath tourism
Indian systems of medicine• AYURVEDA• YOGA• UNANI• SIDDHA• NATUROPATHY• HOMEOPATH
Facts that need to be taken into considerationi. We spend only 1.4% of GDP on infrastrucuture which is inadequateii. India has 17% of worlds population but 20% of diseases.iii. Half the diseases are accounted for by communicable diseasesiv. 20% of population uses public health care facilities which aren’t staffed properly..